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J. S. University, Shikohabad

J. S. University, Shikohabad Course Structure for M.Sc. Previous Physics under Annual System (w.e.f. – Academic

Course Structure for M.Sc. Previous Physics under Annual System

(w.e.f. – Academic Session 2015-16)

Note: There will be four theory papers of 100 marks each and one practical of 200 marks.

First Year

Total 600 Marks

MSPH- 101 Paper I- Mathematical & Computational Methods in Physics

100 marks

MSPH - 102 Paper II- Classical Mechanics & Statistical Mechanics

100 marks

MSPH - 103 Paper III- Solid State and Basic Electronics

100 marks

MSPH -104 Paper IV- Electrodynamics, Plasma Physics &

100 marks

Vacuum Technology

MSPH -105P- Practical based on the papers

200 marks

MSPH- 101 Paper I- Mathematical & Computational Methods in Physics

Unit I –

Matrix, types of matrix, algebra of matrix, inverse of matrix, Eigen values & Eigen vectors, elementary operations on matrix, rank of matrix, Echelon form of matrix, linear dependence and independence of matrix.

Unit II –

Differential Equations & Special function; Second order linear ODES with variable coefficient, Solution by series expansion, Legendre, Bessel, Hermite and Laguarre equations.

Unit III –

Laplace Transforms, First & Second shifting theorems, Inverse LT by partial fractions, LT of derivative and integral of a function.

Unit IV –

Transcendental and polynomial equations, Bisection method, Newton-Raphson method, Regula-falsi method.

Unit V –

Numerical differentiation and integration, E, Gauss method, Numerical Solution of ordinary differential equations, Euler &RungeKutta Methods, Predictor & corrector method.

MSPH- 102PaperII- Classical Mechanics & Statistical Mechanics

Unit I –

Mechanics of one and many particle systems (Newtonian mechanics), Constraints and their classification, Generalized Co-ordinates, D’Alembert’s Principle, Lagrange’s Equation from D’Alembert’s Principle for conservative and non-conservative system, Conservation theorem of energy, Gyroscopic forces, Jacobi integral, invariance under Galilean transformations.

Unit II –

Rotating frames, Inertial forces, Terrestrial and astronomical applications of Coriolis force, Central force and its general feature, Reduction of two body problem into a single body problem, General analysis of orbits, Kepler’s laws and equation, Rutherford Scattering, Principle of least action, Derivation of equations of motion, variation and end points,

Unit III –

Hamilton’s principle and characteristic functions, Deduction of Lagrange’s equation, Hamiltonian function and its physical significance, Hamiltonian canonical equations, Cyclic-coordinates, Modified Hamilton’s principle, Hamilton- Jacobi equation, Canonical transformation, Generating functions, Poisson bracket, Poisson theorems, angular momentum and Poisson bracket, Small oscillations, normal modes and coordinates.

Unit IV –

Ensembles and Microcanonical, ensemble, Phase space, Canonical and grand canonical ensembles, Liouville;s theorem, Partition function, Density matrix, Maxwell-Boltzman, Fermi-Dirac and Bose Einstein Statistics, Properties of ideal Bose and Fermi gases, Gas Degeneracy, Bose-Einstein Condensation.

Unit V –

Landau theory of phase transition, Langevin theory,Fluctuations, Fluctuation-dissipation theorem, Fokker-Plank equation, Brownian motion, Einstein theory of specific heat of solids, Debye theory of specific heat of solids.

MSPH- 103Paper III- Solid State and Basic Electronics

Unit I-

Classification of Solids, Crystalline and Amorphous solids, Translation vector, Unit cell and Primitive Cell, Space Lattice, Basis, Lattice translation vectors, Crystal Structure, Bravais Lattice and Seven System of Crystals, Symmetries in crystals, Calculation of parameters of cubic lattice, Body Centred Cubic (BCC) Cell, Face Centred Cubic Cell (FCC), Hexagonal Close Packed (HCP) structure, Atom positions in cubic unit cells, Indices of Crystallographic direction, Lattice Planes and Miller Indices, Interplaner spacing in a Cubic Lattice, Atomic Packing. Ionic Solids, NaCl crystal structure, Diamond Cubic structure, ZnS structure,

Unit II-

Two dimensional lattice types, Number of lattices, Point groups and Space groups, Three dimensional lattice types, Bragg law, Experimental diffraction method, Laue method, Rotating crystal method, Powder method, Reciprocal lattice vectors, Diffraction Conditions, Reciprocal lattice to SC, BCC and FCC lattice, Fourier analysis, Fourier analysis of the basis and atomic form factor.

Unit III-

Energy Band Theory of Solids, Classificaiton of Solids on the of Energy bands, Semiconductor and its classification, P-type and n- type semiconductors, Majority and minority carrier, P-N Junction Diode, Depletion layer, Diode as a rectifier and its Characteristics, Zener and Avalanche diodes, Tunnel diode, LED photodiode.

Unit IV -

Electronic Circuit, Analog and Digital Signals, Pulse, Logic and Digital Signal, Different Number Systems used in digital electronics, Decimal number System, Binary Number system, Conversion of Decimal number System into Binary and Binary into Decimal number system, Basic Logic gate, and its types, Universal logic gate.

Unit V-

Transistors, Types of transistors, Construction of BJT, Transistor Biasing, pnp and npn Transistors, Leakage Current in Transistor, Amplification (Gain), Transistor Characteristic and Configuration, Effect of temperature on the working of transistor photo diode, Solar Cells.

MSPH- 104Paper IV - Electrodynamics, Plasma Physics & Vacuum Technology

Unit I -

Review of Four vector and Lorentz Transformation in Four Dimensional Space, Electromagnetic Field tensor in Four Dimensions and Maxwell’s equations, Wave Equation for vector and Scalar potential and solution retarded potential and LienardWilchert potential, Electric and Magnetic field due to a Uniformly Moving charge, Bremsstralling, Synchrotron Radiation and Cerenkov Radiation, Reaction force of Radiation.

Unit II –

Potential in terms of charge distribution, Dipole interaction, Displacement vector, Boundary conditions, ClausinsMosotti relation, Langevin’s theory of diamagnetism and Para-magnetism, Solution of Laplace’s equation in spherical Coordinates, Electrostatic Potential, A dielectric sphere in uniform field.

Unit III-

Concept of Plasma, Condition for plasma Existence, Occurrence of Plasma, Motion of Charged Particles in Uniform Electric and Magnetic Fields, Longitudinal Electric field and Transverse Electric Field, Motion of Charged particle in Homogeneous Magnetic Field, Charged Particle in Simultaneous Electric and Magnetic Fields, Charged Particle in non-homogeneous magnetic Fields.

Unit IV –

Derivation of moment equations form Boltzmann Equation, Fluid equation of motion, Plasma Oscillation, Debye Shielding distance, Plasma Parameters, Plasma confinement, Hydro dynamical Description of Plasma, Fundamental equations. Hydro magnetic waves, magneto sonic and Alfven waves.

Unit V –

Vacuum, Units of Vacuum, Vacuum Ranges, Production of Vacuum, Classification of Vacuum Pumps, Rotary Oil Pumps, Diffusion Pump, Turbo-molecular Pumps, Cryopumps, Vacuum gauges, Thermocouple Gauge, Vacuum Technology, Applications of Vacuum, High Vacuum Systems, Thin Film Deposition.

MSPH 105P - M.Sc. (Prev.) Physics Practical

List of Experiments:

1. Study of visible spectrum by constant deviation spectrometer.

2. To determine the Stefen’s constant.

3. To Study and verify the truth table for Logic gates.

4. Verification of truth table of Half and Full Adder.

5. To study the characteristic of common base transistor.

6. To study the characteristic of common emitter transistor.

7. To determine the velocity of ultrasonic waves in a liquid.

8. To determination of wavelength of monochromatic light by Michelson’s interferometer.

9. To Study the Wein’s Displacement law.

10. Study of basic circuits in the construction of computer.

11. Digital to analog converter & analog to digital converter.

12. To find the energy band gap of the material.

13. To study rotator dispersion of quartz.

14. Verification of digital transformation.

15. Determination of Hall constants of metal.

16. Study of multivibrator circuits.

17. Assembly of power supply.

18. Ripple factor for different electrical and electronic circuits.

19. Viscosity of a fluid by rotation/viscometer.

20. Verification of Fresnel’s laws of reflection.