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This resource pack is your ‘one-stop-shop’ for supporting you
during British Science Week, but it can be used at any time. Feel
free to adapt or extend the activities to suit your students’ needs
and the curriculum you are delivering.

In addition to the activities in this pack, Events Early Years

there are lots of other ways to enthuse
and engage your students throughout You can either create your own club,
Explorer Award
British Science Week. class or school event or search for Each child who takes part in at least
things happening near you. four activities from this pack can get
In developing this pack, we have looked a British Science Week 2019 Explorer
for activities which break down the Last year, there were over 2,700 events Award. To find out more visit
stereotypes surrounding STEM and reaching more than 750,000 people.
promote cross-curricular learning. We Help us make British Science Week
encourage you to use British Science 2019 even bigger and better! Visit
Week as an opportunity to link STEM
to other curriculum subjects and to
your childrens’ own backgrounds, lives
and interests.

2019 marks the 25th anniversary of the project took five years to complete relating to rock layering, tunnels and
opening of the Channel Tunnel, which and involved over 13,000 engineers, signals, and time and speed. Beyond
links Folkestone in Kent with Coquelles, technicians and workers. However, these topics, the Eurotunnel story
Pas-de-Calais in France. its journey started over 100 years involves archaeology, nature and
before that; the first design for a logistics.
In celebration of this special anniversary cross-Channel tunnel was produced in
milestone, Eurotunnel has partnered 1802 and the first attempt at a tunnel We hope that you will enjoy this pack
with the British Science Association on excavation was in 1880. and that it will inspire you and your
British Science Week, to explore the students to find out more about the
theme of ‘journeys’. In 2019, we want to share the making and everyday working of this
knowledge and excitement of this wonder of the modern world. You can
At 37.9km (23.5miles), the Tunnel ambitious engineering project with a download our infographic poster, which
still holds the record for the world’s new generation. The British Science is jam-packed with fascinating facts,
longest under-sea tunnel. The Week activity packs feature activities here:
The theme for this
year’s British Science Tunnel engineers 3
Week is “journeys”, Slippery slopes 4
encouraging young Be seen, be safe 5
people to think about
the different scientific JOURNEYS THROUGH TIME
journeys that happen Dinosaur adaptations 6
every day and how they Make a time capsule 7
can discover science
through their own lives
and experiences. It’s JOURNEYS THROUGH NATURE
a chance for young The Very Hungry Caterpillar 8
people to consider how Make a brain hat 9
journeys can help us
experience more of the POSTER COMPETITION 10
world around us.

Tunnel engineers
About this activity Instructions: Think and talk about:
Have you ever dug a tunnel in the
sand? The Channel Tunnel is dug 1 Prepare four trays: dry sand, Which materials are best for
through rock, deep beneath the wet sand, pebbles and sticks. building with? Why?
English Channel. It took many years
to build it. 2 Look at pictures or examples of Which tools are you using?
different tunnels and talk about
In this activity, children will investigate what they look like and how they are What happens when you add
different materials and tools for made. You could display the pictures more water to the sand?
building and constructing their during the activity for reference.
own tunnel. What material have you used for
3 Explore the materials together. each part of your tunnel and why?
Time Ask the children to make a tunnel
in each tray. Allow them to add What would happen if you put
20 minutes
more water to the wet sand tray to something heavy on top?
see what happens. Talk about the
Kit list different materials and tools they
Play sand used, and how easy or difficult it is
to build with them.
Clean pebbles of different sizes
Clean, splinter-free small 4 Now, using all the materials together,
sticks of different lengths ask them to build a tunnel in one of
and thickness the trays.

Water 5 Children could cover their tunnel with

Various tools: e.g. wooden the blue cloth to represent the sea.
spoon, metal spoon, cup
Blue cloth

Watch out!
Beware of sharp edges on all
tools and materials
Take care when moving
pebbles and heavy trays
Supervise the activity
Mop up any water spills
If sand gets in the
eyes, wash gently
with clean water
– discourage
children from
rubbing their

Slippery slopes
About this activity Instructions: Think and talk about:
In this activity, children compare
the journeys of different household 1 Ask the children to help you make What do you think will happen to
liquids as they move down a slope. three ramps by lifting one end of each liquid?
Which one will be fastest and how will the guttering pieces or planks and
they move? supporting them securely on the box. Which liquid moves down the ramp
the fastest?
Time 2 Place plastic sheeting under the end
of each ramp. Which is the slowest?
20 minutes
3 Carefully pour a different liquid onto Can you describe how it moves and
Kit list the top of each ramp. how it feels?

Three pieces of guttering or 4 Watch the liquids move down the ramps. What other liquids could you try?
smooth planks light enough
for early years students to 5 Encourage the children to describe When it is steeper, does it go quicker
make ramps the way they move, introducing or slower or not make a difference?
A small box to support the vocabulary such as thick, sticky,
ramps slippery, slow and fast.

Different liquid substances, e.g. 6 Allow the children to handle each

syrup, oil, washing-up liquid, liquid and describe how it feels.
water and shaving foam
Thick plastic sheeting 7 Challenge children to find a way to
change the steepness of the ramp.
Cloth, soap and water to clean
hands and clear up spillages
Paper towels

Watch out!
An adult should supervise
this activity
Ensure the ramps are secure
Protect the area around
each ramp
Clean up spillages
Don’t let the
liquids get
into eyes or

Be seen, be safe
About this activity Instructions: Think and talk about:
In this activity, you and your group
will investigate different reflective 1 Introduce the activity using the story What material do you think will be
materials. below about Cosmic and Gem. Ask best at reflecting light?
the children what they think might
Time help them to be seen in the dark. Why do you think it will be better
than the others?
20 minutes
2 Support the children to cut out
different shapes of the materials What other methods can help you be
Kit list they think will be best at reflecting. seen in the dark?
A selection of different
materials, e.g. fabrics, reflector 3 Help the children to attach these Try putting your paper designs in a
armbands, foil, shiny paper, materials to their paper t-shirt. dark place to see which ones stand
black paper, dark/light out best.
coloured objects (you may 4 Get children to test the shininess of
want to ask the children in the materials by using the torch.
advance to bring things that
they think will help them to be
seen in the dark)
A paper version of a black One evening, Cosmic and Gem are
t-shirt (try using black sugar out riding their bikes in their black
paper) tracksuits. Suddenly there’s a loud
A torch knock, rat-a-tat-tat, on the door. Oh
no! It’s a police officer with Gem and
Non-toxic glue Cosmic. They are looking very sheepish.

“I nearly knocked these two off their

bikes,” grumbles the police officer.
“They were riding round, no lights, and
just look at what they are wearing! No
wonder I couldn’t see them.”

Watch out!
Make sure children
are properly
supervised if using

Dinosaur adaptations
About this activity Instructions: Think and talk about:
All living things are adapted to
their environments - this helps them 1 Introduce the children to the topic by What kind of camouflage would your
journey and survive in their natural showing them images of dinosaurs. dinosaur have?
habitat. In this activity, your students Consider making some out of clay
will create creatures and decide what as examples. Why did you give the dinosaur the
environment they would thrive in. adaptations you did?
2 Explain different adaptations, such
Time as wings, claws or flippers. Do you think your dinosaur would be
a herbivore or a carnivore?
20 minutes
3 Get the children to create their own
dinosaurs using the modelling clay.
Kit list
Modelling clay 4 Get the children to draw an image of Next steps:
their dinosaur journeying through the
Modelling tools environment they think it would live in. Find more activities from Okido
Materials to make the habitat magazine at
e.g. sticks, twigs, leaves, rocks
Pictures of dinosaurs

Watch out!
Make sure to supervise
your students when using
modelling tools.
Make sure to use
child-friendly modelling clay

Make a time capsule
About this activity Instructions: Think and talk about:
A lot can change for children in a
year. In this activity, you will make 1 Get the children to write things How much do you think you will
a time capsule to be opened in 12 about themselves on a piece of grow in a year?
months’ time, to see how different paper. Include information such as
things are compared to today. names, ages, height, weight, their Will your favourite subject and food
favourite food, their favourite subject have changed?
Time and anything else.
What else could you put in a time
45 minutes 2 Get children to draw a picture of capsule if you were leaving it for an
themselves with their family or even longer time?
Kit list friends.
A large jar, or plastic container,
3 Children could also draw around
per child
their hand on a piece of paper. Next steps:
Pens 4 Fold all the pieces of paper up and Find more activities from Okido
put them in the jar. magazine at
Colouring pencils or pens
Anything else the children 5 Give the children a piece of string
might want to include in the and a small piece of cardboard and
capsule e.g. a newspaper, get them to write today’s date on it.
toys etc
6 Help the children to attach the string
and cardboard to the jar.

7 Find somewhere to keep

the jars until
next year.

Watch out!
Don’t leave children
with scissors or
glass jars

The Very Hungry
About this activity Instructions:
Follow the journey of The Very Hungry
Caterpillar as it eats its way through 1 Read the story of The Very Hungry
different fruit. Children will create a Caterpillar together.
trail of prints from pieces of cut fruit
exploring the different shapes, size s 2 Ask children to pick out the fruits Think and talk about:
and textures they can make. the caterpillar ate. You are going to
explore the shapes and textures of What shape is the print you
Time the fruits together. have made?
20 minutes
3 Cut some of the fruits in half and Can you make a bigger or
others into sections. Leave whole at smaller print?
Kit list least one piece of each fruit.
The Very Hungry Caterpillar book What could you use to make a
4 Show the children how to dip the round print?
Poster paints fruit into the paint and press it onto
Small trays or pots for paint the paper to make a print. How many ways can you cut
the fruit in half?
Fruit: apples, pears, plums, 5 Let the children explore the different
strawberries, oranges. You shapes, sizes and textures made by Look closely at the prints you
could try using other fruits and the cut fruit. have made; can you see the
vegetables too. You could also seeds and skin of the fruit?
make a hole through each one 6 Supervise children to cut up softer
where the caterpillar has eaten fruit themselves. Help them explore
Knife – for adult use the different ways to cut it to make
different shapes and sizes of print. Next steps:
Suitable knives for children to
cut up softer fruit themselves Children could act out the story of
(optional) The Very Hungry Caterpillar, counting
Plain paper all the things it eats as they go.
for printing

Watch out!
Keep sharp knives out of reach
of children
Children should use special
TM & © 2019 Eric Carle.

knives designed for toddlers to

All rights reserved.

cut up softer fruit

Mop up any paint
spills quickly
Don’t eat any of
the fruit

Brain hats
About this activity Instructions
This activity is designed to get Making the hat
children thinking about how amazing
their brains are. The brain controls 1 Print out identical numbers of left
what we think, do and say. One of and right brain templates from
the ways we use our brains is to
remember things, and we can use You can either print out pre-coloured
stories and songs to help us with brains or let the children colour
remembering. In this activity, the in the different parts of the brain
children will make a brain hat and themselves.
explore how stories can help us to
remember. 2 Carefully cut around the brains,
making sure the children follow the
dotted lines.
3 Glue the triangular flaps to make the
20 minutes
two halves of the brain hats.

Kit list 4 Glue or tape the rectangular flaps

Left brain template and stick the two sides together. Use
some sticky tape to help the two
Right brain template halves stay together.
Colouring pencils or crayons
Memory game Think and talk about:
Safety scissors
Glue/sticky tape 1 Cover the 10 different objects with a How many things from the tray did
tea towel. you remember?
10 everyday objects of your
choice: e.g. stationary, 2 Tell the children they will have 30 Was it easier to remember using
toys or ornaments seconds to look at the objects and a story?
Tea towel try to remember them all. Uncover
the items and start the timer for 30 Can you sing a song that helps you
Timer seconds. remember things?

3 When the time is up, cover the Do you know anyone who forgets
objects. Ask the children to list as things sometimes?
many as they can.
How could you help them to remember?
4 Now, try playing the game again but
this time begin by telling a story that
includes all the objects.
Next steps:
5 Try removing one object from Visit Alzheimer’s Research UK’s
Watch out! the tray and see whether the website to learn more about the
children can work out which object brain and dementia:
Be careful when is missing.
using scissors, as
they may be sharp!

Poster competition
About this activity Instructions:
Get creative and enter the British Research your poster Send us your poster:
Science Association’s annual poster
competition. Your children can make Plan your poster Posters will be judged on creativity,
their poster about whatever type of Ask your children about journeys how well it fits the theme and how well
journey they like and enter our UK- the poster has been made or drawn.
wide competition with the chance to Explore ideas such as: Once the poster is complete, write your
win an array of prizes. Everyday journeys children’s information on the back, fill
in the online registration form, and then
Look out for the paintbrush Journeys of the human body post your entry to us at:
symbol in this pack for Journeys of nature British Science Week Poster Competition,
inspiration for your British Science Association,
posters. 165 Queens Gate,
London, SW7 5HD
Time Make your poster:
20 minutes
It’s time to get creative! The poster
must be: Next steps:
Kit list Celebrate!
Paper (A4 or A3) 2D (flat) – if you make a model, you
For more details, along with the full set
need to just send us a photo of it on
Creative materials, e.g. of rules and tips for educators, check
A4 or A3 paper
pens, pencils, scissors, glue, out our website
watercolours, paint, colouring They can use materials such as paint,
crayons, pipe cleaners, felt, drawing pencils, crayons and paper. activities/poster-competition
thread, wool, foil, string, beads,
stamps, foam or pom poms
N.B. try to avoid using straws or
glitter – these plastics often end up
journeying to the sea and harming