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From the symmetrical arrangement of the loads, it is quite obvious that the

centroid will pass through


the middle column, hence, soil pressure can be assumed to be uniform under the
whole length of the
footing.
1.2 Design Data
Concrete cover = 50mm; Fy = 460 N/mm2; Fyv = 460 N/mm2; Fcu = 30 N/mm2
Dimension of all columns = (500 � 300 mm); Bearing Capacity = 380 KN/m2
Total Ultimate Limit State (ULS) Load = 2(1680.3) + 5(3081.075) = 18765.975 KN
Axial load conversion factor to Serviceability Limit State (SLS) ?? = 1.45
NSLS = ??????????.??????
??.???? = 12942.05 KN
Assume 12% of service load to be the self weight of the footing
SW = ????
?????? � 12942.05 = 1553.04 KN
Area of footing required Areq = ???????? ?? ????
?????????????? ???????????????? = ??????????.???? ?? ????????.????
?????? = 38.14 m2
Taking a 36.3m long base, the width B = ????.????
????.?? = 1.051 m
Provide a 1.1 m x 36.3m x 1.1m (trial depth) base (Aprov = 39.93 m2)
Earth Pressure intensity (q) = ??
??????????
= ??????????.?????? ????
????.???? ???? = 469.97 KN/m2
1.3 Design of the slab (per meter strip)
Bending moment on the slab is maximum at the face of the column (in this case at
the face of the
upstand beams) (clause 3.11.2.2 BS 8110-1:1997)
Width of the beam = 500mm = 0.5m
Hence, Moment arm (jxx) = ??.?? ?? ??.??
?? = 0.30 m
Assume depth of slab h = 300mm; concrete cover = 50mm and assuming that Y12mm bars
will be
used at the slab;
Hence, the effective depth (d) = 300 � 50 - (12/2) = 244mm
The design moment Mx-x = ?? � ????????
?? = ??????.???? � ??.????
?? = 21.14 KN.m
k = ??
?????? ?? ???? = ????.???? � ??????
???? � ???????? � ???????? = 0.012; k < 0.156, no compression steel needed (clause
3.4.4.4)
Lever arm (la) = 0.5 + (0.25 � k/0.9)0.5; Hence la = 0.95
Figure 3.3: Loading configuration of the foundation.
Analysis and Design of Continuous Slab and Beam Footing� Ubani Obinna U. (2016)
Downloaded from www.structville.blogspot.com Page 3
Area of tension steel required ASreq = ??
??.????????.????.?? = ????.???? � ??????
??.???? � ?????? � ??.???? � ?????? = 212.17 mm??
Minimum area of steel ASmin = ??.????????
?????? = ??.???? � ???????? � ??????
?????? = 390 mm2 (Table 3.25 BS 8110-1:1997)
Provide Y12 @ 200 mm c/c (Asprov = 566 mm2/m)
Distribution bars on slab
ASmin = ??.????????
?????? = ??.???? � ???????? � ??????
?????? = 390 mm2 (Table 3.25 BS 8110-1:1997)
Provide Y12 @ 200 mm c/c (Asprov = 566 mm2/m) in longitudinal direction as
distribution bars
Check for shear
The concrete resistance shear stress (Vc) = 0.632 � ????????????
???? ??
??
?? ????????
?? ??
??
?? (Table 3.8 BS 8110-1:1997)
Vc = 0.632 � ?? ?????? � ??????
???????? � ????????
??
?? � ????????
????????
??
??
Vc = 0.632 � 0.6144 � 1.1315 = 0.439 N/mm2
For Fcu = 30N/mm2, Vc = 0.439 � ??30
25??