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SERVICE MANUAL NO M-075

PAGE 1

DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

FRANK’S INTERNATIONAL, INC.

PIPEWRANGLER
DPT-100 DRILL PIPE TONG

Operation & Maintenance Manual

All materials contained herein, unless noted otherwise, are the copyrighted property of Frank’s
International, Inc., its subsidiaries, affiliated companies and/ or licensors. To reproduce,
republish broadcast, post transmit, modify, distribute or display this work or a portion of material
from this work, you must first obtain written permission from an officer of Frank’s International,
Inc.

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


SERVICE MANUAL NO M-075
PAGE 2

DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

FOREWORD

This manual is intended as a general guide for the installation, operation and servicing of the
PIPEWRANGLER DPT-100 DRILL PIPE TONG.

Before the equipment is put into use, it is recommended that the information contained within
this manual be carefully studied. By following the suggested procedures, the equipment
should give a long, trouble free service life.

The equipment covered by this manual, and information disclosed within, includes features
that are proprietary to FRANK’S INTERNATIONAL and may be covered by one or more
patents. Nothing within this document shall be construed to be a license or permission for the
disclosure of such proprietary information to third parties nor the use of this information for
purposes other than the installation, operation, maintenance, inspection and servicing of the
covered equipment.

Improvements may be made from time to time, therefore the text and illustrations may differ
to some extent with respect to the subject unit of equipment. In any reference to the unit for
which this manual is used, it is essential that the equipment serial number is noted.

Applicability:

This manual applies to equipment with Serial Numbers of the form


__________________ beginning with S.N. __________________

Questions with regard to the covered equipment and/or requests for replacement parts should
be directed to:

FRANK’S INTERNATIONAL – DRILL PIPE TOOL DEPARTMENT


700 E. Verot School Road
Lafayette, LA 70508
USA
Phone: 337-233-0303
Fax: 337-572-2353

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


SERVICE MANUAL NO M-075
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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

REVISION TABLE
PAGE RELEASE
SECTION REMARKS
NO. DATE
ALL ALL 12/14/2004 INITIAL RELEASE

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


SERVICE MANUAL NO M-075
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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SECTION TITLE PAGE

1.0 INTRODUCTION 8

1.1 SPINNER WRENCH 8


1.2 MOVING WRENCH 9
1.2.1 Moving Wrench Controls
1.2.2 Torque Cylinder
1.3 BACK-UP WRENCH 10
1.3.1 Back-Up Wrench Controls
1.4 WINCH 10
1.4.1 Winch Controls
1.5 LIFT CYLINDER 11
1.5.1 Lift Cylinder Controls
1.6 TILT FUNCTION 11
1.6.1 Tilt Controls
1.7 EMERGENCY STOP 11
1.8 DIE HOLDERS 11

2.0 SPECIFICATIONS 12

2.1 DRILL PIPE TONG DIMENSIONS 12


2.2 DRILL PIPE SPINNER WRENCH RANGE 12
2.3 TONG SIZE RANGE 12
2.4 TONG PERFORMANCE 12
2.4.1 Hydraulic Requirements
2.4.2 Air Requirements
2.4.3 Make-Up Torque Rating
2.4.4 Break-Out Torque Rating
2.4.5 Tong Arm Length and Rotation
2.5 LIFT CYLINDER 13

3.0 INSTALLATION & OPERATION 14

3.1 INTRODUCTION 14
3.2 PRE-RIG-UP CHECK 14
3.3 RIG-UP 14
3.4 FUNCTION TEST 15
3.5 CONNECTION MAKE-UP 15
3.5.1 Preparation
“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”
SERVICE MANUAL NO M-075
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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

SECTION TITLE PAGE

3.5.2 Make-Up Procedure


3.6 CONNECTION BREAK-OUT 17
3.6.1 Preparation
3.6.2 Break-Out Procedure
3.7 SAFETY 18
3.7.1 General
3.7.2 Operational Safety

4.0 MAINTENANCE 19

4.1 INTRODUCTION 19
4.2 BEFORE EACH JOB 19
4.2.1 Certification
4.2.2 Checks
4.3 AFTER EACH JOB 19
4.3.1 Cleaning
4.3.2 Inspection
4.3.3 Lubrication
4.4 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 21
4.4.1 Spinner Wrench
4.4.2 Moving Wrench
4.4.3 Back-Up Wrench
4.4.4 Hanging Arm
4.4.5 Hydraulic – Pneumatic System
4.5 TORQUE GAUGE CHECKS 23
4.5.1 Torque Vs Pressure Table

5.0 SERVICING PROCEDURES 24

5.1 INTRODUCTION 24
5.2 SPINNER WRENCH 24
5.2.1 Motors
5.2.2 Flange Bearings
5.2.3 Rollers
5.2.4 Grip Cylinder
5.2.5 Case / Spinner Wrench Assembly
5.2.6 Mount Pin
5.2.7 Mount Tube
5.3 MOVING WRENCH 26
5.3.1 Dies and Die Holders
“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”
SERVICE MANUAL NO M-075
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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

SECTION TITLE PAGE

5.3.2 Die Holder Backups and Top Grip Cylinders


5.3.3 Retainer Bolt
5.3.4 Cam Follower Bearings
5.3.5 Torque Arm
5.3.6 Torque Cylinder
5.4 BACK-UP WRENCH 27
5.4.1 Dies and Die Holders
5.4.2 Die Holder Backups and Bottom Grip Cylinders
5.4.3 Pipe Stop
5.5 HANGING ARM 28
5.5.1 Balance Screw and “D”-Ring
5.5.2 Hanging Arm Pivot Pin
5.5.3 Tilt Cylinder
5.5.4 Hose Hanger
5.6 HYDRAULIC-PNEUMATIC SYSTEM 29
5.6.1 Main Manifold
5.6.2 Control Handles
5.6.3 Flow Divider Assembly
5.7 TROUBLESHOOTING 31
5.8 PORT OPERATION 35
5.9 MAINTENANCE CHECKLIST 37

6.0 DRAWINGS AND PARTS LISTS 39

6.1 ASSEMBLY DRAWING 2698C-201 39


6.2 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-201 40
6.3 ASSEMBLY DRAWING 2698C-202 41
6.4 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-202 42
6.5 ASSEMBLY DRAWING 2698C-203 43
6.6 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-203 44
6.7 ASSEMBLY DRAWING 2698C-204 45
6.8 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-204 46
6.9 ASSEMBLY DRAWING 2698C-205 47
6.10 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-205 48
6.11 ASSEMBLY DRAWING 2698C-206 49
6.12 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-206 50
6.13 ASSEMBLY DRAWING 2698C-207 51
6.14 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-207 52
6.15 ASSEMBLY DRAWING 2698C-208 53
6.16 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-208 54
“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”
SERVICE MANUAL NO M-075
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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

SECTION TITLE PAGE

6.17 ASSEMBLY DRAWING 2698C-209 55


6.18 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-209 56
6.19 ASSEMBLY DRAWING 2698C-210 57
6.20 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-210 58
6.21 SCHEMATIC DRAWING 2698C-211 59
6.22 SCHEMATIC DRAWING 2698C-212 60
6.23 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-212 61
6.24 SCHEMATIC DRAWING 2698C-213 62
6.25 SCHEMATIC DRAWING 2698C-214 63
6.26 MANIFOLD VALVE LOCATIONS 2698C-215 64
6.27 MANIFOLD VALVE LOCATIONS 2698C-216 65
6.28 MANIFOLD VALVE LOCATIONS 2698C-217 66
6.29 ASSEMBLY DRAWING 2698C-218 67
6.30 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-218 68
6.31 ASSEMBLY DRAWING 2698C-219 69
6.32 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-219 70
6.33 SCHEMATIC DRAWING 2698C-220 71

7.0 RECOMMENDED SPARE AND REPLACEMENT PARTS LISTS 72

7.1 RECOMMENDED SPARE PARTS LIST 72

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


SERVICE MANUAL NO M-075
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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

1.0 INTRODUCTION

The DPT-100 is a drill pipe tong designed to make-up and break-out drill pipe and drill
collars on the rig floor. The combined system of Spinner Wrench, Moving Wrench and
Back-up Wrench provides a fully integrated make-up/break-out tool. It eliminates the
use of individual rig tongs together with associated hanging lines, snublines, etc. It
therefore provides a safer rig floor environment as well as removing the torque
measurement errors caused by incorrect snubline angles.

The Spinner Wrench, attached to the top of the tong removes the need for a separate
tool for spinning up drill pipe and accessories. The Back-Up Wrench backs up the
Spinner when working.

Controls to operate the tong are arranged in a control box mounted on the left-hand
side above the Moving Wrench (Left Control Handle) whilst a Torque Gauge and Torque
Limiter Valve are sited on the right hand side (Right Control Handle).

Adjustment of hydraulic pressures and speed of all cylinder operations in both extension
and retraction are regulated by individual pressure relief and flow control valves located
in the Main Manifold.

1.1 SPINNER WRENCH

The Spinner Wrench is a Frank’s Drill Pipe Spinner modified to mount onto and is
controlled by the DPT-100 Drill Pipe Tong.
Power is provided by three hydraulic motors. Each motor drives a composite
roller whilst a grip cylinder maintains contact roller pressure onto the pipe.
The process of first gripping and then spinning is controlled by an adjustable
sequence valve located in the Main Manifold. The operation of the Spinner
Wrench is activated by the Spin Button and direction of the Spinner motors
controlled by a Make/Break button.
Speed of the Spinner Wrench Motors is determined by the flow from the
hydraulic power unit. There is no speed adjustment.
Speed of the Spinner Grip Cylinder is controlled by an adjustable flow control
valve for each of the closing and opening functions.
The spring in the spinner mount allows for vertical movement of the Spinner
Wrench during spin in or spin out of the drill pipe and accessories.

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


SERVICE MANUAL NO M-075
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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

1.2 MOVING WRENCH

The Moving Wrench is located on top of the Back-Up Wrench. It is a welded


assembly containing Top Grip Cylinders, Die Holder Backups, Die Holders and
Dies and attached by a Torque Arm to the Torque cylinder.

1.2.1 Moving Wrench Controls

Operation of the Top Grip Cylinders and Torque Cylinder is controlled by


the Torque Button on the Left Control Handle.
An adjustable sequence valve controls the closing of the Top Grip
Cylinders and operation of the Torque Cylinder. Grip pressure is
determined by adjustment of hydraulic pressure relief valves to the Top
Grip Cylinders whilst adjustable flow control valves to the rod and piston
of these cylinders determine speed of open/close operations. Maximum
flow to these valves is 12 GPM.

NOTE: The Top Grip Cylinders maintain a hold on the connection by a


counterbalance valve, which keeps constant pressure on the piston. The
valve will not allow the dies to release from the connection if there is a
momentary drop in pressure, such as when the Torque Cylinder operates.

1.2.2 Torque Cylinder

The required torque value is set by the Torque Limiter Valve in the Right
Control Handle. This provides infinite adjustment of the hydraulic
pressure limit of the Torque Cylinder from zero to maximum. Once set,
the same torque can be repeated for each connection.

NOTE: The speed of the Moving Wrench will be influenced by the Torque
Limiter Valve adjustment - the lower the torque value setting, the slower
the operation of the cylinder.

Correct orientation of the Torque Cylinder is controlled by the Make/Break


Button and Torque Arm Pin. The Torque Arm must be placed in the
correct orientation prior to operation.

1.3 BACK-UP WRENCH

The Back-Up Wrench is located under the Moving Wrench. It is a welded


assembly, which includes the frame of the DPT-100. It contains the Bottom Grip
Cylinders, Die Holder Backups, Die Holders and Dies. During operation, the
“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”
SERVICE MANUAL NO M-075
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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

Back-up Wrench provides the anchor for the Spinner Wrench and the Moving
Wrench.

1.3.1 Back-Up Wrench Controls

Operation of the Bottom Grip Cylinders is controlled by the Back-Up


button. Grip pressure is determined by the adjustment of hydraulic
pressure relief valves to the cylinders. Adjustable flow control valves to
the rod and piston of the cylinders control speed of open/close operations.

NOTE: Whilst the Spin button is depressed, the hydraulic pressure


supplied to the Bottom Grip Cylinders is reduced to 65 PSI. This is
needed to assure minimum interference between the box and pin threads
of the connection whilst spinning the tubular.

1.4 WINCH

The DPT-100 is fitted with a winch to pull the tool away from the rotary table
when work is completed. The Winch is located on the back of the Cylinder under
the Main Manifold mount.

1.4.1 Winch Controls

Power is provided by a hydraulic motor and operation is controlled by a


proportional Joystick No. 1.
Hydraulic pressure is controlled by an adjustable pressure relief valve in
the Main Manifold.
Speed of the Winch Motor is controlled by two adjustable flow control
valves for both the Winch In and Winch Out functions.

1.5 LIFT CYLINDER

The DPT-100 is supplied with a double-acting Lift Cylinder to raise and lower the
entire tong.

1.5.1 Lift Cylinder Controls

The operation of the Lift Cylinder is controlled by a proportional control


Joystick No. 2 on the Left Control Handle.
Hydraulic pressure is controlled by an adjustable pressure relief valve in
the Main Manifold.

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


SERVICE MANUAL NO M-075
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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

Speed of the Cylinder is controlled by two adjustable flow control valves in


the Main Manifold for Lift Up and Lift Down functions.

1.6 TILT FUNCTION

A double-acting Tilt Cylinder is provided to level the tool in relation to the


connection being worked. The Cylinder is located on the back of the Hanging
Arm and in front of the Main Manifold mount.

1.6.1 Tilt Controls

The operation of the Tilt Cylinder is controlled by proportional control


Joystick No. 2 on the Left Control Handle.
Hydraulic pressure for the Cylinder is controlled by an adjustable pressure-
reducing, relief valve in the Main Manifold.
Speed of the Tilt Forward and Tilt Back functions is adjusted by two flow
control valves.

1.7 EMERGENCY STOP

The DPT-100 is equipped with an Emergency Stop Function on the Left Control
Handle.
This button, except for those functions that are equipped with a pilot-operated
check valve, diverts all hydraulic fluid back to the hydraulic power unit.

1.8 DIE HOLDERS

The Die Holders for the DPT-100 are available in two different styles. Both styles
fit on the same Die Holder Backup.
It is recommended that the same style of Die Holder is used for the entire tool.

Style I
Accommodates a single contour die (FCC #80822).
Size: 0.500 x 2.352 x 3.860 in.

Style II
Accommodates two standard, flat tong dies (FCC #60046).
Size: 0.500 x 1.250 x 3.875 in.

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


SERVICE MANUAL NO M-075
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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

2.0 SPECIFICATIONS

2.1 DRILL PIPE TONG DIMENSIONS

Length: 69”
Width: 64”
Overall height to top of D-ring: 97”
Weight: 5,400 lbs.

2.2 DRILL PIPE SPINNER WRENCH RANGE

All drill pipe tubulars with actual OD of 2 7/8 to 11”.

2.3 TONG SIZE RANGE

All drill pipe tubulars and accessories with actual OD of 3 1/2 to 10 1/8”.

2.4 TONG PERFORMANCE

2.4.1 Hydraulic Requirements

Maximum Flow 35 GPM


Recommended Flow 34 GPM
Maximum Pressure 3000 PSI
Recommended Pressure 2800 PSI

2.4.2 Air Requirements

Maximum Flow 4 CFM


Recommended Flow N/A
Maximum Pressure 150 PSI
Recommended Pressure 90 PSI

2.4.3 Make-Up Torque Rating

Maximum Torque at 2800 PSI 92,000 ft-lbs


Maximum Torque at 3000 PSI 100,000 ft-lbs

2.4.4 Break-Out Torque Rating

Maximum Torque at 2800 PSI 133,000 ft-lbs


Maximum Torque at 3000 PSI 143,000 ft-lbs
“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”
SERVICE MANUAL NO M-075
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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

2.4.5 Tong Arm Length and Rotation

Tong Arm Length 36”


Maximum Rotation 45 degrees

2.5 LIFT CYLINDER

Length-Retracted: 86”
Length-Extended: 158”
Weight: 95 lbs

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


SERVICE MANUAL NO M-075
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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

3.0 INSTALLATION AND OPERATION

3.1 INTRODUCTION

The combined DPT-100 system of Moving Wrench, Back-Up Wrench and Spinner
Wrench provides a fully integrated make-up/break-out tool for drill pipe tubulars
and accessories.

This DPT-100 was designed to be attached by a hanging cable to the crown of


the derrick.

3.2 PRE-RIG-UP CHECK

Prior to installation of the DPT-100 drill pipe tong, the following should be
checked and assembled:

1. Install a 3/4” hanging cable (eye to eye) to an appropriately sized (17-ton or


larger) certified padeye in the crown of the derrick. The padeye needs to be
located as close to the center of the crown as possible. The further the
padeye is from the center, the more manpower will be needed to get the
DPT-100 into position at the rotary table. The lower eye of the hanging cable
needs to be approximately 20 ft. above the drill floor.
2. Install Air Filter Extractor (FCC #50461) and air hose to be used for the DPT-
100. Inspect air filter elements and replace as necessary.
3. Inspect hydraulic filter element on DPT-100. Replace as necessary.
4. Inspect the dies and the spinner rollers to guarantee that they are in good
condition. Replace as necessary.
5. Inspect all hoses, fittings, bolts and nuts to be sure that none have come
loose. Repair as necessary.
6. Inspect the condition of the winch hook and cable. Replace as necessary.

3.3 RIG-UP

Once the Pre-Rig-Up Check is completed, move the DPT-100 to the drill floor.
The DPT-100 should only be lifted by the “D”-ring on the hanger arm assembly.

1. Connect the Lift Cylinder piston-end clevis to the “D”-ring on the hanging arm
assembly using suitable 3/4” bolt-type anchor shackles (4 3/4 ton SWL) (FCC
#60146). The “D”-ring should be placed in the center of the balance screw in
preparation of lifting the DPT-100 to be level.
2. Attach the Lift Cylinder rod-end clevis to the Swivel (5-ton SWL)
(FCC #60216).
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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

3. Attach the Swivel to the lower eye of the hanging cable using suitable 3/4”
bolt-type anchor shackle (4 3/4 ton SWL) (FCC #60146).
4. Connect the hydraulic lines from the DPT-100 to the Lift Cylinder.
5. Connect the pressure and return lines from the DPT-100 to the hydraulic
power supply. For hydraulic requirements, see Section 2 of this manual.
6. Connect the DPT-100 air supply line to air hose to the rig air supply. For air
requirements, see Section 2.0 of this manual.
7. Attach the Winch Hook and Cable to the derrick leg.

3.4 FUNCTION TEST

Prior to dispatch of equipment for operational purposes, a full function check


should be undertaken on the DPT-100 to verify satisfactory operation. Systems
to check should include but not limited to:

1. Lift Cylinder operation


2. Back-Up Wrench operation
3. Spinner operation
4. Moving Wrench operation
5. Tilt operation
6. Winch operation
7. Torque Gauge operation
a) Make-Up
b) Break-Out

Should adjustments be necessary to the speed or sequence of the above


operations, it is necessary to do this prior to dispatch. All of the settings can be
adjusted in the field, make sure that the proper procedures are followed. See
Troubleshooting section 5.7 of this manual for problems with function checks.

3.5 CONNECTION MAKE-UP

3.5.1 Preparation

1. Check for satisfactory installation of the Winch Hook and Cable on the
derrick leg or other suitable support.
2. Start hydraulic power unit and check for leaks.
3. Check that all quick connectors are fully engaged to ensure full flow of the
hydraulic fluid.
4. Check that system pressure and flow are at the correct settings.
5. Pull E-Stop Button on Left Control Handle.
6. Lift the tool off the drill floor.
“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”
SERVICE MANUAL NO M-075
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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

7. Move the tool in to the first connection.


8. Adjust the Lift Cylinder so the tool is in the proper vertical position.
9. Check that the tool is hanging level (side to side). Adjust “D”-ring on
balance screw as necessary.
10. Check that the tool is hanging level (front to back). Use Tilt function to
adjust level.
11. Remove pin from pipe stop handle and move to maximum size.
12. Move the tool so that the connection is centered on the dies.
13. Push Back-Up Button on Left Control Handle to grip on the connection.
14. Move pipe stop to connection until it stops and pin in place. If between
holes, go back to first available hole.

NOTE: If the size of the connections change follow steps 11 – 14 to reset the
pipe stop to the correct size.

15. Pull out the Back-Up Button on the Left Hand Control Handle to release
grip on the connection.

If Torque Arm is not in the ‘Make’ position, use the following steps:

a) Completely remove Torque Arm Pin from the ‘Break’ hole in the Moving
Wrench.
b) Put Make/Break Button on Left Control Handle in the ‘Make’ position.
c) Once the Torque Cylinder has stopped moving, install the Torque Arm Pin
through the ‘Make’ hole in the Moving Wrench. Check to be sure that the
pin is fully inserted.

3.5.2 Make-Up Procedure

For correct make-up of a connection, the following procedure must be


adopted:

1. Check that the Moving Wrench and Make/Break Button are in the correct
position for make-up.
2. Make any vertical adjustments to the tool in relation to the connection
using the Lift Cylinder.
3. Activate the Back-Up Wrench by pushing in the Back-Up Button on the
Left Control Handle.
4. Press and hold the Spin Button on the Left Control Handle to spin up the
connection. Release the Spin Button.
5. Start with the Torque Limiter on the Right Control Handle screwed all the
way out, and then increase torque (screw knob in) to correct setting.
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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

6. Press and hold the Torque Button


7. If Torque Cylinder strokes completely, release Torque Button and repeat
Step 5 and 6 again. After achieving correct torque on connection, release
Torque Button.
8. Release the Back-Up Wrench from the connection by pulling out the Back-
Up Button.
9. Set the tool back from the connection using the Winch.
10. Press E-Stop Button.

3.6 CONNECTION BREAK-OUT

3.6.1 Preparation

Follow the same procedure as Section 3.5.1, steps 1 – 15. Then do the
following:

16. If Torque Arm is not in the ‘Break’ position, use the following steps:

a) Completely remove Torque Arm Pin from the ‘Make’ hole in the Moving
Wrench.
b) Put Make/Break Button on Left Control Handle in the ‘Break’ position.
c) Once the Torque Cylinder has stopped moving, install the Torque Arm
Pin through the ‘Break’ hole in the Moving Wrench. Check to be sure
that the pin is fully inserted.

3.6.2 Break-Out Procedure

For correct break-out of a connection, the following procedure must be


adopted:

1. Check that the Moving Wrench and Make/Break Button is in the correct
position for break-out.
2. Make any vertical adjustments to the tool in relation to the connection
using the Lift Cylinder.
3. Activate the Back-Up Wrench by pushing in the Back-Up Button on the
Left Control Handle.
4. Press and hold the Torque Button for one full stroke of the Torque
Cylinder, then release.
5. Press and hold the Spin Button on the Left Control Handle to spin out
the connection. If the connection does not spin, follow step 4 again.
6. Release the Spin Button.

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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

7. Release the Back-Up Wrench from the connection by pulling out the
Back-Up Button.
8. Set the tool back from the connection using the Winch.
9. Press E-Stop Button.

3.7 SAFETY

3.7.1 General

This equipment must be operated with utmost caution at all times.


Precautions should be taken to protect rig personnel while the equipment
is in use. Particular care should be exercised to keep limbs and hands
away from moving parts of the equipment.

3.7.2 Operational Safety

The following points must be observed prior to, during and after operation
of this equipment:

1. Do not undertake any adjustments to the equipment while the tong is


operating.
2. Check for adequacy and security of both hanging and winch lines for
the equipment. Avoid mounting lines against sharp corners.
3. Check for integrity of hydraulic system and all flexible hoses.
4. Do not attempt to engage tool on tubulars and connections outside the
stated limitations.
5. Check for security of all fasteners, hoses and fittings.

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

4.0 MAINTENANCE

4.1 INTRODUCTION

A full description of maintenance and repair of the Drill Pipe Spinner is provided in the
Frank’s International operations and maintenance manual M-077. The relevant
instructions covering routine maintenance in connection with the DPT-100 is included in
this section of the manual.

4.2 BEFORE EACH JOB

4.2.1 Certification

Check for validity of applicable certification for load bearing parts of the
equipment package. Items to be considered but not limited to lifting
points and slings for equipment transportation skid.

4.2.2 Checks

In addition to the above item, the following should be checked for wear
and damage and repaired/replaced as necessary:

1. Overall visual inspection of the entire tool.


2. Check all Buttons and Joysticks for function.
3. Check Spinner Wrench Rollers.
4. Check Dies.
5. Check Die Holders.
6. Check Pipe Stop.
7. Inspect level of oil in Winch, replenish or replace as necessary.
8. Check entire hydraulic and air system for leaks and loose hoses and
fittings.
9. Check entire tool for loose fasteners, tighten as necessary.

4.3 AFTER EACH JOB

4.3.1 Cleaning

The complete exterior of all the equipment should be thoroughly steam -


cleaned to remove all operational debris. The die holders and dies should
be removed and cleaned separately.

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


SERVICE MANUAL NO M-075
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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

4.3.2 Inspection

After a thorough cleaning of the equipment, the following inspections


should be performed to assess wear and/or damage:

1. Hydraulic couplings for signs of damage or leaks.


2. Hydraulic pipe work for leaks.
3. Flexible hydraulic and air hoses for leaks and loose
connections/fittings.
4. Spinner Wrench Rollers and Flange Bearings for wear and damage.
5. Spinner Mount and Spinner Spring for wear and damage.
6. All Buttons and Joysticks for function and damage.
7. Dies for wear and damage.
8. Die Holders and Die Holder Backups for wear and damage.
9. Torque Cylinder Tube and Mount for wear and damage.
10. Torque Cylinder Rod, Torque Cylinder Rod Pin and Safety Clip for wear
and damage.
11. Pipe Stop, Pipe Stop Handle and Safety Pin for wear and damage.
12. Remove side covers and inspect Top and Bottom Grip Cylinders and
Cylinder Mount Pins for wear. Reinstall side covers when complete.
13. Main Manifold Cover for deformation.
14. Frame Assembly for cracks and deformation.
15. Winch oil level.
16. Entire tool for loose fasteners.

4.3.3 Lubrication

NOTE: Unless otherwise specified below, use good quality lithium-based


bearing grease.

1. After inspection, the back of the Dies and slot of the Die Holders
should be coated with a thin layer of Never-Seize or copper-based
anti-seize compound.

2. The Back-up Wrench - Grip Cylinders should be extended and a


generous amount of grease applied to the Die Holder Backups.

3. The Moving Wrench - Grip Cylinders should be extended and a


generous amount of grease applied to the Die Holder Backups.

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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

4. The Die Holders should be removed from the Die Holder Backup and a
generous amount of grease applied to the Die Holder Backup where
they contact the Die Holder.

5. With air only to the tool, pull the E-Stop Button and put the
Make/Break Button in the ‘Make’ position. Apply a generous amount of
grease around the shaft of the Spinner Mount and use a grease gun to
load grease into the Spinner Mount Tube (vertical tube with slot).
Push E-Stop when done.

6. Use a grease gun to lubricate the following grease zerks provided:

a) Spinner Roller Flange Bearings


b) Spinner Grip Cylinder Mounts
c) Tilt Cylinder Mounts
d) Hanging Arm Pin
e) Torque Cylinder Mounts
f) Make-Up Wrench – Grip Cylinder Mounts (Remove side covers to
access)
g) Back-Up Wrench – Grip Cylinder Mounts (Remove side covers to
access)
h) Winch Cable Guides

4.4 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE

In addition to the between job cleaning and lubrication already detailed, it is


necessary to maintain the equipment to greater depth periodically. The precise
period at which these tasks should be performed is not possible to fully define
owing to the varied usage and conditions to which the equipment is exposed.
Experience and opportunity should provide the basis for establishing a timetable.

Items to be checked for wear and/or damage should include but not be limited
to the following, repair and/or replace as necessary:

4.4.1 Spinner Wrench

1. Inspect Spinner Wrench Rollers.


2. Inspect Spinner Wrench Flange Bearings.
3. Check contact between Spinner Wrench Rollers and Square Drive
Shafts.
4. Inspect Spinner Wrench Grip Cylinder.
5. Check Spinner Wrench Case Halves for deformation.
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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

6. Check Spinner Wrench Pivot Pin for deformation.


7. Check Spinner Wrench Motors for leaks.
8. Check Spinner Wrench Motor Shaft Key.
9. Check Spinner Mount Pin for deformation.
10. Check Spinner Mount Base for deformation.

4.4.2 Moving Wrench

1. Check Moving Wrench Body and Side Covers for deformation.


a. Inspect all holes for pins and bolts.
b. Inspect guides for Die Holder Backups.
2. Inspect Dies.
3. Inspect Die Holders.
4. Inspect Die Holder Backups.
5. Inspect Top Grip Cylinders.
6. Inspect Torque Arm for deformation.
7. Inspect Moving Wrench retainer bolt.
8. Inspect Torque Arm pin.
9. Inspect Moving Wrench cam followers.
10. Inspect Torque Cylinder and Rod pin.
11. Inspect Torque Cylinder mount.

4.4.3 Back-Up Wrench

1. Check Back-Up Wrench and Side Covers for deformation.


a. Inspect all holes for pins and bolts.
b. Inspect guides for Die Holder Backups.
2. Inspect Dies.
3. Inspect Die Holders.
4. Inspect Die Holder Backups.
5. Inspect Bottom Grip Cylinders.
6. Inspect tube frame for deformation.

4.4.4 Hanging Arm

1. Inspect entire Hanging Arm and Mount System for deformation.


2. Inspect “D”-Ring.
3. Inspect Balance Screw.
4. Inspect Hose Hanger and hoses.

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4.4.5 Hydraulic – Pneumatic System

1. Check overall system for leaks.


2. Check the condition of all hoses and check for loose or worn hoses.
3. Check all fittings and connectors are tight.
4. Check Main Manifold for leaks (air and hydraulic) and damage.
5. Check Control Handles for leaks (air and hydraulic).
6. Check all valves, cylinders and motors for leaks.
7. Check Buttons, Joysticks and Torque Limiter on Control Handle for
functionality.
8. Check certification of Torque Gauge, if necessary, get certification.

4.5 TORQUE GAUGE CHECKS

Should the torque gauge accuracy or function require checking while in the field,
the following procedure can be adopted to determine accuracy:

1. Check that the gauge damping screw is fully out.


2. Connect a 3000 psi pressure gauge to the torque gauge connection.
3. Activate the torque grip button.
4. Use the table below to check the expected torque reading against pressure
on the test gauge.

4.5.1 Torque vs Pressure Table

Torque Convert to Pressure


Ft/Lbs. Inch/Lbs Lbs.
(36” arm) (11 sq.in.)
25,000 300,000 757.9
50,000 600,000 1,515.8
75,000 90,000 2,273.6
100,000 1,200,000 3,031.5

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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

5.0 SERVICING PROCEDURES

5.1 INTRODUCTION

The procedures detailed in this section are designed to assist with the routine servicing
of the DPT-100 drill pipe tong as specified in Section 4 of this manual.
Appropriate information regarding servicing of the equipment is included in this section
of the manual and should be read in conjunction with the drawings and parts lists
located in Section 6.

Important Note: Whenever fitting replacement parts to the equipment, always ensure
that original Frank’s supplied components are fitted as the majority of items have been
designed and selected to suit their specific duty requirements.

5.2 SPINNER WRENCH

Periodically, dependent upon usage, inspect all areas for excessive wear, damage
or free play. Pay particular attention to all pins and pivot positions. Section 6 of
this manual contains all relevant assembly drawings and parts lists to assist with
disassembly of equipment and identification of replacement parts.

5.2.1 Motors

The Spinner Wrench Motors are located on the top of the case assembly
and are bolted via adapter plates to the Top Flange Bearings. Whilst the
motor is removed, the Top Flange bearings should be checked for wear
and free play. A repair kit for the motors are available as a spare parts
item.

5.2.2 Flange Bearings

The Spinner Wrench Flange Bearings are located on the top and bottom of
the case assembly. The Top Flange Bearings are located under the
Spinner Wrench Motor adapter plate and the Bottom Flange Bearings
bolted to the bottom of the case assembly.

5.2.3 Rollers

The Spinner Wrench Rollers are located in the case assembly on a square-
drive shaft. To replace the rollers loosen the Allen screws that hold the
Spinner Bottom Flange Bearings to the square-drive shaft. Remove the
Spinner Wrench Motor, adapter plate and Top Flange Bearing. The
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square-drive shaft will then slide out the top of the case, leaving the roller
loose inside the case assembly. When replacing the front roller on the
double roller side, the drive shaft for the rear roller must be removed first
to allow the front roller to come out of the case.

5.2.4 Grip Cylinder

The Spinner Wrench Grip Cylinder is located inside the case assembly
behind the rollers and is held in place by two pins and located on the top
of the case assembly. Remove the hoses from both ends and inspect the
cylinder rod for signs of damage or leaky seals. A repair kit for this
cylinder is available as a spare parts item.

5.2.5 Spinner Wrench Case Assembly

The Spinner Wrench Case Assembly is located on the top of the DPT-100
on a Spinner Wrench Mount Pin. To remove, pull the safety pin from the
top of the Spinner Wrench Pivot Pin, located at the rear of the case
assembly. Please note that hydraulic hoses should be disconnected /
removed prior to lifting. Lift both cases up and off of the Spinner Wrench
Pivot Pin together. Inspect case assembly for damage or deformation.
Inspect all holes and threads for excessive wear or deformation.

The entire Spinner Wrench Assembly can be removed down to the Spinner
Wrench Mount Pin by removing the bolt through the Spinner Wrench
Mount Pin and Spinner Wrench Mount Tube. Please note that hydraulic
hoses should be disconnected / removed prior to lifting. Lift the whole
assembly as one part.

5.2.6 Mount Pin

The Spinner Wrench Mount Pin is located below the Spinner Wrench and
travels inside the Spinner Wrench Mount Tube. After removal of the
Spinner Wrench Case Assembly, remove the bolt through the Spinner
Wrench Mount Pin and Spinner Wrench Mount Tube. Lift the Spinner
Wrench Mount Pin out of the Tube. Inspect the pin for damage.

5.2.7 Mount Tube

After removal of the Entire Spinner Wrench or Spinner Wrench Mount Pin,
remove the Spinner Wrench Mount Tube from the welded frame by

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removing the bolt at the base of the tube. Inspect internal bore of the
tube and slot for damage or excessive wear.
5.3 MOVING WRENCH

Periodically, dependent upon usage, inspect all areas for excessive wear, damage
or free play. Pay particular attention to all pins and pivot positions.

5.3.1 Dies and Die Holders

Dies and Die Holders are removed after completely extending the Top
Grip Cylinder. Press the ‘Torque’ Button while not on a connection and
either push the ‘E-Stop’ Button or shut down the hydraulic power unit to
keep extended. Remove the Die from the Die Holder by removing either
the top or bottom die retainer screw. Inspect the dies and die holders for
damage or excessive wear.

5.3.2 Die Holder Backups and Top Grip Cylinders

After removing the Die Holders, remove the Moving Wrench side covers
and Top Grip Cylinder Pin. Disconnect the hydraulic hoses to the Top Grip
Cylinder. Pull the Top Grip Cylinder and Die Holder Backup through the
side cover opening. Remove the Die Holder Backup from the Top Grip
Cylinder and inspect the cylinder rod for signs of damage or leaky seals.
A repair kit for this cylinder is available as a spare parts item. Inspect Die
Holder Backup for excessive wear or damage.

5.3.3 Retainer Bolt

The moving Wrench Retainer Bolt is located inside the rear of the case of
the Moving Wrench and Back-Up Wrench. To access the top of the bolt,
remove the Moving Wrench front cover. To access the bottom of the bolt,
remove the rear side covers on the Back-Up Wrench. Inspect the bolt and
nut for excessive wear or damage.

5.3.4 Cam Follower Bearings

The Moving Wrench cam follower bearings are located behind the Moving
Wrench and ride on a cam on the Back-Up Wrench. Remove the nut from
the top of the bearing. Inspect bearing for excessive wear and damage.

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5.3.5 Torque Arm

The Torque Arm is attached to the rear of the Moving Wrench. Remove
both pins and the Torque Cylinder Rod Pin. Inspect the Torque Arm for
deformation or damage. Inspect all holes and pins for excessive wear or
deformation.

5.3.6 Torque Cylinder

The Torque Cylinder is located at the rear of the tool above the Winch and
below the Main Manifold Mount. The Torque Cylinder is removed by first
detaching the Torque Cylinder Mount. Disconnect the hydraulic hoses
from the Torque Cylinder and inspect the cylinder rod for signs of damage
or leaky seals. A repair kit for this cylinder is available as a spare parts
item.

5.4 BACK-UP WRENCH

Periodically, dependent upon usage, inspect all areas for excessive wear, damage
or free play. Pay particular attention to all pins and pivot positions.

5.4.1 Dies and Die Holders

Dies and Die Holders are removed after completely extending the Bottom
Grip Cylinder. Press the ‘Back-Up’ Button while not on a connection and
either push the ‘E-Stop’ Button or shut down the hydraulic power unit to
keep extended. Remove the Die from the Die Holder by removing either
the top or bottom die retainer screw. Inspect the Dies and Die Holders
for damage or excessive wear.

5.4.2 Die Holder Backups and Bottom Grip Cylinders

After removing the Die Holders, remove the Back-Up Wrench side covers
and Bottom Grip Cylinder Pin. Disconnect the hydraulic hoses to the
Bottom Grip Cylinder. Pull the Bottom Grip Cylinder and Die Holder
Backup through the side cover opening. Remove the Die Holder Backup
from the Bottom Grip Cylinder and inspect the cylinder rod for signs of
damage or leaky seals. A repair kit for this cylinder is available as a spare
parts item. Inspect Die Holder Backup for excessive wear or damage.

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5.4.3 Pipe Stop

The Pipe Stop is located inside the case of the Back-Up Wrench assembly
and is accessed through the front and rear Side Covers of the Back-Up
Wrench. Remove bolts, Pipe Stop Safety Pin and Pipe Stop Handle, and
then slide bars out. Inspect for excessive wear and deformation.

5.5 HANGING ARM

Periodically, dependent upon usage, inspect all areas for excessive wear, damage
or free play. Pay particular attention to all pins and pivot positions.

5.5.1 Balance Screw and “D”-Ring

The Balance Screw and “D”-Ring are located at the top of the Hanging
Arm. Remove by unfastening the bolt and nut that go through the
Balance Screw. Inspect for excessive wear and damage.

5.5.2 Hanging Arm Pivot Pin

The Hanging Arm Pivot Pin is located at the bottom of the Hanging Arm.
Support the Hanging Arm prior to removing Pivot Pin. The Pivot Pin is
removed by taking out the safety pin. Inspect for excessive wear and
damage.

5.5.3 Tilt Cylinder

The Tilt Cylinder is located at the bottom of the Hanging Arm at the rear.
The Tilt Cylinder is removed by pulling the pins on both ends of the
cylinder and removing the hydraulic lines. Inspect the cylinder rod for
signs of damage and leaky seals. A repair kit for this cylinder is available
as a spare parts item.

5.5.4 Hose Hanger

The Hose Hanger is located three-quarters up the Hanging Arm. The


Hanger is removed from the Hanging Arm by detaching the hydraulic
hoses from the saddle and removing the “U”-bolt. Inspect the hanger and
hoses for excessive wear and damage.

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5.6 HYDRAULIC – PNEUMATIC SYSTEM

Periodically, dependent upon usage, inspect all areas for leaks and loose valves,
plugs, fittings and hoses. Pay particular attention to excessive wear on hydraulic
hoses.

NOTE: whenever disconnecting hydraulic and pneumatic lines, they should be


tagged and marked, to ease installation.

5.6.1 Main Manifold

Main Manifold is located at the rear of the tool above the Torque Cylinder.
Access is given by removing the Main Manifold Cover. Remove the
Manifold by first removing and tagging all hydraulic hoses and unfastening
it from the frame of the tool. Inspect for leaks and loose valves, plugs,
fittings and hoses.

NOTE: When replacing cartridge valves in manifolds, a very thin coat of


white lithium-based grease should be applied to all rubber seals and care
should be exercised when beginning to insert the cartridge valve into the
port in the manifold and starting the threads.

5.6.2 Control Handles

Left and Right Control Handles are located at the front of the tool above
the Moving Wrench. The Left Control Handle houses all the actuators for
the different functions (such as Tilt, Winch, Lift, E-Stop, Make/Break,
Back-up, Spin, Grip-Torque). The Right Control Handle houses the Torque
Limiter and Torque Gauge.

1. Left and Right Control Boxes and Arms: to remove the control boxes
and arms, first unfasten the front cover plate. Disconnect and tag all
hydraulic and/or pneumatic lines for ease of installation. Remove the
bolts to detach the arm from the frame of the tool.

2. Left Control Handle Controls: to access the rear of the controls,


unfasten the front cover plate.

3. To remove air valves, first disconnect and tag the air lines from the
valve. Remove the button from the actuator shaft and gland nut from
the front of the cover plate. Inspect actuator shaft and valve for
excessive wear and damage.
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4. To remove joysticks, first disconnect and tag the air lines from the
joystick. Remove the mount bolts from the front of the cover plate.
Inspect joystick handle and valve for excessive wear and damage.

5. Right Control Handle Controls: to access the Torque Control Block and
Valves and Torque Gauge, unfasten the front cover plate.

6. To remove Torque Limiter Valve, remove the gland nut from the front
of the valve and the Torque Control Block will come free of the front
cover plate. Remove the Valve from the front of the Torque Control
Block.

7. The Check Valve is located at the rear of the block and is accessible at
this point.

8. To remove Torque Gauge, disconnect and tag the hydraulic line and
remove from the front cover plate. Inspect the needle for straightness
and damage.

5.6.3 Flow Divider Assembly

Flow Divider Assembly is located inside the case of the Back-Up Wrench at
the rear. The Assembly is accessed through the rear side covers. Inspect
for leaks, and then remove and tag all hydraulic hoses to the Assembly.

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5.7 TROUBLESHOOTING

The following items are listed to help finding potential problems on the DPT-100.
This is not a complete list but should help with the troubleshooting process:

Symptom Remedy
After successful rig-up, try to 1. Check hydraulic power supply is on and is
operate tool and nothing delivering 32-34 GPM.
happens. 2. Check main hydraulic connections are completely
seated to allow the check valves in the
connectors to open.
3. Check main air line to tool is connected and has
90 PSI minimum.
4. Check E-Stop Button is operating properly - see
next item.
5. Check system pressure at gauge port (location
G3 on Main Manifold).
E-Stop is pulled out (engaged) 1. Check if air line is broken or leaking between the
and no controls operate. Left Control Handle and the air piloted valve
(location AP1 on Main Manifold).
2. Check air piloted valve is shifting.
3. Check directional valve (location PD1 on the Main
Manifold) is shifting.
Make/Break Selector Button is 1. Check Make/Break Selector Button is shifting and
moved in (engaged) or out not leaking.
(disengaged) and Torque 2. Check if air line is broken or leaking between the
Cylinder does not extend / Left Control Handle and the air piloted valve
contract. (location AP4 on the Main Manifold).
3. Check air piloted valve is shifting.
4. Check directional valves (location PD3C and
PD3D on the Main Manifold) are shifting.
Lift Cylinder Joystick is operated 1. Check that hydraulic connections to Lift Cylinder
and nothing happens. are completely seated to allow the check valves
in the connectors to open.
2. Check the joystick is shifting and not leaking.
3. Check if air line is broken or leaking between the
Left Control Handle and the DO3 pattern
directional valve (location DO3, valve 3 on Main
Manifold).
4. Check if DO3 pattern directional valve is shifting.

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Symptom Remedy
Tilt Cylinder Joystick is operated 1. Check the joystick is shifting and not leaking.
and nothing happens. 2. Check if air line is broken or leaking between the
Left Control Handle and the DO3 pattern
directional valve (location DO3, valve 4 on Main
Manifold).
3. Check if DO3 pattern directional valve is shifting.
Winch Joystick is operated and 1. Check the joystick is shifting and not leaking.
nothing happens. 2. Check if air line is broken or leaking between the
Left Control Handle and the DO3 pattern
directional valve (location DO3, valve 2 on Main
Manifold).
3. Check if DO3 pattern directional valve is shifting.
Back-Up Button is in (engaged) 1. Check Back-Up Button is shifting and not leaking.
and nothing happens. 2. Check if air line is broken or leaking between the
Left Control Handle and the air piloted valve
(location AP2 on Main Manifold).
3. Check air piloted valve is shifting.
4. Check directional valve (location PD3A on the
Main Manifold) is shifting.
Back-Up Button is in (engaged), 1. Check Spin Button is shifting and not leaking.
Spin Button is pressed and 2. Check if air line is broken or leaking between the
nothing happens. Left Control Handle and the air piloted valve
(location AP5 on Main Manifold).
3. Check air piloted valve is shifting.
4. Check directional valves (location PD3E on Main
Manifold) is shifting.
Spin Button is pressed and the 1. Check spinner sequence valve is properly
door closes but the Spinner adjusted. Adjust using procedure in Section 5.8
Motors do not turn OR Spinner (under section covering “Sequence Valves”).
Motors turn before door closes.
Back-Up Button is in (engaged), 1. Check Torque Button is shifting and not leaking.
Torque Button is pressed and 2. Check if air line is broken or leaking between the
nothing happens. Left Control Handle and the air piloted valve
(location AP3 on Main Manifold).
3. Check air piloted valve is shifting.
4. Check directional valve (location PD3B on Main
Manifold) is shifting.

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Symptom Remedy
Torque Button is pressed and 2. Check torque sequence valve is properly
Top Grip Cylinders operate but adjusted. Adjust using procedure in Section 5.8
the Torque Cylinder does not OR (under section covering “Sequence Valves”).
Torque Cylinder operates before
pipe is gripped by Top Grip
Cylinders.
Movement at Start-Up, Bottom 1. Check that the Back-Up Button is out
Grip Cylinders extend. (disengaged) and shifting.
2. Check air piloted valve (location AP2 on Main
Manifold) is shifting.
3. Check directional valve (location PD3A on the
Main Manifold) is shifting.
Movement at Start-Up, Torque 1. Check position of the Make/Break Selector
Cylinder moves. Button.
2. Check air piloted valve (location AP4 on Main
Manifold) is shifting.
3. Check directional valve (location PD3C on the
Main Manifold) is shifting.
Movement at Start-Up, Top Grip 1. Check that the Torque Button is out (disengaged)
Cylinders extend then Torque and shifting.
Cylinder moves. 2. Check air piloted valve (location AP3 on Main
Manifold) is shifting.
3. Check directional valve (location PD3B on the
Main Manifold) is shifting.
Movement at Start-Up, Spinner 1. Check that the Spin Button is out (disengaged)
Wrench closes then Spinner and shifting.
Wrench Motors turn. 2. Check air piloted valve (location AP5 on Main
Manifold) is shifting.
3. Check directional valve (location PD3E on the
Main Manifold) is shifting.
Movement at Start-Up, Lift 1. Check Lift Joystick is shifting.
Cylinder moves. 2. Check Lift Joystick spring return is operating
properly.
3. Check Lift Joystick does not have garbage
keeping it in one position.
4. Check DO3 pattern directional valve (location
DO3, valve 3 on Main Manifold) is shifting.

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Symptom Remedy
Movement at Start-Up, Tilt 1. Check Tilt Joystick is shifting.
Cylinder moves. 2. Check Tilt Joystick spring return is operating
properly.
3. Check Tilt Joystick does not have garbage
keeping it in one position.
4. Check DO3 pattern directional valve (location
DO3, valve 4 on Main Manifold) is shifting.
Movement at Start-Up, Winch 1. Check Winch Joystick is shifting.
moves. 2. Check Winch Joystick spring return is operating
properly.
3. Check Winch Joystick does not have garbage
keeping it in one position.
4. Check DO3 pattern directional valve (location
DO3, valve 2 on Main Manifold) is shifting.
Spinner Wrench slips on tubular. 1. Check alignment of tool with connection. The
Spinner Wrench should be parallel to the Moving
and Back-Up Wrenches and level.
2. Check Spinner Wrench Rollers for excessive wear
or damage.
3. Check pressure on rod side of Spinner Wrench
Grip Cylinder (location Port A3 on Main Manifold)
is at the recommended setting (see Section 5.8).
Dies slip on connection. 1. Check alignment of tool with connection. The
Moving and Back-Up Wrenches should be
perpendicular to the connection and level.
2. Check the connection must be centered in the
dies. See Section 3.5.1 – Steps 11-14 to adjust
the Pipe Stop properly.
3. Check Dies for excessive wear and damage.
4. Check hydraulic pressure on Top and Bottom Grip
Cylinders at gauge ports (location G1 for Back-Up
and G2 for Moving Wrench on Main Manifold) is
at the recommended setting (see Section 5.8).

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Symptom Remedy
Torque Button is pressed, Top 1. Check torque gauge damper screw is completely
Grip Cylinders are extended, open and screwed in 1/4 turn.
Torque Cylinder is moving and 2. Check Torque Limiter Valve in Right Control
no reading or incorrect reading Handle is operating properly, set to proper torque
on Torque Gauge. and not sticking or has trash.
3. Check air line from Make/Break signal in Left
Control Handle to directional valve (location DV1
in Right Control Handle).
4. Check directional valve is shifting.
5. Follow procedure for testing Torque Gauge.
Procedure is found in Section 4.5.

5.8 PORT OPERATION

PORT OPERATION NOTES


OUTPUTS NOT ADJUSTABLE
A Top Wrench Grip Cylinders
B Top Wrench Grip Cylinders
G2 Gauge Port For Top Wrench Grip Cylinders Set to System Pressure (Port PR1F)

A1 Bottom Wrench Grip Cylinders


B1 Bottom Wrench Grip Cylinders
G1 Gauge Port for Bottom Wrench Grip Cylinders Reg. Conn.: Set to System Pressure
Prem. Conn.: Set to 1800 Psi (Port PR1E)

A2 Torque Cylinder
B2 Torque Cylinder
A3 Spinner Wrench Grip Cylinder
B3 Spinner Wrench Grip Cylinder

C1 Auxiliary / Not Used


C2 Auxiliary / Not Used

C3 Winch Motor
C4 Winch Motor

C5 Lift Cylinder
C6 Lift Cylinder

C7 Tilt Cylinder
C8 Tilt Cylinder

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M1 Spinner Wrench Motors


M2 Spinner Wrench Motors

G3 Gauge Port for Main System Pressure Shows pressure from Power Pack
SEQUENCE (CARTRIDGE) ADJUSTABLE
PS1 Extend Top Wrench Grip Cylinders then operate Set to (1) Close Grip Cylinder
Torque Cylinder (2) Operate Torque Cylinder
PS2 Retract Spinner Wrench Grip Cylinder then rotate Set to (1) Close Grip Cylinder
Spinner Wrench Motors (2) Operate Spinner Wrench Motors
FLOW CONTROL (CARTRIDGE) ADJUSTABLE (SPEED)
FC1A Port C1 - Auxiliary / Not Used
FC1B Port C2 - Auxiliary / Not Used
FC1C Port C3 - Winch Motor
PORT OPERATION NOTES
FC1D Port C4 - Winch Motor
FC1E Port C5 - Lift Cylinder
FC1F Port C6 - Lift Cylinder
FC1G Port C7 - Tilt Cylinder
FC1H Port C8 - Tilt Cylinder
FC1I Port A1 - Bottom Wrench Grip Cylinders
FC1J Port B1 - Bottom Wrench Grip Cylinders
FC1K Port A - Top Wrench Grip Cylinders
FC1L Port B - Top Wrench Grip Cylinders
FC1M Port A3 - Spinner Wrench Grip Cylinder
FC1N Port B3 - Spinner Wrench Grip Cylinder
CHECK (CARTRIDGE) NOT ADJUSTABLE
CV1A Bottom Wrench Grip Cylinders
CV1B Top Wrench Grip Cylinders
CV1C Torque Cylinder
CV1D Spinner Wrench Grip Cylinder
CV2 Spinner Wrench Motors
AIR PILOT (CARTRIDGE) NOT ADJUSTABLE
AP1 E-Stop
AP2 Bottom Wrench Grip Cylinders
AP3 Top Wrench Grip Cylinders and Torque Cylinder
AP4 Make And Break Position of Torque Cylinder
AP5 Spinner Wrench Grip Cylinders and Motors
DIRECTIONAL CONTROL (CARTRIDGE) NOT ADJUSTABLE
PD3A Bottom Wrench Grip Cylinder - Extend/Retract
PD3B Top Wrench Grip Cylinder - Extend/Retract
PD3C Torque Cylinder - Make/Break Position
PD3D Spinner Wrench Motors - Make/Break Position
“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”
SERVICE MANUAL NO M-075
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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

PD3E Spinner Wrench Grip Cylinder - Extend/Retract


PRESSURE REDUCING (CARTRIDGE) ADJUSTABLE
PR1A Auxiliary / Not Used
PR1B Winch Motor
PR1C Lift Cylinder
PR1D Tilt Cylinder
PR1E Bottom Wrench Grip Cylinder
PR1F Top Wrench Grip Cylinder
PR1G Spinner Wrench Grip Cylinder
PR2 Spinner Wrench Motors

5.9 MAINTENANCE CHECKLIST

See the following page for a maintenance checklist with Daily, Weekly, Monthly,
Bi-Monthly, Annual and Bi-Annual items to be inspected. This is not a complete
list and should be used as a guide. If more items or changes need to be made,
the initiative should be taken by the customer and send a notice to the Frank’s
International – Drill Pipe Tool Department (contact information is located at the
front of this manual).

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


SERVICE MANUAL NO M-075
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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

OPS-QR-0XX (RevX) Ref: OPS-P-4.1.13 Page 1 of 1

PIPEWRANGLER MAINTENANCE CHECKLIST


TONG # : TONG SIZE : MAINTENANCE CHECK
JOB # : RIG NAME DATE:
FTGE RUN: PIPE SIZE STANDBY ONLY:

Place a tick in the appropriate box on the right to indicate the type of inspection
being performed.

ths
IF A TICK IS SHOWN IN THE CLEAR CELLS, THIS WILL INDICATE

p
ly

rs
ly

ho
COMMENTS

r
nth

on

ea
ea
ek
THAT THE ITEM WAS FOUND TO BE ACCEPTABLE

ily

/S
6M
We

1Y

2Y
Mo
Da

W
Certification Safety Inspections

MPI, Hanging Arm Gussets (retest 24 mths) Exp date:


MPI, Hanger Assy, Hex Bolt (retest 12 mths) Exp date:
MPI, Moving Wrench Assy (retest 24 mths) Exp date:
MPI, Back-Up Wrench Assy (retest 24 mths) Exp date:
MPI, Spinner Wrench Case Halves (retest 24 mths) Exp date:
Overall Visual Inspection
CHECK EMERGENCY STOP BUTTONS IS OPERATIONAL
Certified Winch Cable and Hook (retest 12 mths) Exp date:

Long Term Rental Maintenance and Workshop Maintenance

Check overall tool for loose fasteners


Check overall tool for broken or damaged parts
Check Spinner Wrench Rollers
Check Spinner Wrench Flange Bearings
Check contact between Spinner Wrench Rollers and Square Drive Shaft
Check Spinner Wrench Grip Cylinder
Check Spinner Wrench Case Halves
Check Spinner Wrench Pivot and Back-Up Pin
Check Spinner Wrench Motors
Check Spinner Mount Pin
Check Spinner Mount Base
Check Moving Wrench Body
Check Moving Wrench Side Covers
Check Back-Up Wrench Body
Check Back-Up Wrench Side and Rear Covers
Check Dies
Check Die Holders
Grease Die Holders
Check Die Holder Backups
Grease Die Holder Backups
Check Grip Cylinders and Pin Mounts
Check Moving Wrench Retainer Bolt
Check Moving Wrench Cam Follower Bearings
Check Torque Arm and Torque Arm Pin
Check Torque Cylinder and Torque Cylinder Rod Pin
Check Torque Cylinder Mount
Check Hanging Arm and Hanging Arm Pivot Pin
Check "D"-Ring, Balance Screw and Bolt
Check Hose Hanger
Check hydraulic system for leaks
Check pneumatic system for leaks
Check all hydraulic and pneumatic hoses for wear
Check all fittings and connectors are tight
Check Main Manifold for leaks
Check Control Handles for leaks (hydraulic and pneumatic)
Check all valves, cylinders and motors for leaks
Check all Buttons, Joysticks and Torque Limiter for operability
Grease all zerk fittings
Check level of Winch Gear Case Oil

Periodic Workshop Inspections / Maintenance

Change Winch Gear Case Oil


Torque Gauge Calibration : Next Cal date:
s/n:

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


SERVICE MANUAL NO M-075
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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

6.0 SERVICING PROCEDURES


6.1 ASSEMBLY DRAWING 2698C-201

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.2 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-201

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.3 ASSEMBLY DRAWING 2698C-202

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.4 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-202

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.5 ASSEMBLY DRAWING 2698C-203

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.6 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-203

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.7 ASSEMBLY DRAWING 2698C-204

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.8 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-204

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.9 ASSEMBLY DRAWING 2698C-205

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.10 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-205

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.11 ASSEMBLY DRAWING 2698C-206

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.12 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-206

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.13 ASSEMBLY DRAWING 2698C-207

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.14 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-207

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.15 ASSEMBLY DRAWING 2698C-208

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.16 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-208

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.17 ASSEMBLY DRAWING 2698C-209

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.18 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-209

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.19 ASSEMBLY DRAWING 2698C-210

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.20 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-210

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.21 SCHEMATIC DRAWING 2698C-211

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.22 SCHEMATIC DRAWING 2698C-212

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.23 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-212

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.24 SCHEMATIC DRAWING 2698C-213

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.25 SCHEMATIC DRAWING 2698C-214

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

6.26 MANIFOLD VALVE LOCATION DRAWING 2698C-215

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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DPT – 100 DRILL PIPE TONG REV DATE 12/14/2004

6.27 MANIFOLD VALVE LOCATION DRAWING 2698C-216

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.28 MANIFOLD VALVE LOCATION DRAWING 2698C-217

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.29 ASSEMBLY DRAWING 2698C-218

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.30 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-218

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.31 ASSEMBLY DRAWING 2698C-219

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.32 BILL OF MATERIALS 2698C-219

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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6.33 SCHEMATIC DRAWING 2698C-220

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”


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7.0 RECOMMENDED SPARE PARTS LIST


7.1 RECOMMENDED SPARE PARTS LIST

“© 2004 Frank’s International, Inc.”