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Minimum Separation Distances Between Stationary* Cryogenic Bulk Vessels and Exposures

Minimum Distance Compliant?


Notes
Type of Exposure (ft) (Yes/No)

1+ Buildings, regardless of constructions type 1

2 Wall openings and other building exits 1

3 Air intakes 10

4+ Property lines 5

5 Places of public assemblya 50

6 Nonambulatoryb patient areas 50

Combustible materials, (e.g., paper, leaves,


7+ 15
weeds, dry grass, debris)

8+ Incompatible hazardous materialsc 20

9+ Building exits 10

10 Compressed gases 20

Distances listed are from the 2013 Edition of NFPA55, Chapter 8


+
A 2-hour fire barrier wall shall be permitted in lieu of the minimum distances,
where in accordance with provisions outlined in 8.7.2.1 of NFPA55 2013 Ed.
*Stationary is defined as a packaging designed primarily for stationary installatons not
intended for loading, unloading, or attachement to a transport vehicle as part of its normal
operation in the process of use
a
Gathering places, i.e. for a crowd

b
unable to walk around

When combined with N2 or Ar, may produce hazardous conditions (heat, pressure, fumes, etc)
c
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Minimum Separation Distances Between Portable* Cryogenic Bulk Vessels and Exposures
Minimum Distance Compliant?
Notes
Type of Exposure (ft) (Yes/No)

1+ Building Exits 10

2+ Wall openings and other building exits 1

3+ Air intakes 10

4+ Property lines 5

5+ Room or area exits 3


Combustible materials, (e.g., paper, leaves, weeds, dry
6+ 15
grass, debris)

7+ Incompatible hazardous materialsc 20

8+ Compressed gases 20

Distances listed are from the 2013 Edition of NFPA55, Chapter 8


+
A 2-hour fire barrier wall shall be permitted in lieu of the minimum distances for all indicated
exposures, where in accordance with provisions outlined in 8.7.3.2 of NFPA55 2013 Ed.
*Portable is defined as any packaging over 60 U.S. gal capacity designed primarily to be loaded into or on, or temporarily
attached to, a transport vehicle or ship and equipped with skids, mountings, or accessories to facilitate handling of the tank by
mechanical means.

When combined with N2 or Ar, may produce hazardous conditions (heat, pressure, fumes, etc)
c
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Minimum Separation Distances Between Bulk Liquid Oxygen Systems and Exposure Hazards*
Compliant?
Type of Exposure Distance (ft) Notes
(Yes/No)
Buildings of Type Ia and IIb construction as defined by the
1 1
building code

Buildings of Type IIIc, IVd, Ve construction as defined by the


2 50
building code

Wall openings as measured from high-pressure gas or


3 liquefied gas regulators, pressure relief devices, vaporizers, 10
manifolds, and interconnected piping
4 Property lines 5

5 Public sidewalks 10

6 Public assemblyf 50

Areas occupied by nonambulatoryg patients as measured


7 from the primary pressure relief device discharge vent and 50
from filling and vent connections

8 Parked vehicles 10
Exterior walls that encroach on the container to form a court see 8.12.2.7 in
9
with three or more sides NFPA55 2013 Ed.
All classes of flammable and combustible liquids above
10
ground (see 9.3.2.2)

a 0 gal to 1000 gal 25

b Over 1000 gal 50


All classes of flammable and combustible liquids in
11
belowground tanks or vaults
Horizontal distance from oxygen storage container to tank or
a 15
vault

Horizontal distance from oxygen storage container to filling


b 25
and vent connections or other openings to tank or vault
12 Flammable gases aboveground

a Liquefied hydrogen (any quantity) 75

b Other liquefied gas, 0 gal to 1000 gal 25

c Other liquefied gas, over 1000 gal 50

d Nonliquefied or dissolved gases, 0 scf to 25,000 scf 25

e Nonliquefied or dissolved gases, over 25,000 scf 50


Rapidly burning solids, including, but not limited to,
13 50
excelsior, paper, or combustible waste
Inlets to underground sewer or drainage systems from liquid
15 delivery connections, pressure relief device outlets, mobile 8
supply equipment, and liquid withdrawal connections
Areas below connections where liquid can fall during loading
16 or unloading, but not limited to, asphalt or bitumastic paving 3
and expansion joint fillers (see 9.3.2.3)
17 Encroachment by overhead utilities

Horizontal distance from the vertical plane below the nearest


a 50
overhead wire of an electric trolley, train, or bus line

Horizontal distance from the vertical plane below the nearest


b 5
overhead wire other than those noted in (a)
c Piping containing other than hazardous materials 15
18 Compressed gases 20
19 Open Flame h
25h
*Distances listed are from the 2013 Edition of NFPA 55, Chapter 9
a
Constructed of noncombustible materials. All building elements (structural frame, bearing walls, floors and
roofs) are fire resistance rated.
b
Constructed of noncombustible materials. Typically, masonry bearing walls structures with steel studs for
walls and steel bar joists for floor.
and roof structures.
c
Exterior walls of noncombustible materials and interior building elements of any material permitted by the
code (combustible or non-combustible). Typically, buildings with masonry bearing walls and wood roofs or
floors.
d
Heavy Timber- Exterior walls of noncombustible materials and interior building elements of solid or
laminated wood without concealed spaces.
Structural elements, exterior and interior walls are of any
e

materials permitted by the code.


f
Gathering places, i.e. for a crowd
g
Unable to walk around
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Minimum Distance (ft) from Liquefied Hydrogen Systems to Exposures


Total Liquid Hydrogen Storage (Capacity in Gallons) Compliant?
Type of Exposure Notes
(Yes/No)
39.7 to 3,500 3,501 to 15,000 15,001 to 75,000
1 Lot lines 25 50 75

Air intakes [heating, ventilating, or


2 air-conditioning equipment (HVAC), 75 75 75
compressors, others]

3 Wall openings
Operable openings in buildings
a 75 75 75
and structures
Unopenable openings in buildings
b 25 50 50
and structures

Ignition sources such as open flames


4 50 50 50
and welding

5 Places of public assembly 75 75 75

6 Building or structure

Constructed of noncomubustible or
a
limited-combustible materials

Sprinklered or unsprinklered,
1 5* 5* 5*
having noncombustible contents
Unsprinkled with combustible
2
contents
Adjacent wall(s) with fire
i resistance rating less than 3 25 50 75
hours
Adjacent wall(s) with fire
ii resistance rating 3 hours or 5 5 5
greater**
Buildings of combustible
b
construction
1 Sprinklered 50 50 50

2 Unsprinklered 50 75 100

Flammable gas storage or systems


7 (other than hydrogen) above or below 50 75 75
ground
Between stationary liquefied hydrogen
8 5 5 5
containers
All classes of flammable and
combustible liquids (above ground and
9 50 75 100
vent or fill openings if below
ground)***
Hazardous materials storage or
systems including liquid oxygen
10 75 75 75
storage and other oxidizers, above or
below ground
Heavy timber, coal, or other slow-
11 50 75 100
burning combustible solids

13 Inlet to underground sewers 5 5 5

Utilities overhead, including electric


14 power, building services, or hazardous
materials piping systems

Horizontal distance from the


vertical plane below the nearest
a 50 50 50
overhead wire of an electric
trolley, train, or bus line

Horizontal distance from the


b vertical plane below the nearest 25 25 25
overhead electrical wire

Piping containing other hazardous


c 15 15 15
materials

15 Compressed gases 20 20 20
Distances listed are from the 2013 Edition of NFPA 55, Chapter 11
*Portions of wall less than 10 ft (measured horizontally) from any part of a system must have a fire resistance
rating of not less than 1 hour
**Exclusive of windows and doors

***The separation distances for Class IIIB combustible liquids shall be permitted to be reduced to 15 ft
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Minimum Distance (ft) from Gaseous Hydrogen Systems to Exposures*


Type of Outdoor Exposure System Conditions
Compliant?
Pressure 15 to ≤250 psig 250 to ≤3000 psig 3000 to ≤7500 psig Notes
(Yes/No)
ID (mm) 2.067 in. ID* 0.747 in. ID* 0.312 in. ID*

a Lot lines 40 46 29
Air intakes (HVAC,
Group 1**

b 40 46 29
compressors, etc.)
Operable openings in buildings
c 40 46 29
and structures
Ignition sources such as open
d 40 46 29
flames and welding
Exposed persons other than
Group

a those involved in servicing of 20 24 13


2**

the system
b Parked cars 20 24 13

Buildings of non-combustible
a 17 19 12
non-fire-rated construction

Buildings of combustible
b 17 19 12
construction

Flammable gas storage


c systems above or below 17 19 12
ground
Hazardous materials storage
d systems above or below 17 19 12
ground
Heavy timber, coal, or other
e slow-burning combustible 17 19 12
Group 3

solids
Group 3
Ordinary combustibles,
including fast-burning soldis
such as ordinary lumber,
excelsior, paper, or
f 17 19 12
combustible waste and
vegetation other than that
found in maintained
landscaped areas

Unopenable opening in
g 17 19 12
building and structures

Utilities overhead, including


electrical, building services or
h 17 19 12
hazardous materials piping
systems

*ID (inner diameter) shall be determined by the greatest maximum internal


diameter of piping in the system. For systems with ID greater than or less than
those selected for this table, consult the subject matter expert.
**Distances to these exposures shall be permitted to be reduced by one-half where
fire barrier walls are located between the system and the exposure and constructed
in accordance with the conditions stated on page 45 of NFPA55 Ed. 2013.
NOTES:
GH2 systems within 50 ft of aboveground storage of all classes of flammable and combustible liquids shall be
1 located on ground higher than such storage, except where dikes, diversion curbs, grading, or separating solid
walls are used to prevent accumulation of these liquids under the system.
The maximum ID of piping between the shutoff valve on any single storage container to the point of
2 connection to the system source valve shall not exceed the IDs shown in the table for the pressure range
indicated.
Unloading connections on delivery equipment follow the same setback distance guidelines for storage systems
3 given in the table above.

4 Guard posts or other approved means must be provided to protect the following areas where subject to
vehicular damage: storage tanks and connected piping, valves, and fittings; dispensing areas; and use areas.
The minimum separation distance between gaseous and liquid systems integrated into a single system where
5
the liquid source is vaporized, compressed, and stored in the gaseous state shall be 15 ft.
Completed by:

Date:

Customer:

For internal use only. Please do not distribute. Address:


Minimum Distance (ft) from Gaseous Hydrogen Systems to Exposures

Minimum Distance Compliant?


Type of Outdoor Exposure Notes
(ft) (Yes/No)

a Lot lines
Air intakes (HVAC, compressors,
Group 1*

b
etc.)
Operable openings in buildings and 276
c
structures
Ignition sources such as open
d
flames and welding
Exposed persons other than those
Group 2*

a involved in servicing of the


systema 166

b Parked carsa
Buildings of non-combustible non-
a
fire-rated construction
Buildings of combustible
b
construction
Flammable gas storage systems
c
above or below ground
Hazardous materials storage
d
systems above or below ground
Heavy timber, coal, or other slow-
e
burning combustible solids
Group 3*

Ordinary combustibles, including


115
fast-burning soldis such as
ordinary lumber, excelsior, paper,
f
or combustible waste and
vegetation other than that found
in maintained landscaped areas

Unopenable opening in building


g
and structures
Utilities overhead, including
electrical, building services or
h
hazardous materials piping
systems
NOTES:
1 GH2 systems within 50 ft of aboveground storage of all classes of flammable and combustible liquids
shall be located on ground higher than such storage, except where dikes, diversion curbs, grading, or
separating solid walls are used to prevent accumulation of these liquids under the system.

2 Unloading connections on delivery equipment may not be positioned closer to any of the exposures
listed in the table than the distances given for the storage system.
3 Guard posts or other approved means must be provided to protect the following areas where subject to
vehicular damage: storage tanks and connected piping, valves, and fittings; dispensing areas; and use
areas. Criteria for such protection is given in NFPA 55 4.11.1.2

The minimum separation distance between gaseous and liquid systems integrated into a single system
4
where the liquid source is vaporized, compressed, and stored in the gaseous state shall be 15 ft.
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Minimum Separation Distances Between Liquide CO2 Containers and Exposures*


Minimum Distance
Type of Exposure (ft) Compliant? (Yes/No) Notes

1+ Buildings, regardless of constructions type 2

2+ Wall openings and other building exits 2

3+ Air intakes 10

4+ Property lines 5

5+ Places of public assemblya 50

6+ Nonambulatoryb patient areas 50


Combustible materials, (e.g., paper, leaves, weeds, dry grass,
7+ 15
debris)
8+ Incompatible hazardous materials 20

9+ Building exits 10

10+ Compressed gases 20

*Distances listed are from the 2013 Edition of NFPA55, Chapter 13


+
A 2-hour fire barrier wall shall be permitted in lieu of the distances specified when in accordance with the provisions listed in Chapter 13
of NPFA55 2013 Ed.

a
Gathering places, i.e. for a crowd

b
unable to walk around