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Annotated Bibliography:

Mental Health and Persistence

Sarah Abed

The University of Texas at El Paso

RWS 1301

Dr. Viera

March 12, 2019


Annotated Bibliography

Research Questions

A. Are there statistically significant differences between students with high ambition

and students with low ambition in their mental health?

B. Are there statistically significant differences between the first year and third year

students in the level of ambition?

C. Are there statistically significant differences between students of the first year and

third year students in their mental health level?

D. Are there statistically significant differences between males and females in the

level of ambition?

E. What are the significant differences between males and females regarding their

mental health?

Research Questions (Revised)

A. What are the significant differences between students with high ambition and students
with low ambition in their mental health?
B. Why should universities provide more counselling centers to help students?
C. Who is responsible for student’s behaviors on campus?
D. Where do students with mental health illness find help on campuses?
E. When do students with mental health illness most likely graduate?

Research Questions


Bernard, H. W. (1970). Mental health in the classroom. New York, McGraw-Hill [1970].

Retrieved from http://0-


Mental health is an issue that can be part of anyone’s life, regardless to age or sex.

According to Bernard (1970) “Mental Health in The Classroom”, the author argues that

teacher are the first ones to notice mental health issues with their students, however

educators have an impact on the student’s recovery process (p. 29). The author also states

that teacher’s role of a student’s mental health is more important than parents (p. 25).

That means educators can have a bad influence on their students, and also the mental

health stages of a student can be related to their teachers.

Wang, C., La Salle, T. P., Do, K. A., Wu, C., & Sullivan, K. E. (2018). Does parental

involvement matter for students’ mental health in middle school? School Psychology

Quarterly, doi:10.1037/spq0000300; 10.1037/spq0000300.supp (Supplemental)

How should educators help out the students with mental and emotional disorders to have

a successful academic and social life. According to Kline, F. M., & Silver (2004), the

educator’s guide to mental health issues in the classroom” states, when a dysthymic

disorder occurs that will cause mood changes in students’ normal behaviors which will

lowers the student’s academic level” (p. 194). Educators are most likely to observe the

depressed moods in students based on the symptom’s students experience such as weight

loss or weight gain (p.194). as explained, educators need to spend time with students to

improve their psychological and academic level. Therefore, parents and teachers need to

take action when noticing any unusual activity or behavior by the students.

Kline, F. M., & Silver, L. B. (2004). The educator’s guide to mental health issues in the

classroom. Baltimore : P.H. Brookes Pub., c2004. Retrieved from http://0-


Lerner, J. W. (1989). Learning disabilities: theories, diagnosis, and teaching strategies. Boston:

Houghton Mifflin Co., c1989. Retrieved from http://0-


Anxiety is a topic most students suffer from. Kline, F. M., & Silver, L. B. (2004) state

that anxiety is a widespread concept although its causes, circumstances and events vary

from person to person, and in the daily living conditions a person experiences, such as

exposure to new experiences and experiences, the need to make some fateful decisions

and other conditions in general, everyone is vulnerable to go through a state of anxiety

from time to time (p. 173). Furthermore, anxiety disorder is the number one disorder that

effects one out of seven Americans (Lerner 1989). Anxiety may cause student’s

performance to level decreases, but on the other hand anxiety can make the student

responsible to improve their performance most likely improvement in grades.


Essay 1

Essay 2


Pellegrini, A. D., & Long, J. D. (2004). Part of the solution and part of the problem: The role of

peers in bullying, dominance, and victimization during the transition from

primary school through secondary school. In D. L.Espelage & S. M.Swearer

(Eds.), Bullying in American schools: A social-ecological perspective on prevention and

intervention (pp. 107–117). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Middle school is stage where the students go through challenges. Based on (Pellegrini &

Long, 2004), bullying level increases amongst. This period is the beginning of mental

health illness and also increases suicide rate. The journal “Does Parental Involvement

Matter for Students’ Mental Health in Middle School?”, argues that during that period,

parents’ interest in following their student’s performance decreases. Also, student’s

mental health during that time may be damaged based on Kathryn E. Sullivan. Therefore,

this research shows parental involvement is very important during middle school and it

effects student’s performance for the long run.

Hartley, M. T. (2011). Examining the relationships between resilience, mental health, and

academic persistence in undergraduate college students. American Journal of College

Health, 59, 596–604.

Resilience and persistence are the secret to success and talent cannot be the only thing

that makes a person successful. According to Hartley (2011), resilience can be acquired

by training and persistence (p. 248). Resilience is the individual's ability to adapt to a

certain thing or to change his plan, and to develop alternatives to his perceptions quickly

if they fail (p. 241). Referring to the study included in the article, resilience would help

the students with mental health issues to interact with education difficulties more

efficiently. In conclusion, the relationship between student’s persistence and resilience

cannot be ignored and the result is to help the students to achieve dreams and be


Wood, M. (2012). The State of Mental Health on College Campuses. Inquiry, 17(1), 5–15.

Retrieved from


Mental health issues such as anxiety can limit or stop many young adults from

graduating. According to Wood (2012), argues that violence on college campuses is

increasing tremendously. College campuses should provide full staff, fully trained, to

help assist the students and to help recognize the issues earlier (p. 11). Everyone has to

cooperate with specialists to solve the problems of violence on campus, even students

must cooperate to provide a healthy environment for others (p. 12). All in all, violence on

campus can be reduced by helping others and respecting their situation and mental

health, cooperation between university professionals and students is a major factor of

solving that issue.


Reilly, K. (2018). Depression on Campus. Time, 191(13), 38. Retrieved from http://0-


Mental health effects on college students can be solved. According to Reilly (2018),

mental health of college students, and also focuses on increasing health services to

provide treatments for depression and anxiety. The authors state that most student

concern a lot about finding treatments for their mental health on campus (p.40). Also,

because the lack of services most universities have, the community mental health center

has found an increase in the rates of suicide and abuse on campus (p.45). That shows,

mental health has negative effects on students’ lives to the point of considering

committing suicide.

Primary Sources

Zivin, K., Eisenberg, D., Gollust, S. E., & Golberstein, E. (2009). Persistence of mental health

problems and needs in a college student population. Journal of Affective

Disorders, 117(3), 180-185.

Often, the university provides a rare opportunity for young people to access mental health

care without being judged or fear of family members knowing about it. Zivin, K.,

Eisenberg, D., Gollust, S. E., & Golberstein, E. (2009), argue that students with mental

health issues are aware of their conditions but yet will not get the proper treatments. Their

research states that more than half of students have at least one mental health issue based

of a study during the years of 2005-2005 (p. 182). Through the use of a baseline-research,

less the half of the students with at least one mental health issue received medical

treatments about their case during the period of the research. (p. 184). According to the

authors, mental health issues are very common through college students and most

students but will not use medication or therapy to help overcome their issues.