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REINFORCED CONCRETE DESIGN II – BFC 3280

CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

EXAMPLE 1.3 : STAIRCASE SPANNING PARALLEL TO FLIGHT WITH LANDINGS

Figure 1.3 shows a staircase spanning parallel to the flight with supporting beams at the
end of landing. Design the staircase if the number of step is 12. Given the following data:

Characteristic of variable action = 5.0 kN/m2


Finishes and handrails = 1.0 kN/m2
Characteristic strength of concrete = 25 N/mm2
Characteristic strength of steel = 500 N/mm2
Concrete cover to reinforcement = 25 mm
Diameter reinforcement = 12 mm
Riser (R) = 170 mm
Going (G) = 250 mm

12@170

1500 12@250 1500

Figure 1.3

Dimension: R = 170 mm ; G = 250 mm

Because span is simply supported but consists flight and landing

h = L/20 =

h=(30002+20402)1/2/20=3627.90/20 = 181.39 mm

 Use h = 180 mm

DRZNR 2014/JKSB
REINFORCED CONCRETE DESIGN II – BFC 3280
CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

1.0 SPECIFICATION

Characteristic actions:
Permanent, gk = 1.0 kN/m2 (Excluding selfweight)
Variable, qk = 5.0 kN/m2

Materials:
Characteristic strength of concrete, fck = 25 N/mm2
Characteristic strength of steel, fyk = 500 N/mm2
Unit weight of reinforced concrete = 25 kN/mm3

Assumed:
Cover, C = 25 mm
Diameter bar, Ø = 12 mm

2.0 AVERAGE THICKNESS

3.0 ACTION

Landing:

Slab selfweight = h x 25 = 0.180 x 25 = 4.50 kN/m2


Permanent load (excluding selfweight) = 1.00 kN/m2

Characteristic permanent action, gk = 5.50 kN/m2


Characteristic variable action qk = 5.00 kN/m2

Design action, nd = 1.35gk + 1.5qk = 14.93 kN/m2

DRZNR 2014/JKSB
REINFORCED CONCRETE DESIGN II – BFC 3280
CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

Flight:

Slab selfweight = t x 25 = 0.303 x 25 = 7.58 kN/m2


Permanent load (excluding selfweight) = 1.00 kN/m2

Characteristic permanent action, gk = 8.58 kN/m2


Characteristic variable action qk = 5.00 kN/m2

Design action, nd = 1.35gk + 1.5qk = 19.08 kN/m2

4.0 ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF STAIR

19.08 kN/m
14.93 kN/m 14.93 kN/m

1500 3000 1500


A B

If moment at C is the maximum moment:

If total action is considered:

Moment

Use 76.52 kNm/m for the design moment

DRZNR 2014/JKSB
REINFORCED CONCRETE DESIGN II – BFC 3280
CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

5.0 MAIN REINFORCEMENT (Cl. 6.1)

Effective depth:

Design moment, MEd = 76.52 kNm

Compression reinforcement is not required

Main bar : H12 – 75 (As,prov= 1509 mm2/m)

Minimum and maximum reinforcement area (Cl. 9.3.1.1)

DRZNR 2014/JKSB
REINFORCED CONCRETE DESIGN II – BFC 3280
CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

Secondary reinforcement (Cl. 9.3.1.1(2))

Secondary bar : H12 – 400 (As,prov = 283 mm2/m)

6.0 SHEAR RESISTANCE, DEFLECTION AND CRACKING ARE TO BE CARRIED OUT AS


6.0 USUAL

7.0 DETAILING

DRZNR 2014/JKSB