Sie sind auf Seite 1von 13

− x 2 + 7 x + c = 0 . − 1 0 =

x 2 + 7x + c = 0.

1

0 = x 2 7x c = x 2 7x +

2

7

2

2 7 2 2 c = x 7

2

2

2

7

2

2 2 c.

49

4

+ c = x 7

2

2

.

0 x

< c

1

49

> c 49

4

= c 49

4

4

x 1,2 = 7

2

±

49

4

+ c

D = 49 + 4c D < 0

49 + 4c < 0 c < 49

4

x 2 + 7x + c = 0 c c = 10 > 49

4

x 1,2 = 7

2

±

49

4

10 = 7 ± 9

4

2

10 y x 2 4 6 8 −10 −x 2 + 7x − 10
10
y
x
2 4
6
8
−10
−x 2 + 7x − 10

x 1 = 2 x 2 = 5 c = 49

4

x 1,2 = 7 2 , 10 y x 2 4 6 8 −10 −20
x 1,2 = 7
2 ,
10
y
x
2 4
6
8
−10
−20
−x 2 + 7x − 49
4

c = 16 < 49 x 2 + 7x 16 = 0

4

10 y x 2 4 6 8 −10 −20 −x 2 + 7x − 16
10
y
x
2 4
6
8
−10
−20
−x 2 + 7x − 16

x 2 + ax + 1 = 0

x 1,2 = a

2

± a 4 2 1.

1

D < 0 |a| < 2 D = 0 a = ±2 D > 0 |a| > 2 x 2 + ax + 1 = 0 a a = 4 < 2

D = a 2

4

x 1,2 = 2 ± 4 1 = 2 ± 3

x 1 = 2 3 x 2 = 2 + 3

10 y 5 x 2 4
10
y
5
x
2
4

x 2 4x + 1

c = 2

x 1,2 = 1,

10 y 8 6 4 2 x −2 2 4
10
y
8
6
4
2
x
−2
2
4

x 2 2x + 1

c = 0 x 2 + 1 = 0

10 y 8 6 4 2 x −2 2
10
y
8
6
4
2
x
−2
2

x 2 + 1

10 y 8 6 4 2 x −2 2 x 2 + 1

n = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 a n

a 0 = 0 = 0

a 1 = 1 = 1

a 2 = 2

a 3 = 3

a 4 = 4 = 2

b n

b 0 =

1

1 + 0 = 1

b 1 =

1 + 1 = 1

2

1

b 2 =

1 + 2 = 1

3

1

b 3 =

c n

0

c 0 = (1) 0 2 + 0 = 0

c 3 = (1) 3

3

2 + 3 = 5

3

c 1 = (1) 1

1

2 + 1 = 3

1

c 4 = (1) 4

4

2 + 4 = 2

3 .

1

1 + 3 =

1

4

c 2 = (1) 2

b 4 =

1

1 + 4 = 5

1

2

2 + 2 =

1

2

3

a 0 = a 0

a 1 = 3a 0

a 2 = 3a 1 = 3 · 3a 0 = 3 2 a 0

a 3 = 3a 2 = 3 · 3 2 a 0 = 3 3 a 0

a 4 = 3a 3 = 3 · 3 3 a 0 = 3 4 a 0 .

a n = 3 n a 0 , n 0 .

b 0 = b 0

b 1 = 3b 0 + 2

b

3b 2

b 4 = 3b 3

b

+ 2

3b 1 + 2

3(3b 0 + 2) + 2 = 3 2 b 0 + 2 · 3 + 2 = 3 2 b 0 + 2(3 + 1)

2

3

=

=

=

=

3(3 2 b 0

+ 2 = 3(3 3 b 0

+ 2(3 + 1)) + 2 = 3 3 b 0 + 2(3 2 + 3 + 1) + 2(3 2 + 3 + 1)) + 2 = 3 4 b 0 + 2(3 3 + 3 2 + 3 + 1).

b n = 3 n + 2(3 n1 +

+ 1) = 3 n b 0 + 2

n1

k=0

3 k .

n1

k=0

x k = 1 + x + x 2 + ··· + x n1 = 1 x n

1 x ,

b n = 3 n b 0 + 2 1 2 3 n = 3 n b 0 1 + 3 n = 3 n (b 0 + 1) 1.

a n 1 , 4 , 9 , 16 , 25 , a n =

a n

1, 4, 9, 16, 25,

a n = n 2

a n

a n

= 1 + 3 + 5 + · · · + (2n 1) = (1 + 0) + (1 + 2) + (1 + 4) + · · · + (1 + (2n 2))

n

= n + 2 + 4 + · · · + 2(n 1) = n + 2(1 + 2 + · · · + n 1) = n + 2b n1

= n + 2 (n 1)n

= n + (n 1)n = n(1 + n 1) = n 2

2

a n = n 2

b n

2b n

·

·

·

(n 2)

(n 1)

(n 1)

(n 2)

·

·

·

2 n (n + 1)

b n = n(n + 1)

2

.

A(n) a n = n 2 n

n 0 = 1

1 2 = 1 = a 1 ,

A(1)

n A(n)

a n+1 = 1 + 3 + ··· + 2n 1 +(2(n + 1) 1) = a n + 2n + 1 = n 2 + 2n + 1 = (n + 1) 2 .

=a n

A(n + 1) A n

c n

1,

5,

12, 22,

35, 51,

70, 92, 117,

.

.

.

1,

1 · 5,

2 2 · 3,

2 · 11,

5 · 7,

3 · 17,

2 · 5 · 7,

2 2 · 23,

3 2 · 13,

.

1 · 2

2 · 5 ,

3 · 8 ,

4 · 11 ,

5 · 14 ,

6 · 17 ,

7 · 20 ,

8 · 23 ,

9 · 26

2

,

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

,

c n = n(3n1)

2

.

.

.

.

.

c n a n

c n =

1 + 4 + 7 + · · · + (3n 2)

= (1 + 0) + (1 + 3) + (1 + 6) + · · · + (1 + 3(n 1))

= n + 0 + 3 + 6 + · · · + 3(n 1)

= n + 3(1 + 2 + 3 + · · · + (n 1))

=

=

n + 3b n1 = n + (n 1)n

2

n(3n 1)

2

.

= 2n + 3(n 1)n

2

c n = n(3n 1)

2

.

= n(2 + 3n 3)

2

n 0 = 1

c 1 = 1 = 2 2 = 1(3 · 1 1)

2

.

c n = n(3n1) (n + 1)

2

n

c n+1 =

=

=

1 + 4 + · · · + (3n 2) +(3(n + 1) 2) = c n + 3n + 1

=c n

n(3n 1)

2

+ 2(3n + 1)

2

(n + 1)(3(n + 1) 1)

2

.

= 3n 2 n + 6n + 2

2

= 3n 2 + 5n + 2

2

= (n + 1)(3n + 2)

2

c n+1 n n + 1

13 , 40 , 20 , 10 , 5 , 16 , 8 , 4

13, 40,

20, 10,

5,

16,

8,

4,

2,

1,

4,

2,

1,

.

 

3,

10,

5,

16,

8,

4,

2,

1,

.

.

.

 

7,

22, 11,

34, 17,

52, 26,

13, 40,

20,

10,

5,

16,

8,

4,

2,

1,

.

.

.

9,

28,

14,

7,

22,

11, 34,

17, 52,

26, 13,

40, 20,

 

10,

5,

16,

8,

4,

2,

1,

.

.

.

n 4, 2, 1

A ⇒ B ⇐⇒ B ∨ ¬ A. ¬ ∨¬ ⇒ A ⇒ B ⇐⇒

A B ⇐⇒ B ∨ ¬A.

¬

∨¬

A B ⇐⇒ B ∨ ¬A

¬(A B) ⇐⇒ (¬A) (¬B).

¬

¬

(¬A) (¬B)

A B

¬(A B)

¬(A B) ⇐⇒ (¬A) (¬B)

H := A (B C) ⇐⇒ (A B) (A C)

B C

A (B C)

A B

A C

(A B) (A C)

G := ((A B) (B C) ) (A C).

=:F

A B

B C

F

A C

G

G := (( A ⇒ B ) ∧ ( B ⇒ C ) ) ⇒ (

a, x, y > 0 c ∈ log a ( xy ) = log a

a, x, y > 0 c

log a (xy) = log a (x) +

log a x = log a (x)

y

log a (x c ) = c

log a (y)

log a (y)

log a (x)

ln

xy 7

3

z

2

3

(1),(2)

=

ln x

3 + ln(y 7 ) ln z 2

1

3 (3)

= 1 3 ln(x) + 7 ln(y)

2

3 ln(z)

x, y, z +

log b x = y b y = x b log b x = x,

log a x c = log a x

log a x log b a = log b a log a x

= log b x.

log b a log b a

= 0 a

= 1

log a x = log log b b x a

1 a b log 1 log b 1 = 0 0

f ( x ) = 1 + sin(3 x ) 2 π sin 3 2

f (x) = 1 + sin(3x) 2π sin

3

2π π

2

π

2

+ 2π

3

π

6

+ 2π

3

n n

n n f 2

y 2 1 x π π π π − π − π − π 2π
y
2
1
x
π
π
π
π
− π
− π
− π
2 3
6
6
3
2
3
6 6
3
2

1 + sin(3x)

f (x) = cos( x ) 4π π π + 2πn n 2π + 4πn 4πn n f 1 1

2

y 1 x −π π 2π −1 − cos( x ) 2 f (x) =
y
1
x
−π
π
−1
− cos( x )
2
f (x) = cos(x + π ) = − sin(x) 2π
πn n ∈ 3π + 2πn
π + 2πn n ∈
f 1 −1
2
2
2

f (x) = 2 sin 2 x π πn n

y 1 x −π π − π π 3π 2π 5π 2 2 2 2
y
1
x
−π
π
− π
π 3π
2 2
2
2
−1
cos(x + π )
2
π
+ πn n ∈ f 2
2
y 2 1 x −π π − π π 3π 2π 5π 2 2 2
y
2
1
x
−π
π
− π
π 3π
2 2
2
2

2 sin 2 x