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ChE 437A- Introduction to Environmental Engineering

Group 1 Multiple Choice Questionnaire


1. It is the application of science and engineering principles to protect and utilize
natural resources, control environmental pollution, improve environmental quality
to enable healthy ecosystem and comfortable habitation of humans.
a. Civil Engineering
b. Chemical Engineering
c. Environmental Engineering
d. Mechanical Engineering
2. It is defined as where we (all living things) live.
a. Environment
b. Ecosystem
c. Atmosphere
d. School
3. The law aims to achieve and maintain clean air that meets the National Air Quality
guideline values for criteria pollutants, throughout the Philippines, while
minimizing the possible associated impacts to the economy.
a. Republic Act 9003
b. Republic Act 8749
c. Republic Act 6969
d. Presidential Decree 1586
4. They are responsible for the conservation, management, development and proper
use of the country’s biological resources, natural physical endowments and major
natural assets in the Philippines.
a. Department of Education
b. City Health Office
c. Department of Environment and Natural Resources
d. Department of Foreign Affairs
5. It is the scientific study of the processes regulating the distribution and abundance
of organisms and the interactions among them, and the study of how these organisms
in turn mediate the transport and transformation of energy and matter in the
biosphere.
a. Ecology
b. Chemistry
c. Stoichiometry
d. Mathematics
6. The law aims to protect the country's water bodies from pollution from land-based
sources (industries and commercial establishments, agriculture and
community/household activities).
a. Republic Act 9003
b. Republic Act 9275
c. Republic Act 6969
d. Presidential Decree 1586
7. In partnership with stakeholders, the law aims to adopt a systematic, comprehensive
and ecological solid waste management program that shall ensure the protection of
public health and environment.
a. Republic Act 9003
b. Republic Act 9275
c. Republic Act 6969
d. Presidential Decree 1586
8. It refers to a community plus its abiotic factors (oil, rain, temperatures, etc.).
a. Population
b. Community
c. Ecosystem
d. Biosphere
9. Ecology originated from the Greek root oikos, which means “______”, and ology
which means “the study of”.
a. At home
b. At balance
c. At state
d. At safety
10. All these are primary concerns of environmental engineering except for:
a. Water Resource Management
b. Air Resource Management
c. Civilization
d. Multimedia
11. This is a process in which nutrient atoms, ions, and molecules that organisms need
to live, grow, and reproduce are continuously cycled between air, water, soil, rock,
and living organisms.
a. Water Cycle
b. Biogeochemical Cycle
c. Cycle
d. Nitrogen Cycle
12. This is a key component of nature’s thermostat.
a. Carbon Dioxide
b. Sulfur
c. Carbon Monoxide
d. Methane
13. This is the process by which soil bacteria convert nitrates into nitrogen gas.
a. Nitrogen Fixation
b. Nitrification
c. Ammonification
d. Denitrification
14. Carbon dioxide gas makes up about ______ of the volume of the troposphere.
a. 0.038%
b. 0.037%
c. 0.034%
d. 0.031%
15. Conversion of water vapor into droplets of liquid water is ____.
a. Transpiration
b. Evaporation
c. Condensation
d. Sublimation
16. Currently about one-tenth of the fresh water returning to the earth’s surface as
precipitation becomes locked up in slowly flowing ice and snow called _______.
a. Aquifiers
b. Glaciers
c. Hail
d. Snow
17. In this process, specialized aerobic bacteria convert most of the ammonia in soil
to nitrite ions and nitrate ions.
a. Nitrogen Fixation
b. Nitrification
c. Ammonification
d. Denitrification
18. __________ in the cells of oxygen-using producers, consumers, and
decomposers breaks down glucose and other complex organic compounds and converts
the carbon back to CO2.
a. Anaerobic respiration
b. Aerobic respiration
c. Respiration
d. None of the above
19. These are the major processes of water recycling and purifying, except:
a. Percolation
b. Infiltration
c. Evaporation
d. Filtration
20. The building blocks that make up organisms include elements such as hydrogen,
oxygen, carbon, nitrogen, _________, and sulfur.
a. Magnesium
b. Potassium
c. Calcium
d. Phosphorus
21. Which of the following statement is false?
a. If one point of ecosystem is altered then the whole ecosystem will be affected.
b. The living parts of an ecosystem are the abiotic components
c. Bacteria and fungi are decomposers in an ecosystem
d. Ecosystem are broadly classified in two types, the natural and artificial
ecosystem.
22. Arthur Tansley is a British ecologist who define ecosystem as
a. Any system composed of physical-chemical-biological processes within a
space-time unit of any magnitude.
b. Unities of organisms connected to one another and to their environment
c. The network of different organisms that is dependent to each other in order
to survive
d. A system consisting of organisms and inorganic components in a relatively
stable equilibrium, open and of various sizes and kinds
23. An abiotic component that is necessary for cellular respiration, a process used to
obtain energy from food.
a. Sunlight
b. Water
c. Oxygen
d. Soil
24. Which statement is false
a. All living things require water for their survival
b. Abiotic factor can kill biotic components
c. Other living organisms are killed by the presence of oxygen
d. Temperature and type of soil are the two major abiotic factors determine the
type of organisms that can successfully live in a particular area.
25. Organisms whose food requirement is met by feeding on other organisms.
a. Producer
b. Consumer
c. Transformer
d. Decomposer
26. A biotic component that is called energy transducers.
a. producer
b. consumer
c. transformer
d. decomposer
27. Complete the statement: Terrestrial - Green plants; Aquatic - ______
a. zooplanktons
b. phytoplankton
c. small fish
d. shark
28. Complete the statement: Grasses - _____ - _____ - Hawk
a. grasshopper - mouse
b. grasshopper - rabbit
c. mouse - rabbit
d. mouse - snake
29. Complete the statement: Herbivore - _____; Omnivore - _____; Carnivore -
tarsier
a. chicken; dog
b. horse; Duck
c. carabao; white heron
d. cow; goat
30. Complete the statement: Herbivore - sheep; Omnivore - _____; Carnivore - _____
a. chicken; dragonfly
b. turkey; Crows
c. ants; rats
d. owl; snake
31. It is the unwanted or useless materials generated from human activities in residential,
industrial or commercial areas.
A. Solid Waste
B. Garbage
C. Rubbish
D. All of the above
32. This waste is generated through industrial activity and mostly compose of just one
type of waste.
A. Agricultural Waste
B. Industrial Waste
C. Institutional Waste
D. Municipal Solid Waste
33. Is commonly referred to as trash, garbage or refuse.
A. Agricultural Waste
B. Industrial Waste
C. Commercial Waste
D. Municipal Solid Waste
34. A plastic container of fertilizer from a farm can be classified as.
A. Agricultural Waste
B. Non-Biodegradable Waste
C. Hazardous Waste
D. All of the above
35. In what classification does dead animals from slaughter house belong?
A. Rubbish
B. Dead animals
C. Garbage
D. Bulk Waste
36. Refers to the amount of materials and products that enter the waste stream.
A. Waste Generation
B. Material Recovery
C. Discards
D. None of the above
37. Due to their versatility in used and impact on environment can be grouped under
a different category of solid waste.
A. Street Waste
B. Construction Waste
C. Biodegradable Waste
D. Plastics
38. Solid waste that are considered rubbish are
A. Combustible and Non-Biodegradable
B. Combustible and Biodegradable
C. Non-Combustible and Non-biodegradable
D. Non-Combustible and Biodegradable
39. Hazardous Waste can go directly in disposal areas after collection
A. True
B. False
C. Maybe
D. None of the above
40. Non-Hazardous Waste can be hazardous.
A. True
B. False
C. Maybe
D. None of the above
41. These chemical characteristics are found primarily in food and yard wastes, which
encompass sugar and polymer of sugars.
a. Carbohydrates
b. Protein
c. Lipids
d. Natural Fibres
42. This refers to a waste analysis to determine the proportion of carbon, hydrogen,
oxygen, nitrogen and sulfur, and the analysis is carried out to calculate the mass
balance for a chemical or thermal method.
a. Ultimate Analysis
b. Proximate Analysis
c. Heat Value
d. Fusing Point of Ash
43. It is a critical determinant in the economic feasibility of waste treatment by
incineration because wet waste consumes energy for evaporation of water and in
raising the temperature of water vapor.
a. Moisture Content
b. Density
c. Size
d. Shape
44. The partial decomposition of these compounds can result in the production of
amines that have unpleasant odors.
a. Protein
b. Natural Fibres
c. Carbohydrates
d. Lipids
45. __________ analysis of waste aims to determine moisture, volatile matter, ash and
fixed carbon
a. Proximate Analysis
b. b. Heat Value
c. c. Ultimate Analysis
d. d. Density
46. These properties can be used to separate opaque materials from transparent
substances that contain glass and plastic in particular.
a. Optical Properties
b. Magnetic Properties
c. Size Properties
d. Shape Properties
47. The heating value is measured experimentally by the_________, in which the heat
generated by the combustion of a dry sample is measured at a constant temperature
of 25ºC.
a. Bomb calorimeter test
b. CNHS
c. Proximate Analysis
d. Ultimate Analysis
48. Which of the following are not linked to the putrescible nature of the organic
materials found in Municipal Solid Wastes?
a. Lipid Production
b. Flies Generation
c. Odor Production
d. Organic conversion of components biologically
49. This refers to a generic term used to describe the things we throw away.
a. Solid Waste
b. Rubbish
c. Garbage
d. None of the above
50. __________ is material that can’t be burned easily and is the inorganic portion of
refuse, such as tin cans, heavy metals, glass, ashes, and so on.
a. Non-combustible rubbish
b. Combustible rubbish
c. Moisture
d. Solid Waste
51. It is the most common methods for the disposal of solid waste.
a. Land Application
b. Incineration
c. Recycling
d. Composting
52. This option of transportation are ideal for the transportation of waste around small
sites such as markets but are rarely appropriate where waste must be transported
considerable distances off-site.
a. Animal Powered
b. Motorized
c. Human Powered
d. Two stage transportation
53. It is the long-term recommended objective for the size of a communal pit.
a. 6 m3 per 50 people
b. 6 m3 per 80 people
c. 10 m3 per 50 people
d. 5 m3 per 50 people
54. How much volume of a bin should be provided for every fifty people in domestic
areas, every one hundred people at feeding centers and every ten market stalls.
a. 100-liter
b. 800-liter
c. 50-liter
d. 80-liter
55. This option of transportation may be ideal for transportation to middle distance sites.
a. Animal powered
b. Motorized
c. Human powered
d. Two stage transportation
56. The ideal thickness of soil that should cover the deposited refuse in a landfill at the
end of each day to prevent animals from digging up the waste and from flies from
breeding.
a. 1m thick
b. 0.5m thick
c. 0.1m thick
d. 0.7m thick
57. When the distance to the final disposal is great or where the volume of waste to be
transported is high, the use of this transportation option is appropriate.
a. Two Stage transportation
b. Human powered
c. Motorized
d. Animal Powered
58. These are rarely used in emergency situations since they require an intensive
collection and transportation system.
a. Incineration
b. Composting
c. Family Bin
d. Communal Bin
59. This can be implemented, for some public institutions e.g. market or distribution
centers, whereby users dispose of waste directly onto the ground.
a. Communal disposal without bins
b. Direct waste disposal
c. Landfill
d. Composting
60. It may be used to reduce the volume of waste and may be appropriate where there
is limited space for burial or landfill.
a. Composting
b. Incineration
c. Cutting
d. Recycling
61. _______is an objective process to evaluate/assess the potential environmental
burdens associated with a product, process or activity by identifying and quantifying
energy and materials used and wastes released to the environment, and to evaluate
and implement opportunities to effect environmental improvements.
a. Life Recycle Assessment
b. Life Cycle Assessment
c. Life Cycle Reassessment
d. None of the above
62. _______ is define and describe the product, process or activity. Establish the context
in which the assessment is to be made and identify the boundaries and environmental
effects to be reviewed for the assessment.
a. Goal Definition and Scoping
b. LCI
c. LCIA
d. Interpretation
63. LCI stand for _______
a. Life Cycle Introduction
b. Life Cycle Inventory Analysis
c. Life Cycle Insurance
d. None of the above
64. _________assess the potential human and ecological effects of energy, water, and
material usage and the environmental releases identified in the inventory analysis.
a. Goal Definition and Scoping
b. LCI
c. LCIA
d. Interpretation
65. _________ identify and quantify energy, water and materials usage and
environmental releases (e.g., air emissions, solid waste disposal, waste water
discharges).
a. Goal Definition and Scoping
b. LCI
c. LCIA
d. Interpretation
66. _________ evaluate the results of the inventory analysis and impact assessment to
select the preferred product, process or service with a clear understanding of the
uncertainty and the assumptions used to generate the results.
a. Goal Definition and Scoping
b. LCI
c. LCIA
d. Interpretation
67. True or False: LCIA means Life Cycle Improper Assessment
a. TRUE
b. FALSE
68. True or False: .Life cycle assessment is an important tool for making industries more
sustainable also it is a powerful tool to help us understand the impacts of the products
we make and use.
a. TRUE
b. FALSE