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Prof. Dr.-Ing.

Rudolf Baumgart Hochschule Darmstadt


Massivbau University of Applied Sciences

Beispiel
In der folgenden Abbildung ist ein torsionsbeanspruchter Kragarm dargestellt.

Fg = 80 kN Querschnitt b/h = 30/70 Betondeckung 5 cm


Fq = 45 kN cm
20 Kernquerschnitt

2.0 d = 65 hk= 60
Ak = 0.2 ⋅ 0.6 = 0.12 m 2
0 70
u k = 2 ⋅ (0.2 + 0.6 ) = 1.60 m
30
bk= 20

Abbildung: Torsionsbeanspruchter Kragarm

Baustoffe: Beton C 20/25 Baustahl BSt 500SA


f ck 20 f yk 500
f cd = α ⋅ = 0.85 ⋅ = 11.33 MN / m 2 f yd = = = 435 MN / m 2
γc 1 .5 γs 1.15

Biegebemessung:
M Ed = 1.35 ⋅ 80 ⋅ 2.00 = 65
216 kNm kd = = 1 .9 ⇒ k s = 2.70
351 0.30
1.5 ⋅ 45 ⋅ 2.00 = 135 kNm
351
351 kNm As = ⋅ 2.70 = 14.6 cm 2
65

Hebelarm der inneren Kräfte z = ς ⋅ d = 0.85 ⋅ 65 = 55 cm

Vereinfachtes Verfahren für Querkraft und Torsion nach DIN 1045-1

Nachweis der Druckstrebe für Querkraft

V Ed = 1.35 ⋅ 80 = 108.0 kN
1.5 ⋅ 45 = 67.5 kN
175.5 kN

cot θ = 1.2 Annahme gemäß DIN 1045-1, 10.3.4,(5)

bw ⋅ z ⋅ α c ⋅ f cd
V Rd ,max =
cot θ + tan θ
0.3 ⋅ 0.55 ⋅ 0.75 ⋅ 11.33
= = 0.691 MN
1.2 + 0.83
VEd = 175.5 kN < VRd ,max = 691 kN

bsp-torsion.doc 06.12.08 Seite 1


Prof. Dr.-Ing. Rudolf Baumgart Hochschule Darmstadt
Massivbau University of Applied Sciences

Nachweis der Druckstrebe für Torsion:

TEd = 1.35 ⋅ 80 ⋅ 0.2 = 21.6 kNm


1.5 ⋅ 45 ⋅ 0.2 = 13.5 kNm
35.1 kN m

α c ,red ⋅ f cd ⋅ 2 ⋅ Ak ⋅ t eff
TRd ,max =
cot θ + tan θ
α c ,red = 0.7 ⋅ α c = 0.7 ⋅ 0.75 = 0.525
0.525 ⋅ 11.33 ⋅ 2 ⋅ 0.12 ⋅ 0.1
TRd ,max = = 0.071 MNm
1.0 + 1.0
TEd = 35.1 kNm < TRd ,max = 71 kNm

Nachweis der Druckstrebe für Querkraft + Torsion:


2 2
⎛ V Ed ⎞ ⎛ TEd ⎞
⎜ ⎟ +⎜ ⎟ ≤ 1.0
⎜V ⎟ ⎜T ⎟
⎝ Rd ,max ⎠ ⎝ Rd ,max ⎠
2 2
⎛ 175.5 ⎞ ⎛ 35.1 ⎞
⎜ ⎟ +⎜ ⎟ = 0.065 + 0.24 = 0.31 < 1.0
⎝ 691 ⎠ ⎝ 71 ⎠

Der Querschnitt ist erst zur Hälfte ausgenutzt. Bis zum Erreichen der maximalen Traglast ist
noch eine deutliche Laststeigerung möglich.

Nachweis der Bewehrung für Querkraft:


V Ed
a sw =
z ⋅ cot θ ⋅ f yd
0.1755
= ⋅ 10 4 = 6.11 cm 2 / m
0.55 ⋅ 1.2 ⋅ 435

Nachweis der Bewehrung für Torsion:


TEd TEd ⋅ u k
a sw = Asl =
2 ⋅ Ak ⋅ cot θ ⋅ f yd 2 ⋅ Ak ⋅ tan θ ⋅ f yd
0.0351 0.0351 ⋅ 1.60
= ⋅ 10 4 = 3.36 cm 2 / m = ⋅ 10 4 = 5.38 cm 2
2 ⋅ 0.12 ⋅ 1.0 ⋅ 435 2 ⋅ 0.12 ⋅ 1.0 ⋅ 435

Nachweis der Bewehrung für Querkraft + Torsion:


6.11
a s,w = + 3.36
2
= 6.42 cm 2 / m (einschnittig)

gew.: Bügel Ø 12, sw = 17.5 cm Längsbew. 6 Ø 10 + Zulage zur Biegezugbew.

bsp-torsion.doc 06.12.08 Seite 2


Prof. Dr.-Ing. Rudolf Baumgart Hochschule Darmstadt
Massivbau University of Applied Sciences

Genaueres Verfahren für Querkraft und Torsion nach DIN 1045-1

Alternativ kann der Nachweis auch für eine „genauere“ Ermittlung des Druckstrebenwinkels
geführt werden.

1.2
Neigung der Druckstrebe: cot θ =
VRd ,c
1−
VEd ,T +V

V Rd ,c = β ct ⋅ 0.10 ⋅ η1 ⋅ f ck1 / 3 ⋅ t eff ⋅ z


= 2.4 ⋅ 0.10 ⋅ 1.0 ⋅ 201 / 3 ⋅ 0.10 ⋅ 0.55 = 0.036 MN

TEd ⋅ z
V Ed ,T =
2 ⋅ Ak
Torsionsschubkraft in einer Wandfläche
0.0351 ⋅ 0.60
= = 0.088 MN
2 ⋅ 0.12

0.10
V Ed ,V = 0.175 ⋅ = 0.0583 MN Querkraftanteil in einer Wandfläche
0.30

V Ed ,T +V = 0.088 + 0.0583 = 0.146 MN

1 .2
cot θ = = 1.59 Druckstrebenneigung θ = 31.65 o
0.036
1−
0.146

Nachweis der Druckstrebe für Querkraft:


bw ⋅ z ⋅ α c ⋅ f cd
V Rd ,max =
cot θ + tan θ
0.3 ⋅ 0.55 ⋅ 0.75 ⋅ 11.33
= = 0.632 MN
1.59 + 1 / 1.59
VEd = 175.5 kN < VRd ,max = 632 kN

Nachweis der Druckstrebe für Torsion:


α c ,red ⋅ f cd ⋅ 2 ⋅ Ak ⋅ t eff
TRd ,max =
cot θ + tan θ
α c ,red = 0.7 ⋅ α c = 0.7 ⋅ 0.75 = 0.525
0.525 ⋅ 11.33 ⋅ 2 ⋅ 0.12 ⋅ 0.1
TRd ,max = = 0.064 MNm
1.59 + 1 / 1.59
TEd = 35.1 kNm < TRd ,max = 64 kNm

Nachweis der Druckstrebe für Querkraft + Torsion


2 2
⎛ VEd ⎞ ⎛ TEd ⎞ 2 2
⎜ ⎟ +⎜ ⎟ = ⎛⎜ 175.5 ⎞⎟ + ⎛⎜ 35.1 ⎞⎟ = 0.077 + 0.30 = 0.38 < 1.0
⎜V ⎟ ⎜T ⎟ ⎝ 632 ⎠ ⎝ 64 ⎠
⎝ Rd ,max ⎠ ⎝ Rd ,max ⎠

bsp-torsion.doc 06.12.08 Seite 3


Prof. Dr.-Ing. Rudolf Baumgart Hochschule Darmstadt
Massivbau University of Applied Sciences

Nachweis der Bewehrung für Querkraft:


VEd 0.1755
a sw = = ⋅ 10 4 = 4.61 cm 2 / m
z ⋅ cot θ ⋅ f yd 0.55 ⋅ 1.59 ⋅ 435

Nachweis der Bewehrung für Torsion:


TEd 0.0351
a sw = = ⋅ 10 4 = 2.11 cm 2 / m
2 ⋅ Ak ⋅ cot θ ⋅ f yd 2 ⋅ 0.12 ⋅ 1.59 ⋅ 435
TEd ⋅ u k 0.0351 ⋅ 1.60
Asl = = ⋅ 10 4 = 8.55 cm 2
2 ⋅ Ak ⋅ tan θ ⋅ f yd 2 ⋅ 0.12 ⋅ 1 / 1.59 ⋅ 435

Nachweis der Bewehrung für Querkraft + Torsion:


4.61
a s,w = + 2.11 = 4.42 cm 2 / m (einschnittig)
2

gew.: Bügel Ø 12, sw = 25 cm


Längsbew. 6 Ø 12 + Zulage zur
Biegezugbew.

Abbildung: Bewehrungsskizze

bsp-torsion.doc 06.12.08 Seite 4