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Republic of the Philippines

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Region III
STO. CRISTO NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Guzmanville, Sto. Cristo, City of San Jose del Monte
Tel. No. (044) 7970438 local 1-5 l email Ad; scnhs_2010@yahoo.com

SCIENCE 8
4th PERIODICAL EXAMINATION

Directions: Read and analyze the questions carefully. Choose the letter of the correct
answer.

1. Which part is an accessory organ of the digestive system?


a. esophagus b. stomach c. pancreas d. intestines

2. Which enzyme is responsible for breaking down peptides into amino acids?
a. ptyalin b. peptidase c. maltase d. sucrose

3. In which part of the digestive system is chime mixed with pancreatic juice and bile?
a. esophagus b. stomach c. small intestine d. bile

4. Which refers to digested food inside the stomach?


a. peristalsis b. villi c. chyme d. enzyme

5. Which is NOT an accessory organ of the digestive system?


a. small intestine b. liver c. gallbladder d. pancreas

6. Which enzyme is produced by the salivary glands?


a. amylase b. lipase c. clipase d. pepsin

7. Which prevents the food from going out of the stomach?


a. epiglottis b. amylase c. pyloric sphincter d. esophageal sphincter

8. Which among the following are biological substances that speed up the digestion
process?
a. peristalsis b. amylase c. chyme d. enzymes

9. Which of the following is a muscular tube that leads to the stomach?


a. esophagus b. stomach c. pancreas d. intestines

10. It is considered as the largest gland in the body.


a. pancreas b. stomach c. gallbladder d. liver

11. Which of the following is a muscular contraction forming a wavelike motion?


a. enzyme b. epiglottis c. peristalsis d. sphincter

12. What disease may be attributed to sever lack of food nutrients in the body?
a. dermatitis b. scurvy c. pellagra d. rickets

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13. What disease may be attributed to severe lack of food nutrients in the body?
a. malnutrition b. obesity c. scurvy d. diabetes

14. Which of the following is a form of malnutrition that occurs when there is not enough
protein in the diet?
a. berberi c. scurvy
b. pellagra d. diabetes

15. It is known as the enlargement of the thyroid gland.


a. beriberi c. scurvy
b. goiter d. kwashiorkor

16. It is characterized by muscle weakness, neuritis, and lack of Vitamin B1.


a. beriberi c. scurvy
b. pellagra d. anemiai

17. Which among the following is characterized by mild paleness of the skin, decreased
pinkness of nailbeds, and a lack of iron?
a. beriberi b. pellagra c. scurvy d. anemia

18. What disease may be attributed to Vitamin D deficiency?


a. beriberi b. pellagra c. rickets d.anemia

19. Which is NOT a good health practice for the digestive system?
a. Observing proper posture when eating. c. Drinking soda everyday
b. Doing a 30-minute daily run d. Chewing food slowly

20. If you experience a burning sensation in the stomach immediately after eating,
what digestive problem are you most probably suffering from?
a. constipation b.lactose intolerance c. peptic ulcer d. GERD

21. Which of the following is the correct sequence of food travel through the digestive
system?
a. esophagus mouth stomach small intestine large intestine
b. mouth small intestine stomach large intestine
c. mouth stomach esophagus small intestine large intestine
d. mouth esophagus stomach small intestine large intestine

22. Christian has diarrhea accompanied by vomiting and dehydration. What digestive
disease could be ailing him?
a. diarrhea b. constipation c. cholera d. qppendicitis

23. Which type of cell division that produces sex cells?


a. Meiosis b. Oogenesis c. Spermatogenesis d. Mitosis

24. In oogenesis, what happens to the polar body produced after the first and second
meiotic divisions?
a. it degenerates c. It becomes a separate oocyte
b. It transforms into ovum d. Nothing happens

25. Which process of nuclear division of a cell?


a. Meiosis b. mitosis c. Cytokinesis d. cycle

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26. What is the last stage of mitosis and referred to as the “reverse prophase:?
a. anaphase c. prophase
b. metaphase d. telophase

27. In what stage of mitosis where the sister chromatids separate and are being pulled
by the spindle fibers?
a. anaphase c. prophase
b. metaphase d. telophase

28. What do you call the process that divides the cytoplasm of a cell ?
a. Meiosis c. cytokinesis
b. Mitosis d. cycle

29. In animal cell, what is form when a cell divides?


a. cell plate c. spindle fiber
b. cleavage furrow d. cell

30. In plant cell, what is created that eventually develops into a cell wall?
a. cell plate b. cleavage furrow c.spindle d. cell

31. If a cell has 14 chromosomes at the start of mitosis, how many chromosomes will
each daughter cell have?
a. 7 b. 14 c. 28 d. 46

32. Which part is involved in the formation of spindle fiber?


a. chromosome b. nucleus c. centriole d. DNA

33. Which is responsible for the nourishment and development of immature sperm cells?
a. epididymis b. nucleus c. Sertoli cells d. RNA

34. Which process of sperm cell development at the start of puberty?


a. Meiosis c. Spermatogenesis
b. Oogenesis d. Mitosis

35. What is the process of pairing of homologous chromosomes?


a. chiasma c. tetrads
b. synapsis d. gametes

36. What takes place during synapsis?


a. crossing over b. chiasma c. tetrads d. gametes

37. What is the point where crossing over occurs?


a. chiasma b. synapsis c. tetrads d. gametes

38. After telophase II, how many daughter cells?


a. 2 b. 1 c. 3 d. 4

39. Which is the study of biological inheritance patterns and variation?


a. Genetics b. Heredity c. Biology d. Zoology

40. Which is an alternate form of a gene for a particular trait found at the same
location?
a. genotype b. phenotype c. dominant d. allele
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41. Which of the following refers to the different alleles for the same trait?
a. homozygous b. heterozygous c. phenotype d. gene

42. Which of the following refers to the same alleles for the same trait?
a. homozygous c. phenotype
b. heterozygous d. gene

43. What is a cross involving two traits at the same trait?


a. monohybrid b. punnett square c. dihybrid d. allele

44. Which refers to the physical tra?its of an organism based on the organism’s
genotype?
a. genotype c. dihybrid
b. phenotype d. allele

45. Which of the following is the trait being expressed by an organism and is
represented by a capital letter?
a. genotype b. phenotype c. dominant d. alllele

46. Which is the genetic makeup of an organism?


a. genotype b. phenotype c. dominant d. allele

47. Which diagram is used to show the results of crossing two organisms?
a. monohybrid b. punnet square c. dihybrid d. chart

48. Which of the following is a trait being masked by a dominant trait and is represented
by lower case letter?
a. recessive b. phenotype c. dominant d. allele

49. Who is considered as the Father of Genetics?


a. Dalton b. Democritus c. Mendel d. Ohm

50. Which law states that the dominant allele masked the expression of the recessive
allele and the phenotype is the dominant trait?
a. Law of Dominance
b. Law of Segregation
c. Law of Independent Assortment

“There is a God-shaped vacuum in the heart of each man which cannot be satisfied by
any created thing but only God the Creator, made known through Jesus Christ.”

- Blaise Pascal
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