Sie sind auf Seite 1von 4

Fernaldy Sebastian S.

12015036
TUGAS GEOPRESSURE

1. Besar Tekanan pada kedalaman x menggunakan metode Equivalent Depth

Terzaghi's Principle: σ = p
+ σ'
pn =0.433 psi/ft
σ = 1 psi/ft

A. 12.000 ft
σ'12000 = σ'11000
σ'@11000
σ'11000 = σ11000 - p11000
σ'11000 = 11000 - 11000*0.433
σ'11000 = 6237 psi

p@12000
p12000 = σ12000 - σ'12000
p12000 = 12000 - 6237
p12000 = 5763 psi
= (5763/12000)*19,25
=9.244813 ppg

B. 13.000 ft
σ'13000 = σ'11000
σ'@11000
σ'11000 = σ11000 - p11000
σ'11000 = 11000 - 11000*0.433
σ'11000 = 6237 psi

p@13000
p13000 = σ13000 - σ'13000
p13000 = 13000 - 6237
p13000 = 6763 psi
= (6763/12000)*19,25
= 10.01444 ppg

C. 14.000 ft
σ'14000 = σ'10200
σ'@10200
σ'10200 = σ10200 - p10200
σ'10200 = 10200 - 10200*0.433
σ'10200 = 5783.4 psi
Fernaldy Sebastian S.
12015036
p@14000
p14000 = σ14000 - σ'14000
p14000 = 14000 - 5783,4
p14000 = 8216.6 psi
= (8216,6/12000)*19,25
= 11.29783 ppg

D. 15.000 ft
σ'15000 = σ'10250
σ'@10250
σ'10250 = σ10250 - p10250
σ'10250 = 10250 - 10250*0.433
σ'10250 = 7083.1 psi

p@15000
p15000 = σ15000 - σ'15000
p15000 = 15000 - 7083.11
p15000 = 7916.9 psi
= (7916,9/12000)*19,25
= 12.7 ppg

E. 16.000 ft
16.000ft
σ'16000 = σ'9000
σ'@9000
σ'9000 = σ9000 - p9000
σ'9000 = 9000 - 9000*0.433
σ'9000 = 5103 psi

p@16000
p16000 = σ16000 - σ'16000
p16000 = 16000 - 5103
p16000 = 10897
= (10897/12000)*19,25
= 13.1105 ppg

Untuk kedalaman lebih dari 11.500 ft, dalam kondisi overpressure, digunakan menggunakan
metode equivalent depth (effective stress pada kedalaman lebih dari 11.500 ft sama dengan
effective stress yang equivalent dengannya pada kondisi hidrostatik (dilihat dari grafik soal)).
Fernaldy Sebastian S.
12015036
2. Grafik Kedalaman(ft) vs Pressure(psi)

Kedalaman Pressure Hydrostatic Normal Overburden


(ft) (psi) (psi) Actual Pressure (psi)
0 0 0 0
1000 433 1000 433
2000 866 2000 866
3000 1299 3000 1299
4000 1732 4000 1732
5000 2165 5000 2165
6000 2598 6000 2598
7000 3031 7000 3031
8000 3464 8000 3464
9000 3897 9000 3897
10000 4330 10000 4330
11000 4763 11000 4763
12000 5196 12000 5763
13000 5629 13000 6763
14000 6062 14000 8216.6
15000 6495 15000 9897
16000 6928 16000 10897

Grafik Kedalaman(ft) vs Pressure(psi)


Pressure (ft)
0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 18000
0
Pressure Hydrostatic (psi)
2000

4000 Normal Overburden (psi)

6000
Kedalaman (ft)

Actual Pressure (psi)


8000

10000

12000

14000

16000

18000
Fernaldy Sebastian S.
12015036
3. Grafik Kedalaman (ft) vs Pressure Gradien (ppg)

Kedalaman Pressure Gradient Hydrostatic Pressure Gradient Sebenarnya


(ft) (ppg) ppg)
0 - -
1000 8.33525 8.33525
2000 8.33525 8.33525
3000 8.33525 8.33525
4000 8.33525 8.33525
5000 8.33525 8.33525
6000 8.33525 8.33525
7000 8.33525 8.33525
8000 8.33525 8.33525
9000 8.33525 8.33525
10000 8.33525 8.33525
11000 8.33525 8.33525
12000 8.33525 9.2448125
13000 8.33525 10.01444231
14000 8.33525 11.297825
15000 8.33525 12.7
16000 8.33525 13.11045313

Grafik Kedalaman(ft) vs Pressure Gradient(ppg)


Pressure Gradient (ppg)
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14
0 16000

2000 14000

4000 Pressure Gradient 12000


Sebenarnya ppg)
6000 10000
Kedalaman (ft)

Pressure Gradient
Hydrostatic (ppg)
8000 8000

10000 6000

12000 4000

14000 2000

16000 0