Sie sind auf Seite 1von 4

1

App : http://bit.ly/NEETAIIMSJIPMERAPP NEET CRASH TEST SERIES-2019

Neet Medical Academy


. blogspot.com
DAY-11 : PHYSICS
Chapter(s) : Alternating current and EM waves
=====================================================================================
Electromagnetic Waves
1. The frequencies of X-rays, Y-rays and 3) 4.16 108 m 4) 3 108 m
ultraviolet rays are respectively a,b and c. Then 9. In an electromagnetic wave, the average energy
1) a<b, b>c 2) a>b, b>c density associated with magnetic field is
3) a>b, b<c 4) a<b, b<c 1) Li02 / 2 2) B 2 / 2  0
2. Energy stored in electromagnetic oscillations
is in the form of 3)  0 B 2 / 2 4)  0 / 2B 2
1) electrical energy 2) magnetic energy 10. In an electromagnetic wave the average energy
3) both (1) and (2) 4) None of the above density associated with electric field is
3. Maxwell’s equations describe the fundamental of 1) CV 2 / 2 2) Q 2 / 2C
1) electricity only 2) magnetism only 3)  02 / 2E0 4)  0 E 2 / 2
3) mechanics only 4) Both (1) and (2)
4. The oscillating electric and magnetic vectors of 11. In an apparatus, the electric field was found to
an electromagnetic wave are oriented along oscillate with amplitude of 18V/m. The
magnitude of the oscillating magnetic field will
1) the same direction but differ in phase by 90o be
2) the same direction and are in phase
1) 4 10 6 T 2) 6 108 T
3) mutually perpendicular directions and are in
phase 3) 9 109 T 4) 1110 11T
4) mutually perpendicular directions and differ 12. In electromagnetic wave the phase difference
in phase by 90o between electric and magnetic field vectors E
and B is
5. An electromagnetic wave, going through
1) zero 2)  / 2
vacuum is described by E  E0 sin  kx  t  .
3)  4)  / 4
Which of the following is independent of 13. Total energy density of electromagnetic waves
wavelength? in vacuum is given by the relation
1) k 2)  3) k /  4) k 1 E 2 B2 1 1
6. An LC resonant circuit contains a 400 pF 1)  2) 0 E 2   0 B2
2  0 2 0 2 2
capacitor and a 100  H inductor. It is set into
oscillation coupled to an antenna. The E 2  B2 1 B2
3) 4) 0E2 
wavelength of the radiated electromagnetic c 2 20
waves is dE
1) 377mm 2) 377m 3) 377cm 4) 3.77cm 14. Dimensions of 0 are
dt
7. Which of the following relation is correct? 1) charge 2) potential
1)  0 E0  0 B0 2) 0 0  B0 / E0 3) capacitance 4) current
15. The conduction current is same as
3) E0  0 0 B0 4) 0 E0   0 B0
displacement current, when source is
8. In a plane electromagnetic wave, the electric 1) AC only 2) DC only
field oscillates sinusoidally at a frequency of 3) both AC or DC 4) neither for DC nor AC
2 1010 Hz and amplitude 48Vm 1 . The 16. The velocity of electromagnetic wave is
wavelength of the wave is parallel to
1) 24 1010 m 2) 1.5 102 m 1) B  E 2) E  B
Your Target Is to secure Good Rank In NEET-UG 2019 https://neetmedicalacademy.blogspot.
2
App : http://bit.ly/NEETAIIMSJIPMERAPP NEET CRASH TEST SERIES-2019
3) E 4) B B2
B2
17. The conduction current in ideal case through a 1) 2)
2 2 0
circuit is zero when charge on capacitor is
1) zero 2) maximum 2B2 B
3) 4)
3) any transient value 0 0 
4) depends on capacitor used 23. The magnetic field in a plane electromagnetic
18. The electric and the magnetic field, associated wave is given by
with an electromagnetic wave, propagating By  2 107 sin  0.5 103 x  1.5 1011 t  .
along the z-axis, can be represented by
ˆ B  B ˆi  2)  E  E ˆj, B  B ˆj This electromagnetic wave is
1)  E  E0 k, 0   0 0 
1) a visible light 2) an infrared wave
3)  E  E0 ˆj, B  B0 kˆ  4)  E  E 0ˆi, B  B0ˆj 3) a microwave 4) a radio wave
24. A plane electromagnetic wave propagating in
19. Refractive index of the material of a prism is the X-direction has wavelength of 6.0mm. The
1.5. If m  A, what will be a value of angle of electric field is in the Y-direction and its
the given prism? maximum magnitude of 33Vm 1. The equation
(where m  minimum deviation and A= angle for the electric field as function of x and t is
of prism) 1) 11sin   t  x / c  2) 33sin   1011  t  x / c 
1) 82.8o 2) 41.4o 3) 33sin   t  x / c  4) 11sin   1011  t  x / c 
3) 48.6o 4) 90o
20. An electromagnetic wave going through 25. The sun delivers 104 W / m 2 of electromagnetic
vacuum is described by flux to the earth’s surface. The total power that
E  E 0 sin  kx  t  , B  B0 sin  kx  t  . is incident on a roof of dimensions 10  10  m 2
Which of the following equations is true? will be
1) E 0 k  B0 2) E 0  B0 k 1) 104W 2) 105W
3) E0 B0  k 4) None of these 3) 106W 4) 107 W
26. The average electric field of electromagnetic
21. A source emits electromagnetic waves of waves in certain region of free space is
wavelength 3m. One beam reaches the
observer directly and other after reflection 9 104 NC 1. Then the average magnetic field
from a water surface, travelling 1.5m extra in the same region is of the order of
distance and with intensity reduced to (1/4) as 1) 27 104 T 2) 3 1012 T
compared to intensity due to direct beam alone. 1
3)    1012 T 4) 3 1012 T
The resultant intensity will be 3
1) (1/4) fold 2) (3/4) fold 1
3) (5/4) fold 4) (9/4) fold 5)    1012 T
22. The average magnetic energy density of an 3
electromagnetic wave of wavelength 
travelling in free space is given by

Your Target Is to secure Good Rank In NEET-UG 2019 https://neetmedicalacademy.blogspot.


3
App : http://bit.ly/NEETAIIMSJIPMERAPP NEET CRASH TEST SERIES-2019

KEY
1) 1 2) 3 3) 4 4) 3 5) 3 6) 2 7) 2 8) 2 9) 2 10) 4
11) 2 12) 4 13) 4 14) 4 15) 3 16) 1 17) 2 18) 4 19) 1 20) 1
21) 4 22) 2 23) 3 24) 2 25) 3 26) 1 27) 28) 29) 30)
Hints and Solutions
1. Frequency of   rays is greater than frequency 15. Bothe AC and DC
of X-rays, and frequency of X-rays is greater 16. Parallel to B  E
than ultraviolet rays. 18. Electric field along X-axis, Magnetic field along
2. Energy stored in electromagnetic oscillations in Y-axis
the form of electrical energy, magnetic energy 19. Given,   1.5 and  m  A
3. Maxwell’s equations describes Electricity and  A m   A A 
Magnetism. sin   sin  
  2   1.5   2   sin A
4. In phase and perpendicular.
A A A
2 sin sin sin
5. The angular wave number, k  where  is 2 2 2

A A
the wavelength. The angular frequency is 2sin cos
  2 v  2 2  1.5  2cos A
A 2
k 2 /  1 1 sin
Ratio     constant 2
 2 v v c
A 1.5
1 cos   0.76  cos 41.4
6. Frequency of LC oscillations is v  2 2
2 LC
A
1  41.4  A  82.8
 2
2  3.14 100 106  400 1012 E 2
 0.0796  107 Hz 20. 0  c Also, k  and   2 v
B0 
c 3  108
So, wavelength     377 m These relation given E0 k  B0.
v 0.0796 107
21. Two waves superimpose in phase. Hence,
E
7.     speed  3
B resultant amplitude  I  I / 4  I
2
c 3.0  108 2
8.    10
 1.5  102 m So, resultant intensity 
3
I

f 2.0 10  
2 
9. The average energy density of Magnetic field 9 9
is  I  fold
4 4
B2 22. Energy density of an electromagnetic wave is
UB 
2 0 1 1 B2
U  0E2 
10. Average energy density associated with 2 2 0
0 E 2 B2
Electric field So, the magnetic energy density is
2 2 0
E0 E0 18 8
11. c   B0    6  10 T 23. We have,
B0 c 3  108
By  2 107 sin  0.5 103 x  1.5 1011 t 
12. /4
Comparing with the standard equation, we get
1 2 1 B2
13. U  U E  U B   0 E  B y  B0 sin  kx   t  ; k  0.5 103
2 2 0
2
14. Current   0.01256
0.5 103
Your Target Is to secure Good Rank In NEET-UG 2019 https://neetmedicalacademy.blogspot.
4
App : http://bit.ly/NEETAIIMSJIPMERAPP NEET CRASH TEST SERIES-2019
3
The wavelength range of microwaves is 10 to  x
E y  E0 sin   t    33sin   1011  t  x / c 
0.3. The wavelength of this wave lies between  c
103 to 0.3, so the equation represents a 25. Total power=solar constant  area
microwaves.  104  10  10   106 W
24. Angular frequency,
E 9  104
2 c 2  3  108 26. C  3  108 ; B  3 1012 T
  2 v   3
  1011 rads 1 B B
 6  10
The equation for the electric field, along Y-axis
in the electromagnetic wave is

Your Target Is to secure Good Rank In NEET-UG 2019 https://neetmedicalacademy.blogspot.