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1) Already we have made an arrangement for joint survey inspection for above mention pier piles

under the RSOF No: 000468 and a report for design engineer will be submitted

a) According to CECB recommendations, we hope to arrange an inspection for Verticality of Kelly


Bar using a sprit level and we can get the details about the verticality using Piling machine’s
displays also in drilling stage. Also we hope to check the verticality of temporary casing using
sprit level while in survey inspection.

2) In the design it is defined a cover of 75mm for the pilling works. In the site it has been
investigated that the actual cover of several piles is less that the specified cover in the
design. We would like to draw your attention for following requirements, described in
design standards as a quality assurance procedure to ensure the durability of the structure.
 As the general approach the exposure condition of the pile structure would be
XS2 which is a submerged structure which contacts with sea water.
 According to the BS EN 1992 -1-1 Eurocode 2,
Cmin = max {Cmin,b; Cmin,dur + ~Cdur;y - ~Cdur,st - ~Cdur,add; 10 mm}
(4.2)
Where:
Cmin,b - minimum cover due to bond requirement, see 4.4.1.2 (3)
Cmin,dur - minimum cover due to environmental conditions, see 4.4.1.2 (5) ~
Cdur,y - additive safety element, see 4.4.1.2 (6) ~
Cdur,st - reduction of minimum cover for use of stainless steel, see 4.4.1.2 (7) ~
Cdur,add - reduction of minimum cover for use of additional protection, see
4.4.1.2 (8)
 Accordingly the required minimum cover would be 45mm.
 Cnom = Cmin + ~Cdev
Where Cdev has been defined 10mm to 5mm as defined under clause 4.4.1.3

Accordingly to the BS EN 1992-1-1, required minimum cover to meet the durability of the
structure with a exposure class of XS2, would be 52mm

 As per BS 8110 -1, table3.2,


Most severe - Concrete surfaces frequently exposed to sea water spray or de-icing
salts (directly or indirectly) concrete in sea water tidal zone down to 1 m below
lowest low water

According to the BS 8110 -1, Table 3.3, the nominal cover for the pile structure would be
50mm.
 With respect to the minimum cover criteria, as per Concrete Specification (BS 8500-
1:2006) Analysis & Design, In accordance with BS 8500-1:2006+A1:2012, Minimum
requirements could be summarized as follows.

 According to the Table A.5,

It is clearly indicated that, for exposure class XS2, the highest requirement for a cover of
( 45+deviation ) is C32 concrete with a W/C ration of 05 and maximum cement content
of 340kg/m3.
This is lesser than the concrete that we used for piling works at Port City project.

Accordingly it confirms that the adoption of 50mm is still acceptable.

Most importantly, as per CIDA/DEV 16 for pilling works, it is clearly included that the
nominal cover to reinforcement is 50mm.

“Clause 3.05.2, The cover to all reinforcement shall be not less than 50 min. The distribution
and spacing of spacer. blocks shall be approved, and these should be consistent with their
purpose. The spacer blocks shall be made with 10 mm maximum aggregate size and shall have a
strength ·not less than that of the concrete in the pile.”

Hence we suggest accepting the piling works at RB02- pier, since the investigated cover was in a
range between 100mm to 50mm.
But we will ensure that any repeat of such workmanship would not be allowed at site. As
preventive actions we suggest to,
1. Increase the number of cover blocks
2. Increase the diameter of cover blocks considering any collapsing of bore hole.
3. Proper maintenance of bentonite slurry properties.

3) RBP-09 & RBP -11 already has clear cover between 100mm -50mm in cutoff level. So it shall be
in acceptable limits according to BS Codes under the severe conditions.(8110-1:1997 Section 3 -
Table 03)
In future we hope to maintain 125mm cover block size as a covering only for top of the
reinforcement cage and the other covering shall be 100mm

4) We hope to make an arrangement pile integrity test as soon as possible for above mentioned
piles and using test results we can identify actual situations above mentions piles.

5) After pile hacking work, we have already removed all of loose materials and we hope to get an
approval for it, using joint inspection with ROF

6) We make an arrangement to joint inspection for under following criteria’s with ROF’S & RSOF’S

 Pile Hacking

 Pile head surface inspection

 Verification of pile centers

 Pile Integrity Test