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Trends in Biosciences 11(36), Print : ISSN 0974-8431, 00-00, 2018

Problems Faced by the Farm Families in Adoption of Rice-Maize Cropping


System
LOKESH AHIRWAR, M. A. KHAN, M. L. SHARMA, SUNIL NARBARIA
Department of Agricultural Extension, Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidhayalya,
Krishak Nagar, Jora Raipur, Chhattisgarh
email. arunahriwar1@gmail.com

ABSTRACT Chhattisgarh state during 2016-17. All three blocks Patan,


Dhamdha and Durg were selected purposively on the basis
Rice-Maize systems currently occupy approx. 3.5 million
of maximum prevailed area of rice-maize cropping system.
hectares in Asia. Excluding Pakistan, area under Rice-
From each selected block, 4 villages (Total 4 X 3 = 12) were
Maize systems is 1.31 million hectares in South Asia.
selected purposively on the basis of area under rice-maize
The highest acreage is in India followed by Nepal. These
cropping system. Thus, total 12 villages were selected for
crops are grown in sequence on the same land in the same
year either in double or triple crop systems to meet the the study. Ten representative farmers of rice-maize cropping
system were randomly selected as a respondent from each
rice demand of a rapidly expanding human population and
selected village. In this way, total of 120 farmers (10 X 12 =
maize demand of livestock and poultry. The present study
was investigating the various problems faced by the farm 120). The data were collected by personal interview with
the help of well prepared, structured and pretested interview
families in adoption of rice-maize cropping system in Durg
schedule. Data were analyzed using frequency distribution,
district of Chhattisgarh state. Data were collected from
percentages, and correlation coefficient.
rice-maize grower families that were selected randomly
from each selected 12 villages to make a sample size of RESULT AND DISCUSSION
120 rice-maize farm families, with the help of pre-tested In rice-maize cropping system there are many factors
interview schedule. The result of study showed that by that affect rice and maize cultivation. The constraints faced
farm families during rice-maize cultivation. About 87.5 by respondents in adoption of rice-maize production
per cent of the respondents faced the problem of rodents technology are shown in these tables.
and wild animals (wild pigs, monkey etc.) in adoption of
The findings on various problem faced in rice-maize
rice-maize cropping system. About 95.83 per cent of the
cropping system are presented in table 1. The findings
respondents suggested that the problems of wild animals
indicates that majority of the respondents (87.5%) reported
(wild pig and monkey) should be solved.
that problem of rodents and wild animals (wild pigs, monkey
etc.) was the major constraint in adoption of rice-maize
Keywords Rice-maize cropping system, Constraints;
cropping system, followed by 84.17 per cent of the
Socio-economic status;
respondents had less contact to extension officer, 69.17
per cent of them faced lack of specific machine for maize
Rice, wheat and maize are the major crops of India.
cultivation, 66.67 per cent of them faced non availability of
Rice-based cropping systems, with wheat or maize as a
information in proper time, 63.33 per cent of them faced
secondary crop, are predominant in India. Rice is the
high interest rate from Kissan Credit Card (KCC) after due
principal crop of Chhattisgarh. Other major crops are maize,
month.
coarse grains, maize, groundnut, pulses and oilseeds. The
total cultivable land of Chhattisgarh is 46.77 lakh ha. The About 60.83 per cent of them had lack of training,
area under the kharif and rabi crops are respectively 48.04 52.50 per cent of them faced non availability of agricultural
lakh ha and 19.67 lakh ha. The major cropping system of inputs (seed and fertilizer etc.), 35.83 per cent of them faced
Chhattisgarh is rice-lathyrus, rice-chickpea/lentil, rice-wheat interrupted electricity supply, 32.50 per cent of them faced
and rice-maize etc. The present study is planned to assess high cost of inputs, 26.16 per cent of them faced high cost
the rice-maize cropping system for socio-economic of labour, and 11.66 per cent of them faced poor labour
upliftment of farm families with the following specific availability.
objectives: The findings regarding suggestions given by the
1. To find out the constraints faced by farmers while respondents are compiled in table 2. The data indicate that
adopting rice-maize technology interventions. the majority of respondents (95.83%) suggested that the
problems of wild animals (wild pig and monkey) should be
2. To obtain the suggestion from farmers for increasing
solved, 93.33 per cent of the respondents suggested that
the productivity of rice-maize cropping system.
support price of rice should be increased, 82.50 per cent of
MATERIALS AND METHODS them suggested that inputs like improved seeds, fertilizer,
The present study was undertaken in Durg district of pesticides etc should be made available at subsidized rate
2 Trends in Biosciences 11 (36), 2018

Table 1. Distribution of respondents according to problem faced by them in adoption of rice-maize cropping system

S. No. Constraints Frequency Percentage Rank

1 Poor labour availability 14 11.66 XI

2 High cost of inputs 39 32.50 IX

3 Interrupted electricity supply 43 35.83 VIII

4 High cost of labour 35 26.16 X

5 Lack of specific machine for maize cultivation 83 69.17 III

6 High interest rate from Kissan Credit Card (KCC) after due month 76 63.33 V

7 Lack of training 73 60.83 VI

8 Non availability of information in proper time 80 66.67 IV

9 Less contact to extension officer 101 84.17 II

10 Non availability of agricultural inputs (Seed and Fertilizer etc.) 63 52.50 VII
11 Problem of rodents and wild animals (wild pigs, monkey etc.) 105 87.5 I

*Data are based on multiple responses

on proper time in the village, 72.50 per cent of them seeds, fertilizer, pesticides and scheme should be done,
suggested that extension agent and agency should convey 51.66 per cent of them suggested that electricity problem
the right information at right time, 65 per cent of them should be solved, 45.8 per cent of them suggested that
suggested that trained labour should be available on low water can be saved by growing maize in rabi season, 38.33
wage cost, 82.50 per cent of them suggested that, 58.33 per per cent of them suggested that proper and regular training
cent of them suggested that proper land preparation should should be organized on rice and maize production
be done in maize crop, 57.50 per cent of them suggested technologies and 33.50 per cent of them suggested that
that inundation should be avoided in the maize crop, 52.50 rice area can be increased three fold by growing rice in rabi
per cent of them suggested that monitoring of subsidized season.

Table 2. Distribution of respondents according to suggestions given to overcome problems and for increasing the
productivity of rice-maize cropping system

S N. Suggestions Frequency Percentage Rank


1 Electricity problem should be solved 62 51.66 IX
2 Minimum support price of rice should be increased 112 93.33 II
3 Inputs like improved seeds, fertilizer, pesticides etc should 99 82.50 III
be made available at subsidized rate on proper time in the
village
4 Problems of wild animals (wild pig and monkey) should be 115 95.83 I
solved
5 Trained labour should be available on low wage cost 78 65.00 V
6 Proper and regular training should be organized on rice and 46 38.33 XI
maize production technologies
7 Monitoring of subsidized seeds, fertilizer, pesticides and 63 52.50 VIII
schemes should be done
8 Extension agents and agencies should convey the right 87 72.50 IV
information at right time
9 Water can be saved by growing maize in rabi season 55 45.83 X
10 Inundation should be avoided in the maize crop 69 57.50 VII
11 Proper land preparation should be done in maize crop 70 58.33 VI
12 Rice area can be increased three fold by growing rice in rabi 40 33.33 XII
season

*Data are based on multiple responses


AHIRWAR et al., Problems Faced by the Farm Families in Adoption of Rice-Maize Cropping System 3

CONCLUSION on small and large holdings and constraints encountered in Jammu


region. Ind. Res. J. Extn. Edn. 4 (1 & 2): 207-211.
The study reveals that majority of the respondents
Ali, H. 2014. Agriculture machinery is a major constraint in crop
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Anonymous, 2016-17. First Advance Estimates of Production of
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Received on 07-09-2018 Accepted on 15-09-2018