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Approche NEXUS

EAU-ALIMENTATION-ENERGIE

James Leten
Coordinateur GTA-IEUE

Brazzaville; 13 juin 2013


Groupe de Travail EAU-
Initiative Eau de l’Union Européenne
intro
Le Partenariat Stratégique Afrique-UE
pour l’Eau et l’Assainissement,
Lancé en 2002, lors du WSSD ; Jo’bourg
Au plus haut niveau politique,
Pour une contribution conjointe (Afrique – UE)
Aux objectifs relatifs à l’eau et l’assainissement
Groupe de Travail EAU-
Initiative Eau de l’Union Européenne
Fonctionnement

• Co-présidence par 1 état membre de UE et


le/la présidente du AMCOW TAC
• Membres: EM de UE, CE, AMCOW et TAC,
instituts de recherches, société civile, etc.
• 2-3 réunions par an (en Afrique et Europe)

PLATFORME DE RENCONTRE AFRIQUE-UE


African States

African Union
2011-2013
Africa-EU Partnership

African Water eThekwini Tunis Sharm el-Sheikh


Vision 2025 Declaration Declaration Declaration

RWSSI,
AWF,
AMCOW Work Plan
ACP/EU
WF 2011-2013

European Union
2011-2013
EU Member States and institutions (EC, EIB, etc)
Un produits : Mise en carte des appuis
financiers au organisation de bassins
tranfrontaliers
- Mise à jour de l’étude
GIZ de 2007

- CONCLUSIONS

- RECOMMENDATIONS
Programme de travail 2013 – grandes lignes
• Contribution à la reflection Post-2015 et ODD
• Revision de la Stratégie Conjointe Afrique -UE (JAES)
• Identification d’activités prioritaires pour le
Partenariat Eau et une mise en oeuvre dans le JAES
(2014- …)
• Renforcement des capacités – Gestion et
planification financière du secteur de l’eau en Afrique
(partenariat avec BAD, ICA, GWP, UNDP Cap-Net)
• Contribution à l’éffectivité de l’appui
(E&Ass, G Transfrs, G Ress, … )
Développement d’activités
futures – Agenda africain
• AFRIQUE-
“ EAU pour la Croissance socio-économique ”
• EUROPE-
« Sécurité d’accès à l’Eau, à l’Alimentation, à
l’Energie » -> NEXUS
• CE-
“construire sur des appuis existants”
– Appui à SITWA-ANBO
– Appui JRC-Centres d’Excéllences
Water Food Energy NEXUS approach
Business as Usual Faces Limitation by Planetary Boundaries

Water Energy Food

800mio without access to safe 2.5bn without access to 1bn suffering from hunger Population
2010 drinking water modern 2of energy Growth
2.5bn without access to 1.5bn without access to
Consumption
sanitation electricity
patterns

Economic
+ 40% energy demand + 30-50% food demand growth

Climate
Change
2030 40%-gap of water resources
(between availability and demand)

“A radical transformation is needed ”


(European Report on Development 2012)

13.06.2013
Water Food Energy NEXUS approach

FOOD HEALTH

Land Water

Climate

ENERGY INDUSTRY

linkages
use / consumption

Impact
Water Food Energy NEXUS approach

Key Bottleneck: Water, Energy and Land Resources


As part of the ecosystem, water, land and energy
resources are interconnected. Energy Food
water
Security resources Security
For example:
 land use change has major impact on the
water cycle
 condition of the soils depends on water land energy
availability resources resources
 water flows are source of energy

Each sector depends on


Water supply, energy generation and food security depend on the services from other sectors.
same natural resources For example:
 Food supply uses ca.
For example: Water 30% of the global
 45 % of EU water withdrawals are used for energy generation energy consumption.
Security  Energy costs amount
 Land and water resources are used for food and energy crops.
typically 20-40% of
water supply O&M
costs.

The Nexus perspective: considering strong interconnections of key resources


13.06.2013
Water Food Energy NEXUS approach

Planning and Innovation Occurs Predominantly in Sector Silos


Water sector Agriculture
Land use change leads to
Water supply increased flood and Agricultural
drought risk production
Sanitation and
hygiene Post-harvest
more irrigation vs. water losses
Wastewater protection
Access to market
Water
resources Land resources
Water for electricity
Energy sector
vs. water for irrigation

Dams: flood prevention Renewable


vs. energy generation energy

Energy efficiency

Access to energy Improved agriculture


Water constraints for energy value chains vs. energy
generation demand management

Insufficient energy land and water for energy


for drinking water and waste vs. food crops
water
13.06.2013
Une perspective NEXUS à tous les niveaux

Interdépendances globales: impact des politiques nationales sur les autres


Global régions. Ex. La politique traitants des biocarburants de l‘UE sur la sécurité
alimentaire en Afrique.

L‘amélioration de la coordination entre pays et secteurs pour la planification


Régional énergetique, agricole, approvisionenement en eau. Ex Coordination entre OdB
et Pool Energétique en Afrique

Plannification cohérente: Ex. Consultations et prise de décisions inter-


National
sectoriels pour balancer et gérer les priorités.

Mise en oeuvre de solutions innovantes à grande échelle; Ex. Exploitation de


Local
l‘énergie solaire.
13.06.2013
Merci

James.leten@siwi.org
13.06.2013
Next steps

• JAES: influence new strategy


Brainstorming sessions between AUC –EU
inpreparation of Africa-EU Summit 2014
• Preparation of new activities in support of the
Africa Water Agenda:

« Water for Growth » through a


‘Water-Food-Energy’ Nexus approach
Identified priorities - WSS
• continued provision of basic services
(objective of full coverage in 2030)
• slow progress with sanitation,
especially in rural communities
• without exception, wastewater as a future
priority with action needed to improve
– wastewater treatment,
– encourage recycling and
– reduce pollution.
Identified priorities – WW Q

Managing water quality is linked to pollution


control
monitoring systems

enforcement of controls over polluting


discharges (mainly wastewater
Conclusions
-> “Economic, social and environmental risks from water
related events have to be identified and managed as a
priority”
-> « need for investing in appropriate infrastructure and in
improving water management”

• The consultations proposed a range of national goals


• Many country consultations highlighted the need for
water security
– achieving improved water resources management using an
integrated approach
– achieving safe and reliable drinking water supplies and
sanitation for all
– managing risk