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Komunikasi Nirkabel Pita Lebar #4

Filter Bank Multi Carrier (FBMC)

Anggun Fitrian Isnawati
5G Concept and Key Technologies
5G Concept = “A Core KPI + A Group of Key Technologies”
The core KPI Gbps User Experienced Data Rate
• Spectral efficiency
• Traffic volume density • E2E Latency • Mobility
Other KPIs • Connection density • Peak data rate • Energy efficiency

Key technologies
Massive Ultra-Dense All-Spectrum
MIMO Network Access

New Network Architecture

Flexible Polar M-ary Network

F-OFDM Full duplex FBMC D2D
Duplex codes LDPC coding

Other technologies
5G Concept and Key Technologies
New Radio Technology
• Universal Filtered-OFDM (UF-OFDM)
• Universal Filtered Multicarrier (UFMC)
• Bi-orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (BFDM)
• Filter Bank Multi Carrier (FBMC)
• Generalized Frequency Division Multiplexing (GFDM)
• Pattern Division Multiple Access (PDMA)
• Sparse Code Multiple Access (SCMA)
• Higher order modulation in small cell
• Massive MIMO
• TDD-FDD joint operation
• Dynamic TDD
FBMC Basics
• Filter bank multicarrier aims to overcome some of the shortcomings that were
encountered with OFDM.
• One of the main shortcomings arises from the fact that OFDM requires the use of what
is termed a cyclic prefix. The cyclic prefix is essentially a copy of part of a transmitted
symbol in OFDM that is appended at the beginning of the next.
• This redundancy reduces the throughput of the transmission and also wastes power.
• FBMC is a development of OFDM. Using banks of filters that are implemented,
typically using digital signal processing techniques.
• When carriers were modulated in an OFDM system, side-lobes spread out either side.
With a filter bank system, the filters are used to remove these and therefore a much
cleaner carrier results.
• Systems using FBMC modulation are more complicated than OFDM. This results from
the exchange of FFT/IFFT modules by the filter banks.
FBMC Basics
• Regarding the very basic principles two variants of FBMC are existing: filtered multi-tone
(FMT) and staggered multi-tone (SMT).
• SMT exhibits higher spectral efficiency than FMT and thus we concentrate on SMT in the
• To achieve a time-frequency efficiency of SMT needs to stagger the multi-carrier symbols in
time and has to apply offset-QAM (OQAM).
• In case of complex symbols to be transported (QPSK, m-QAM) the transmitter splits the
symbols into real and imaginary part and modulates them on consecutive symbols.
• Different to systems applying OFDM, SMT is not orthogonal with respect to the complex
plain. Each subcarrier introduces interference to the subcarriers in its neighborhood (the
area of influence depends on the parameters of the modulator e.g. the overlapping factor).
• Thanks to the use of offset-QAM the interference is easily cancelled at the receiver by
ignoring the part of the received symbol not carrying the data.
FBMC advantages & disadvantages
• FBMC advantages
– FBMC is able to provide a spectrum efficient and more selective
– The cyclic prefix (CP) required for OFDM is not needed thereby
freeing up more space for real data.
– Provide robust narrowband jammers
• FBMC disadvantages
– The use of MIMO with FBMC is very complicated and as a result
few systems have investigated the use of these two techniques
– FBMC is more complicated than OFDM - it introduces an overhead
in overlapping symbols in the filter bank in the time domain.
Applications of FBMC
• Cognitive Radio Communications
• Multiple Access Networks
• Access to Television White Space (TVWS)
• Power Line Communication
• MIMO Communication
Problem to be solved