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Advanced Analog Circuits Data Sheet

CURRENT MODE PWM CONTROLLER AZ3842/3/4/5


General Description Features

The AZ3842/3/4/5 are high performance fixed fre- · Robust VREF Line/Load Regulation
quency current-mode PWM controller series. Low Line Regulation : 4mV
Low Load Regulation : 4mV
These integrated circuits are optimized for off-line and · High Stability of Reference Voltage over a Full
DC-DC converter applications with minimum external
components. They feature under-voltage lockout Temperature Range: 0.2mV/ oC
(UVLO) circuit for low start-up current, trimmed · Operating Frequency up to 500KHz
oscillator for precise duty cycle control, current sense · High PWM Frequency Stability over a Full Tem-
comparator providing maximum current limiting and a perature Range: 2.5%
totem pole output stage for increasing output current. · High PWM Frequency Stability under a Full Sup-
In addition, these ICs also feature accurate protection ply Voltage Range: 0.2%
against over-temperature, over-current and maximal · Accurate Over-temperature Protection with Hys-
output power. teresis
· UVLO with Hysteresis
The AZ3842 and AZ3844 have UVLO thresholds of
15.5V(on) and 10V(off); The corresponding thresholds
Applications
for AZ3843 and AZ3845 are 8.4 V(on) and 7.8V(off).

The AZ3842 and AZ3843 can operate approaching · Off-line Converter


100% duty cycle; AZ3844 and AZ3845 can operate · DC-DC Converter
from zero to 50% duty cycle. · Voltage Adapter
· CRT Monitor Power Supply
These ICs are available in 3 packages: SOIC-8, DIP-8 · Desktop Power Supply
and SOIC-14. · DVD/STB Power Supply

SOIC-8 DIP-8 SOIC-14

Figure 1. Package Types of AZ3842/3/4/5

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Advanced Analog Circuits Data Sheet

CURRENT MODE PWM CONTROLLER AZ3842/3/4/5


Pin Configuration
M Package
(SOIC-14)
P/M Package
(DIP-8/SOIC-8)
COMP 1 14 VREF

COMP 1 8 VREF N/C 2 13 N/C

VFB 2 7 VCC VFB 3 12 VCC

ISENSE 3 6 OUTPUT N/C 4 11 PWR VC


RT/CT 4 5 GND ISENSE 5 10 OUTPUT

N/C 6 9 GND

RT/CT 7 8 PWR GND

Figure 2. Pin Configuration of AZ3842/3/4/5 (Top View)

Pin Description

Pin Number
8-pin 14-pin Pin Name Function

1 1 COMP This pin is the Error Amplifier output and is made available for loop compensation.
2 3 VFB The inverting input of the Error Amplifier. It is normally connected to the switching
power supply output through a resistor divider.
3 5 ISENSE A voltage proportional to inductor current is connected to this input. The PWM uses
this information to terminate the output switch conduction.
4 7 RT/CT The Oscillator frequency and maximum Output duty cycle are programmed by con-
necting resistor RT to VREF and capacitor CT to ground. Operation to 500 kHz is pos-
sible.
5 GND The combined control circuitry and power ground.
6 10 OUTPUT This output directly drives the gate of a power MOSFET. Peak currents up to 1.0 A
are sourced and sunk by this pin.
7 12 VCC The positive supply of the control IC.
8 14 VREF This is the reference output. It provides charging current for capacitor CT through
resistor RT.
8 PWR GND This pin is a separate power ground return that is connected back to the power source.
It is used to reduce the effects of switching transient noise on the control circuitry.
11 PWR VC The Output high state (VOH) is set by the voltage applied to this pin. With a separate
power source connection, it can reduce the effects of switching transient noise on the
control circuitry.
9 GND This pin is the control circuitry ground return and is connected back to the power
source ground.
2,4,6,13 N/C No connection. These pins are not internally connected.

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Advanced Analog Circuits Data Sheet

CURRENT MODE PWM CONTROLLER AZ3842/3/4/5

Functional Block Diagram

VCC 7(12) 7(11)


VCC (PWR VC)
34V UVLO
5V
5(9)
S/R
REF 8(14)
VREF
GND
2.50V INTERNAL
BIAS

VREF
GOOD
LOGIC
4(7) OSC T 6(10) OUTPUT
RT/CT
OVER TEMP (Note) GND
PROTECT 5(8)
(PWR GND)
ERROR
AMP S
2R
VFB 2(3)
R PWN
LATCH
A(B)
1(1) 1V
COMP
R
CURRENT A for 8-pin
3(5) SENSE Note: Toggle flip-flop used B for 14-pin
ISENSE COMPARATOR for 3844/45 only

Figure 3. Functional Block Diagram of AZ3842/3/4/5

Ordering Information
Package Temperature Range Part Number Marking ID Packing Type

SOIC-8 AZ3842/3/4/5M 3842/3/4/5M Tape/Reel/Tube


DIP-8 -40oC~85oC AZ3842/3/4/5P AZ3842/3/4/5P Tube
SOIC-14 AZ3842/3/4/5MM AZ3842/3/4/5MM Tape/Reel

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Advanced Analog Circuits Data Sheet

CURRENT MODE PWM CONTROLLER AZ3842/3/4/5


Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 1, 2)

Parameter Symbol Value Unit

Supply Voltage Vcc 30 V

Output Current Io 土1 A

Analog Inputs (8-pin: pin2,3, 14-pin: pin3,5) V(ANA) -0.3 to 6.3 V

Error Amp Output Sink Current ISINK(E.A) 10 mA

Power Dissipation at TA< 25 oC (DIP-8) PD (Note 3) 1000 mW

Power Dissipation at TA<25 oC (SOIC-8) PD (Note 3) 460 mW

Power Dissipation at TA<25 oC (SOIC-14) PD (Note 3) 725 mW

Storage Temperature Range TSTG -65 ~+150 oC

Lead Temperature (Soldering, 10sec) TLEAD +300 oC

Note 1: Stresses greater than those listed under "Absolute Maximum Ratings" may cause permanent damage to the
device. These are stress ratings only, and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indi-
cated under "Recommended Operating Conditions" is not implied. Exposure to "Absolute Maximum Ratings" for extended
periods may affect device reliability.
Note 2: All voltages are with respect to pin 5 and all currents are positive into specified terminal.
Note 3: Board thickness 1.6mm, board dimension 90mm x 90mm.

Recommended Operating Conditions


Parameter Symbol Min Max Unit
Oscillation Frequency f 500 KHz
Ambient Temperature TA -40 85 o
C

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Advanced Analog Circuits Data Sheet

CURRENT MODE PWM CONTROLLER AZ3842/3/4/5


Electrical Characteristics
(VCC=15V, RT=10kΩ CT=3.3nF, TA= -40oC to +85oC, unless otherwise specified.)
Parameter Symbol Conditions Min Typ Max Unit
REFERENCE SECTION
Reference Output Voltage VREF TJ=25oC, IREF=1mA 4.90 5.00 5.10 V
Line Regulation ∆VREF 12V ≤ VCC ≤25V 4 15 mV
Load Regulation ∆VREF 1mA ≤ IREF ≤20mA 4 15 mV
Short Circuit Output Current ISC TA=25oC -100 -180 mA
Temperature Stability 0.2 0.4 mV/oC
Output Noise Voltage (Note 6) 50 µV
Long Term Stability TA=85oC, 1000 hours 5 25 mV
OSCILLATOR SECTION
Oscillation Frequency f TJ=25oC 47 52 57 KHz
Frequency Change with Voltage ∆f/f 12V ≤ VCC ≤ 25V 0.2 1 %
Oscillator Amplitude VOSC Pin 4, peak to peak (Note 6) 1.7 V
Temperature Stability (Note 6) 2.5 %
ERROR AMPLIFIER SECTION
Input Bias Current IBIAS (Note 6) -0.1 -2 µA
Input Voltage VI Vpin 1=2.5V 2.42 2.50 2.58 V
Open Loop Voltage Gain AVOL 2V ≤ VO ≤ 4V 65 90 dB
Power Supply Rejection Ratio PSRR 12V ≤ VCC ≤ 25V 60 70 dB
Output Sink Current ISINK Vpin2=2.7V, Vpin1=1.1V 2 4 mA
Output Source Current ISOURCE Vpin2=2.3V, Vpin1=5V -0.5 -0.8 mA
High Output Voltage VOH Vpin2=2.3V, RL=15kΩ to GND 5 6 V
Low Output Voltage VOL Vpin2=2.7V, RL=15kΩ to Pin 8 0.8 1.1 V
CURRENT SENSE SECTION
Gain GV (Note 4, 5) 2.85 3 3.15 V/V
Maximum Input Signal VI(MAX) Vpin1=5V(Note 4) 0.9 1 1.1 V
Power Supply Rejection Ratio PSRR 12V ≤ VCC ≤ 25V (Note 4, 6) 70 dB
Input Bias Current IBIAS -3 -10 µA
Delay to Output Vpin3 = 0 to 2V (Note 6) 150 300 ns
OUTPUT SECTION
Low Output Voltage ISINK = 20mA 0.1 0.4 V
VOL
ISINK = 200mA 1.4 2.2 V
High Output Voltage ISOURCE = 20mA 13 14 V
VOH
ISOURCE = 200mA 12 13 V
Rise Time tR TJ=25oC, CL=1nF (Note 6) 50 150 ns

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Advanced Analog Circuits Data Sheet

CURRENT MODE PWM CONTROLLER AZ3842/3/4/5


Electrical Characteristics (Continued)
Parameter Symbol Conditions Min Typ Max Unit
Fall Time tF TJ=25oC, CL=1nF (Note 6) 50 150 ns
UNDER -VOLTAGE LOCKOUT SECTION
Start Threshold AZ3842/AZ3844 14.5 15.5 16.5 V
VTH(ST)
AZ3843/AZ3845 7.8 8.4 9.0 V
Min. Operation Voltage VOPR AZ3842/AZ3844 8.5 10.0 11.5 V
(After Turn On) (Min.) AZ3843/AZ3845 7.0 7.6 8.2 V
PWM SECTION
D(Max.) AZ3842/AZ3843 93 95 100 %
Max. Duty Cycle
D(Max.) AZ3844/AZ3845 46 48 50 %
Min. Duty Cycle D(Min.) 0 %
TOTAL STANDBY CURRENT SECTION
Start-Up Current IST 0.6 1 mA
Operating Supply Current ICC(OPR) Vpin3=Vpin2=0V 10 14 mA
Zener Voltage VZ ICC=25mA 30 34 V
OVER-TEMPERATURE PROTECT SECTION
Shutdown Temperature TSHUT (Note 6) 165 oC

Temperature Hysteresis THYS (Note 6) 25 oC

Note 4: Parameters are tested at trip point of latch with Vpin2 = 0.


Note 5: Here gain is defined as:
∆VPin 1
A= , 0 ≤ Vpin3 ≤ 0.8V
∆VPin 3
Note 6: These parameters, although guaranteed, are not 100% tested in production.
VREF
RT
4.7k 2N2222 A VCC
COMP 1 AZ3842 8 VREF
100k
1k
ERROR AMP VFB 2 7 VCC
ADJUST 0.1µf 1K
5k 1W
ISENSE 3 6 OUTPUT
4.7k ISENSE OUTPUT
ADJUST
RT/CT 4 5 GND 0.1µf

GND
CT

Figure 4. Basic Test Circuit

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Advanced Analog Circuits Data Sheet

CURRENT MODE PWM CONTROLLER AZ3842/3/4/5

Electrical Characteristics (Continued)


Figure 4 is the basic test circuit for AZ384x. In testing, the high peak currents associated with capacitive loads necessitate
careful grounding techniques. Timing and bypass capacitors should be connected close to pin 5 in a single point ground. The
transistor and 5k potentiometer are used to sample the oscillator waveform and apply an adjustable ramp to pin 3.

Typical Performance Characteristics

30 100k

50K
10
Dead Time (µs)

CT
RT (Ω)

=1
CT

n
=1

F
CT

0n
10k

F
=1
00

1
F n

5K

0.3
1 2.2 4.7 10 22 47 100 100 1k 10k 100k 1M

Timing Capacitor (nF) Frequency (Hz)

Figure 5. Oscillator Dead Time vs. Timing Capacitor Figure 6. Timing Resistor vs. Frequency

1.0
5.015

VCC=15V, IO=1mA
5.010 0.9
AZ3842
5.005 0.8
Reference Voltage (V)

Start Up Current (mA)

5.000 0.7

4.995
0.6

4.990
0.5

4.985
0.4
4.980
-40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120
o
Ambient Temperature ( C) Ambient Temperature ( C)
o

Figure 7. Reference Voltage vs. Ambient Temperature Figure 8. Start-up Current vs. Ambient Temperature

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Advanced Analog Circuits Data Sheet

CURRENT MODE PWM CONTROLLER AZ3842/3/4/5

Typical Performance Characteristics (Continued)

16

4.0
15

14 3.5
o
Supply Current (mA)

VCC=15V 3.0 VCC=15V, TA=25 C

Saturation Voltage (V)


13

12 2.5

11 2.0

10 1.5

9 1.0

8 0.5

7 0.0

6 -0.5
-40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600

o
Ambient Temperature ( C) Output Sink Current (mA)

Figure 9. Supply Current vs. Ambient Temperature Figure 10. Output Saturation Characteristics

90

80

70 o
VCC=15V, TA=25 C
Voltage Gain (dB)

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
10 100 1k 10k 100k 1M

Frequency (Hz)

Figure 11. Error Amplifier Open-loop Frequency Response

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Advanced Analog Circuits Data Sheet

CURRENT MODE PWM CONTROLLER AZ3842/3/4/5


Typical Application

NTC Bridge Diode


1N4007*4

C2 R3
+ 0.01µ 39k
R2 C14 600V
J1 2W D3 L3 C9 C10 C11 C12 Z2
100k 100µ/400V
AC 220V T 8TQ100 45µ 2200µ 1000µ 1µ 10µ SA12A
D1
Byv26e + +
C1 50µ R4 100
+

D2
1N4148 J2
12V/5A

C3
0.1µ
7 VVCC
cc VREF 8
R12 C6
500 R5 C4 2200p/600V
1k 10n
2 VFB RT/CT 4 C8
C5 R8 0.22µ
220p 39k/2W
R6
10 R15 R16
1 COMP OUTPUT 6
100 8.2k
R14
130k R7 Q1 D4
1k IRF820 Byv26e
5 GND ISENSE 3
C7 U3 W1 R18
0.01µ AZ431 1k 3.9k
U1 R10
R13 AZ3842/3/4/5 Z1 R9 0.51/1W
15k 1N5819 7.5k
R17
2k
R11
820 U2 PS521

Figure 12. Typical Application of AZ3842/3/4/5

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Advanced Analog Circuits Data Sheet

CURRENT MODE PWM CONTROLLER AZ3842/3/4/5

Mechanical Dimensions

SOIC-8

1.55±0.20

0.22±0.03
0.32
4.9±0.10


0.70±0.025



D
0.2±0.10

6.00±0.20

D
20:1

φ0.8 0.20

±4°

3.90±0.10

1.00
0.90

R0.15

R0.15

±2°
0.42±0.09

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Advanced Analog Circuits Data Sheet

CURRENT MODE PWM CONTROLLER AZ3842/3/4/5


Mechanical Dimensions (Continued)

SOIC-14

A 0.38±0.10
7° ×45° 8°
+0.05
0.2-0.10 8°

±4°
0.70


8.65±0.10 9.5°

0.22±0.03
8° 3.90±0.10

1.55±0.20
0.42±0.09 1.27
A
20:1
0.25 (0.20min)

R0.20
1.00
6.00±0.20 R0.20


±2°
1.30

0.25

0.55±0.05

φ2.0
Depth 0.06~0.10

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Advanced Analog Circuits Data Sheet

CURRENT MODE PWM CONTROLLER AZ3842/3/4/5


Mechanical Dimensions (Continued)

DIP-8

9.2±0.10 7.62±0.25

6° 6°
1.46±0.31 0.7

3.30±0.30

φ3×0.15±0.05

0.254 0.28±0.07
0.457 2.54
10.0MAX
0.13MIN
6.60±0.50

R0.75

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Advanced Analog Circuits

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IMPORTANT NOTICE

Advanced Analog Circuits Corporation reserves the right to make changes to its products or specifications at any time, without
notice, to improve design or performance and to supply the best possible product. Advanced Analog Circuits does not assume any
responsibility for use of any circuitry described other than the circuitry embodied in Advanced Analog Circuits' products. The
company makes no representation that circuitry described herein is free from patent infringement or other rights of Advanced
Analog Circuits Corporation.