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FOUR

PICS –
ONE WORD
Anthropology
the study of cross-cultural differences in
social institutions, cultural beliefs, and
communication styles. It often promotes
understanding between groups by translating
each culture.
ANTHROPOLOGY

SOCIAL ARCHEOLOGY

CULTURAL

LINGUISTIC BIOLOGICAL
• Social Anthropology – The study of improvement of people when it
comes to socializing
• Linguistic Anthropology – the study of written and oral language that
shaped a society
• Biological/Physical Anthropology – the study of evolution of humans
from a being a simple hunter into civilized individual.
• Archaeology – study of human activity through recovery and analysis
of physical remains such as fossils and ruins
CULTURAL
ANTHROPOLOGY
•the study of
development and
preservation of
culture in a developing
society
LINGUISTIC
ANTHROPOLOGY

•the study of
written and
oral language
that shaped a
society
BIOLOGICAL • the study of evolution of humans from a
being a simple hunter into civilized
ANTHROPOLOGY individual
•The study of
improvement of
people when it
comes to socializing
ARCHEOLOGY
• study of human
activity through
recovery and
analysis of physical
remains such as
fossils and ruins
HUGO GROTIUS
• He published De Jure Belli ac
Pacis (On the Law of War and
Peace) in attempt to create a
general theory of law that would
explain peoples’ behavior during
war
THOMAS
HOBBES
He stated that Humans
natural state is one in
which individuals are at
war with themselves
and with each other,
and self- interest.
JOHN LOCKE
believes that peace, not war, is
humanity’s natural state,
people are social in nature,
and they have inherent
inalienable rights
SIR EDWARD BURNETT TYLOR

founder of cultural
anthropology, established a
theory of cultures from
primitive to modern days
which is influenced by
Darwin’s theory of biological
evolution.
Lewis Henry Morgan
argued that European civilization
was the pinnacle of human
society, and that the other forms
of society were backward, savage,
and barbaric, hence, the birth of
Social Darwinism that Europeans
used in expanding their empires
CULTURAL
DIVERSITY
SOCIAL
DIVERSITY

Cultural Diversity – refers


Social Diversity – refers to
to the range of different
the gap between people as
societies or people of
measured by the presence
different origins, religions,
or absence of certain
and traditions all living and
socially desirable traits
interacting together.