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Title

MAGNETIC PARTICLE EXAMINATION FOR PRESSURE


VESSEL
PT. CAST INSPECTION AND Document No. Revision Effective Date
ENGINEERING CAST/II/NDT/MT01 00 21 June 2013

PT CAST INSPECTION AND ENGINEERING


MAGNETIC PARTICLE EXAMINATION
FOR

PRESSURE VESSEL

The signatures below indicate Preparation and Approval of all the numbered pages
in this NDT Procedure up to and including the date of approval. This NDT Procedure
is invalid without page 1.

PREPARED APPROVED

Name : MUHAMAD IRFAN Name : HE YI,


TECHNICAL MANAGER, ASNT LEVEL III,
UT,RT,MT,PT,ETCertNo.190974.

Signature : Signature :

Date : 21 June 2013 Date : 21 June 2013

THIS AND ALL STANDARD PRACTICE INSTRUCTIONS / OPERATING PROCEDURES CONTAINED IN THE COMPANY
QUALITY ASSURANCE SYSTEM ARE CONTROLLED BY THE QUALITY MANAGER AND MAY NOT BE AMENDED, REVISED
OR IN ANY WAY ALTERED WITHOUT HIS AUTHORITY.

Page 1 of 10
Title
MAGNETIC PARTICLE EXAMINATION FOR PRESSURE
VESSEL
PT. CAST INSPECTION AND Document No. Revision Effective Date
ENGINEERING CAST/II/NDT/MT01 00 21 June 2013

REVISION HISTORY

Rev. Date Issued Comments Prepared by Approved by

00 21 Jun 2013 First Release Muhamad Irfan He Yi

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Title
MAGNETIC PARTICLE EXAMINATION FOR PRESSURE
VESSEL
PT. CAST INSPECTION AND Document No. Revision Effective Date
ENGINEERING CAST/II/NDT/MT01 00 21 June 2013

CONTENTS

Page

1. PURPOSE………………………………………………………………... 4
2. SCOPE…………………………………………………………………… 4
3. REFERENCE DOCUMENT…………………………………………….. 4
4. QUALIFICATION OF PERSONNEL…………………………………… 4
5. SAFETY …………………………………………………………………... 5
6. PROCEDURE
6.1. SURFACE PREPARATION……………………………………. 5
6.2. SEQUENCE OF OPERATION…………………………………. 5
6.3. EXAMINATION MEDIUM…………………………………….. 6
6.4. CONTRAST PAINT…………………………………………….. 6
6.5. APPLICATION TECHNIQUE………………………………….. 6
6.6. MAGNETIC PROCEDURE…………………………………….. 6
6.7. LIFTING POWER OF YOKES…………………………………. 6
6.8. MAGNETIZING FIELD ADEQUACY AND DIRECTION…… 6
6.9. INTERPRETATION…………………………………………….. 7
6.10. EVALUATION OF INDICATIONS……………………………. 7
7. ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA……………………………………………... 8
8. REPAIR REQUIREMENTS…………………………………………….. 8
9. POST INSPECTION CLEANING………………………………………. 8
10. DEMAGNETIZATION………………………………………………….. 9
11. RELATED FORM OF SERVICE REPORT……………………………. 9
11.1. CAST-F-NDT-P001 : Magnetic Particle Examination Report

Page 3 of 10
Title
MAGNETIC PARTICLE EXAMINATION FOR PRESSURE
VESSEL
PT. CAST INSPECTION AND Document No. Revision Effective Date
ENGINEERING CAST/II/NDT/MT01 00 21 June 2013

1. PURPOSE

This procedure provides a system of general conditions and specific


instructions as an aid to personnel required to perform Magnetic Particle
Examination to be applied to the component and the welds of Pressure Vessel.

2. SCOPE

2.1. This procedure shall be utilized for the wet or dry particle and may be
either fluorescent or non fluorescent (visible) particle Magnetic Particle
Examination of Ferromagnetic materials, employing alternating current
(AC), direct current (DC) or permanent yoke techniques.

2.2. Components and welds to be examined shall be identified by the


Client’s QA/AC Inspector in Inspection Request Formats and with
Drawing Reference.

3. REFERENCE DOCUMENT

3.1. SNT – TC – 1A - ASNT Recommended Practice for


Qualification and Certification
Personnel, 2011 Edition.

3.2. ASME SECTION V - Boiler and pressure Vessel Code section


(V) 2010 Edition, Non Destructive
Examination with the latest addenda.

3.3. ASME SEC. VIII, DIV. 1 - Rules for Construction of Pressure


Vessel, 2010 Edition with the latest
addenda

3.4. PT. CAST Inspection and Engineering’s Written Practice


CAST/II/NDT/WP01, which complies with SNT-TC-1A, 2011 Edition.

4. QUALIFICATION OF PERSONNEL

Magnetic Particle Examination shall be performed and evaluated by qualified


and certified personnel in accordance with PT. CAST Inspection and
Engineering Written Practice CAST/II/NDT/WP01, which complies with SNT-
TC-1A, 2011 Edition.

Page 4 of 10
Title
MAGNETIC PARTICLE EXAMINATION FOR PRESSURE
VESSEL
PT. CAST INSPECTION AND Document No. Revision Effective Date
ENGINEERING CAST/II/NDT/MT01 00 21 June 2013

5. SAFETY (HSE INSTRUCTION)

- Always use PPE such as Safety shoes, hand glove, safety glass, and
helmet.
- Watch out for slippery and falling apart.
- Watch out for the hazard around the areas. Stop the activities and report
to client and supervisor for unsafe working condition.
- Use fall protection equipment if working above 2 m.
- Collect all waste and put it in agreed place.
- Do not expose any lubricant, oil or test fluid to the ground.

6. PROCEDURE

6.1. SURFACE PREPARATION

5.1.1. Satisfactory results are usually obtained when the surfaces are
in as-welded, as-rolled, as-cast or as-forged conditions.
However, surface preparation by grinding may be necessary
where surface irregularities could mask indications due to
discontinuities.

5.1.2. Prior to magnetic particle examination, the surface to be


examined and all adjacent areas within at least 25 mm shall be
dry and free of all dirt, greases, lint, scale, welding flux and
spatter, oil or other extraneous matter that could interfere with
the examination,

5.1.3. Cleaning may be accomplished using detergents, organic


solvents, descaling solutions, paint removers, sand or grid
blasting.
or
5.1.4. The following prepared cleaner which are stored in cans
(aerosol spray) may be used in this procedure :
MAGNAFLUX - SKC – S or Equivalent

6.2. SEQUENCE OF OPERATION

Examination shall be done by the continuous method, that is, the


magnetizing current remains on while the examination medium is being
applied and while excess of the examination medium is being removed.

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Title
MAGNETIC PARTICLE EXAMINATION FOR PRESSURE
VESSEL
PT. CAST INSPECTION AND Document No. Revision Effective Date
ENGINEERING CAST/II/NDT/MT01 00 21 June 2013

6.3. EXAMINATION MEDIUM

6.3.1. The finely divided ferromagnetic particles used for this


examination shall provide adequate contrast with the surface
being examined. The following examination medium shall be
used in this procedure :

WET (Nonfluorescent) : Black Magnetic Ink


WET Fluorescent : Yellow Green
DRY : 1 Gray or Red

6.3.2. Particles shall be used within the temperature range limitation


set by the manufacturer.

6.4. CONTRAST PAINT

The contrast paint (WCP) shall be used as the background of part


being inspected for the wet magnetic particles Color of the paint shall
be normally white against black colour ink.

6.5. APPLICATION TECHNIQUE

6.5.1. Wet particle: The examination bath shall be applied by spraying


it over the areas to be examined.
6.5.2. Dry Particle: The powder shall be applied by lightly dusting a
small quantity over the surface
6.5.3. The mechanics and timing of the particle application shall be
such that indications will have sufficient time to form.

6.6. MAGNETIC PROCEDURE

At least two separate examinations shall be performed on each area.


During the second examination, the lines of magnetic flux shall be
approximately perpendicular to those used for the first examination all
examinations shall be conducted with sufficient overlap to assure
100% coverage at the required sensitivity.

6.7. LIFTING POWER OF YOKES

6.7.1. The magnetizing force of the yoke shall be checked at least


once a year, or whenever the yoke has been damaged or
repaired. The magnetizing power of permanent magnetic shall
be checked daily prior to use.

Page 6 of 10
Title
MAGNETIC PARTICLE EXAMINATION FOR PRESSURE
VESSEL
PT. CAST INSPECTION AND Document No. Revision Effective Date
ENGINEERING CAST/II/NDT/MT01 00 21 June 2013

6.7.2. The weight of the test bar is to be:


6.7.2.1. 5 kgs (10 lbs.) for an A C yoke
6.7.2.2. 18 kgs (40 lbs.) for an D C and a permanent magnet
yoke

6.8. MAGNETIZING FIELD ADEQUACY AND DIRECTION

When it is desirable to verify the adequacy of magnetic field strength,


or direction of magnetizing, the ”Pie-Shaped Magnetic Particle Field
Indicator” shall be used by positioning the indicator on the surface to
be examined.

FIELD INDICATOR

6.9. INTERPRETATION

6.9.1. With non fluorescent particles, the examination is performed


using visible light. A minimum light intensity of 100 fc (1000 Lx)
required insuring adequate sensitivity during the examination.
6.9.2. With fluorescent particles, the examination is performing using
visible light. The examination shall be performed as follows:
6.9.2.1. It shall be perform in a dark area.
6.9.2.2. The examiner shall be in a dark area for at least 5
minutes prior to performing the examination to enable
his eyes to adapt the dark viewing.
6.9.2.3. The black light shall be allowed to warm up for a
minimum of 5 minutes prior to use or measurement of
the intensity of the ultraviolet light emitted.
Page 7 of 10
Title
MAGNETIC PARTICLE EXAMINATION FOR PRESSURE
VESSEL
PT. CAST INSPECTION AND Document No. Revision Effective Date
ENGINEERING CAST/II/NDT/MT01 00 21 June 2013

6.9.2.4. The black light intensity shall be measured with a black


light meter. A minimum of 1000 W/cm2 on the surface of
the part being examination shall be required. The black
light intensity shall be measured at least once every 8
hours, and whenever the work station is changed.
6.9.3. Indications will be revealed by retention of magnetic particles. All
such indications are not necessarily imperfection, however,
since excessive surface roughness, magnetic permeability
variations (such as at the edge of heat affected zones), etc. may
produce similar indications.
6.9.4. Indications are to be classified as either linier or rounded.
6.9.5. An indication is the evidence of a mechanical imperfection. Only
indications which have any dimension greater than 1/16” shall
be considered relevant.
6.9.6. A linear indication is one having a length greater than three
times the width.
6.9.7. A rounded indication is one of circular or elliptical shape with a
length equal to or less than three times its width.
6.9.8. Any questionable or doubtful indications shall be re - examined
to determine whether or not they are relevant.

6.10. EVALUATION OF INDICATIONS

6.10.1. Welds are to be free of any crack and incomplete fusion.

6.10.2. Other indications to be evaluation are porosity (as rounded


indication or linier indication) and undercut refers to a groove
melted in the base metal adjacent to a weld toe at the face or
root of the weld.

7. ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA

Standard acceptability of discontinuity detected shall be in accordance with


Appendix 6 of ASME Section VIII, Division 1, and 2010 Edition with the latest
addenda.

8. REPAIR REQUIREMENTS.

8.1. Treatment of imperfection believe nonrelevant.

Page 8 of 10
Title
MAGNETIC PARTICLE EXAMINATION FOR PRESSURE
VESSEL
PT. CAST INSPECTION AND Document No. Revision Effective Date
ENGINEERING CAST/II/NDT/MT01 00 21 June 2013

Any indication which is believed to be nonrelevant shall be regarded


as an imperfection unless it is shown by reexamination by the same
method that no imperfection is present.

8.2. Examination of Areas from which imperfections have been removed.


After a defect is thought to have been removed and prior to making
weld repairs, the area shall be examined with the same method to
ensure that the defect have been removed or reduced to an acceptably
sized imperfection.

8.3. Reexamination of Repaired Areas.


After repairs have been made, the repaired area shall be blended into
the surrounding surface so as to avoid sharp notches, crevices, or
corners and reexamined by magnetic particle testing method except
that, when the depth of repair is less than the radiographic sensitivity
required, reradiography may be omitted.

9. POST INSPECTION CLEANING

Post inspection cleaning is necessary where magnetic particle material (s)


could interfere with subsequent processing or with service requirements. Area
to be performed post cleaning are welding, painting, plating and all inspection
area.
Typical post cleaning techniques employed are:
a. Drying of wet particles and subsequent removal by brushing or
compressed air.
b. Removal of wet particles by flushing with solvent or water.

10. DEMAGNETIZATION

When residual magnetism in the part could interfere with subsequent


processing or usage, the part shall be demagnetized any time after completion
of the examination.
Demagnetization is to be required if any of the following operations are to be
performed in the inspection area:
Welding
Painting
Plating
Demagnetization is to be required if the inspection area is in closed proximity to
sensitive electronic instrumentation or a compass.

10. RELATED FORM OF SERVICE REPORT.

10.1. CAST-F-NDT-MT-01 : Magnetic Particle Examination Report.

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CAST/IV/NDT/MT01

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