Sie sind auf Seite 1von 27

Copperhead Bridge Plug

Operations Manual
Reference: InTouch Content ID #6431170
Version: 1.1
Release Date: 09-Aug-2017

EDMS UID: 1666571325

Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21


Owner: RCPL-Documentation
Author: Bobby Graham

Private – Customer Use Copperhead Brid ge Plug, M-957

Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.


Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Legal Information

Legal Information

Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.

This document is copyright protected. No part of this document may be


reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transcribed in any form or by any
RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording, without


the permission of Schlumberger. Further, the document contains information
proprietary to Schlumberger and should not be disclosed or distributed to third
parties without the permission of Schlumberger. To the extent that documents are
provided in electronic format, Schlumberger grants permission for the document
to be stored electronically. All other restrictions set forth above regarding the
documents use or distribution shall apply.

Trademarks & Service marks

Schlumberger, the Schlumberger logotype, and other words or symbols used


to identify the products and services described herein are either trademarks,
trade names or service marks of Schlumberger and its licensors, or are the
property of their respective owners. These marks may not be copied, imitated
or used, in whole or in part, without the express prior written permission of
Schlumberger. In addition, covers, page headers, custom graphics, icons, and
other design elements may be service marks, trademarks, and/or trade dress
of Schlumberger, and may not be copied, imitated, or used, in whole or in part,
without the express prior written permission of Schlumberger.

A complete list of Schlumberger marks may be viewed at the Schlumberger


Oilfield Services Marks page: http://markslist.slb.com

Third Party Trademarks

Trademark Company
Loctite® is a registered trademark of Henkel Consumer Adhesives, Inc.

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Document Control

Document Control
Owner: RCPL-Documentation

Author: Bobby Graham

Reviewer: Ruth Garay


RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

Approver: Mia Tidwell

Contact Information
Name: RCPL-Documentation
LDAP Alias: edms

Revision History
Version Date Description Prepared by

1.1 05-Feb-2018 Revised in response to InTouch #7131342 Author: Ruth Garay

1.0 10-Aug-2017 Revised in response to InTouch #7047758 Author: Ruth Garay

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Regulatory Compliance

Regulatory Compliance

Waste management
RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

IMPORTANT INFORMATION FOR CORRECT DISPOSAL OF THE EQUIPMENT


This symbol means that the equipment cannot be discarded in a rubbish-bin. At
its end of life, the equipment and/or its components must be treated, following
Schlumberger Environmental procedures, in compliance with Schlumberger QHSE
Policy and applicable laws and regulations on waste management.

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
v Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Table of Contents v

Table of Contents

Regulatory Compliance __________________________________________ iv


RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

1 Introduction ______________________________________________________ 1
1.1 General Description ____________________________________________ 1
1.2 Application ____________________________________________________ 1
1.3 Features and Benefits __________________________________________ 1

2 Health and Safety ________________________________________________ 3


2.1 HSE __________________________________________________________ 3
2.1.1 Personnel Safety ___________________________________________ 3
2.1.2 Equipment Safety __________________________________________ 4
2.1.3 Pressure Testing Safety _____________________________________ 5
2.1.4 Environmental Safety _______________________________________ 6

3 Pre-Job Planning and Preparation ________________________________ 7


3.1 Assembly and Maintenance Verification _________________________ 7
3.2 Pre-run Checklist ______________________________________________ 7
3.3 Storage Requirements/Transportation ___________________________ 8

4 Operating Procedures ____________________________________________ 9


4.1 Setting on Wireline _____________________________________________ 9
4.2 Setting on Tubing _____________________________________________ 10
4.3 Milling ________________________________________________________ 13
4.3.1 Mill Type __________________________________________________ 13
4.3.2 Motor Type ________________________________________________ 14
4.3.3 Milling Parameters on Coil Tubing __________________________ 14
4.3.4 Milling Parameter on Jointed Tubing ________________________ 15
4.3.5 Milling Sequence __________________________________________ 16
4.3.6 Equalizing Distances While Milling __________________________ 17

5 Specifications ___________________________________________________ 18

6 Troubleshooting Guide __________________________________________ 20


6.1 Non-conformance ____________________________________________ 20
6.2 Low Temperature Application __________________________________ 20

7 Maitenance ______________________________________________________ 21
7.1 Lock Spring __________________________________________________ 21
7.2 Elements _____________________________________________________ 21

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
vi Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / List of Tables vi

List of Tables

1-1 Availability __________________________________________________________ 2


4-1 Mill Types __________________________________________________________ 13
4-2 Recommended Motor Parameters ___________________________________ 14
RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

4-3 Milling Parameters on Coiled Tubing _________________________________ 15


4-4 Milling Parameters on Joint Tubing __________________________________ 16
4-5 Equalizing Distances while Milling ___________________________________ 17
5-1 Dimensions for 2.875, 3.50 and 4.50 inch ____________________________ 18
5-2 Dimensions for 5.50 and 7 in ________________________________________ 19

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
1 Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Introduction 1

1 Introduction Copperhead bridge plug


RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

1.1 General Description

Figure 1-1:

The Copperhead Bridge Plug is a drillable permanent bridge plug that allows
hydraulic fracturing above while holding formation pressure from below. The use
of innovative materials and technologies provides optimum pressure containment
and excellent drill out properties.

1.2 Application
The Copperhead Bridge Plug is run in the hole and set on wireline or
tubing (production/coil) to isolate the lower perforations so an upper zone
can be perforated and fractured. Several zones in one well can be isolated
independently with multiple Copperhead Bridge Plugs. Each zone may then be
stimulated separately, and the plugs drilled out in one trip. The Copperhead
Bridge Plug can be easily drilled out using coiled tubing or jointed tubing with
our recommended mill.

1.3 Features and Benefits


• Short, compact design minimizes drill out time.
• Mills up quickly without spinning due to interlocked parts.
• Easy to remove lightweight cuttings.
• Plug ends provide a rotational lock during drill up of multiple plugs.
• High quality pack-off provided by proprietary element system.
• Hardened cast iron wicker slips for secure set in even high yield casing.
• Wireline or hydraulic setting system ensures reliable and flexible deployment.

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
2 Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Introduction 2

Table 1-1: Availability

Pressure
Rating
Casing Temperature
Casing Max OD Above Element WLAK
Size Rating †† Plug Assembly
Weight lbf in and Material Assembly
in Below degF Number
(kg/m) (mm) ††† Number
RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

(mm) psi (degC)


(kpa)
6.5 2.250
M-957-28-000
(9.67) (57.15)
2.875 10,000
7.9 - 8.7 NITRILE M-555-20-281
(73.0) 2.125 (68,945)
(11.76 - M-957-27-000
(53.98)
12.95) 350
9.3 - 10.3 (175)
2.720 M-957-36-000
(13.84 -
(69.09) 102875868
15.33) HNBR
3.50 10,000 M-555-20-351
M-957-35-000
(88.9) (68,945) 102745000
12.95 2.562 102876885
(19.27) (65.08) 400
AFLAS 102731727
(205)

11.6 - 15.1 M-957-45-000 M-555-20-440


4.50 3.625 10,000
(17.26 - 101769107 101706012
(114.3) (92.08) (68,945)
22.47) M-957-45-100 M-555-20-442
15.5 7,000
(23.07) (48,260)
5.50 4.390 M-957-55-000 M-555-20-550
17.0 - 23.0
(139.7) (111.51) 350 101727538 101740236
(25.30 - NITRILE
34.23) (175)

20.0 - 26.0
6.00 10,000
(29.76 - M-957-71-000
(152.40) (68,945)
7.00 38.69)
M-555-20-700
(177.8) 26.0 - 35.0
5.75
(38.69 - M-957-70-000
(146.05)
52.08)

Note
†† See Section 6.2: Low Temperature Application for special instructions for
temperatures below 200 degF.

††† See Section 7.2: Elements for shelf life limitations of nitrile elements.

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
3 Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Health and Safety 3

2 Health and Safety Copperhead bridge plug


RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

2.1 HSE
OFS HSE (Health, Safety, Environment) standards are to be followed at all
times during any shop or field operations. Please refer to the Schlumberger -
HSE InTouch Reference Page (Content ID 3312250) for current standards,
guidelines and practices.

2.1.1 Personnel Safety


• Refer to OFS QHSE Standard S017 – Injury Prevention for WorkSMARRT
documentation.
• Make sure the correct personal medical and safety certificates required for
the particular region and specific wellsite have been acquired before travel to
wellsite.
• Always ensure there is an appropriate and valid work permit for the work.
These work permits can be found at the Integrated Project Management
System Procedures and Standards Main Page (InTouch Content 3275200).
• Familiarize yourself with the wellsite on arrival.
• Ensure you are familiar with the wellsite emergency procedures. In the
event of an emergency, follow the instructions of the responsible persons at
the wellsite.
• Wear personal protective equipment (PPE) per Personal Protective
Equipment Standard (OFS-QHSE-S003) in designated areas at all work
locations. At a minimum, this must include coveralls, hard hat, safety
glasses, steel-toe shoes and cloth safety gloves. The exact requirements
may change for a given work location.
• Always conduct yourself in a safe and professional manner.
• Operate all cranes and forklifts as per Schlumberger Mechanical Lifting
Standard (OFS-QHSE-S013). In general, personnel are to vacate the area
during crane operations.
• Always follow safety instructions of the responsible persons (for example, the
driller on the rig floor).

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
4 Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Health and Safety 4

• Be aware of your surroundings at all times. If you see anything dangerous


other than normal operations, bring it to the attention of the site-responsible
person to enable corrective action to be taken. If necessary and appropriate,
stop the operation.
• Ensure that everyone on the drill floor is aware of what you are doing if you
are directly involved with operations. Use good communication.
RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

• Stop and ask if you are in doubt about any operation.


• Take care to avoid sharp edges on the anchoring devices during tool handling.
• Keep clear of any operations that do not require your involvement.
• Ensure good communication, especially with the driller when running
equipment in the hole.
• Ensure that job safety analysis meetings and toolbox talks are held for run in
hole operations.
• Ensure the hole is covered and any hand tools being used are secured to
your person or other fixed object when working over a hole.
• Do not take short cuts with operations. Saving a few minutes from a
procedure can result in damage or harm to people or property.

2.1.2 Equipment Safety


The operation of cranes and forklifts must be carried out per Schlumberger
Mechanical Lifting Standard (OFS-QHSE-S013).
• Prevent damage to equipment during handling by making prevention a high
priority, second only to personnel safety. Damaged equipment can result in
expensive repairs, potential loss of rig time and high cost to the client.
• Ensure all equipment is secured in position with safety slings, as appropriate,
when transporting.
• Never walk underneath equipment being handled by crane.
• Take care not to position hands or other body parts so that they could
become trapped or injured when moving equipment.
• Handle or lift assemblies in such a way that it minimizes stresses. Do not lift
the assembly at the anchoring devices or elements. Lift assemblies only at
the center of gravity point or at extreme ends using two slings. The center
of gravity point is different for each assembly and can be identified in the
workshop prior to dispatch to the wellsite.

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
5 Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Health and Safety 5

• Store assemblies in a manner that does not place elastomer seals under
stress. For example, assemblies stored on racks should be supported on
parts that are capable of bearing the weight of the tool and not supported on
the elastomer. Do not allow the elastomer to bear any load.
• Ensure that radiation protection is provided for elastomers. Elastomers
are affected by exposure to microwave, ultraviolet, x-ray and nuclear (e.g.,
RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

gamma) radiation. External seals receive adequate protection if properly


wrapped or protected.
• Examine elastomer seals for surface cracks and excessive hardness as
symptoms of damage. Seals stored under compressive stress often develop
a compression set, a permanent deformation with loss of recovery.

Note
Do not support or rest packer at the Barrel Slip.

Note
During storage Barrel Slip and Element must be wrapped and protected.

2.1.3 Pressure Testing Safety


All pressure testing procedures are to be performed in accordance with
SLB-QHSE Standard S014.Pressure.

• Personnel responsible for assembly are required to undergo training in


assembly guidelines and functional testing of components.
• Pressure testing conducted during onshore preparation must be carried out
in either a pressure test cell or a pressure test pit.
• Ensure all safety signs, barriers, and warning lights are properly displayed.
• Ensure you are familiar with the pressure test equipment and that all pressure
test equipment is rated to the required pressure.
• Inspect all pressure test equipment (e.g. pressure lines/hoses, test nipples)
and all connections to ensure it is in good working condition. Replace any
damaged equipment.
• Before breaking or tightening any connections, all pressure must be fully
bled off.
• When performing a pressure test, increase the pressure in stages. Do not
immediately increase the pressure to the maximum.

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
6 Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Health and Safety 6

• Do not increase the test pressure above the pressure stated in the procedure.
This could result in injury to personnel and damage to equipment.
• Do not enter the pressure test area to inspect for leaks until a suitable
period has elapsed to be satisfied with the integrity of the equipment being
pressure tested.
RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

2.1.4 Environmental Safety


Operations must be managed in a manner that complies with environmental
regulatory requirements as stipulated in the approved Schlumberger standards.
For complete documentation, please refer to the QHSE InTouch Reference Page
for Environment (InTouch Content 3925022). Compliance must also be met for
all local, state and/or governmental requirements where applicable.

All environmental related procedures are to be performed in accordance with


OFS QHSE Standard S008 (Environment).

• Always dispose of materials in the correct manner. Materials must be


segregated as appropriate to the wellsite and placed in the correct container.
• Never dispose of materials overboard when on an offshore installation.
• Always clean up liquid spills quickly and correctly.
• Avoid shipping the tool with excess oil. During retrieval of the tool from
downhole, there may be some oil trapped inside.
• Never leave materials behind when leaving the wellsite.

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
7 Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Pre-Job Planning and Preparation 7

3 Pre-Job Planning and Preparation Copperhead Bridge Plug, M-957


RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

Pre-job planning and preparation is vital to the successful deployment of the


Copperhead Bridge Plug.

3.1 Assembly and Maintenance Verification


Capture the assembly configuration of each tool before shipping to the job; such
as, serial number and tool OD.

Inspect the Copperhead Bridge Plug before the job.


• Make sure first element back-up rings, and element barrier ring petals are
not damaged, cracked or deformed.

• Verify the slip wicker profile orientation.

• Check for any missing, cracked, or jammed slip wicker.

• Check the bottom sub alignment. The axis of the tabs in the bottom sub
should be aligned with the axis of lead of the bottom slip pad. Make sure that
the brass sheer screw in the bottom sub is tightened in place with Loctite 271.

Do not use the plug if any discrepancies are found during inspection.

Contact Technical Services for further instructions.

3.2 Pre-run Checklist


Prior to running the equipment, perform the pre-run checklist:
• Review and evaluate job objectives with an on-site customer representative.
• Verify that all necessary equipment has been delivered to the location.
• Check and verify tool joint connections.
• Inspect all equipment for possible damage during shipment before use.
Inform the customer immediately of shortages or damage.
• Caliper the bridge plug and record all measurements

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
8 Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Pre-Job Planning and Preparation 8

3.3 Storage Requirements/Transportation


The following should be adhered to when storing and transporting:
• The Copperhead Bridge Plug should be stored in a dry place in the shipped
tube away from moisture and rain.
RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

• Handle with care while transporting.


• When transporting, keep plugs in a dry or covered place to avoid contact
with moisture.

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
9 Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Operating Procedures 9

4 Operating Procedures Copperhead Bridge Plug, M-957


RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

4.1 Setting on Wireline


Prior to running the Copperhead Bridge Plug, the well should be gauged using
the appropriate gauge ring and junk basket. This will clean the hole of debris and
ensure the passage of the bridge plug.

Inspect for debris inside the junk basket after running. If debris is found, continue
running the junk basket until it is found clean.

A standard wireline pressure setting assembly can be connected to the


Copperhead Bridge Plug through wireline adapter kit. See InTouch #6562423 for
more information on the wireline adapter kit.

Quality Note
Only slow burn charges should be used when setting Copperhead bridge plug.
Recommended burn time is 20-40 seconds.

Assemble the setting sleeve, the plug and the tool as per instructions.
1. Tighten the Copperhead Bridge Plug setting sleeve onto the setting tool.
2. Screw the adapter mandrel into the Copperhead Bridge Plug firmly hand
tighten.
3. Guide the plug and adapter mandrel into the setting sleeve and into the
setting tool Rotate clockwise until the mandrel threads are fully engaged.

Quality Note
Do not use a pipe wrench when tightening the adapter mandrel and plug into
the setting tool. Firmly hand tightened is sufficient.

Carefully move the plug assembly up into the derrick or lubricator. Use caution
when lifting the equipment and confirm assembly will pass through the surface
equipment without damages. Start it into the well.

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
10 Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Operating Procedures 10

Quality Note
Avoid allowing weight of the tool string to be put directly on the plug.
RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

Note
It is recommended to drift the surface equipment prior to running in hole

A drift run is recommended to the setting depth if possible.

Run in hole to depth while monitoring weight on string and eventual fluid return
or any unexpected pressure increase. Make sure not to impact any liner tops
while running in the hole with the bridge plug. Run through liner top at 100 ft/min
maximum speed. If there is a low fluid level, slow down when entering the fluid.
In the vertical section, running speed should be 300-500 ft/min. In horizontal
section, running speed should be 200-300 ft/min††. Pumping plug down with
fluid will be required in horizontal section. Care should be taking not to exceed
allowable line tension during pump down procedure.

When the setting depth is reached set the plug and retrieve the setting assembly.

†† Always verify maximum allowed horizontal RIH speed by checking the plug
tab data. This value may be lower than 300 FPM.

4.2 Setting on Tubing


A gauge run is recommended prior to running in hole to avoid potential hazard
and eventual pre-set while hitting some debris or a restriction in the well. It is
critical to monitor at all time the weight while running on coil tubing as load
generated against a restriction are higher than with wireline. Every so often (to
be defined with the operator) it is recommended as a best practice to record the
pickup and slack off weight when running in hole.

The Hydraulic Setting Tool is connected to the frac plug through a setting sleeve
identical as the setting sleeve for the wireline setting tool.
1. Assemble the setting sleeve, the plug and the tool as per instructions.

• Tighten the Copperhead Bridge Plug setting sleeve onto the setting tool.
• Screw the adapter mandrel into the Copperhead Bridge Plug firmly hand
tighten.

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
11 Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Operating Procedures 11

• Guide the plug and adapter mandrel into the setting sleeve and into the
setting tool Rotate clockwise until the mandrel threads are fully engaged.

Quality Note
Do not use a pipe wrench when tightening the adapter mandrel and plug into
RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

the setting tool. Firmly hand tightened is sufficient.

2. Use caution when lifting the equipment and confirm all will go through the
surface equipment without damages.

Note
It is recommended to drift the surface equipment prior to running in hole.

Adrift run is recommended to the setting depth if possible.

Quality Note
Avoid allowing weight of the tool string to be put directly on the plug.

3. Run in hole to depth while monitoring weight on string and eventual fluid
return or any unexpected pressure increase. Running speeds should not
exceed 100 ft/min in vertical or 80ft/min in horizontal.
4. On depth, drop the setting ball through the string.

Note
Depending on the pump and the length of spooled coil, it may be necessary to
increase pressure behind the ball before launching (500-1000 psi) in order just
to get over the gooseneck (injector).It is possible that if this is not done the ball
will stay in the coils and create a false indication of HST failure since ball will
not seat after volume displacement.

5. The ball can then be either pumped to bottom or not depending on deviation.
The ball is made of light material or from brass and will only free fall inside
fluid to about 60 degrees deviation, after that it will required to be pumped
at 2 bbl/min.

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
12 Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Operating Procedures 12

Note
If required to pump the ball, it is important to note the total displacement and
avoid pumping at more than 1 bbl/min to land on the seat as to avoid excessive
pressure increase.
RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

6. Once the ball lands the pressure will increase in the coil tubing.
7. Increase pressure to 200-300 psi and monitor the pressure for one minute.
8. Increase pressure more to open the by-pass (equalization/pressure drop
in CT can be seen).
9. Slowly increase the pressure to the maximum pressure (depending on plug)
and monitor the weight on the coil tubing. It is also possible to apply tension
to limit maximum pressure in the string.
10. At the maximum pressure the shear ring between the plug and the running
tool will shear, sometimes it is required to increase the pressure slightly
above calculated value (up to 500 psi).
11. Once the shear ring is sheared, there should be sudden pressure drop
indicating that the piston is fully stroked.
12. Then pull the string 15 to 30 feet (5 to 10 m) while maintaining pressure in
the string. Proceed then with a pressure test of the plug (pressure to be
defined depending on plug specifications, well data and coil tubing surface
equipment).
13. Pull out of hole.

Note
Tagging the plug after setting is not recommended, as it can create damage to
the end of the setting assembly.

Review the operating manual for the Smith Hydraulic Setting Tool (InTouch
#6431180) or the Schlumberger Model E Hydraulic Setting Tool for more details.

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
13 Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Operating Procedures 13

4.3 Milling

4.3.1 Mill Type


RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

A specifically designed six bladed carbide mill is recommended for plug removal
(see Table 4-1). This mill provides a very short milling time and a smooth milling
operation. The mill design is field proven and presents a long service time with
optimum milling capabilities.

A conventional concave junk mill or drill bit may also be used, but a greatly
extended milling time is expected.

Table 4-1: Mill Types

Plug Casing Max Tool


Casing Weight Mill OD
Size Size OD
lbf Mill Part Number in Mill Connection
in in in
(kg/m) (mm)
(mm) (mm) (mm)
6.5 2.250 2.250
M-960-20-000
2-7/8 2.875 (9.67) (57.15) (57.15)
1.000 AMT Pin
(73.0) (73.0) 7.9 - 8.7 2.125 2.125
M-960-19-000
(11.76 - 12.95) (53.98) (53.98)
9.3 – 10.3 2.720 2.720
M-960-28-000 1.500 AMT Pin
3-1/2 3.50 (13.84 - 15.33) (69.09) (69.09)
(88.9) (88.9) 12.95 2.562 2.500
M-960-27-000 1.500 AMT Pin
(19.27) (65.08) (63.5)
4-1/2 4.50 11.6 – 15.1 3.625 3.625
M-960-36-000 2-3/8 PAC PIN UP
(114.3) (114.3) (17.26 - 22.47) (92.08) (92.08)
5-1/2 5.50 15.5 – 17.0 4.625
M-960-46-000 2-3/8 PAC PIN UP
(139.7) (139.7) (23.07 - 25.30) 4.390 (117.48)
20.0 – 23.0 (111.51) 4.415
M-960-46-100 2-3/8 PAC PIN UP
(29.76 - 34.23) (112.12)
7.00 7.00 20.0 – 26.0 6.00 6.00
M-960-71-000 3.5 API REG PIN
(177.8) (177.8) (29.76 - 38.69) (152.40) (152.40)
26.0 – 35.0 5.75 5.75
M-960-70-000 3.5 API REG PIN
(38.69 - 52.08) (146.05) (146.05)

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
14 Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Operating Procedures 14

4.3.2 Motor Type


The motor should be capable of producing adequate RPM and torque at the
specified flow rate for the appropriate casing size (see Table 4-2). A good
example of this is the SmithDrill motor.
RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

Table 4-2: Recommended Motor Parameters

Motor
Torque
lbf
Plug Size Flow Rate Size Stall
(Nm)
in BPM Type in RPM lbf
(with H20 at
(mm) (L/min) (mm) (Nm)
70degF)
(21degC)
2-7/8
(73.0) 1 – 1.5 1-11/16 170 255
300 – 710
3-1/2 (160 – 240) (42.86) (230) (345)
(88.9)
4-1/2
SmithDril
(114.3) 1.5 – 3 2-7/8 475 715
210 – 415
5-1/2 (240 – 475) (73.03) (645) (970)
(139.7)
7.00 2 – 4 3-3/4 1,640
80 – 130 —
(177.8) (320 – 635) (95.25) (2,220)

4.3.3 Milling Parameters on Coil Tubing


The Copperhead Bridge Plug should mill up efficiently using a motor of the above
characteristics, and an appropriate weight on bit range (see chart below). Higher
weights can be used if required, up to the stall limit of the motor being used.

At contact with the top plug, pick up off bottom and begin circulating with an
appropriate flow rate. Slowly contact plug with minimum weight on bit (WOB)
and monitor circulating pressure. Both the WOB and circulating rate can be
adjusted as required to establish the best penetration.

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
15 Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Operating Procedures 15

Table 4-3: Milling Parameters on Coiled Tubing

WOB
Plug Size Flow Rate lb
in BPM (daN)
(mm) (L/min) Minimum Optimum Maximum
RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

WOB WOB WOB


2-7/8 0.75 – 1.0 500 600 700
(73.0) (120 – 160) (225) (265) (310)
3-1/2 1 – 1.5 500 1,000 1,500
(88.9) (160 – 240) (225) (445) (670)
4-1/2
(114.3) 2 – 3 1,000 1,500 2,000
5-1/2 (320 – 475) (445) (670) (890)
(139.7)
7.00 4 – 6 1,500 3,000 4,000
(177.8) (635 – 955) (670) (1,335) (1,780)

4.3.4 Milling Parameter on Jointed Tubing


The Copperhead Bridge Plug should be milled efficiently using a power swivel
able of producing sufficient rpm and a pump unit capable of producing a sufficient
flow rate (see chart below).

The optimum weight on bit (as shown below) is required for the appropriate
casing size. A higher weight on bit may be required, if milling with air foam or
nitrogen foam.

Start milling by having the minimum WOB on the mill. Monitor all milling
parameters in the process. Then gradually increase to an optimum level and
adjust the weight accordingly. Apply sweeps when penetration is reduced.

Run a back pressure sub directly above the mill in order to control the flow back
and to keep cuttings from entering the tubing cavity when milling or adding tubing
while using nitrogen.

The rest of the milling procedure is similar to the milling parameters on coil tubing.

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
16 Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Operating Procedures 16

Table 4-4: Milling Parameters on Joint Tubing

WOB
lb
(daN)
Plug Size Flow Rate
Min. Optimum Max
RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

in RPM BPM
WOB WOB WOB
(mm) (L/min)
2-7/8 0.75 – 1.0 500 600 800
(73.0) (120 – 160) (225) (265) (355)
3-1/2 1 – 1.5 500 1,000 1,500
(88.9) (160 – 240) (225) (445) (680)
4-1/2
65 – 85
(114.3) 2 – 3 1,000 2,000 4,000
5-1/2 (320 – 475) (445) (890) (1,780)
(139.7)
7.00 4 – 6 2,000 3,500 4,500
(177.8) (635 – 955) (890) (1,555) (2,000)

4.3.5 Milling Sequence


The Copperhead Bridge Plug is designed to be milled up very efficiently with no
parts spinning. There are three main stages of the milling process.

The first stage is to mill from the top of the plug up to the point where the fluid
equalizes across the plug (see Table 4-5 for equalizing distances).

For multiple plug applications, cuttings may be present from the previously milled
plug. Sweeps may be required at this stage to circulate the cuttings that tend to
interfere with the milling operations.

The second stage is to mill from the equalization point, through the upper slips,
and up to the upper back-ups. Maintain continuous milling throughout.

The third stage is to mill from the upper back-ups through the bottom slips. In
this stage maintain continuous milling throughout with a good penetration rate.
Continuous milling should be maintained through the lower slips. When the lower
slips have been removed, the bottom clutch of the plug will fall to bottom, or to
the next plug in a multiple plug installation.

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
17 Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Operating Procedures 17

Tip
If penetration rate decreases, sweep to clear away any cuttings that may interfere
with the milling operation.
RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

4.3.6 Equalizing Distances While Milling


The chart below describes the distances it takes to mill through the plugged
portion of the mandrel. At this point, the fluids will equalize in pressure. The chart
shows equalizing distances for the first plug milled, and subsequently the 2nd
plug and after for a multiple plugs operation. The bottom clutch will engage the
top of the subsequent plug, and in turn, creates a larger equalizing distance.

Table 4-5: Equalizing Distances while Milling

Equalizing Distance
Plug Size
1st Plug 2nd plug and After
in
in in
(mm)
(mm) (mm)
2-7/8 3.50 7
(73.0) (88.90) (177.80)
3-1/2 3.75 7
(88.9) (95.25) (177.80)
4-1/2 6 10
(114.3) (152.40) (254.00)
5-1/2 7 12.5
(139.7) (177.80) (317.50)
7.00 5 10.5
(177.8) (127.00) (266.70)

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
18 Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Specifications 18

5 Specifications Copperhead Bridge Plug, M-957


RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

Figure 5-1:

Table 5-1: Dimensions for 2.875, 3.50 and 4.50 inch

Casing
Size 2.875 3.50 4.50
in (73.0) (88.9) (114.3)
(mm)
Casing
Weight 6.5 7.9 – 8.7 9.3 – 10.3) 12.95 11.6 – 15.1
lbf (9.67) (11.76 - 12.95) (13.84 - 15.33 (19.27) (17.26 - 22.47)
(kg/m)
M-957-45-000
Assembly M-957-36-000 M-957-35-000
M-957-28-000 M-957-27-000 102731727 M-957-45-100
Number 102875868 102876885
101769107
Dimensions
2.250 2.125 2.720 2.562 2.562 3.625
A
(57.15) (53.98) (69.09) (65.07) (65.07) (92.08)
6.38 6.38 7.81 7.86 7.86 8.69
B
(162.02) (162.05) (198.37) (199.64) (199.64) (220.73)
11.03 11.03 13.11 13.07 13.34 14.65
C
(280.16) (280.16) (332.99) (331.98) (338.84) (372.11)
16.74 16.74 19.34 19.34 19.62 22.36
D
(425.20) (425.20) (491.24) (491.24) (498.35) (567.94)

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
19 Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Specifications 19

Table 5-2: Dimensions for 5.50 and 7 in

Casing Size
5.50 7.00
in
(139.7) (177.8)
(mm)
Casing Weigh
15.5 – 23.0 20.0 – 26.0 26.0 – 35.0
RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

lbf
(23.07 - 34.23) (29.76 - 38.69) (38.69 - 52.09)
(kg/m)
M-957-55-000
Assembly Number M-957-71-000 M-957-70-000
101727538
Dimensions
4.390 6.00 5.75
A
(111.51) (152.40) (146.05)
10.36 11.89 11.89
B
(263.14) (302.01) (302.01)
18.29 18.51 18.51
C
(464.57) (470.15) (470.15)
27.71 30.65 30.65
D
(703.83) (778.51) (778.51)

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
20 Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Troubleshooting Guide 20

6 Troubleshooting Guide Copperhead Bridge Plug, M-957


RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

6.1 Non-conformance
Re-service a Copperhead Bridge Plug according to the latest revision of the
assembly manual if any of the following has occurred:
• Retrieval of plug after contacting wellbore fluid
• Damage to plug components during transportation or handling
• Contact with moisture
• Element exceeds shelf life

The assembly manual may be requested through InTouch. Only qualified


Schlumberger personnel are authorized for inspecting and re-servicing.

6.2 Low Temperature Application


At temperatures below 200 degF, Copperhead bridge plugs have a risk of
leaking. It may be necessary to apply 8,000-10,000 psi above the bridge plug in
order to fully pack the element and eliminate the leak.

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.
21 Copperhead Bridge Plug Operations Manual / Maitenance 21

7 Maitenance Copperhead Bridge Plug, M-957


RCPL-Documentation\Bobby Graham\InTouch Content ID #6431170\1.1\Release Date:09-Aug-2017\EDMS UID: 1666571325\Produced: 06-Feb-2018 21:49:21

7.1 Lock Spring


The Copperhead adapter kit uses a lock spring to make up to the setting tool.
The lock springs are not intended to be reusable. Always replace the lock spring
before every use

7.2 Elements
Nitrile elements are at risk of aging and have a shelf life of 5 years. All elements
must be stored in such a way that they are not exposed to high temperature or
UV rays. If shelf life exceeds 5 years, the element must be replaced.

Private – Customer Use


Copyright © 2018 Schlumberger, Unpublished Work. All rights reserved.