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 1. (a) (i) r = − 2 A1 N1 (ii) u 15 = − 3 ( − 2) 14 (A1) = − 49152 (accept − 49200) A1 N2 (b) (i) 2, 6, 18 A1 N1 (ii) r = 3 A1 N1 (c) Setting up equation (or a sketch) M1 x + 1 2 x 8 + = (or correct sketch with relevant information) A1 x − 3 x + 1 x 2 + 2x + 1 = 2x 2 + 2x − 24 (A1) x 2 = 25 x = 5 or x = − 5 x = − 5 Notes : If “trial and error” is used, work must be documented with several trials shown. Award full marks for a correct answer with this approach. If the work is not documented, award N2 for a correct answer. A1 N2 (d) (i) r = 1 2 A1 N1 (ii) For attempting to use infinite sum formula for a GP (M1) − 8 S = 1 − 1 2 S = − 16 Note: Award M0A0 if candidates use a value of r where r > 1, or r < − 1. A1 N2

[12]

2.

evidence of using binomial expansion

(M1)

3.

eg selecting correct term,

a

8

0

b +

8

1

7

a b

8

2

+

a b 2 +

6

evidence of calculating the factors, in any order

eg 56,

3

3

, − ⎛ ⎜ 8
3

5

2 3

5

,

⎞ ⎛ 2

3

x ⎟ ⎞

3

(

3

) 5

4032x 3 (accept = 4030x 3 to 3 sf)

A1A1A1

A1

(a)

(b)

Note:

Throughout this question, the first and last terms are interchangeable.

For recognizing the arithmetic sequence u 1 = 1, n = 20, u 20 = 20 (u 1 = 1, n = 20, d = 1) Evidence of using sum of an AP

S 20 =

(

)

1 + 20 20

2

(or S =

20

2

(2

1 19 1))

× +

×

(M1)

(A1)

M1

A1

S 20 = 210

AG

Let there be n cans in bottom row

Evidence of using S n = 3240

eg

(

)

1 + n n

2

=

3240 ,

n 2 + n 6480 = 0

n

n

= 80 or n = 81 = 80

n

2

(

2

+

(

n

1

))

=

3240 ,

n

2

(2

n

+

(

n 1)( 1)) 3240

=

(M1)

A1

(A1)

A1

N2

N0

N2

[5]

(c)

(i)

(ii)

Evidence of using S = (

)

1 + n n

2

2S = n 2 + n

n 2 + n 2S = 0

METHOD 1

Substituting S = 2100

eg n 2 + n 4200 = 0,

2100 = (

1 + n

) n

2

(M1)

A1

AG

A1

N0

EITHER

A1

Any valid reason which includes reference to integer being needed, R1

n = 64.3, n = 65.3

4.

(a)

 and pointing out that integer not possible here. R1 eg n must be a (positive) integer, this equation does not have integer solutions. OR Discriminant = 16 801 A1 Valid reason which includes reference to integer being needed, R1 and pointing out that integer not possible here. R1 eg this discriminant is not a perfect square, therefore no integer solution as needed. METHOD 2 Trial and error S 64 = 2080, S 65 = 2145 A1A1 Any valid reason which includes reference to integer being needed, R1 and pointing out that integer not possible here. R1 7 terms A1

N1

N1

N1

N1

[14]

(b) A valid approach

Correct term chosen

Calculating

6

3

=

20 ,

Term is 540x 12

⎛ ⎜ 6

3

(

x

3

)

3

(

3 x

(

3 )

3 = 27

) 3

5. d = 3 evidence of substitution into u n = a + (n 1) d eg u 101 = 2 + 100 × 3 u 101 = 302

(a)

(b) correct approach eg 152 = 2 + (n 1) × 3 correct simplification eg 150 = (n 1) × 3, 50 = n 1, 152 = 1 + 3n n = 51

6.

(a)

(b)

1

5

(i)

(ii)

(0.2)

u

10

1

5

= 25 ⎜ ⎝

9

= 0.0000128

u

n

1

5

= 25 ⎜ ⎝

n 1

1 ⎟ ⎞ , 1.28 10 ,

7

5

5

×

1

78125

 (M1) A1 (A1)(A1) A1 N3 [6] (A1) (M1) A1 N3 (M1) (A1) A1 N2 [6] A1 N1 (M1) A1 N2 A1 N1

7.

(c) For attempting to use infinite sum formula for a GP

(a)

(b)

S =

125 =

4

3, 6, 9

31.25

(

=

31.3

to 3 s f )

(i) Evidence of using the sum of an AP

eg

20

2

2 × 3 +

20

3

n = 1

n = 630

(20 1) 3

− ×

(ii) METHOD 1

100

Correct calculation for

n = 1

3 n

eg

100

2

(2

3 99 3), 15150

× +

×

Evidence of subtraction eg 15150 630

100

n = 21

3 n 14520

=

⎜ ⎛

⎜ ⎜ 1

5

25

1

⎟ ⎟

⎠ ⎠

METHOD 2 Recognising that first term is 63, the number of terms is 80

eg

80

2

(

63

+

)

300 ,

100

n = 21

3 n 14520

=

80

2

(126

+

79 3)

×

 (M1) A1 N2 [6] A1 N1 M1 A1 N1 (A1) (M1) A1 N2 (A1)(A1) A1 N2 [6]
 8. (a) For taking three ratios of consecutive terms 54 = 162 486 ( 3) = 18 = 54 162 hence geometric (b) (i) r = 3 u n = 18 × 3 n − 1 (ii) For a valid attempt to solve 18 × 3 n − 1 = 1062882 eg trial and error, logs n = 11 9. Identifying the required term (seen anywhere)

eg

10

8

⎟ × 2

2

10

8

= 45

4y 2 , 2 × 2, 4 a = 180

 (M1) A1 AG N0 (A1) A1 N2 (M1) A1 N2 [6] M1 (A1) (A2) A2 N4 [6]