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COMPANY PROCEDURES MANUAL


NO. PR 19.02-1
REVISION RECORD
PROCEDURE FOR DESIGNING AND
DEFINING DISCIPLINE RESPONSIBILITIES
BY APPROVED ISSUE FOR UNDERGROUND PIPING SYSTEMS
MHH JC 08/15/92
THIS PAGE IS A RECORD OF ALL REVISIONS OF THE DOCUMENT, EACH TIME THIS DOCUMENT IS
CHANGED, ONLY THE NEW OR REVISED PAGES ARE ISSUED.

FOR CONVENIENCE, THE NATURE OF THE REVISION IS BRIEFLY NOTED UNDER REMARKS. THESE
REMARKS ARE NOT A PART OF THE DOCUMENT. THE REVISED PAGES ARE A PART OF THE
DOCUMENT AND SHALL BE COMPLIED WITH IN THEIR ENTIRETY

REV. DATE BY APPROVAL PAGES REMARKS

0 08/15/92 MHH JUC ALL ISSUED FOR USE

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COMPANY PROCEDURES MANUAL
PROCEDURE FOR DESIGNING AND
DEFINING DISCIPLINE RESPONSIBILITIES
BY APPROVED ISSUE DATE REV. NO. DATE
FOR UNDERGROUND PIPING SYSTEMS
MHH JC 08/15/92 0 8/15/92

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.0 Scope

2.0 Underground Piping Definitions & Responsible Design Discipline

3.0 Design Flow Charts

4.0 Underground Piping Design Development

4.1 Process Engineering Initiation

4.2 Environmental Interface

4.3 Special Consultant Interface

4.4 PFD Client Approval

4.5 P&ID Development

a. Discipline Interface and Input

4.6 P&ID Issued for Design

5.0 Discipline Design

5.1 Discipline Initiation

5.2 Discipline Interface

5.3 Design

5.4 Squad Check

5.5 Client Approval

6.0 Issue for Construction

7.0 Conclusion/Summary

8.0 References

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PROCEDURE FOR DESINING AND DEFINING DISCIPOLING
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1.0 SCOPE

The Underground Piping QIT was formed for the following purposes:

A. Establish the definition of the various of the various underground piping


systems, and determine the discipline responsible for design and issuing
of construction drawings for each system.

B. Determine the discipline(s) responsible for establishing the design


guidelines for underground for underground piping systems to insure
compliance with all the latest pertinent codes and regulations.

C. Establish procedure through which the design criteria and guidelines will
be transmitted to the discipline responsible for design.

Section A of our charter, addressed above, is accomplished in Section 2.0


(Underground Piping Definitions & Responsible Design Discipline) and Section
3.0 (Design Flow Charts) below.

In accordance with Section B. The discipline responsible for insuring compliance


with all pertinent environmental rules and regulations concerning underground
piping is Jacobs’ Environmental Department. This is addressed in Section 4.2
which describes the Environmental Department’s role concerning environmental
compliance.

Section C of our charter statement above is explained through the Design Flow
Charts of Section 3.0 and the narrative provided in Section 4.0 (Underground
Piping Design Development) and Section 5.0 (Discipline Design).

The procedure described in this report outlines the discipline responsibilities and
the information flow necessary for design development of an underground piping
system. Adherence to this procedure assures the following:

A. Compliance with codes and regulations


B. Proper discipline interface
C. Reduction of rework
D. Quality Product

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2.0 UNDERGROUND PIPING DEFINITIONS AND RESPONSIBLE DESIGN


DISCIPLINE

In order to assign areas of responsibility, underground piping is divided into types


of underground piping systems. The discipline responsible for design of the
various systems is shown in parenthesis. These systems are defined as follows:

2.1 Uncontaminated Storm Water (Civil)

This system generally collects all storm water from non-hydrocarbon-


bearing access ways, roadways and paved areas. This collection is
achieved through the use of area drains, catch basins, roof leaders
ditches or swales. The system may include a detention pond with options
for discharge to the treatment facility or to the plants designated National
Pollution discharge and Elimination System (NPDES) outfall. By
definition, this system has no dry weather flow.

2.2 Contaminated Storm Water (Piping)

This system collects surface drainage from areas containing chemical


and/or hydrocarbon-bearing equipment. This water must pass through a
treatment facility before being discharged into an uncontaminated system
or natural body of water (e.g., a river or stream). By definition, this
system must have no dry weather flow. This system should be
independent of the uncontaminated storm water system.

2.3 Oily Water Sewer (Piping)

This system collects waste, drips and leaks from equipment and piping in
areas that contain process equipment in noncorrosive services. The Plant
layout Designer must consult with the Process Engineer and
Environmental Engineer to fully identify all such equipment, provide a
vapor tight connection at each item and insure the system is fully
enclosed and vapor tight. Current regulations require many of the sewers
that routinely carry hydrocarbon and VOC’s to be vapor tight, fully piped
and routed to a treatment system prior to discharging beyond the battery
limits.

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2.0 UNDERGROUND PIPING DEFINITIONS AND RESPONSIBLE DESIGN


DISCIPLINE (Continued)

2.4 Acidican Caustic Sewers (Piping)

This system recovers acids and caustics from equipment and piping as
well as surface drainage around such equipment and piping through the
use of curbed areas and drain hubs. This system may be routed to a
sump for disposal, if it does not contain hydrocarbons above a 10 PPM
concentration, it may be passed through a neutralization facility and
discharged into a water treatment system.

2.5 Sanitary Sewer (Civil)

This system collects raw waste from showers, urinals, toilers an


lavatories. The effluent is either discharged to the plant sanitary sewer
collection system, lift station, sump or separate septic system.

2.6 Blowdown/recirculation System (Piping)

This system picks up drains around boilers and steam drums and is run
as a separate system, preferably to recycle within the plant battery limit.

2.7 Chemical Solvent Collection System (Piping)

Many chemicals and solvents emitting VOC’s are reclaimed in a separate


closed collection system.

2.8 Cooling Water (Piping)

This system supplies water to such process equipment as surface


condensers, coolers and pumps through a header system.

2.9 Fire Water (Piping)

This system consists of a loop around a process unit or equipment, with


branches as required for hydrants or monitors, to project the unit in case
of fire.

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2.0 UNDERGROUND PIPING DEFINITIONS AND RESPONSIBLE DESIGN


DISCIPLINE (Continued)

2.10 Potable Water (Piping)

This water is used for drinking, emergency eyewashes and shower


facilities.

2.11 Construction Materials

Materials selection is the responsibility of the Piping Specifications


Engineer and depends on service, operating pressure and temperature,
durability, economics and availability.

The Process Engineer should be consulted for special chemical


containments for system described in 2.2, 2.3, 2.4 and 2.7.

3.0 DESIGN FLOW CHARTS

The flow charts for each type of underground piping system graphically illustrate
the design development steps. Interfaces, approvals and discipline
responsibilities of the design process are indicated.

4.0 UNDERGROUND PIPING DESIGN DEVELOPMENT

4.1 Process Engineering Initiation

The Process Engineering work is based on the definition of the required


battery limit pressures, (both entering/exiting lines) as provided by the
client (or required by regulations) and flow rates as provided by the client
(or required by regulations) and flow rates as provided by the client and
other Jacobs Engineering disciplines or developed by the Process
Engineer. The definition of battery limit pressures and flows are
combined with piping routing requirements to provide the basis for the
subsequent hydraulic calculations and line sizing (diameter) by the
Process Engineer.

In addition, within the battery limits, there will be gravity flow lines (drains)
which must be sized and represented on P&ID’s,. The sizing basis (spill,
firewater, storm water, back flush, etc.) and sizing calculations may be
provided by either Civil or Process, as is deemed appropriate.

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4.0 UNDERGROUND PIPING DESIGN DEVELOPMENT (continued)

4.2 Environmental Interface

Environmental regulatory interpretation and design conformance relative


to underground piping. Process Engineering provides the expertise for
FDC, P&ID’s, material balances, etc. Early coordination for PFD/P&ID
review will be maintained between Environmental and Process Engineers
to identify the process, waste and waste water streams that are impacted
by environmental regulations and also address specific permit
requirements.

A summary listing of affected flows will be prepared and the


environmental requirements identified. Note: Tanks, sumps or basins
having any portion placed below grade level must meet the same criteria
as underground piping.

Environmental Management will be responsible for signing all PFD’s


prepared by Environmental. Environmental will conduct audits of each
project to insure compliance with environmental regulations and that
designs meet the permit requirements. The PFD’s and underground
piping/sewer plans will have a Review Notation and Signature Block for
Environmental sign-off.

4.3 Special Consultant Interface:

Jacob’s Fire Protection Consultant will be utilized from PFD development


through discipline design completion for underground firewater piping
systems.

4.4 Initial Client Approval

The hydraulic design basis of the piping system must be approved by the
client prior to the preparation of the P&ID.

4.0 UNDERGROUND PIPING DESIGN DEVELOPMENT (continued)

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4.5 P&ID Development

a. Discipline Interface and Input

The Process Engineer performs the hydraulic calculations to size


the piping and prepare the P&ID with input as appropriate from
other Jacobs Engineering/Design disciplines.

b. Squad Check

P&ID shall be squad checked (P&ID) Issue “A”) prior to issuing for
client approval (P&ID Issue “B”).

c. Client Approval

The P&ID issue “B” must be approved by the client in advance of


the next phase of P&ID development.

d. HAZOP Approval

The Client/Jacobs team must jointly perform a HAZOP on P&ID


issue “C” to satisfy hazard and operability issues with the P&ID.
Once the HAZOP issues are resolved, the P&ID is revised and
approved by the client for design.

4.6 P&ID Issued for Design

After the P&ID is “Approved for Design” by the client, the approprite
responsible Jacobs’ design discipline has a basis for proceeding with
detailed design.

5.0 DISCIPLINE DESIGN

5.1 Discipline Initiation

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The discipline responsible for the design of a particular system will initiate
underground routing studies. The studies will be based on the latest
issues of the listed documents.

5.1.1 Plot Plan

5.1.2 Equipment Arrangement Plan

5.1.3 Approved for design P&ID

5.1.4 Foundation Location Plan

5.1.5 Existing underground drawings, if the work is to be done in an


existing facility

5.1.7 Specifications

5.2 Discipline Interface

The preliminary routing study will be reviewed by the Electrical,


Civil/Structural and Piping disciplines. A check for underground
interferences will be made for, but not limited to electrical duct banks,
grounding locations, pilings, foundations, culverts other underground
piping systems or any other underground interferences.

5.3 Detailed Design

Approved for Design Plot Plans and Equipment Arrangement Plans are
required prior to the detailed design of any underground effort. The
detailed design will include final drawings of plans, sections and details
necessary for construction. The detailed design will include all piping,
specifications, orthographics, isometrics, valving, catch basins, sumps,
pumps, sealing and venting requirements, etc., to provide a complete
package. Environmental input will be required in the development of this
design package.

5.0 DISCIPLINE DESIGN ( CONTINUED)

5.4 Squad Check

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The completed detailed design drawings will require a Squad Check by


all disciplines. The disciplines involved include Piping, Civil/Structural,

Architectural, Process, Electrical, Environmental, Mechanical, Control


Systems and Project. All marks will be addressed and revised as
appropriate so that all disciplines are in agreement with the completed
package.

5.5 Client Approval

The drawings are now ready for client approval. The completed drawings
are issued to the client for their approval. Any changes made by client
will require further review by the affected design disciplines.

6.0 ISSUE FOR CONSTRUCTION

When the detailed design drawings have been reviewed and approved by
each of the design disciplines and the client, they are ready to be “Issued
for Construction.”

7.0 CONCLUSION

7.1 As environmental laws and regulations are becoming increasingly more


stringent, economics dictates that underground hydrocarbon bearing
piping be minimized in petrochemical plant design. This issue must be
addressed and the design philosophy resolved with the client and project
team in the early stages of project development.

7.2 Design parameters, client needs, economics, operations, safety and


environmental regulations must all be addressed with considering
underground piping systems.

7.0 The effort required to keep up with and comprehend the volumes of
environmental laws and regulations, concerning underground piping is
tremendous. The Environmental Department can best accomplish this
7.0 CONCLUSION ( CONTINUED)

task, and it is our recommendation that they be responsible to


continuously educate the Project, Process, Civil/Structural and Piping
disciplines on the environmental laws that impact their designs.

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7.4 This QIT did not address the detailed design requirements of each of
these various types of underground piping systems. We recommend a
QIT be commissioned to accomplish this task. Appropriate details can be
adopted from the NESHAP and environmental projects currently in-house
or recently completed. An interested and knowledgeable core group
could develop these design standards to be used as guidelines for future
projects.

7.5 All environmental requirements concerning underground piping systems


shall be shown on the P&ID’s. It is the Project manager’s responsibility to
insure an Environmental Engineer is assigned to the project for this
purpose.

8.0 REFERENCES

8.1 Memo dated November 1, 1991, Campbell/Bradford; Subject; “Process


Engineering/Environmental Technical Interface”.

8.2 40 CFR, Part 61, National Emissions Standards for Hazardous


Pollutants.

8.3 Subpart FF, “National Emission Standard for Benzene Waste


Operations”. (Real concern today affects drain systems, oily water
separators, treatment processes, storage tanks and closed vent
systems.)

8.4 4.0 CFR, Part 60, Standards of Performance for New Stationary Source.

8.5 Subpart QQQ, “VOC Emissions from Petroleum Refinery Wastewater


Systems”.

8.6 40 CFR, Part 261, Identification and Listing of hazardous Waste.

8.0 REFERENCES ( CONTINUED)

8.7 40 CFR, Part 302, Reportable Quantifies and Notification Requirements


for Hazardous Substances under CEFCLA.

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Table 302.4 provides a listing of all hazardous substances that are


generally the basis for providing secondary containment and leak
detection systems.

8.8 40 CFR, part 264, Regulations for Owners and Operators of Permitted
Hazardous Waste Facilities

8.9 API Publication 1615 (November 1979), Installation of Underground


Petroleum Storage Systems.

8.10 ANSI Standard B31.3, “Petroleum Refinery Piping”.

8.11 ANSI Standard B31.4, “Liquid Petroleum Transportation Piping System”.

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