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Running Head: Type an abbreviated (less than 50 characters) Title of Paper

Title of Paper

Author’s Name

Northcentral University
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Abstract

The American Psychological Association (APA) guidelines provide rules for preparing

manuscripts. This template provides a basic layout based upon the fifth edition of these

guidelines. The APA guidelines define an abstract as a single paragraph, without indentation,

that summarizes the key points of the manuscript. The purpose of the abstract is to provide the

reader with a brief overview of the paper. The total length should not exceed 120 words, with

each sentence written concisely.


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Title of Paper

The body of the paper should consist of approximately 27 lines of text per page, not

including headings. The following sections provide several typical elements of APA manuscripts

as examples in this template. Note the spacing between sentences. In APA style, there is only

one space between sentences. If you cannot remember this one while typing, you can do a

replace (Control-H) when you are done to replace every instance of two spaces with one space.

Headings

APA style specifies that major sections of the paper (abstract, body, references, etc.) each

begin on a new page with the heading centered at the top of the page. The body of the text is

typically divided into sections as shown in this template. Usually these sections are the Method,

Results, and Discussion.

Subsections

Sections can be further divided into subsections. These are flush to the left margin and

italicized. An example is a Method section divided into Participants, Materials, and Procedure

subsections. In Word, select the text and then make it a Heading 3.

Paragraph headings

It is also possible to make further subdivisions with paragraph headings. For example, the

Procedure subsection might have paragraph headings for Informed consent, Independent

variables, and Dependent variables. Only the first word of the heading is capitalized; the entire

heading is italicized.

References

Per APA guidelines, all sources must be cited on a separate References page. Within the

body of the paper, a pointer containing the author’s last name, year of publication, and page
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range within parentheses (Erickson, 2000, pp. 24-67) indicates the cited text. The author’s last

name corresponds with the entry on the References page, allowing readers to look up the source

of the citation.

An example of a References page is located on page 5 of this template. Note that APA

uses the "hanging indent" style for references. This will automatically be done when you type

references into this template. Otherwise, the easiest way to do this is to type each reference

without worrying about the hanging indent. When you are finished, select (highlight) all the

references and then either 1) use the Control-T keys together, or 2) use the menu commands

Format Paragraph and then, under Special, select Hanging and then a distance for the

indentation.

Quotations

Guidelines for quotations are based upon the length of the quote. Quotes with fewer than

40 words are quoted directly in the sentence. According to the APA, this type of quote “should

be incorporated into the text and enclosed in double quotation marks.”

Quotations longer than 40 words follow different guidelines. Include these quotes in an

indented block.

Start long quotes on a new line and indent 1 inch from the left margin. Also, double-

space the lines and omit quotation marks. The Long Quote 1st and the Long Quote More

styles in this Word template are provided for formatting.

If you quote more than one paragraph, indent the first line of additional

paragraphs by .5 inch. Include a reference citation after the closing punctuation.

(Erickson, 2000, p. 34)

For comprehensive style guidelines, refer to the APA online and print publications.
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References

Beck, B. E. (1999, July). Style and modern writing [Special issue]. Prose Magazine, 126, 96-

134.

Gode, S. M., Orman, T. P., & Carey, R. (1967). Writers and writing. New York: Lucerne

Publishing.

MacDonald, S. E. (1993). Words. In The new encyclopedia Britannica (vol. 38, pp. 745-758).

Chicago: Forty-One Publishing.

Wilson, J. C. (2001). Scientific research papers. In Stewart, J. H. (Ed.), Research papers that

work (pp. 123-256). New York: Lucerne Publishing.

Xenon, R. M. (2002). Birth order and romantic attachment style. Journal of Research in

Personality, 22, 236-252.


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Appendix

Place supporting and bulky groups of information in the appendixes. If you have multiple

groups of information, create multiple appendixes. Label each appendix with a capital letter,

e.g.—Appendix A, Appendix B, Appendix C, etc.


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Author Note

Derek Graham, Department of Psychology, University of Partridge; Deanna Meyer,

Department of Education, University of Fremburg.

Deanna Meyer is now at Department of Psychology, University of Triver.

This research was supported in part by grants from the National Institute of Writing and

The Regional Scholastic Foundation.

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Derek Graham,

Department of Psychology, University of Partridge, Partridge, WA 61820. E-mail: dg@10-uop-

dop.com
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Footnotes
1
Each footnote number must correspond to the same number in the body of the paper.

Group all footnotes in the paper on this page.


2
Do not rely upon the footnote and endnote features of Word 2002.
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Table 1

Simple example of a table

Column heading Column heading Column heading

Table body Table body Table body

Table body Table body Table body

Table body Table body Table body

Table notes
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Figure Captions

Figure 1. Figure example of a cycle diagram.

This is an example All figures are

of a figure. placed at the end of

the paper.

The figure captions

in the previous

section correspond

to this section.