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Multiple Choice: Write the letter corresponding to the correct answer.

1. Which electromagnetic wave carries more energy than the others?

a. microwave b. radio waves c. UV radiation d. visible light

2. What electromagnetic wave is sometimes called heat rays?

a. gamma rays b. infrared c. radio waves d. visible light

3. What is the frequency range of UV radiation?

a. 3.5 x 109 – 3 x 10 11 Hz c. 7.5 x 1014- 3 x 1016 Hz
b. 3.5 x 1011-3 x 1014 Hz d. 7.5 x 1016 – 3 x 1019 Hz

4. What is the range of frequencies are our eyes sensitive to?

a. 3 x 109 – 3 x 10 11 Hz c. 4 x 1014- 7.5 x 1014 Hz
b. 3 x 1011-3 x 1014 Hz d. 7.5 x 1014 – 3 x 1016 Hz

5. What is the wavelength of the wave with a frequency of 3 x 109 Hz?

a. 1.0 x 10-1 m b. 1.0 x 101 m c. 1.0 x 10-2 m d. 1.0 x 102 m

6. What type of electromagnetic waves is applied for satellite communication?

a. radio waves b. microwaves c. radio waves d. Gamma rays

7. What type of electromagnetic waves is used in radar?

a. radio wave b. microwaves c. infrared d. UV rays

8. The acronym RADAR stands for

a. radio for detection and ranging c. radio detection and ranging
b. radio and direction for ranging d. radio and ranging

9. Which has the longest wavelength in visible light?

a. violet b. red c. green d. orange

10. Which is the most energetic among the visible spectrum?

a. indigo b. violet c. red d. yellow

11. What is the distance of your image from you if you stand 1.5 m in front of a plane mirror?
a. 1.5 m b. 3.0 m c. 2.0 m d. 4.5 m

12. Zed stands 1.5 m tall in front of a plane mirror. What is the height of his image?
a. 4.5 m b. 3.0 m c. 2.0 m d. 1.5 m

13. What kind of mirror is used in automobiles and trucks to give the driver a wider area and smaller image?
a. plane mirror b. convex mirror c. concave mirror d. lens

14. What type of mirror do dentist usually use to see clearly the images of our teeth?
a. plane mirror b. convex mirror c. concave mirror d. none of them

15. A white sheet of paper cannot act as mirror because it ______ the rays of light.
a. diffracts b. diffuses c. interferes d. refract

16. You see your face clearly if you look down on a pool of still water. Which one of the following gives the best
a. light entering the water is dispersed.
b. regular reflection of light happens on the surface of still water.
c. irregular reflection of light happens on the surface of still water.
d. light is reflected from the surface water in different directions.

17. Where should the object be placed in front of a concave mirror to form a real, reduced and inverted image?
a. at the focus c. between the focus and the vertex
b. at the center of curvature d. before the center of the curvature

18. If the radius of a concave mirror is 10 cm, what is its focal length?
a. 20 cm b. 10 cm c. 5 cm d. 15 cm
19. Which of the following is/are true of a convex mirror?
i. It will never form a real image ii.An upright image is formed iii. An object can be magnified.
a. i only b. ii only c. iii only d. i and ii

20. Regular reflection is also called ______.

a. diffused b. specular c. irregular d. none of them

21. Which two waves lies at the ends of the visible spectrum?
a. infrared and UV rays b. Radio waves and microwaves c. radio waves and X-rays d. X-rays and gamma rays

22. In the visible spectrum which color has the shortest wavelength?
a. blue b. green c. red d. violet

23. Which property spells the difference between infrared and UV radiation?
a. color b. speed in vacuum c. wavelength d. none of them

24. A certain broadcasts at a frequency of 675 kHz. What is the wavelength of the radio waves?
a. 280 m b. 324 m c. 400 m d. 444 m

25. Why do gamma ray beneficial to mankind?

a. Because it can penetrate soft and hard body tissues.
b. It can cause cancer cells to develop.
c. It has the highest frequencies.
d. It is used to kill cancer cells.

26. What is TRUE of electromagnetic waves?

a. They have the same frequencies but different speed and wavelength.
b. They have the same wavelength but different frequencies and speed.
c. They have the same speed but different frequencies and wavelength.
d. They have different speed, frequencies and wavelength.

27. Which of the following can be seen by humans?

a. radio waves b. UV rays c. infrared d. visible spectrum

28. What kind of mirror is used by department store to give a wider area and smaller image of the shoppers/buyers?
a. plane mirror b. convex mirror c. concave mirror d. none of them

29. If you look down on a pool of wavy water, you can’t see your face clearly. Which of the following gives the best
explanation for this observation?
a. Light entering the water is dispersed.
b. Regular reflection of light happens on the surface of wavy water.
c. Irregular reflection of light happens on the surface of wavy water.
d. Light is reflected from the surface of water in the different direction.

30. What kind of image is formed on a plane mirror?

a. real b. virtual c. specular d. none of them

31. What is the other name of concave mirror?

a. diverging mirror b. converging mirror c. spherical mirror d. none of them

32. It is a part of spherical mirror which is the center of the mirror?

a. center of curvature b. vertex c. focus d. aperture

33. It is a property of light which bounces back when light hits a surface.
a. refraction b. reflection c. interference d. diffraction

34. It is a reflecting surface in which its surface is a section of a sphere.

a. plane mirror b. curved mirror c. lens d. none of them

35. He showed how a current carrying wire behaves like a magnet.

a. Ampere b. Faraday c. Hertz d. Oersted

36. He formulated the principle behind electromagnetic induction.

a. Faraday b. Ampere c. Maxwell d. Hertz
37. The following are characteristics of radio waves except;
a. Can pass through walls b. Has long range c. not light sensitive d. can be used for seeing in the dark

38. What is the speed of electromagnetic waves in a vacuum?

a. 0 b. 3 x 108 m/s c. 3 x 106 m/s d. 3 x 1010 m/s

39. Which of the following does NOT pair on the application of EM waves?
a. texting-microwaves c. diagnosis of bone fracture- X-rays
b. checking bank signature- UV rays d. radar- Gamma rays

40. He contributed in developing equations showing the relationship of electricity and magnetism.
a. Maxwell b. Oersted c. Hertz d. Ampere

41. It is a disturbance that transfers energy.

a. light b. wave c. reflection d. sound

42. It is the unit used to measure the frequency of waves.

a. meter per second b. lambda c. Hertz d. meter

43. The mathematical relationship between frequency, wavelength and speed is

a. v= f/λ b. v= λf c. λ= f/v d. f= λ/v

44. The bending of light rays when passing obliquely from one medium to another.
a. reflection b. refraction c. diffraction d. interference

45. If the angle of incidence is 50°, what is the angle of reflection?

a. 40° b. 50° c. 90° d. 30°

46. A transparent material made of glasses or plastics that refracts and focuses light rays at a point.
a. plane mirror b. concave mirror c. convex mirror d. lens

47. It is the ray of light approaching the surface such as mirror.

a. reflected ray b. incident ray c. normal line d. none of them

48. The optical instrument uses 2 convex lenses to make a smaller object larger.
a. Camera b. microscope c. oscilloscope d. telescope

49. The ultimate source of electromagnetic waves is

a. electricity b. sunlight c. vibrating particle d. waves

50. What EM waves can cause sunburn?

a. infrared b. UV rays c. X-ray d. gamma ray

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