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Mathematical Problem

Formula for mathematical problem:


Draft constant Delivered length
1. Draft  
D.C.P Feed length
wt. of mtl feed / yd
2. Total draft 
wt. of mtl delivered / yd
Hank delivered
3. Actual draft 
Hank feed
present Hank
4. Reqd D.C.P  Present D.C.P 
req d Hank
req d wt/ yd
5. Reqd D.C.P = Present D.C.P 
present wt / yd
Present draft
6. Reqd D.C.P = Present D.C.P 
req d draft
Total draft  100
7. Actual draft =
100  waste%

presentD.C.P
8. Reqd draft = Present draft 
req d D.C.P
9. Production / hr =
60 1
Doffer r.p.m.  Doffer dia(inch)      efficiency  waste%
36 840  sliver hank
Surface speed of delivery roller (faster)
10. Technical draft 
surface speed of feed roller (slower)
linear density (Tex) of input mtls (lap)
11. Actual draft 
linear density (Tex) of output mtls (sliver)
Feed wt (grms) / unit length

delivery wt. / unit length
delivery length (m) / unit wt.

Feed length / unit wt.
12. Total draft = Main draft  web draft.

Q. Calculate the cleaning efficiency of carding from following data:


Trash in lap = 6.5 lbs
Trash in sliver = 1.5 lbs
Ans:
Yarn Manufacturing - I

Trash in lap - Trash in sliver


Cleaning efficiency of carding   100
Trash in lap
6.5  1.5
  100
6.5
 76.9%
 77%(Ans).

Q. In a carding m/c D.C.P is 20 & draft constant is 2220. Find the draft of
the m/c.
Ans:
We know,
draft constant
Draft 
draft change pinion
2220

20
 111. (Ans.)

Q. Find the reqd D.C.P from the following information-


Present D.C.P = 21T
Present Hank = 14
Reqd Hank = 18.
Ans:
We know,
Present Hank
Re q d D.C.P  Pr esent D.C.P 
Re q d Hank
14
 21 
18
 16 T (Ans.)

Q. Find out the D.C.P to produce 0.16 hank. If 58T D.C.P produce 0.18 hank
sliver. Noakhali Textile-`08.
Ans:
We know,
Present Hank
Re q d D.C.P  Pr esent D.C.P 
Re q d Hank
0.18
 58 
0.16
 65 T (Ans.)

PREPARED BY:
Abdullah Nur Uddin Rony & Khurshedul Alam
BTEC, 2nd Batch.
Get this by ‘www.bdtextileinfo.blogspot.com’
Q. Calculate the production/hr in kg of 10 carding m/cs from the following
informations –
Doffer r.p.m = 45, doffer dia = 27 inch, hank of sliver = 0.15s Ne, waste
extraction = 4% & efficiency = 90%. Dhaka Textile-`06. Noakhali Textile-`08.
Ans:
  45  27  60  90  (100  4)
Pr oduction / hr  lb
840  36  100  100  0.15
 43.60 lbs.
 19.78 kg. [ 1 kg  2.204 lbs]
 Production/hr of 10 carding m/c = 19.78  10 = 197.8 kg. (Ans.)

Q. Feed roller dia = 2.25 inch, Feed roller r.p.m = 4, Doffer dia = 27 inch,
Doffer r.p.m = 30, Lap wt = 14 os/yd, Carding eff. = 90%. Find the prodn/hr
in lbs. Noakhali Textile-`08.
Ans:
1yd  1lb
Lap hank 
14
840 yds  lb
16
 1.36  10 3
Surface speed of delivery roller
Draft 
surface speed of feed roller
  27  30

  2.25  4
 90.
We know,
delivery hank
Draft 
feed hank
delivery hank  90  1.36  10 3  0.1224.
We know,
  D  N  60  90
Pr oduction / hr  lbs
840  36  0.1224  100
3.14  27  30  60  90
 lbs.
840  36  0.1224  100
 37.11 lbs.(Ans.)

Q. The surface speed of the coiler wender rollers calculated & found to be
39.1 m/min. If the linear density of the sliver is 4 kilo Tex (4kg/km). What is
the production per hr at 80% efficiency.
Ans:
Yarn Manufacturing - I

80
Pr od n  DN  Efficiency  39.1  m / min
100
80 4
 39.1    60kg / hr.
100 1000
 7.50kg / hr (Ans.)

Q. Here, doffer r.p.m = 1, Dia = 27 inch, sliver wt = 1grain/yds. Tension


draft = 1. Find the production constant at 85% eff.
Ans:
DN  60  eff .  sliver wt./grain  tension draft
Pr od n constant 
36  100  7000
 0.017 (Ans.)

Q. Calculate the prodn in card from the following details –


doffer r.p.m = 9.95, sliver wt 50 grains/yd, prodn const. 0.017, tension draft
1.03, efficiency 85%
Ans:
Pr od n  Pr od n constant  dofferr.p.m  T.D  sliver wt. gr/yd
 0.017  9.95  1.03  50
 8.71 lbs. (Ans.)

Q. Feed mtl wt. (lap wt) = 14 oz/yd, total draft of m/c = 105, doffer speed =
30, dia = 27 inch, eff. 85%. Calculate prodn in lb/hr.
Ans:
11
Lap hank 
14
840 
16
 Feed hank  1.36  10 -3
Draft hank  draft  feed hank
 105  1.36  10 3
 0.1428
3.14  30  27  60  85
Pr od n / hr 
840  36  0.1428  100
 30.04 lbs (Ans.)

Q. Find the total prodn of a carding m/c for 1 hr with following details:
doffer r.p.m = 10, dia = 27 inch, sliver hank = .15, eff. =90%.
Ans:

PREPARED BY:
Abdullah Nur Uddin Rony & Khurshedul Alam
BTEC, 2nd Batch.
Get this by ‘www.bdtextileinfo.blogspot.com’
  D  N  eff .  60
Pr oduction / hr  lbs
36  840  count
3.14  27  10  60  90  1
 lbs
36  840  100  .15
 10.098 lbs (Ans.)

Q. Find the prodn of a carding m/c for 8hrs with the help of following data:
c. roller r.p.m = 80, dia = 4 inch, sliver hank =.14, eff. = 85%, tension draft
=1.05. Dhaka Textile-`02. Noakhali Textile-`09.
Ans:
3.14  80  4  0.85  60  8
Pr oduction   11393.536 yds/8hrs
36
Pr od n of Coiler Calender roller  11393.536  1.05 yds/8hrs.

 11963.213 yds/8hrs.
1
Pr od n of carding m/c  11963.213  lb / 8hrs.
 .14  840
 101.72799 lbs/8hrs. (Ans.)

Q. Find sliver wt. & sliver hank –


wt of lap = 14 oz/yd, card draft = 100, wastage 4%. Dhaka Textile-`02,`04.
Ans:
We know,
wt. of feed
Draft   wastage
wt. of delivery
wt. of feed 100  4
wt. of delivery  
draft 100
14 96
  oz/yd
100 100
 0.134 oz/yd (Ans.)
1
 Sliverhank   0.142. (Ans.)
0.134
 840
16

Q. In a carding m/c it produce sliver wt. of 60 gr/yds when its DCP is 17. To
produce sliver wt. of 70 gr/yds then how many teeth of D.C.P should be
used? Noakhali Textile-`09.
Ans:
Yarn Manufacturing - I

req d wt of sliver
Re q d D.C.P  Present D.C.P 
present wt. of sliver
90
 17   25.5
60
 26 (Ans.)

Q. The present produced sliver hank of a carding m/c is 0.16. Present D.C.P
18T. If reqd DCP is 22T, then calculate the sliver hank (required)
Ans:
Present D.C.P
Re q d sliver hank  Present sliver hank 
req d D.C.P
18
 0.16 
22
 0.130 (Ans.)

Q. The waste of a carding m/c is 6% & produce sliver of 0.17 hank from lap
13 oz/yds. Calculate the mechanical of m/c.
Ans:
length of lap 1
Lap hank    0.00146.
840  wt. of lap 13
840 
16

carding sliver hank


Actual draft 
lap hank
0.17

0.00146
 116.43.
100  6
Mechanical draft  116.43 
 100
 109.04 (Ans.)

PREPARED BY:
Abdullah Nur Uddin Rony & Khurshedul Alam
BTEC, 2nd Batch.
Get this by ‘www.bdtextileinfo.blogspot.com’