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1. A chiller is a machine that removes heat from a liquid via vapor-compression to produce chilled water.
Thus, after the refrigeration cycle in air conditioning systems, chilled water is typically distributed with
the help of pumps to the heat exchangers or coils in air handling units or other types of terminal devices
which cool the air in their respective spaces. The CHW/R is then recirculated to the chiller to be cooled
again. Chilled water temperatures can range from 35 to 45 °F (2 to 7 °C) and ranges to 5 to thousand
tons depending upon application requirements.


Oil cooled Transformer Cast resin Transformer

1. Low no load 1. Potential fire 1. Fire safety 1. Larger
losses as and safety physical cost
compared to hazard
cast resin /
dry type
2. More efficient 2. More 2. High mechanical 2. Higher
exhaustive strength Transformer
maintenance Losses
3. Longer life 3. No leakage of
expectancy liquids
4. Better 4. Only needs air
overload cooling
5. Environmentally

3. Jockey Pump – is a pump which is connected to a fire sprinkler system and is intended to maintain
pressure in a fire protection system to an artificially high level so that the operation of a single fire
sprinkler will a cause a pressure drop which will be sensed by the fire pump automatic controller causing
the fire pump to start.

Fire Pump – is a part of fire sprinkler system water supply and powered by electric, diesel or steam. The
pump intake is either connected to the public water supply or fire tank. It starts to operate when the
pressure in the fire sprinkler system drops below a threshold. The sprinkler pressure drops significantly
when one or more fire sprinklers are exposed to heat above their design temperature and opens
releasing water.

4. SBR method for sewage treatment process uses the metabolic reactions of microorganisms to
produce a high quality effluent by converting & removing substances that have an oxygen demand.

The process consists of an equalization and creation tank. This process is a completely mixed, batch
process characterized by a suspension of aerobic microorganism maintained in a relatively
homogeneous stage by the turbulence induced by aeration. Setting is done in the same aeration tank
after time where cleared treated water on top is discharge. The excess sludge is sent to the aerobic
sludge digester for further treatment.

5. For electrical installation, I rather choose copper over aluminum since copper is much more stable
overtime than aluminum does and it doesn’t corrode to the same effect. Because of this it doesn’t need
to be replaced nearly as often. Also copper has a higher conductivity and can withstand a higher
temperature than aluminum.

6. Elevators have ropes that attached to the elevator car and looped around a sheave. A sheave is a
pulley with a groove around their circumference. The sheave grips the hoist ropes, so when you rotate
the sheave, ropes move too. The sheave is connected to an electric motor which raises and lowers the
elevator car. The sheave, motor and the control system are all housed in a machine room above the
elevator shaft.
The ropes that lift the car are also connected to a counter weight which hangs on the other side of the
sheave. The counter weight balances the system when the car is filled to 40% capacity. The purpose of
this is to conserve energy.


7. high condenser approach


1. Conduct external walk around inspection

2. Check the engine oil level
3. Check the coolant level
4. Check the air cooler for water leakage
5. Conduct engine maintenance run ( No Load run test for 5 to 10 mins)


1. Check the engine oil for mixing of fuel and water

2. Check battery fluid (electrolyte) level and specific gravity
3. Drain water/sediments from fuel tank


1. Check the long life coolant concentration

2. Clean the inside of coolant tanl


1. Inspect and adjust the V-belt tension

2. Inspect bolts and nuts for tightness and retighten if necessary.
3. Analyze coolant properties
4. Analyze engine oil properties

10. SM MEGAMALL, I noticed that the upper ceiling of the mall is made of high class glass which sunlight
can pass through. Because of this the upper part of the mall’s lightings is reduced as the sunlight
provides the illumination of the near areas. For lightings they used pin lights and LED lights which
conserve more energy than fluorescent light. Also there are times that the elevator stops its operation
for a certain schedule.