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Practical Research

11th edition, Global Edition


Paul D. Leedy & Jeanne Ellis Ormrod

Chapter 12

Mixed-Methods
Designs

Copyright © 2016 Pearson Education, Ltd. All Rights Reserved


Mixed-Methods Research

• Integration of quantitative AND qualitative


data
• Most useful when addressing the research
problem requires both types of data

Practical Research: Planning & Design, 11/e, GE Copyright © 2016 Pearson Education, Ltd.
Leedy & Ormrod All Rights Reserved
Common Designs

• Convergent designs
 Qualitative and quantitative data
collected together, equally weighted
• Embedded designs
 Qualitative and quantitative data
collected together, with one type
supplemental

Practical Research: Planning & Design, 11/e, GE Copyright © 2016 Pearson Education, Ltd.
Leedy & Ormrod All Rights Reserved
Common Designs

• Exploratory designs
 Qualitative phase to get a general sense
of the phenomenon first
 More systematic, quantitative phase
based on qualitative data
• Explanatory designs
 Quantitative phase first
 Qualitative phase for exploration of
quantitative results
Practical Research: Planning & Design, 11/e, GE Copyright © 2016 Pearson Education, Ltd.
Leedy & Ormrod All Rights Reserved
Common Designs

• Multiphase iterative designs


 Three or more phases
• Foundational data early
• Later phases build on early data
 Example: Program evaluation
• Baseline data
• Intervention
• Data: Did the intervention work
• Modify the intervention
• Data: Did the modifications work
Practical Research: Planning & Design, 11/e, GE Copyright © 2016 Pearson Education, Ltd.
Leedy & Ormrod All Rights Reserved
Planning a Mixed-Methods Study

• Identify relevant subproblems


 should require different types of data

• Begin a literature review


 May require revision and additions as
the study emerges

• Choose appropriate samples


 Independent
 Linked

Practical Research: Planning & Design, 11/e, GE Copyright © 2016 Pearson Education, Ltd.
Leedy & Ormrod All Rights Reserved
Planning a Mixed-Methods Study

• Ensure validity of the overall


research effort
• Consider special ethical issues
 may need more than one institutional
review
 may need to ensure consent for follow-
up phases

Practical Research: Planning & Design, 11/e, GE Copyright © 2016 Pearson Education, Ltd.
Leedy & Ormrod All Rights Reserved
Analyzing and Interpreting
Mixed-Methods Data
• Two important considerations:
 How to weight quantitative and
qualitative data when drawing
conclusions
 How to integrate quantitative and
qualitative findings for interpretation

Practical Research: Planning & Design, 11/e, GE Copyright © 2016 Pearson Education, Ltd.
Leedy & Ormrod All Rights Reserved
Data Analysis

• Condense the data to make it manageable


• Identify general patterns and present
summaries
 Use tables and graphs
• Transform qualitative data to quantities
• Compare and integrate the data
• Computer software can be helpful

Practical Research: Planning & Design, 11/e, GE Copyright © 2016 Pearson Education, Ltd.
Leedy & Ormrod All Rights Reserved