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5.1 AREA OF A REGION

1. The definite integral can be used in finding the area of a region in an xy-plane and

volume of solid obtained when revolving a region about a line

A)The area of a region bounded by a curve y=f(x), x-axis and two lines x = a and x = b

f ( x) 0

b b

f(x) A= f ( x)dx ydx

a a

x

a b

a b f ( x) 0

x

b b

A= 0 f ( x)dx = ydx

a a

f(x)

f ( x) 0 for x c

f(x)

c b

a c b x A = 0 f ( x)dx f ( x)dx

a c

c b

f ( x)dx f ( x)dx

a c

B) Area of a region bounded by a curve x = f(y), y-axis and two lines y = a and y = b

y The graph of a continuous function f with

f ( y) 0

b b

A= f ( y)dy

a f(y) a

x

Chapter 5: Application of Integration DM025

b

a

b

A= 0 f ( y)dy

b

a

b

f(y) a = f ( y)dy

x a

y

c b

b A= f ( y)dy 0 f ( y)dy

a c

c b

c

f(y) = f ( y)dy f ( y)dy

a c

x

The area of the region between y1 = f (x) and y2 = g(x) from x = a to x = b, where y1 > y2

b

A y1 y2 dx

y

a

A b

f ( x) g ( x) dx

a

x

a b

The area of the region between x1 = f (y) and x2 = g(y) from y = a to y = b where x1 > x2

b

y

A x1 x2 dy

a

b b

A f ( y) g ( y) dy

a a

x

Chapter 5: Application of Integration DM025

Area bounded by the curves f ( x), g( x), x a and x b

y c b

A f ( x) g ( x)dx g ( x) f ( x)dx

a c

g(x)

f(x)

x

a c b

y

c b

b g(y)

a

A f ( y) g ( y)dy g ( y) f ( y)dy

c

a f(y)

A)The area of a region bounded by a curve y=f(x), x-axis and two lines x = a and x = b

Example 1:

Find the area of the shaded region in each of the following diagrams

a) y b) y

y x2 2x 1 4

-1 x

1 2 x y x 2 4x 5

1 1

Ans: unit 2 Ans: 33 unit 2

3 3

Chapter 5: Application of Integration DM025

Example 2:

Find the area of the region bounded by the curve y 10 3x x2 , the x-axis and the lines

x 1 and x = 3

2

Ans : 42 unit 2

3

Example 3:

A region R is bounded by the curve y x2 5x 8 , the x-axis, the line x 1 and x = 2. Find

the area of R.

1

Ans: 19 unit 2

2

Example 4: y

y x( x 5)(x 3)

x

-3 0 5

The diagram shows the curve y x( x 5)(x 3) . Find the area of the region bounded by the

curve, the x-axis and the line x 2 and x = 3

11

Ans: 85 unit 2

12

B) Area of a region bounded by a curve x=f(y), y-axis and two lines y = a and y = b

Example 1:

Find the area of the shaded region in the diagram

y y 2 2( x 3)

3

1

xx

1

Ans: 10 unit 2

3

Chapter 5: Application of Integration DM025

Example 2:

Find the area of the region bounded by the curve y x3 3 , the y-axis and the lines y 5

and y = 2

1

Ans: 11 unit 2

4

Example 3:

y

x ( y 1)( y 4)

x

-1

The diagram shows the curve x ( y 1)( y 4) . Find the area of the shaded region.

Ans: 12 unit 2

C) Area between two curves

Example 1:

Find the area of the region bounded by the curve y x(8 x) and the straight line y 3x .

5

Ans: 20 unit 2

6

Example 2:

Find the area of the shaded region in each of the following diagrams:

a)

y

y x 12

y 4x 2 x 3 6

x

-1 2

1

Ans: 11 unit 2

4

Chapter 5: Application of Integration DM025

b)

y

-1 y 9 2x x

1

Ans: 9 unit2

4

D) Area of a region bounded by two curves and two lines

Example 1:

boundaries as described by the given equation. Calculate its area.

9

Ans: unit 2

4

Exercises 1:

1. a) Find the area of the region bounded by the x-axis

i) the curve y ( x 1)2 3 , the lines x 1 and x = 4

2

Ans: 26 unit 2

3

ii) the curve y 10 2x x2 , the lines x 1 and x = 3

2

Ans: 38 unit 2

3

a) Find the area of a region R if the region R is bounded by the x-axis,

i) the curve y x2 3x 5 , the lines x 2 and x = 4

Ans: 36 unit 2

Chapter 5: Application of Integration DM025

2

Ans: 38 unit 2

3

2. The diagram shows the shaded region that is bounded by the curve y ( x 2)2 , the

straight lines x = 1 and x = 3 and the x-axis

y

y x 22

x

1 3

2

Calculate the area of the shaded region. unit 2

Ans:

3

3. The diagram shows the shaded region that is enclosed by the curve y (1 x)(2 x)

and the x-axis

y (1 x)(2 x)

x

0

1

Calculate the area of the shaded region. Ans: 4 unit2

2

4. The diagram shows the curve y ( x 2)3. The shaded region is enclosed by the curve,

the x-axis and the y-axis. Calculate the area of the shaded region.

y

y ( x 2)3.

0 x

Ans: 4 unit 2

5. The diagram shows the curve y ( x 1)(x 1)(3 x) . Find the area of the shaded

region

Chapter 5: Application of Integration DM025

y

y

y ( x 1)(x 1)(3 x)

0 x

3

Ans: 5 unit 2

4

1 2

6. The diagram below shows a shaded region bounded by the curve y x 1 , the x-

2

axis and the straight lines x = 2 and x = p

y

1

y x2 1

2

0 x

2 p

p3 10

Ans: a) p

6 3

Exercises 2:

1. a) Find the area of the region bounded by the curve x ( y 3)2 2 ,the y-axis

i) the lines y = 0 and y = 4

1

Ans: 17 unit2

3

ii) the lines y = 4 and y = 5

1

Ans: 4 unit2

3

b) A region R is bounded by the curve y x3 1 , the x-axis, the y-axis and the line

y 7 . Find the area of the region R

1

Ans: 11 unit2

4

2. The diagram shows the curve 3 y2 x 2 . The shaded region is enclosed by the

curve, the straight lines y = 1 and y 2 and the y-axis. Calculate the area of the

shaded region.

Chapter 5: Application of Integration DM025

3y2 x 2

0 x

-2

Ans: 15 unit 2

3. The diagram shows part of the curve y 4 x2 . PQ is a straight line. Find the area of

the shaded region

y

y 4 x2

P

x

0 Q

1

Ans: 1 unit 2

3

4. The diagram shows part of the curve y 2 x 1. Calculate the area of the shaded

region

y2 x 1

0 x

3

1

Ans: 1 unit 2

3

5. The diagram shows part of the curve y x 3 and the straight line y = 1

3

Chapter 5: Application of Integration DM025

y x 33

y

B x

0

b) the area of shaded region

Ans: (a) A(2,1), B (3,0)

1

(b) 2 unit 2

4

6. The diagram below shows a shaded region bounded by the curve y2 x k , the y-

axis and the straight lines y = -3 and y = 3

y

3 y2 x k

0 x

-3

Ans: k = 2

7.

The diagram shows the graphs of y x 2 and y 2 x 2 . Calculate the shaded area

8

Ans: unit2

3

5.2 VOLUME OF A SOLID OF REVOLUTION

1. When a region is revolved about a line, we obtain a solid that is known as the solid

of revolution.

Chapter 5: Application of Integration DM025

2. The line where the region is revolved is known as the axis or revolution.

A) Revolving a region about the x-axis

The volume of the solid of revolution generated by revolving R completely about the x-axis

y

b

V y 2dx

a

b

f ( x) 2dx

a

a b

The volume of the solid of revolution generated by revolving R completely about the y-axis

y

b

b V x 2dy

a

b

f y 2dy

a a

x

Example 1:

Find the volume of revolution when the region bounded by the curve y x2 4 , the x-axis,

the lines x = 1 and x =2 is rotated completely about the x-axis

13

Ans: 40 unit3

15

Example 2:

The diagram shows the curve y ( x 2) 2 16 with a shaded region. Find the volume of

revolution when the shaded region is rotated about the x-axis completely.

Chapter 5: Application of Integration DM025

y ( x 2)2 16

-1 2

x

3

Ans: 528 unit 3

5

Example 3:

Find the volume of revolution when the region bounded by the curve x y 2 6 y , the lines

2

Ans: 120 unit 3

5

Example 4:

Find the volume of revolution when the region bounded by the curve y 9 x2 , the line y =

3 and the line y = 6 is rotated about the y-axis completely.

Exercises 3:

1. The diagram shows the shaded region that is enclosed by the curve y x(2 x) and the x-

axis. Calculate the volume generated when the shaded region is revolved through 360 o about

the x-axis

y x(2 x)

x

0

1

Ans: 1 unit3

15

2. The diagram shows the shaded region that is bounded by the curve y x3 8 , the y-axis

and the x-axis. Calculate the volume generated when the shaded region is revolved through

360o about the x-axis

Chapter 5: Application of Integration DM025

y x3 8

x

0

2

Ans: 82 unit3

7

3. The diagram below shows the shaded region that is enclosed by the curve y 6 x2 , the

x-axis and the y-axis. Calculate the volume generated when the shaded region is revolved

through 360o about the y-axis.

y

y 6 x2

x

0

Ans: 18 unit3

6

4. The diagram below shows the curve y and straight lines x = 2 and x = 6. Calculate the

x

volume generated when the shaded region is revolved through 360o about the y-axis.

6

y y

x

x

2 6

5. The diagram shows part of the curve y 2 16 x and the straight line 2x 3y 6 .

Calculate the volume of the solid generated when the shaded region is revolved through 360o

about the x-axis

Chapter 5: Application of Integration DM025

y2 16 x

x

0

2x 3 y 6

Ans: 124 unit3

x2

6. In the diagram below, the equations of the curve and the straight line RAQ are y 2

2

and 2 y x 10 respectively.Find

y

x2

y 2

R 2

A(2,4)

2 y x 10

Q

x

0

1

Ans: 21 unit2

3

b) the volume of the solid generated when the region bounded by the curve, the straight

line y = 4 and the y-axis is rotated through 360o about the y-axis

Ans: 4 unit3

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