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Last Name_______________________ First Name __________Nickname___________ Section_____

Quarter 3 Exam

Question 1-11: Choose ONE answer and write it clearly in front of the question number.

1. Given the linear equation 3𝑥 + 2𝑦 = 8 choose the equation that produces a line with the
same slope or gradient.
2
a. 𝑦 = 𝑥– 4
3
−2
b. 𝑦 = 3
𝑥 +2
−3
c. 𝑦 = 2
𝑥– 1
4
d. 𝑦 = 𝑥– 1
3

2. Choose the equation that produces a line with a slope perpendicular to 2𝑥 − 𝑦 = 4.


−1
a. 𝑦 = 𝑥– 1
2
−2
b. 𝑦 = 𝑥 + 3
5
−3
c. 𝑦 = 𝑥– 2
2
1
d. 𝑦 = 𝑥 + 7
2

3. Given parallelogram 𝐴(1, 1), 𝐵(10, 1), 𝐶(12, 2), and 𝐷(3, 2) which point represents the
intersection of the diagonals?
a. (6.5, 1.5)
b. (−6.5, −1.5)
c. (13, 3)
d. (5, − 5)

4. Given the relation 𝐴 = {(5, 2), (7, 4), (9, 10), (𝑥, 5)} which value of x will make the relation
a function?
a. 5
b. 7
c. 9
d. 4

5. Consider 𝑓: 𝑥 ↦ |12𝑥 − 3|, find the 𝑥-coordinate of the vertex:


1
a. 3
1
b. 4
c. 12
d. 4

6. Evaluate 𝑓: 𝑥 ↦ |3𝑥 + 7| at 𝑥 = −5
a. -8
b. 0
c. 8
d. 9

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7. Which of these statements is NOT a proposition?
a. 11 + 2 = 14
b. Cars are faster than bicycles.
c. How hot is it?
d. All squares are parallelograms.

8. Which of these statements is the negation of the proposition “All rectangles are
parallelograms”?
a. All squares are parallelograms
b. Not all rectangles are parallelograms
c. All rectangles are not parallelograms
d. None of the above

9. For 𝑈 = {𝑥: 1 ≤ 𝑥 ≤ 12, 𝑥 ∈ ℤ}, 𝑝: 𝑥 𝑖𝑠 𝑎 𝑚𝑢𝑙𝑡𝑖𝑝𝑙𝑒 𝑜𝑓 3, and 𝑞: 𝑥 𝑖𝑠 𝑎𝑛 𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑛 𝑛𝑢𝑚𝑏𝑒𝑟.


Which of these illustrates the truth set of 𝑝 ∨ 𝑞?
a. {2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 10, 12}
b. {2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 10}
c. {6, 12}
d. {2, 3, 4, 8, 9, 10}

10. Which of these statements is FALSE?


a. A compound proposition is a tautology if all values in its truth table are true.
b. A compound proposition is a logical contradiction if all the values in its truth table
column are false
c. Two propositions are logically equivalent if they have the same truth table column.
d. In the statement “if p, then q” the q is called the antecedent.

11. Which of these is the contrapositive of the statement “All MUIDS students are smart.”?
a. If the person is a MUIDS student, then he/she is smart.
b. If the person is smart, then he/she is an MUIDS student.
c. If the person is not smart, then he/she is not an MUIDS student.
d. If the person is not an MUIDS student, then he/she is not smart.

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Last Name_______________________ First Name __________Nickname___________ Section_____

Question 12 - 28 and bonus: Please read each problem carefully. The points given to each problem is
listed next to the number. Show your work for partial credit.

12. Which of the following compound propositions are logically equivalent?

𝑝 𝑞 𝑝 ⇒ 𝑞 𝑝⟺𝑞 ¬(𝑝 ∧ 𝑞) ¬𝑝 ⇒ ¬𝑞 ¬𝑞 ⇒ ¬𝑝

T T T T F T T
T F F F T T F
F T T F T F T
F F T T T T T

Solution: _____________________________

13. Draw a Venn Diagram depicting the truth sets P, Q, and U given the proposition 𝑝 ⊻ 𝑞
(shade 𝑝 ⊻ 𝑞 on the Venn diagram).

14. Perform the following tasks considering the following:


a. Represent 𝑈 = {𝑥: 4 < 𝑥 ≤ 14, 𝑥 ∈ Ν} and 𝑝: 𝑥 > 10 on a Venn Diagram.

b. List the truth set of ¬𝑝

Solution: ________________

15. Consider the propositions p: It is snowing and q: It is freezing outside. Write the following
statements in symbols: If it is not freezing outside, then it is snowing.

Solution: ________________

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16. Construct the truth table for the following statements and state whether the statements are
tautologies, logical contradictions, or neither:
a. (𝑝 ∧ 𝑞) ∧ ¬(𝑝 ∨ 𝑞)

𝑝 𝑞 (𝒑 ∧ 𝒒) ∧ ¬(𝒑 ∨ 𝒒)

a. (𝑝 ∨ ¬𝑞) ⇒ 𝑞

𝑝 𝑞 (𝒑 ∨ ¬𝒒) ⇒ 𝒒

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Last Name_______________________ First Name __________Nickname___________ Section_____

Questions 18 - 27

Given 𝒇(𝒙) = 𝟓𝒙 − 𝟑 𝒈(𝒙) = 𝒙𝟐 − 𝟏

Find

17. 𝑓(3) 22. 𝑓(𝑔(𝑥))

Solution: __________ Solution: __________

18. 𝑔(𝑎) 23. 𝑓(𝑔(4))

Solution: __________

Solution: __________
19. 𝑓 −1 (𝑥) 24. (𝑓𝑔)−1 (𝑥)

Solution: __________

20. 𝑓 −1 (22)
Solution: __________

25. (𝑓𝑔)−1 (72)

Solution: __________

21. 𝑔−1 (𝑔(𝑏))

Solution: __________

Solution: __________ 26. 𝑔−1 (𝑓 −1 (𝑥))

Solution: __________

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27.

(a) Graph 𝑔(𝑥) = 𝑥 2 + 3, given a domain 0 < 𝑥 ≤ 3.

𝑥 𝑔(𝑥)

(b) Graph 𝑔−1 (𝑥).

(c) Find the range of 𝑔(𝑥) and 𝑔−1 (𝑥).

Solution: range of 𝑔(𝑥): __________

Range of 𝑔−1 (𝑥): __________

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Last Name_______________________ First Name __________Nickname___________ Section_____

28. Consider 𝑓: 𝑥 ↦ |𝑥 2 − 2𝑥 − 3| and 𝑔: 𝑥 ↦ 3 − 𝑥


a. Solve the equation 𝑓(𝑥) = 𝑔(𝑥)

Solutions: 𝑥 =__________

b. Graph 𝑓(𝑥) and 𝑔(𝑥) on the same graph and check your solutions.

𝑥 𝑓(𝑥) 𝑔(𝑥)

Bonus Question

Write the truth table for the compound proposition: [(𝑝 ⇒ 𝑞) ∧ (𝑞 ⇒ 𝑟)] ⇒ (𝑝 ⇒ 𝑟)

What can you say about this truth table?

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