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DISTANCE RELAY PROTECTION SETTING CALCULATION

NAME OF SUB-STATION : 400 KV S/S


TYPE OF DPR SCHEME : AREVA 442
NAME OF FEEDER : 220 KV
1.LENGTH OF LINE : >>> 220 KV 248.0000
CONDUCTOR USED :>>> SINGLE ZEBRA
NO OF LOCATIONS
LOCATION NO 1. AT
POSITIVE SEQUENCE RESISTANCE OF LINE / KM ( R1 ) 0.0795
POSITIVE SEQUENCE REACTANCE OF LINE / KM ( J X ) 0.3975
POSITIVE SEQUENCE IMPEDANCE ANGLE ( RATIO OF X / R ) 5.0000
TAN INV OF RATIO X/R ( ANGLE IN RADIANS ) 1.3734
POSITIVE SEQUENCE ANGLE IN DEGREES 78.6901
POSITIVE SEQUENCE IMPEDENCE OF LINE / KM: ( Z ), SQRT OF SUM(G11:G12) 0.4054
TOTAL POSITIVE SEQUENCE IMPEDENCE OF THE PROTECTED LINE 100.5323
TOTAL POSITIVE SEQUENCE IMPEDENCE OF THE PROTECTED LINE converetd to secondary side 60.3194
ZERO SEQUENCE RESISTANCE OF LINE / KM ( R0 ) 0.2702
ZERO SEQUENCE REACTANCE OF LINE / KM ( J X ) 1.2936
ZERO SEQUENCE IMPEDENCE OF LINE / KM: ( Z 0 ) 1.3215

TOTAL ZERO SEQUENCE IMPEDENCE OF THE PROTECTED LINE 327.7364

TOTAL ZERO SEQUENCE IMPEDENCE OF THE PROTECTED LINE converted to secondary side 196.6418
ZERO SEQUENCE IMPEDANCE ANGLE ( RATIO OF X / R ) 4.7876
TAN INV OF RATIO X/R ( ANGLE IN RADIANS ) 1.3649
ZERO SEQUENCE ANGLE IN DEGREES 78.2020
C. T. RATIO USED : >>> 1200 1 1200.0000
P. T. RATIO USED : >>> 220000 110 2000.0000
PRIMARY TO SECONDARY CONSTANT : >>> 0.6000
Residual Compensation Factor KZO for Earth Fault common for all Zones as Impedance Characteristics is
same for all Zones
Z0 /Z1 3.2600
ANGLE OF Z0/Z1 -0.4881
R0-R1 = 0.1907
J ( X0 - X1 ) = 0.8961
Z0-Z1 = 136.3225
/_(ZO-Z1) = X/R 4.6990
TAN INV OF RATIO X/R ( ANGLE IN RADIANS ) 1.3611
ANGLE IN DEGREES 77.9860
( Z0-Z1) / 3*Z1 Magnitude KZ1,KZ2,KZP,KZ4 0.7533
/_ Angle KZ1,KZ2,KZP,KZ4 -0.7040
NAME OF SHORTEST LINE :>
LENGTH OF SHORTEST LINE : >>> 11.0000
POSITIVE SEQUENCE RESISTANCE OF LINE / KM ( R1 ) 0.0795
POSITIVE SEQUENCE REACTANCE OF LINE / KM ( J X ) 0.3975
POSITIVE SEQUENCE IMPEDENCE OF LINE / KM: ( Z ), SQRT OF SUM(G11:G12) 0.4054
TOTAL POSITIVE SEQUENCE IMPEDENCE OF THE PROTECTED LINE 4.4591
TOTAL POSITIVE SEQUENCE IMPEDENCE OF THE PROTECTED LINE converetd to secondary side 2.6755
ZERO SEQUENCE RESISTANCE OF LINE / KM ( R0 ) 0.2702
ZERO SEQUENCE REACTANCE OF LINE / KM ( J X ) 1.2936
ZERO SEQUENCE IMPEDENCE OF LINE / KM: ( Z 0 ) 1.3215

TOTAL ZERO SEQUENCE IMPEDENCE OF THE PROTECTED LINE 14.5367

TOTAL ZERO SEQUENCE IMPEDENCE OF THE PROTECTED LINE converted to secondary side 8.7220
NAME OF LONGEST LINE :>
LENGTH OF Longest LINE : >>> 248.0000
POSITIVE SEQUENCE RESISTANCE OF LINE / KM ( R1 ) 0.0795
POSITIVE SEQUENCE REACTANCE OF LINE / KM ( J X ) 0.3975
POSITIVE SEQUENCE IMPEDENCE OF LINE / KM: ( Z ), SQRT OF SUM 0.4054
TOTAL POSITIVE SEQUENCE IMPEDENCE OF THE PROTECTED LINE 100.5323
TOTAL POSITIVE SEQUENCE IMPEDENCE OF THE PROTECTED LINE converetd to secondary side 60.3194
ZERO SEQUENCE RESISTANCE OF LINE / KM ( R0 ) 0.2702
ZERO SEQUENCE REACTANCE OF LINE / KM ( J X ) 1.2936
ZERO SEQUENCE IMPEDENCE OF LINE / KM: ( Z 0 ) 1.3215

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TOTAL ZERO SEQUENCE IMPEDENCE OF THE PROTECTED LINE 327.7364
TOTAL ZERO SEQUENCE IMPEDENCE OF THE PROTECTED LINE converted to secondary side 196.6418

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TRANSFORMERS DETAILS AT 220 KV
Make : 160 MVA-1 , 220 / 132 KV
PRIMARY SYSTEM VOLTAGE 220000.00
SECONDARY VOLTAGE 132000.00
% IMPEDENCE TRANSFORMER at Normal Tap 9.93
FULL LOAD CURRENT OF TRANSFORMER 420.00
IMPEDENCE OF TRANSFORMER 30.03
SECONDARY EQUIVALENT IMPEDENCE OF X MER 18.02
Make : 3X40 MVA , 220 / 132 KV
PRIMARY SYSTEM VOLTAGE 220000.00
SECONDARY VOLTAGE 132000.00
% IMPEDENCE TRANSFORMER at Normal Tap 9.93
FULL LOAD CURRENT OF TRANSFORMER 315.00
IMPEDENCE OF TRANSFORMER 40.04
SECONDARY EQUIVALENT IMPEDENCE OF X MER 24.03
EQUIVALENT IMPEDENCE OF X-MER IN PARALLEL 10.30
ZONE I REACH : >>> 48.2555
80 % OF LINE
ZONE I I REACH : >>> 65.4600
100 % OF PROTECTED LINE + 50 % OF SHORTEST LINE 61.6571
UPPER LIMIT CHECK
100% OF PROTECTED LINE IMPIDENCE+ 50% OF X-MER IMPIDENCE INDIVIDUAL 65.4676
LOWER LIMIT CHECK
120% OF THE PROTECTED LINE 72.3832
ZONE III REACH :>>> 69.5800
100 %OF PROTECTED LINE + 100 % OF LONGEST LINE 120.6387
UPPER LIMIT CHECK
100% OF PROTECTED LINE IMPIDENCE+ 90% OF X-MER IMPIDENCE PARALLEL 69.5862
ZONE IV REACH = >>>10 % OF PROTECTED LINE 6.0300
10% of PROTECTED LINE 6.0319
UPPER LIMIT CHECK
25% OF SHORTEST LINE AT OUR END 0.2432
NAME OF SHORTEST LINE AT OUR END :> 220 KV
LENGTH OF SHORTEST LINE : >>> 4.0000
POSITIVE SEQUENCE RESISTANCE OF LINE / KM ( R1 ) 0.0795
POSITIVE SEQUENCE REACTANCE OF LINE / KM ( J X ) 0.3975
POSITIVE SEQUENCE IMPEDENCE OF LINE / KM: ( Z ), SQRT OF SUM(G11:G12) 0.4054
TOTAL POSITIVE SEQUENCE IMPEDENCE OF THE PROTECTED LINE 1.6215

TOTAL POSITIVE SEQUENCE IMPEDENCE OF THE PROTECTED LINE converetd to secondary side 0.9729

At max. Load Current, Min load impedance presented to relay =


Vn /( root 3 *ct secy amp ) = 63.51 47.6327945
FINAL ZONE SETTING SETTING

Zone1 Zone2 Zone3 Zone4

Zone Reach in Ohm 48.2555 65.4600 69.5800 0.24

Zone Timing in .Sec. 0 0.3 0.7 1.00

Taking a required primary resistive coverage of 9.1 ohm for phase fault &
assumed earth fault coverage of 25.1 ohm ( from table )
R ph Min ( ohm) = 5.46 R G Min(ohm) = 15.06
Min Max Z1 Z2 Z3&Z4
Phase (Rph) ohm 5.46 38.11 10 10 10
Earth (RG) ohm 15.06 50.81 30 30 30
Z1 = selected higher than the resistive phase Min i.e.> 5.8 = selected 7.0
Z1 Earth ( RG) = selected higher than the resistive Earth Min i.e.> 16 = selected 16.5
Z 3 & Z 4 = selected slightly lower than the resistive phase Max i.e.> 38.11 = selected
Z1 Earth ( RG) = selected higher than the resistive Earth Min i.e.> 16 = selected 16.5
Z 2 =<40 % of Z 3 & Z 4 =
R Ph max =( 110 / root 3 ) -( 110 / root 3 )x 40 %= 38.11
Earth max =( 110 / root 3 ) -( 110 / root 3 )x 20 % = 50.81

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CONDUCTOR PARAMETER
R1 X1 R0 X0
PANTHER ASCR 0.1603 0.3975 0.3603 1.3478
AAAC 0.17841 0.40334 0.32424 1.16519
ZEBRA ACSR 0.0795 0.3975 0.2702 1.2936