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MEMA/CSES 648

Spring 2002

Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis

Professor J. N. Reddy

e-mail: jnreddy@shakti.tamu.edu

Oce: 210 EPB (O) Tel: 862-2417

Date: January 24, 2002

Assignment No. 1

Due: February 6, 2002

Problem 1: Consider the following equations of the Euler—Bernoulli beam theory:

M

d 2 w 0

d 2 M = q.

dx

2

dx 2 EI

= 0,

(1a, b)

where w 0 denotes the transverse deection, M the bending moment, q the distributed trans- verse load, and EI the bending stiness. Construct a (mixed) nite element model of the pair of equations such that the resulting coecient matrix is symmetric. Use the independent approximations of w 0 (x) and M (x) as follows:

w 0 (x)

m

X

w i φ i (x),

i=1

M (x)

n

X

M i ψ i (x),

i=1

(2)

where (φ i , ψ i ) are the interpolation functions of dierent degree used for w 0 and M , respec- tively. Write the nite element model in the form

· [ A e ] [B e ] T

[ B e ] ] ¸ ½ {w e } } ¾ = ½ {F e }

}

[D

e

{M e

{Q e

¾

,

(3)

and dene all coecients in terms of the interpolation functions, EI , and q .

Problem 2: Consider the nonlinear dierential equation

dx · (u + 2) du = 1, 0 <x< 1

d

¸

· ( u + √ 2) d u = 1 , 0 <x< 1 d ¸

dx

(1)

du

dx

(2)

Develop the weak form and the nite element model of the equation over an element. Compute the tangent coecient matrix of the model.

Problem 3: Formulate the weak form and the nite element model of

(0) = 0, u(1) = 0

d 2 u 2 + 2u 3 = 0, 1 <x< 2

dx

u(1) = 1, · du + u 2 x=2 = 0

dx

¸

(1)

(2)

Compute the tangent sti ness matrix associated with the nite element model.