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Service Manual

Trucks
Group 38
Instrument Cluster Fault Codes
MID 140
VN,VHD VERSION2

PV776-TSP161704
Foreword
The descriptions and service procedures contained in this manual are based on de-
signs and methods studies carried out up to March 2003.

The products are under continuous development. Vehicles and components produced
after the above date may therefore have different specifications and repair methods.
When this is believed to have a significant bearing on this manual, supplementary ser-
vice bulletins will be issued to cover the changes.

The new edition of this manual will update the changes.

In service procedures where the title incorporates an operation number, this is a refer-
ence to an V.S.T. (Volvo Standard Times).

Service procedures which do not include an operation number in the title are for gen-
eral information and no reference is made to an V.S.T.

The following levels of observations, cautions and warnings are used in this Service
Documentation:

Note: Indicates a procedure, practice, or condition that must be followed in order to


have the vehicle or component function in the manner intended.

Caution: Indicates an unsafe practice where damage to the product could occur.

Warning: Indicates an unsafe practice where personal injury or severe damage to the
product could occur.

Danger: Indicates an unsafe practice where serious personal injury or death could oc-
cur.

Volvo Trucks North America, Inc.


Greensboro, NC USA

Order number: PV776-TSP161704

© 2003 Volvo Trucks North America, Inc., Greensboro, NC USA

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in


retrieval system, or transmitted in any forms by any means, electronic, me-
chanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written
permission of Volvo Trucks North America, Inc..

USA10483
Contents
Specifications ......................................................................................... 3
Instrument Cluster, Signal Descriptions ................................................ 3

Tools ...................................................................................................... 13
Special Tools ....................................................................................... 13
Other special equipment ..................................................................... 14

Troubleshooting ................................................................................... 15
MID 140 Fault Code Table .................................................................. 15
MID 140 PID 77 Forward Rear Axle Temperature .............................. 17
MID 140 PID 77 Forward Rear Axle Temperature, Check .................. 18
MID 140 PID 78 Rear Rear Axle Temperature ................................... 20
MID 140 PID 78 Rear Rear Axle Temperature, Check ....................... 21
MID 140 PID 96 Fuel Level ................................................................. 23
MID 140 PID 96 Fuel Level, Check .................................................... 24
MID 140 PID 116 Application Air Pressure ......................................... 26
MID 140 PID 116 Application Air Pressure, Check ............................ 27
MID 140 PID 117 Air Brake Pressure, Front ....................................... 29
MID 140 PID 117 Air Brake Pressure, Front, Check .......................... 30
MID 140 PID 118 Air Brake Pressure, Rear ....................................... 32
MID 140 PID 118 Air Brake Pressure, Rear, Check ........................... 33
MID 140 PID 158 Battery Voltage ....................................................... 35
MID 140 PID 158 Battery Voltage, Check .......................................... 36
MID 140 PID 171 Ambient Temperature ............................................. 37
MID 140 PID 171 Ambient Temperature, Check ................................. 38
MID 140 PID 177 Transmission Oil Temperature ................................ 40
MID 140 PID 177 Transmission Oil Temperature, Check ................... 41
MID 140 PID 178 Air Suspension Pressure, Front ............................. 43
MID 140 PID 178 Air Suspension Pressure, Front, Check ................. 44
MID 140 PID 179 Air Suspension Pressure, Rear ............................. 46
MID 140 PID 179 Air Suspension Pressure, Rear, Check ................. 47
MID 140 SID 231 J1939 Control Link ................................................. 49
MID 140 SID 240 Program Memory ................................................... 50
MID 140 SID 250 J1587/1708 Information Link .................................. 51
MID 140 SID 253 Calibration Memory, EEPROM ............................... 53
MID 140 PSID 7 Reference Resistance ............................................. 54
MID 140 PSID 200 J1939 Data Link Interruption, Engine ECU ......... 55
MID 140 PSID 201 J1939 Data Link Interruption, Vehicle ECU ......... 56
MID 140 PSID 204 J1939 Data Link Interruption, Anti-lock Brake
ECU ..................................................................................................... 57
MID 140 PSID 210 J1939 Data Link Interruption, Lighting Control
Module ................................................................................................. 58
MID 140 PSID 232 J1939-3 Control Link ........................................... 59

Feedback

Operation Numbers

1
2
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Specifications

Specifications
Instrument Cluster, Signal Descriptions
Connector A (22–pin Green) - with breakout box connected between
the instrument cluster (MID140) and cable harness
Requirements:
• Breakout box 9998699 connected to adapter
9998533 between the instrument cluster and cable
harness. Use extension cable 9990062 if needed.
• Instrument cluster connected.
• Ignition key in the drive position.
• Engine switched off.
• Measuring voltage using the multimeter.
Notes:

V = direct current voltage (V)

Vbat = battery voltage

R = resistance in ohms (
)

W3005144

Pin Signal type Measurement Nominal value Other


points
A1 Power supply (BAT+) A1 - A2 V ≈ Vbat
A2 Ground A2 - ground V≈ 0 V
A3 Ignition supply, (DR or key ON) A3 - A2) V ≈ Vbat
A4 Stalk switch, SELECT A4 - A2 V≈0V

V ≈ Vbat (SELECT active)


A5 Stalk switch, ESCAPE A5 - A2 V≈0V

V ≈ Vbat (ESCAPE active)


A6 Stalk switch, ARROW UP A6 - A2 V≈0V

V ≈ Vbat (ARROW UP active)


A7 Stalk switch, ARROW DOWN A7 - A2 V≈0V

V ≈ Vbat (ARROW DOWN ac-


tive)
A8 Not used
A9 Not used
A10 SAE J1939-3 High A10 - A2 V ≈ 0 -5 V
A11 Not used
A12 Ref Ground for sensor A12 - A2 V≈0V
A13 Not used

3
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Specifications

Pin Signal type Measurement Nominal value Other


points
A14 Not used
A15 J1939 CAN High A15 - A2 V ≈ 3 -5 V
A16 J1939 CAN Low A16 - A2 V ≈ 0 -3 V
A17 J1587/1708+ A17 - A2 V ≈ 0 -5 V
A18 J1587/1708- A18 - A2 V ≈ 0 -5 V
A19 Not used
A20 Not used
A21 Audible hazard warning (signal A21 - A2 V ≈ 0 V / Vbat (Switching)
from Lighting Control Module)
A22 J1939-3 Low A22 - A2 V ≈ 0 -5 V

4
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Specifications

Connector B (30–pin Green) - breakout box connected between the in-


strument cluster (MID140) and cable harness
Requirements:
• Breakout box 9998699 and adapter 9813194 con-
nected between the instrument cluster connector B
and the cable harness. Use extension cable
9990062 if needed.
• Instrument cluster connected.
• Ignition key in the drive position.
• Engine switched off.
• Measuring voltage using the multimeter.
Notes:

V = direct current voltage (V)

Vbat = battery voltage

R = resistance in ohms (
)

W3005144

Pin Signal type Measurement Nominal value Other


points
B1 Reference Ground (redundant) B1 - ground V≈0V
B2 Application air pressure sensor, B2 - ground V ≈ 0.5 - 5.0 V
analog input
B3 Fuel level sensor, analog input B3 - B1 V≈0-5V
B4 Pyrometer sensor signal, negative B4 - B5 V ≈ 5 - 32 mV
analog input
B5 Pyrometer sensor signal, positive B5 - B4 V ≈ 5 - 32 mV
analog input
B6 Rear air suspension pressure B6 - ground V ≈ 0.5 - 5.0 V
sensor, analog input
B7 Front air suspension pressure B7 - ground V ≈ 0.5 - 5.0 V
sensor, analog input
B8 Not used
B9 Outside temperature sensor, ana- B9 - B1 V≈0-5V
log input
B10 Forward rear axle temperature B10 - ground V≈0-5V
sensor, analog input
B11 Rear rear axle temperature sen- B11 - ground V≈0-5V
sor, analog input
B12 Transmission oil temperature sen- B12 - B1 V ≈ 0 -5 V
sor, analog input
B13 Front brake air pressure gauge B13 - ground V ≈ 0.5 - 5.0 V
sensor, analog input
B14 Rear brake air pressure gauge B14 - ground V ≈ 0.5 - 5.0 V
sensor (analog input)

5
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Specifications

Pin Signal type Measurement Nominal value Other


points
B15 Not used
B16 Not used
B17 5V supply output, rear air suspen- B17 - ground V ≈ 5.0 V
sion pressure sensor
B18 5V supply output, application air B18 - ground V ≈ 5.0 V
pressure sensor
B19 5V supply output, front axle air B19 - ground V ≈ 5.0 V
pressure sensor
B20 5V supply output for front brake B20 - ground V ≈ 5.0 V
air pressure sensor
B21 5V supply output, rear brake air B21 - ground V ≈ 5.0 V
pressure sensor
B22 Not used
B23 Not used
B24 Not used
B25 Not used
B26 Not used
B27 Not used
B28 5th Wheel lock telltale sensor, B28 - ground V ≈ Vbat
digital input
B29 Not used
B30 Not used

6
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Specifications

Connector C (30–pin Blue) - breakout box connected between the in-


strument cluster (MID140) and cable harness
Requirements:
• Breakout box 9998699 and adapter 9998533 con-
nected to connector A and C on the cable harness.
Use extension cable 9990062 if needed.
• Instrument cluster connected.
• Ignition key in the drive position.
• Engine switched off.
• Measuring voltage using the multimeter.
Notes:

V = direct current voltage (V)

Vbat = battery voltage

R = resistance in ohms (
)

W3005144

Pin Signal type Measurement Nominal value Other


points
C1 Not used
C2 ABS Trailer fault, digital input C2 - A2 V ≈ Vbat (Telltale light inactive)

V ≈ 0 V (Telltale light active)


C3 ABS Vehicle fault, digital input C3 - A2 V ≈ Vbat (Telltale light inactive)
V ≈ 0 V (Telltale light active)
C4 Traction control system, digital in- C4 - A2 V ≈ Vbat (Telltale light inactive)
put
V ≈ 0 V (Telltale light active)
C5 Air filter restriction, digital input C5-A2 V ≈ Vbat (Telltale light inactive)

V ≈ 0 V (Telltale light active)


C6 Not used
C7 Battery charging telltale, digital in- C7 - A2 V ≈ 2.2 V (Ignition key in the
put off position)

V ≈ Vbat (Alternator charging)


C8 Air dump icon, digital input C8 - A2 V ≈ Vbat (Suspension in dump
position)

V ≈ 0 V (Suspension in ride
position)
C9 Not used
C10 Interaxle Differential lock telltale, C10 - A2 V ≈ Vbat (Switch active)
digital input
C11 Interwheel Differential lock telltale, C11 - A2 V ≈ Vbat (Differential lock
digital input switch active)
C12 Not used

7
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Specifications

Pin Signal type Measurement Nominal value Other


points
C13 Not used
C14 Not used
C15 Not used
C16 Transmission oil temp telltale digi- C16 - A2 V ≈ 0 V (Active signal)
tal input V ≈ Vbat (Inactive signal)
C17 Transmission malfunction icon, C17 - A2 V ≈ 0 V (Active signal)
digital input V ≈ Vbat (Inactive signal)
C18 Not used
C19 Not used
C20 Not used
C21 Not used
C22 Not used
C23 Not used
C24 Not used
C25 Not used
C26 Not used
C27 Not used
C28 Not used
C29 Washer fluid level icon, digital in- C29 - A2 V ≈ 0V (Low level)
put V ≈ Vbat (Fluid level OK)
C30 Not used

8
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Specifications

Connector A (22–pin Green) - breakout box connected to cable harness


Requirements:
• Breakout box 9998699 connected to adapter
9998533 towards the cable harness. Use extension
cable 9990062 if needed.
• Instrument cluster disconnected.
• Ignition off.
• Measuring resistance using the multimeter.
Notes:

R = resistance in ohms (
)

W3005144

Pin Signal type Measurement Nominal value Other


points
A2 Ground A2 - ground R≈0

A4 Stalk switch, SELECT A4 - ground R ≈ 0


(Active)
R ≈ ∞
(Inactive)
A5 Stalk switch, ESCAPE A5 - ground R ≈ 0
(Active)
R ≈ ∞
(Inactive)
A6 Stalk switch, ARROW UP A6 - ground R ≈ 0
(Active)
R ≈ ∞
(Inactive)
A7 Stalk switch, ARROW DOWN A7 - ground R ≈ 0
(Active)
R ≈ ∞
(Inactive)

9
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Specifications

Connector B (30–pin Green) - breakout box connected to cable harness


Requirements:
• Breakout box 9998699 and adapter 9813194 con-
nected to cable harness. Use extension cable
9990062 if needed.
• Instrument cluster disconnected.
• Ignition off.
• Measuring resistance using the multimeter.
Notes:

R = resistance in ohms (
)

W3005144

Pin Signal type Measurement Nominal value Other


points
B1 Reference Ground (redundant) B1 - ground R≈0

B3 Fuel level sensor, analog input B3 - B1 R ≈ 30 - 250

B9 Outside temperature sensor, ana- B9 - B1 See chart, page 11


log input
B12 Transmission oil temperature sen- B12 - B1 See chart, page 11
sor, analog input

10
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Specifications

Outside Temperature Sensor, Temperature vs. Resistance

W3005183

Transmission Oil Temperature Sensor, Temperature vs. Resistance

W3005184
   
71 C 82 C 93 C 104 C
   
(160 F) (180 F) (200 F) (220 F)
Min 235
165
118
85

Nominal 255
177
125
90

Max 273
188
133
95

11
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Specifications

Connector C (30–pin Blue) - breakout box connected to cable harness


Requirements:
• Breakout box 9998699 and adapter 9998533 con-
nected to connector A and C on the cable harness.
Use extension cable 9990062 if needed.
• Instrument cluster disconnected.
• Ignition off.
• Measuring resistance using the multimeter.
Notes:

R = resistance in ohms (
)

W3005144

Pin Signal type Measurement Nominal value Other


points
C3 ABS Vehicle telltale, digital input C3 - A2 R ≈ 93 k

C4 Traction control system telltale, C4 - A2 R≈∞


(Inactive)
digital input
R ≈ 0
(Active)
C5 Air filter restriction, digital input C5 - A2 R ≈ ∞
(Inactive)

R ≈ 0
(Active)
C11 Interwheel differential lock telltale, C11 - A2 R ≈ ∞
(Diff inactive)
digital input
R ≈ 0
(Diff active)

12
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Tools

Tools
Special Tools
For special tool and special equipment ordering instructions, see tool information in
group 08.

9998533 Adapter between the instrument


cluster connectors A and C and
breakout box 9998699

9990008 Set with test probes

T3009536

9813194 Adapter between the instrument


cluster connector B and breakout
box 9998699

85104407 Overlay for use with breakout box


9998699 and adapter 9813194

9998699 Breakout box 62-pin

85104406 Overlay for use with breakout box


9998699 and adapter 9998533

13
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Tools

9990062 Cable Extension for use with


breakout box 9998699 and
adapter 9998533

Other special equipment


For special tool and special equipment ordering instructions, see tool information in
group 08.

J39200 Multimeter

14
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

Troubleshooting
MID 140 Fault Code Table
MID: SID:
Message Identification Description (identification of con- Subsystem Identification Description (identification of
trol unit). component).

PID: PSID:
Parameter Identification Description (identification of pa- Proprietary Subsystem Identification Description (Volvo
rameter (value)). unique component identification).

PPID: FMI:
Proprietary Parameter Identification Description (Volvo Failure Mode Identifier (identification of fault type).
unique identification of parameter (value)).

Fault code Component / function FMI Reference


PID 77 Forward rear axle temperature 3, 4 “MID 140 PID 77 Forward Rear Axle
Temperature” page 17
PID 78 Rear rear axle temperature 3, 4 “MID 140 PID 78 Rear Rear Axle Tem-
perature” page 20
PID 96 Fuel level 3, 4 “MID 140 PID 96 Fuel Level” page 23
PID 116 Application air pressure 5, 6 “MID 140 PID 116 Application Air Pres-
sure” page 26
PID 117 Air brake pressure, front 5, 6 “MID 140 PID 117 Air Brake Pressure,
Front” page 29
PID 118 Air brake pressure, rear 5, 6 “MID 140 PID 118 Air Brake Pressure,
Rear” page 32
PID 158 Battery voltage 0 “MID 140 PID 158 Battery Voltage”
page 35
PID 171 Ambient temperature 3, 4 “MID 140 PID 171 Ambient Tempera-
ture” page 37
PID 177 Transmission oil temperature 3, 4 “MID 140 PID 177 Transmission Oil
Temperature” page 40
PID 178 Air suspension pressure, front 5, 6 “MID 140 PID 178 Air Suspension
Pressure, Front” page 43
PID 179 Air suspension pressure, rear 5, 6 “MID 140 PID 179 Air Suspension
Pressure, Rear” page 46
SID 231 SAE J1939 Data Link 2 “MID 140 SID 231 J1939 Control Link”
page 49
SID 240 Program memory 2 “MID 140 SID 240 Program Memory”
page 50
SID 250 SAE J1587/J1708 data link 3, 4, 9, 12 “MID 140 SID 250 J1587/1708 Infor-
mation Link” page 51
SID 253 Calibration memory, EEPROM 2 “MID 140 SID 253 Calibration Memory,
EEPROM” page 53
PSID 7 Internal reference resistance 3, 4 “MID 140 PSID 7 Reference Resis-
tance” page 54
PSID 200 Open-circuit, J1939 data link, engine 9 “MID 140 PSID 200 J1939 Data Link
Interruption, Engine ECU” page 55

15
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

Fault code Component / function FMI Reference


PSID 201 Open-circuit, J1939 data link, vehicle 9 “MID 140 PSID 201 J1939 Data Link
control unit Interruption, Vehicle ECU” page 56
PSID 204 Open-circuit, J1939 data link, anti- 9 “MID 140 PSID 204 J1939 Data Link
lock brake control unit Interruption, Anti-lock Brake ECU” page
57
PSID 210 Open-circuit J1939 data link, Lighting 9 “MID 140 PSID 210 J1939 Data Link
control module Interruption, Lighting Control Module”
page 58
PSID 232 SAE J1939-3 data link 2 “MID 140 PSID 232 J1939-3 Control
Link” page 59

FMI table
SAE standard
FMI Instrument Cluster Display text SAE text
0 Value too high Data applicable, but above normal operating range.
1 Value too low Data applicable, but below normal operating range.
2 Incorrect data Intermittent or incorrect data.
3 Electrical fault Abnormally high voltage or short-circuit to higher voltage.
4 Electrical fault Abnormally low voltage or short-circuit to lower voltage.
5 Electrical fault Abnormally low current or open-circuit.
6 Electrical fault Abnormally high current or short-circuit to ground.
7 Mechanical fault Incorrect response from the mechanical system.
8 Mechanical or electrical fault Abnormal frequency.
9 Communication fault Abnormal update rate.
10 Mechanical or electrical fault Abnormally high variations.
11 Unknown fault Unidentifiable fault.
12 Component fault Defective unit or component.
13 Incorrect calibration Calibration values outside the limits.
14 Unknown fault Special instructions.
15 Unknown fault Reserved for future use.

16
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

MID 140 PID 77 Forward Rear Axle Temperature


Reaction from the instrument cluster:

• Fault code is stored.

• Yellow lamp requested.

Noticeable external symptoms:

• Yellow lamp lights up.

• The display shows an icon and the text ”NO DATA”.

Appropriate check:

• “MID 140 PID 77 Forward Rear Axle Temperature,


Check” page 18.

W3005582
FMI 4
Abnormally low voltage or short-circuit to lower voltage.
A03 Instrument cluster
Conditions for fault code:
B38RF Sensor, oil temp, forward rear axle
• If the instrument cluster registers a voltage of less
than 0.5 V the instrument cluster interprets this as a
fault and a fault code is stored.
Fault code
Possible cause:
FMI 3
Abnormally high voltage or short-circuit to higher voltage. • Signal cable short-circuited to ground.

Conditions for fault code: • Faulty sensor.

Reaction from the instrument cluster:


• If the instrument cluster registers a voltage greater
than 4.5 V the instrument cluster interprets this as a
fault and a fault code is stored.
• fault code is stored.

Possible cause: • Yellow lamp requested.

Noticeable external symptoms:


• Open-circuit in the ground lead.

• Open-circuit in the signal cable. • Yellow lamp lights up.

• Signal cable short-circuited to higher voltage. • The display shows an icon and the text ”NO DATA”.

Appropriate check:
• Faulty sensor.

• Contact resistance and oxidation. • “MID 140 PID 77 Forward Rear Axle Temperature,
Check” page 18.

17
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

3811-21-02-10 Measurement at the component’s


MID 140 PID 77 Forward Rear connector to the instrument cluster
Note: Faults in the instrument cluster cable harness can
Axle Temperature, Check damage the component. Check the component if any of
Special tools: 9998699, 9813194 the readings is outside its permitted range.
Other special equipment: J39200, 9990008 Ground cable
NOTE! 1
• Read off other fault codes for the instrument cluster. Requirements: J39200
9990008
• Turn the ignition OFF before disconnecting the con- • The connector for the sensor dis-
nector. connected.

• Check all the relevant connectors. Check for loose • Measuring resistance using a
connections, contact resistance and oxidation. For a multimeter.
detailed description of electrical fault tracing, see
separate service information under function group • Instrument cluster connected.
371.
• Ignition off.

Tests in VCADS Pro • Measurement to the instrument


cluster. (See page 17 for mea-
The following tests are useful for a closer examination of
surement points.)
the component function:

• ”3810–08–02–01 Instrument cluster test”. Measuring Nominal value


points
• ”3810–08–02–02 Gauge checks, instrument cluster”.
B - ground R≈0

Note: If the correct value is not


achieved, disconnect the voltage from
the battery.

Signal cable
2
Requirements: J39200
9990008
• The connector to the sensor is
disconnected.

• Measuring voltage using the multi-


meter.

• Instrument cluster connected.

• Ignition key in the drive position.

• Measurement to the instrument


cluster. (See page 17 for mea-
surement points.)

Measuring Nominal value


points
A - ground Vmax ≈ 5 V
Vmin ≈ 0 V

18
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

Cable harness Checking sub-systems


3 Ground cable
For checking the cable harness, see
service information under function 1
group 371. Requirements: 9813194
9998699
• Breakout box with adapter con- J39200
Checking component nected between instrument cluster
connector B and cable harness.
Note: Faults in the component may be caused by faults
in the cable harness to the control unit. Check the cable • Measuring resistance using a
harness before connecting a new component. multimeter.

Sensor • Ignition off.

1 • Instrument cluster connected.


Requirements: J39200
Measuring Nominal value
• The connector for the sensor dis- points
connected.
Pin B1- ground R≈0

• Measuring resistance using a


multimeter.
Note: If the correct value is not
• Ignition off. achieved, remove the voltage from the
battery and measure again.
• Measurement to sensor. (See
page 17 for measurement points.)
Signal cable
Measuring Nominal value
points 2
R ≈ 90
@
Requirements: 9813194
A-B
 9998699
(220 F)
• Breakout box with adapter con- J39200
R ≈ 255
@ nected between instrument cluster
 connector B and cable harness.
(160 F)
R ≈ 1 k
@ (77 • Measuring voltage using the multi-
 meter.
F)
• Ignition key in the drive position.

• Instrument cluster connected.

Measuring Nominal value


points
Pins B1 - B3 Vmax ≈ 5 V
V min ≈ 0 V

Verification
Check that the fault has been repaired using the tests in
VCADS Pro (See “Tests in VCADS Pro” page 18).

19
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

MID 140 PID 78 Rear Rear Axle Temperature


Reaction from the instrument cluster:

• Fault code is stored.

• Yellow lamp requested.

Noticeable external symptoms:

• Yellow lamp lights up.

• The display shows an icon and the text ”NO DATA”.

Appropriate check:

• “MID 140 PID 78 Rear Rear Axle Temperature,


Check” page 21.

FMI 4
W3005583
Abnormally low voltage or short-circuit to lower voltage.
A03 Instrument cluster
Conditions for fault code:
B38RR Sensor, oil temp, rear rear axle
• If the instrument cluster registers a voltage of less
than 0.5 V the instrument cluster interprets this as a
fault and a fault code is stored.
Fault code Possible cause:
FMI 3
Abnormally high voltage or short-circuit to higher voltage.
• Signal cable short-circuited to ground.

Conditions for fault code: • Faulty sensor.

Reaction from the instrument cluster:


• If the instrument cluster registers a voltage greater
than 4.5 V the instrument cluster interprets this as a
fault and a fault code is stored.
• fault code is stored.

Possible cause:
• Yellow lamp requested.

Noticeable external symptoms:


• Open-circuit in the ground lead.

• Open-circuit in the signal cable. • Yellow lamp lights up.

• Signal cable short-circuited to higher voltage. • The display shows an icon and the text ”NO DATA”.

Appropriate check:
• Faulty sensor.

• Contact resistance and oxidation. • “MID 140 PID 78 Rear Rear Axle Temperature,
Check” page 21.

20
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

3811-21-02-01 Measurement at the component’s


MID 140 PID 78 Rear Rear Axle connector to the instrument cluster
Note: Faults in the instrument cluster cable harness can
Temperature, Check damage the component. Check the component if any of
Special tools: 9998699, 9813194 the readings is outside its permitted range.
Other special equipment: J39200, 9990008 Ground cable
NOTE! 1
• Read other fault codes for the instrument cluster. Requirements: J39200
9990008
• Turn the ignition OFF before disconnecting the con- • The connector for the sensor dis-
nector. connected.

• Check all the relevant connectors. Check for loose • Measuring resistance using a
connections, contact resistance and oxidation. For a multimeter.
detailed description of electrical fault tracing, see
separate service information under function group • Instrument cluster connected.
371.
• Ignition off.

Tests in VCADS Pro • Measurement to the instrument


cluster. (See page 20 for mea-
The following tests are useful for a closer examination of
surement points.)
the component function:

• ”3810–08–02–01 Instrument cluster test”. Measuring Nominal value


points
• ”3810–08–02–02 Gauge checks, instrument cluster”.
B - ground R≈0

Note: If the correct value is not


achieved, disconnect the voltage from
the battery.

Signal cable
2
Requirements: J39200
9990008
• The connector to the sensor is
disconnected.

• Measuring voltage using the multi-


meter.

• Instrument cluster connected.

• Ignition key in the drive position.

• Measurement to the instrument


cluster. (See page 20 for mea-
surement points.)

Measuring Nominal value


points
A - ground Vmax ≈ 5 V
Vmin ≈ 0 V

21
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

Cable harness Checking sub-systems


3 Ground cable
For checking the cable harness, see
service information under function 1
group 371. Requirements: 9813194
9998699
• Breakout box with adapter con- J39200
Checking component nected between instrument cluster
connector B and cable harness.
Note: Faults in the component may be caused by faults
in the cable harness to the control unit. Check the cable • Measuring resistance using a
harness before connecting a new component. multimeter.

Sensor • Ignition off.

1 • Instrument cluster connected.


Requirements: J39200
Measuring Nominal value
• The connector for the sensor dis- points
connected.
Pin B1- ground R≈0

• Measuring resistance using a


multimeter.
Note: If the correct value is not
• Ignition off. achieved, remove the voltage from the
battery and measure again.
• Measurement to sensor. (See
page 20 for measurement points.)
Signal cable
Measuring Nominal value
points 2
R ≈ 90
@
Requirements: 9813194
A-B
 9998699
(220 F)
• Breakout box with adapter con- J39200
R ≈ 255
@ nected between instrument cluster
 connector B and cable harness.
(160 F)
R ≈ 1 k
@ (77 • Measuring voltage using the multi-
 meter.
F)
• Ignition key in the drive position.

• Instrument cluster connected.

Measuring Nominal value


points
Pins B1 - B3 Vmax ≈ 5 V
V min ≈ 0 V

Verification
Check that the fault has been repaired using the tests in
VCADS Pro (See “Tests in VCADS Pro” page 21).

22
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

MID 140 PID 96 Fuel Level


• Contact resistance and oxidation.

Reaction from the instrument cluster:

• fault code is stored.

• Yellow lamp requested.

Noticeable external symptoms:

• Yellow lamp lights up.

• The fuel level gauge remains permanently at the


W3005748 MIN position.

• The display shows an icon and the text ”NO DATA”.

Appropriate check:

• “MID 140 PID 96 Fuel Level, Check” page 24.

FMI 4
Abnormally low voltage or short-circuit to lower voltage.

W3005290
Conditions for fault code:
A03 Instrument cluster
• If the instrument cluster registers a resistance of
B07 Sensor, fuel level less than 20
the instrument cluster interprets this
as a fault and a fault code is stored.

Possible cause:
Fault code • Signal cable short-circuited to ground.
FMI 3 • Faulty sensor.
Abnormally high voltage or short-circuit to higher voltage.
Reaction from the instrument cluster:
Conditions for fault code:
• fault code is stored.
• If the instrument cluster registers a resistance
greater than 250
the instrument cluster interprets • Yellow lamp requested.
this as a fault and a fault code is stored.
Noticeable external symptoms:
Possible cause:
• Yellow lamp lights up.
• Open-circuit in the ground lead.
• The fuel gauge remains in the MAX position.
• Open-circuit in the signal cable.
• The display shows an icon and the text ”NO DATA”.
• Signal cable short-circuited to higher unladen volt-
age. Appropriate check:

• Faulty sensor. • “MID 140 PID 96 Fuel Level, Check” page 24.

23
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

3811-21-02-02 Signal cable


MID 140 PID 96 Fuel Level, 2
Requirements: J39200
Check
Special tools: 9998699, 9813194 • The connector to the fuel level
sensor (B07) is disconnected.
Other special equipment: J39200
• Adapter connected to the instru-
NOTE! ment cluster.
• Read off other fault codes for the instrument cluster. • Measuring voltage using the multi-
• Turn the ignition OFF before disconnecting the con- meter.
nector.
• Instrument cluster connected.
• Check all the relevant connectors. Check for loose
• Ignition key in the drive position.
connections, contact resistance and oxidation. For a
detailed description of electrical fault tracing, see
separate service information under function group
• Measurement to the instrument
cluster.
371.
Measuring Nominal value
Tests in VCADS Pro points
The following tests are useful for a closer examination of
the component function: B07, pin B - Vmax ≈ 5 V
ground Vmin ≈ 0 V
• ”3810–08–02–01 Instrument cluster test”.

• ”3810–08–02–02 Gauge checks, instrument cluster”. Cable harness


Measurement at the component’s 3
For checking the cable harness, see
connector to the instrument cluster service information under function
Note: Faults in the instrument cluster cable harness can group 371.
damage the component. Check the component if any of
the readings is outside its permitted range.

Ground cable
1
Requirements: J39200

• The connector for the fuel level


sensor (B07) disconnected.

• Adapter connected to the instru-


ment cluster.

• Measuring resistance using a


multimeter.

• Instrument cluster connected.

• Ignition off.

• Measurement to the instrument


cluster.

Measuring Nominal value


points
B07, pin C - R≈0

ground

Note: If the correct value is not


achieved, cut the voltage from the bat-
tery.

24
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

Checking component Checking sub-systems


Note: Faults in the component may be caused by faults
in the cable harness to the control unit. Check the cable Ground cable
harness before connecting a new component.
1
Requirements: 9813194
Sensor, fuel level 9998699
1 • Breakout box with adapter con- J39200
nected between instrument cluster
Requirements: J39200
(A03) connector B and cable har-
• The connector for the fuel level ness.
sensor (B07) disconnected.
• Measuring resistance using a
• Adapter connected to sensor for multimeter.
fuel level.
• Ignition off.
• Measuring resistance using a
multimeter. • Instrument cluster connected.

• Ignition off. Measuring Nominal value


points
• Measurement to sensor for fuel
level. Pin B1- ground R≈0

Measuring Nominal value


points Note: If the correct value is not
achieved, remove the voltage from the
B07, pins B - C R ≈ 30- 35
battery and measure again.
(100%)
R ≈ 45 - 65
Signal cable
(75%)
R ≈ 85 - 115
2
Requirements: 9813194
(50%)
9998699
R ≈ 145 - 170
• Breakout box with adapter con- J39200
(25%) nected between instrument cluster
(A03) connector B and cable har-
R ≈ 230 - 250
ness.
(0%)
• Measuring voltage using the multi-
meter.
Note: The amount of fuel is measured
as a percentage of the possible vol- • Ignition key in the drive position.
ume of fuel.
• Instrument cluster connected.

Measuring Nominal value


points
Pins B1 - B3 Vmax ≈ 5 V
V min ≈ 0 V

Verification
Check that the fault has been repaired using the tests in
VCADS Pro (See “Tests in VCADS Pro” page 24).

25
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

MID 140 PID 116 Application Air Pressure

• Fault code is stored.

• Yellow lamp requested.

Noticeable external symptoms:

• Yellow lamp lights up.

• The display shows an icon and the text ”NO DATA”.

Appropriate check:

• “MID 140 PID 116 Application Air Pressure, Check”


page 27.

FMI 6
Abnormally high current or short-circuit to ground.
W3005584
Conditions for fault code:
A03 Instrument cluster

B06AP Sensor, application air • If the instrument cluster registers a voltage more
than 4.7 V the instrument cluster interprets this as a
fault and a fault code is stored.

Possible cause:
Fault code
FMI 5 • Signal cable short-circuited to ground.
Abnormally low current or open-circuit. • Faulty sensor.
Conditions for fault code: Reaction from the instrument cluster:
• If the instrument cluster registers a voltage value
• Fault code is stored.
less than 0.3 V the instrument cluster interprets this
as a fault and a fault code is stored. • Yellow lamp requested.
Possible cause: Noticeable external symptoms:
• Open-circuit in the ground lead.
• Yellow lamp lights up.
• Open-circuit in the signal cable.
• The display shows an icon and the text ”NO DATA”.
• Faulty sensor.
Appropriate check:
• Contact resistance and oxidation.
• “MID 140 PID 116 Application Air Pressure, Check”
Reaction from the instrument cluster: page 27.

26
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

3811-21-02-13 Supply cable


MID 140 PID 116 Application 2
Requirements: J39200
Air Pressure, Check
Special tools: 9998699, 9813194 • The connector to the sensor
(B06AP) is disconnected.
Other special equipment: J39200
• Measuring voltage using the multi-
NOTE! meter.
• Read off other fault codes for the instrument cluster.
• Instrument cluster connected.
• Turn the ignition OFF before disconnecting the con-
nector. • Ignition key in the drive position.

• Check all the relevant connectors. Check for loose • Measurement to the instrument
connections, contact resistance and oxidation. For a cluster.
detailed description of electrical fault tracing, see
separate service information under function group Measuring Nominal value
371. points
B06AP, pin B - V≈5V
Tests in VCADS Pro ground
The following tests are useful for a closer examination of
the component function: Cable harness
• ”3810–08–02–01 Instrument cluster test”. 3
For checking the cable harness, see
• ”3810–08–02–02 Gauge checks, instrument cluster”. service information under function
group 371.
Measurement at the component’s
connector to the instrument cluster
Note: Faults in the instrument cluster cable harness can
damage the component. Check the component if any of
the readings is outside its permitted range.

Ground cable
1
Requirements: J39200

• The connector for the application


air pressure sensor (B06AP) dis-
connected.

• Measuring resistance using a


multimeter.

• Instrument cluster connected.

• Ignition off.

• Measurement to the instrument


cluster.

Measuring Nominal value


points
B06AP, pin A - R≈0

ground

Note: If the correct value is not


achieved, remove the voltage from the
battery and measure again.

27
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

Checking sub-systems Signal cable


Supply cable 2
Requirements: 9813194
1 9998699
Requirements: 9813194 • Breakout box with adapter con- J39200
9998699 nected between instrument cluster
• Breakout box with adapter con- J39200 (A03) connector B and cable har-
nected between instrument cluster ness.
(A03) connector B and cable har-
ness. • Measuring voltage using the multi-
meter.
• Measuring voltage using a multi-
meter. • Ignition key in the drive position.

• Ignition key in the drive position. • Instrument cluster connected.

• Instrument cluster connected. Measuring Nominal value


points
Measuring Nominal value
points Pins B2 - B1 V ≈ 0.5 V- 5 V

Pin B18 - B1 V≈5V


Verification
Check that the fault has been repaired using the tests in
Note: If the correct value is not VCADS Pro (See “Tests in VCADS Pro” page 27).
achieved, remove the voltage from the
battery and measure again.

28
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

MID 140 PID 117 Air Brake Pressure, Front

• Fault code is stored.

• Yellow lamp requested.

Noticeable external symptoms:

• Yellow lamp lights up.

• The display shows an icon and the text ”NO DATA”.

Appropriate check:

• “MID 140 PID 117 Air Brake Pressure, Front,


Check” page 30.

FMI 6
Abnormally high current or short-circuit to ground.
W3005585
Conditions for fault code:
A03 Instrument cluster

B06A Sensor, front brake air pressure • If the instrument cluster registers a voltage more
than 4.7 V the instrument cluster interprets this as a
fault and a fault code is stored.

Possible cause:
Fault code
FMI 5 • Signal cable short-circuited to ground.
Abnormally low current or open-circuit. • Faulty sensor.
Conditions for fault code: Reaction from the instrument cluster:
• If the instrument cluster registers a voltage value
• Fault code is stored.
less than 0.3 V the instrument cluster interprets this
as a fault and a fault code is stored. • Yellow lamp requested.
Possible cause: Noticeable external symptoms:
• Open-circuit in the ground lead.
• Yellow lamp lights up.
• Open-circuit in the signal cable.
• The display shows an icon and the text ”NO DATA”.
• Faulty sensor.
Appropriate check:
• Contact resistance and oxidation.
• “MID 140 PID 117 Air Brake Pressure, Front,
Reaction from the instrument cluster: Check” page 30.

29
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

3811-21-02-14 Supply cable


MID 140 PID 117 Air Brake 2
Requirements: J39200
Pressure, Front, Check
Special tools: 9998699, 9813194 • The connector to the front brake
Other special equipment: J39200 pressure sensor (B06A) is discon-
nected.
NOTE! • Measuring voltage using the multi-
• Read off other fault codes for the instrument cluster. meter.

• Ignition off. • Instrument cluster connected.

• Check all the relevant connectors. Check for loose • Ignition key in the drive position.
connections, contact resistance and oxidation. For a
detailed description of electrical fault tracing, see • Measurement to the instrument
separate service information under function group cluster.
371.
Measuring Nominal value
points
Tests in VCADS Pro
The following tests are useful for a closer examination of B06A, pin B - V≈5V
the component function: ground

• ”3810–08–02–01 Instrument cluster test”. Cable harness

• ”3810–08–02–02 Gauge checks, instrument cluster”. 3


For checking the cable harness, see
service information under function
Measurement at the component’s group 371.
connector to the instrument cluster
Note: Faults in the instrument cluster cable harness can
damage the component. Check the component if any of
the readings is outside its permitted range.

Ground cable
1
Requirements: J39200

• The connector for the front brake


air pressure sensor (B06A) dis-
connected.

• Measuring resistance using a


multimeter.

• Instrument cluster connected.

• Ignition off.

• Measurement to the instrument


cluster.

Measuring Nominal value


points
B06A, pin A - R≈0

ground

Note: If the correct value is not


achieved, remove the voltage from the
battery and measure again.
30
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

Checking sub-systems Signal cable


Supply cable 2
Requirements: 9813194
1 9998699
Requirements: 9813194 • Breakout box with adapter con- J39200
9998699 nected between instrument cluster
• Breakout box with adapter con- J39200 (A03) connector B and cable har-
nected between instrument cluster ness.
(A03) connector B and cable har-
ness. • Measuring voltage using the multi-
meter.
• Measuring voltage using a multi-
meter. • Ignition key in the drive position.

• Ignition key in the drive position. • Instrument cluster connected.

• Instrument cluster connected. Measuring Nominal value


points
Measuring Nominal value
points Pins B13 - B1 V ≈ 0.5 V- 5 V

Pin B20 - B1 V≈5V


Verification
Check that the fault has been repaired using the tests in
Note: If the correct value is not VCADS Pro (See “Tests in VCADS Pro” page 30).
achieved, remove the voltage from the
battery and measure again.

31
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

MID 140 PID 118 Air Brake Pressure, Rear

• Fault code is stored.

• Yellow lamp requested.

Noticeable external symptoms:

• Yellow lamp lights up.

• The display shows an icon and the text ”NO DATA”.

Appropriate check:

• “MID 140 PID 118 Air Brake Pressure, Rear,


Check” page 33.

FMI 6
Abnormally high current or short-circuit to ground.
W3005586
Conditions for fault code:
A03 Instrument cluster

B06B Sensor, rear brake air pressure • If the instrument cluster registers a voltage more
than 4.7 V the instrument cluster interprets this as a
fault and a fault code is stored.

Fault code Possible cause:

FMI 5 • Signal cable short-circuited to ground.


Abnormally low current or open-circuit. • Faulty sensor.
Conditions for fault code: Reaction from the instrument cluster:
• If the instrument cluster registers a voltage value
• Fault code is stored.
less than 0.3 V the instrument cluster interprets this
as a fault and a fault code is stored. • Yellow lamp requested.
Possible cause: Noticeable external symptoms:
• Open-circuit in the ground lead.
• Yellow lamp lights up.
• Open-circuit in the signal cable.
• The display shows an icon and the text ”NO DATA”.
• Faulty sensor.
Appropriate check:
• Contact resistance and oxidation.
• “MID 140 PID 118 Air Brake Pressure, Rear,
Reaction from the instrument cluster: Check” page 33.

32
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

3811-21-02-15 Supply cable


MID 140 PID 118 Air Brake 2
Requirements: J39200
Pressure, Rear, Check
Special tools: 9998699, 9813194 • The connector to the rear brake
pressure sensor (B06B) is discon-
Other special equipment: J39200 nected.
NOTE! • Measuring voltage using the multi-
• Read off other fault codes for the instrument cluster. meter.

• Turn the ignition OFF before disconnecting the con- • Instrument cluster connected.
nector.
• Ignition key in the drive position.
• Check all the relevant connectors. Check for loose
connections, contact resistance and oxidation. For a • Measurement to the instrument
detailed description of electrical fault tracing, see cluster.
separate service information under function group
371. Measuring Nominal value
points
Tests in VCADS Pro B06B, pin B - V≈5V
The following tests are useful for a closer examination of
ground
the component function:

• ”3810–08–02–01 Instrument cluster test”. Cable harness


• ”3810–08–02–02 Gauge checks, instrument cluster”. 3
Measurement at the component’s For checking the cable harness, see
service information under function
connector to the instrument cluster group 371.
Note: Faults in the instrument cluster cable harness can
damage the component. Check the component if any of
the readings is outside its permitted range.

Ground cable
1
Requirements: J39200

• The connector for the rear brake


pressure sensor (B06B) discon-
nected.

• Adapter connected to the instru-


ment cluster.

• Measuring resistance using a


multimeter.

• Instrument cluster connected.

• Ignition off.

• Measurement to the instrument


cluster.

Measuring Nominal value


points
B06B, pin A - R≈0

ground

Note: If the correct value is not


achieved, remove the voltage from the
battery and remeasure the circuit.

33
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

Checking sub-systems Signal cable


Supply cable 2
Requirements: 9813194
1 9998699
Requirements: 9813194 • Breakout box with adapter con- J39200
9998699 nected between instrument cluster
• Breakout box with adapter con- J39200 (A03) connector B and cable har-
nected between instrument cluster ness.
(A03) connector B and cable har-
ness. • Measuring voltage using the multi-
meter.
• Measuring voltage using a multi-
meter. • Ignition key in the drive position.

• Ignition key in the drive position. • Instrument cluster connected.

• Instrument cluster connected. Measuring Nominal value


points
Measuring Nominal value
points Pins B14 - B1 V ≈ 0.5 - 5.0 V

Pin B21 - B1 V≈5V


Verification
Check that the fault has been repaired using the tests in
Note: If the correct value is not VCADS Pro (See “Tests in VCADS Pro” page 33).
achieved, remove the voltage from the
battery and measure again.

34
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

MID 140 PID 158 Battery Voltage


Fault code
FMI 0
Data applicable, but above normal operating range.

Conditions for fault code:

• The battery voltage exceeds 15 V for one minute.

Possible cause:
T3009517

• Fault in alternator.

• Fast charger connected.

Reaction from the instrument cluster:

• Fault code is stored.

• Yellow lamp requested.

Noticeable external symptoms:

• Yellow light and symbol lights up.


W3005291

A03 Instrument cluster Appropriate check:

• “MID 140 PID 158 Battery Voltage, Check” page 36.

35
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

3811-21-02-08 Supply cable


MID 140 PID 158 Battery Volt- 2
Requirements: 9998699
age, Check 9998533
Special tools: 9998699, 9998533 • Connector A disconnected from J39200
the rear of the cluster and con-
Other special equipment: J39200 nected to adapter and breakout
box.
NOTE!
• Read off other fault codes for the instrument cluster. • Measuring voltage using the multi-
meter.
• Ignition off. • Ignition key in the drive position.
• Check all the relevant connectors. Check for loose
connections, contact resistance and oxidation. For a Measuring Nominal value
detailed description of electrical fault tracing, see points
separate service information under function group
371. Pins A1 - A2 V ≈ Vbat

Measurement at the component’s Checking sub-systems


connector to the instrument cluster
Note: Faults in the instrument cluster cable harness can Power supply instrument cluster
damage the component. Check the component if any of 1
the readings is outside its permitted range. Requirements: J39200
Ground cable • Check if any other control units
have stored fault codes for the
1 power supply.
Requirements: 9998699
9998533 • Perform a charging test on the ve-
• Connector A disconnected from J39200 hicle to check if the alternator is
the rear of the cluster and con- overcharging. A defective alterna-
nected to adapter and breakout tor will cause damage to the
box. vehicle’s electrical system and
should be replaced as soon as
• Measuring resistance using a
possible.
multimeter.

• Ignition off.

Measuring Nominal value


points
Pins A2 - ground R≈0

36
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

MID 140 PID 171 Ambient Temperature


Fault code
FMI 3
Abnormally high voltage or short-circuit to higher voltage.
Conditions for fault code:

• If the instrument cluster registers a resistance


greater than 19.5 K
the instrument cluster inter-
prets this as a fault and a fault code is stored.
T3006581 Possible cause:

• Open-circuit in the ground lead.

• Open-circuit in the signal cable.

• Faulty sensor.

• Contact resistance and oxidation.


 
• Extreme cold (Colder than -40 C [-40 F]).
Reaction from the instrument cluster:

• Yellow lamp requested.


Noticeable external symptoms:

A03 Instrument cluster


T3015670
• Yellow lamp lights up.

B22 Sensor, ambient temperature


• The display shows an icon and the text ”NO DATA”.
Appropriate check:

• “MID 140 PID 171 Ambient Temperature, Check”


page 38.

FMI 4
Abnormally low voltage or short-circuit to lower voltage.
Conditions for fault code:

• If the instrument cluster registers a resistance of


less than 47
the instrument cluster interprets this
as a fault and a fault code is stored.
Possible cause:

• Signal cable short-circuited to ground.

• Faulty sensor.
 
• Extreme heat (Hotter than 90 C [194 F]).
Reaction from the instrument cluster:

• Yellow lamp requested.


Noticeable external symptoms:

• Yellow lamp lights up.

• The display shows an icon and the text ”NO DATA”.


Appropriate check:

• “MID 140 PID 171 Ambient Temperature, Check”


page 38.

37
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

3811-21-02-04 Signal cable


MID 140 PID 171 Ambient Tem- 2
Requirements: 9990008
perature, Check J39200
Special tools: 9998699, 9990008, 9813194 • The connector for the ambient
temperature sensor disconnected.
Other special equipment: J39200
• Measuring voltage using the multi-
NOTE! meter.
• Read off other fault codes for the instrument cluster. • Instrument cluster connected.
• Turn the ignition OFF before disconnecting the con- • Ignition off.
nector.

• Check all the relevant connectors. Check for loose • Measurement to the instrument
cluster. (See page 37 for mea-
connections, contact resistance and oxidation. For a surement points.)
detailed description of electrical fault tracing, see
separate service information under function group
Measuring Nominal value
371.
points
Measurement at the component’s 1 - ground Vmax ≈ 5 V
Vmin ≈ 0 V
connector to the instrument cluster
Note: Faults in the instrument cluster cable harness can
damage the component. Check the component if any of Cable harness
the readings is outside its permitted range.
3
Ground cable For checking the cable harness, see
service information under function
1 group 371.
Requirements: 9990008
J39200
• The connector for the ambient
temperature sensor disconnected.

• Measuring resistance using a


multimeter.

• Instrument cluster connected.

• Ignition off.

• Measurement to the instrument


cluster. (See page 37 for mea-
surement points.)

Measuring Nominal values


points
2 - ground R≈0

Note: If the correct value is not


achieved, cut the voltage from the bat-
tery.

38
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

Checking component Checking sub-systems


Note: Faults in the component may be caused by faults
in the cable harness to the instrument cluster. Check the Ground lead
cable harness before connecting a new component.
1
Requirements: 9813194
Ambient temperature sensor 9998699
1 • Breakout box with adapter con- J39200
nected between instrument cluster
Requirements: 9990008
connector B and cable harness.
J32900
• The connector for the ambient
• Measuring resistance using a
temperature sensor disconnected.
multimeter.
• Measuring resistance using a
• Ignition off.
multimeter.

• Ignition off. • Instrument cluster connected.

Measuring Nominal value


• Measurement at ambient temper-
points
ature sensor. (See page 37 for
measurement points.) Pin B1 - ground R≈0

Measuring Nominal value


points Note: If the correct value is not
R ≈ 2.9 - 4.4 k

achieved, remove the voltage from the


1-2
  batteries and measure again.
(-20 C [-4 F])
R ≈ 1.8 - 2.7 k

 
(-10 C [14 F]) Signal cable
R ≈ 1.3 - 2.0 k
2
 
(-4 C [25 F]) Requirements: 9998699
9813194
R ≈ 1.1 - 1.7 k
• Breakout box with adapter con- J39200
 
(0 C [32 F]) nected between instrument cluster
connector B and cable harness.
R ≈ 0.9 - 1.4 k

 
(+4 C [39 F]) • Measuring voltage using the multi-
meter.
R ≈ 0.7 - 1.1 k

 
(+10 C [50 F]) • Ignition key in the drive position.
R ≈ 0.5 - 0.7 k
• Instrument cluster connected.
 
(+20 C [68 F])
R ≈ 0.4 - 0.6 k

Measuring Nominal value


  points
(+25 C [77 F])
Vmax ≈ 5 V
R ≈ 200 - 400

Pins B1 - B9
  Vmin ≈ 0 V
(+40 C [104 F])
R ≈ 100 - 200

 
(+60 C [140 F])

39
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

MID 140 PID 177 Transmission Oil Temperature


Reaction from the instrument cluster:

• Fault code is stored.

• Yellow lamp requested.

Noticeable external symptoms:

• Yellow lamp lights up.

• The display shows an icon and the text ”NO DATA”.

Appropriate check:

• “MID 140 PID 177 Transmission Oil Temperature,


Check” page 41.

W3005588
FMI 4
Abnormally low voltage or short-circuit to lower voltage.
A03 Instrument cluster

B09 Sensor, transmission oil tempera-


Conditions for fault code:
ture
• If the instrument cluster registers a voltage of less
than 0.5 V the instrument cluster interprets this as a
fault and a fault code is stored.
Fault code Possible cause:

FMI 3 • Signal cable short-circuited to ground.


Abnormally high voltage or short-circuit to higher voltage.
• Faulty sensor.
Conditions for fault code:
Reaction from the instrument cluster:
• If the instrument cluster registers a voltage greater
than 4.5 V the instrument cluster interprets this as a • fault code is stored.
fault and a fault code is stored.
• Yellow lamp requested.
Possible cause:
Noticeable external symptoms:
• Open-circuit in the ground lead.
• Yellow lamp lights up.
• Open-circuit in the signal cable.

• Signal cable short-circuited to higher voltage. • The display shows an icon and the text ”NO DATA”.

Appropriate check:
• Faulty sensor.

• Contact resistance and oxidation. • “MID 140 PID 177 Transmission Oil Temperature,
Check” page 41.

40
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

3811-21-02-05 Signal cable


MID 140 PID 177 Transmission 2
Requirements: J39200
Oil Temperature, Check 9990008
Special tools: 9998699, 9813194 • The connector to the sensor is
Other special equipment: J39200, 9990008 disconnected.

NOTE! • Measuring voltage using the multi-


meter.
• Read other fault codes for the instrument cluster.
• Instrument cluster connected.
• Turn the ignition OFF before disconnecting the con-
nector. • Ignition key in the drive position.

• Check all the relevant connectors. Check for loose • Measurement to the instrument
connections, contact resistance and oxidation. For a cluster. (See page 40 for mea-
detailed description of electrical fault tracing, see surement points.)
separate service information under function group
371. Measuring Nominal value
points
Tests in VCADS Pro A - ground Vmax ≈ 5 V
The following tests are useful for a closer examination of Vmin ≈ 0 V
the component function:
Cable harness
• ”3810–08–02–01 Instrument cluster test”.
3
• ”3810–08–02–02 Gauge checks, instrument cluster”. For checking the cable harness, see
service information under function
Measurement at the component’s group 371.

connector to the instrument cluster


Note: Faults in the instrument cluster cable harness can Checking component
damage the component. Check the component if any of
Note: Faults in the component may be caused by faults
the readings is outside its permitted range.
in the cable harness to the control unit. Check the cable
harness before connecting a new component.
Ground cable
1 Sensor
Requirements: J39200
1
9990008
Requirements: J39200
• The connector for the sensor dis-
connected.
• The connector for the sensor dis-
connected.
• Measuring resistance using a
multimeter.
• Measuring resistance using a
multimeter.
• Instrument cluster connected.

• Ignition off. • Ignition off.

• Measurement to the instrument • Measurement to sensor.


cluster. (See page 40 for mea-
Measuring Nominal value
surement points.)
points
Measuring Nominal value Pins B12 - B1 See chart, page
points 11, for sensor
B - ground R≈0
values.

Note: If the correct value is not


achieved, disconnect the voltage from
the battery.
41
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

Checking sub-systems Signal cable


Ground cable 2
Requirements: 9813194
1 9998699
Requirements: 9813194 • Breakout box with adapter con- J39200
9998699 nected between instrument cluster
• Breakout box with adapter con- J39200 connector B and cable harness.
nected between instrument cluster
connector B and cable harness. • Measuring voltage using the multi-
meter.
• Measuring resistance using a
multimeter. • Ignition key in the drive position.

• Ignition off. • Instrument cluster connected.

• Instrument cluster connected. Measuring Nominal value


points
Measuring Nominal value
points Pins B12 - B1 Vmax ≈ 5 V
V min ≈ 0 V
Pin B1- ground R≈0

Verification
Note: If the correct value is not Check that the fault has been repaired using the tests in
achieved, remove the voltage from the VCADS Pro (See “Tests in VCADS Pro” page 41).
battery and measure again.

42
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

MID 140 PID 178 Air Suspension Pressure, Front

• Fault code is stored.

• Yellow lamp requested.

Noticeable external symptoms:

• Yellow lamp lights up.

• The display shows an icon and the text ”NO DATA”.

Appropriate check:

• “MID 140 PID 178 Air Suspension Pressure, Front,


Check” page 44.

FMI 6
Abnormally high current or short-circuit to ground.
W3005589

A03 Instrument cluster Conditions for fault code:

B56 Sensor, front air suspension pres- • If the instrument cluster registers a voltage more
sure than 4.7 V the instrument cluster interprets this as a
fault and a fault code is stored.

Possible cause:
Fault code
• Signal cable short-circuited to ground.
FMI 5
Abnormally low current or open-circuit. • Faulty sensor.

Conditions for fault code: Reaction from the instrument cluster:

• If the instrument cluster registers a voltage value • Fault code is stored.


less than 0.3 V the instrument cluster interprets this
as a fault and a fault code is stored. • Yellow lamp requested.

Possible cause: Noticeable external symptoms:

• Open-circuit in the ground lead. • Yellow lamp lights up.


• Open-circuit in the signal cable.
• The display shows an icon and the text ”NO DATA”.
• Faulty sensor.
Appropriate check:
• Contact resistance and oxidation.
• “MID 140 PID 178 Air Suspension Pressure, Front,
Reaction from the instrument cluster: Check” page 44.

43
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

3811-21-02-16 Supply cable


MID 140 PID 178 Air Suspen- 2
Requirements: J39200
sion Pressure, Front, Check
Special tools: 9998699, 9813194 • The connector to the sensor (B56)
Other special equipment: J39200 is disconnected.

NOTE! • Measuring voltage using the multi-


meter.
• Read off other fault codes for the instrument cluster.
• Instrument cluster connected.
• Ignition off.
• Ignition key in the drive position.
• Check all the relevant connectors. Check for loose
connections, contact resistance and oxidation. For a • Measurement to the instrument
detailed description of electrical fault tracing, see cluster.
separate service information under function group
371. Measuring Nominal value
points
Tests in VCADS Pro B56, pin B - V≈5V
The following tests are useful for a closer examination of ground
the component function:
Cable harness
• ”3810–08–02–01 Instrument cluster test”.
3
• ”3810–08–02–02 Gauge checks, instrument cluster”. For checking the cable harness, see
service information under function
group 371.
Measurement at the component’s
connector to the instrument cluster
Note: Faults in the instrument cluster cable harness can
damage the component. Check the component if any of
the readings is outside its permitted range.

Ground cable
1
Requirements: J39200

• The connector for the air suspen-


sion pressure sensor (B56)
disconnected.

• Measuring resistance using a


multimeter.

• Instrument cluster connected.

• Ignition off.

• Measurement to the instrument


cluster.

Measuring Nominal value


points
B56, pin A - R≈0

ground

Note: If the correct value is not


achieved, remove the voltage from the
battery and measure again.
44
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

Checking sub-systems Signal cable


Supply cable 2
Requirements: 9813194
1 9998699
Requirements: 9813194 • Breakout box with adapter con- J39200
9998699 nected between instrument cluster
• Breakout box with adapter con- J39200 (A03) connector B and cable har-
nected between instrument cluster ness.
(A03) connector B and cable har-
ness. • Measuring voltage using the multi-
meter.
• Measuring voltage using a multi-
meter. • Ignition key in the drive position.

• Ignition key in the drive position. • Instrument cluster connected.

• Instrument cluster connected. Measuring Nominal value


points
Measuring Nominal value
points Pins B7 - B1 Vmax ≈ 5 V
V min ≈ 0 V
Pin B19 - B1 V ≈ 5.0 V

Verification
Note: If the correct value is not Check that the fault has been repaired using the tests in
achieved, remove the voltage from the VCADS Pro (See “Tests in VCADS Pro” page 44).
battery and measure again.

45
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

MID 140 PID 179 Air Suspension Pressure, Rear

• Fault code is stored.

• Yellow lamp requested.

Noticeable external symptoms:

• Yellow lamp lights up.

• The display shows an icon and the text ”NO DATA”.

Appropriate check:

• “MID 140 PID 179 Air Suspension Pressure, Rear,


Check” page 47.

FMI 6
Abnormally high current or short-circuit to ground.
W3005590

A03 Instrument cluster Conditions for fault code:

B58R Sensor, rear air suspension pres- • If the instrument cluster registers a voltage more
sure than 4.7 V the instrument cluster interprets this as a
fault and a fault code is stored.

Possible cause:
Fault code
• Signal cable short-circuited to ground.
FMI 5
Abnormally low current or open-circuit. • Faulty sensor.

Conditions for fault code: Reaction from the instrument cluster:

• If the instrument cluster registers a voltage value • Fault code is stored.


less than 0.3 V the instrument cluster interprets this
as a fault and a fault code is stored. • Yellow lamp requested.

Possible cause: Noticeable external symptoms:

• Open-circuit in the ground lead. • Yellow lamp lights up.


• Open-circuit in the signal cable.
• The display shows an icon and the text ”NO DATA”.
• Faulty sensor.
Appropriate check:
• Contact resistance and oxidation.
• “MID 140 PID 179 Air Suspension Pressure, Rear,
Reaction from the instrument cluster: Check” page 47.

46
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

3811-21-02-17 Supply cable


MID 140 PID 179 Air Suspen- 2
Requirements: J39200
sion Pressure, Rear, Check
Special tools: 9998699, 9813194 • The connector for the rear air sus-
Other special equipment: J39200 pension pressure sensor (B58R)
disconnected.
NOTE! • Measuring voltage using the multi-
• Read off other fault codes for the instrument cluster. meter.

• Ignition off. • Instrument cluster connected.

• Check all the relevant connectors. Check for loose • Ignition key in the drive position.
connections, contact resistance and oxidation. For a
detailed description of electrical fault tracing, see • Measurement to the instrument
separate service information under function group cluster.
371.
Measuring Nominal value
points
Tests in VCADS Pro
The following tests are useful for a closer examination of B58R, pin B - V≈5V
the component function: ground

• ”3810–08–02–01 Instrument cluster test”. Cable harness

• ”3810–08–02–02 Gauge checks, instrument cluster”. 3


For checking the cable harness, see
service information under function
Measurement at the component’s group 371.
connector to the instrument cluster
Note: Faults in the instrument cluster cable harness can
damage the component. Check the component if any of
the readings is outside its permitted range.

Ground cable
1
Requirements: J39200

• The connector for the rear air sus-


pension pressure sensor (B58R)
disconnected.

• Measuring resistance using a


multimeter.

• Instrument cluster connected.

• Ignition off.

• Measurement to the instrument


cluster.

Measuring Nominal value


points
B58R, pin A - R≈0

ground

Note: If the correct value is not


achieved, remove the voltage from the
battery and measure again.
47
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

Checking sub-systems Signal cable


Supply cable 2
Requirements: 9813194
1 9998699
Requirements: 9813194 • Breakout box with adapter con- J39200
9998699 nected between instrument cluster
• Breakout box with adapter con- J39200 (A03) connector B and cable har-
nected between instrument cluster ness.
(A03) connector B and cable har-
ness. • Measuring voltage using the multi-
meter.
• Measuring voltage using a multi-
meter. • Ignition key in the drive position.

• Ignition key in the drive position. • Instrument cluster connected.

• Instrument cluster connected. Measuring Nominal value


points
Measuring Nominal value
points Pins B6 - B1 V ≈ 0.5 - 5 V

Pin B17- B1 V≈5V


Verification
Check that the fault has been repaired using the tests in
Note: If the correct value is not VCADS Pro (See “Tests in VCADS Pro” page 47).
achieved, remove the voltage from the
battery and measure again.

48
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

MID 140 SID 231 J1939 Control Link


Fault code
FMI 2
Intermittent or incorrect data.

Conditions for fault code:

• If the instrument cluster cannot communicate via the


J1939 Control data link the instrument cluster inter-
prets this as a fault, and a fault code is stored.

Possible cause:

• Open-circuit in the data link cable between the in-


strument cluster and other control units.

• Short-circuit to ground in the data link cable be-


W3005311 tween the instrument cluster and other control units.
A03 Instrument Cluster
• Short-circuit to voltage in the data link cable be-
tween the instrument cluster and other control units.

Reaction from the instrument cluster:

• Fault code is stored.

Noticeable external symptoms:

• Lighting functions disappear from the instrument


cluster.

• J1939 data link functions cease to operate.

Appropriate action:

• Fault-trace the J1939 data link, see service informa-


tion group 371 ”Data links, fault-tracing”.

49
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

MID 140 SID 240 Program Memory


General information
At start-up a checksum is calculated for the software in
the flash memory for the instrument cluster. This is com-
pared with a previously stored checksum to check that
the software is correct.

Component: A03 instrument cluster

Fault code
T2012704

FMI 2
Intermittent or incorrect data.

Conditions for fault code:

• If the checksum calculated at start-up does not


agree with the previously saved checksum, the in-
strument cluster interprets this as a fault and a fault
code is set.

Note: If a fault code is set, reprogram the instru-


ment cluster.
Possible cause:

• Software fault.

• Faulty memory circuit.

Reaction from the instrument cluster:

• ”Boot mode” requested.

Noticeable external symptoms:

• ”Boot mode” shown on the display.

50
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

MID 140 SID 250 J1587/1708 Information Link


Appropriate check:

• Fault-trace the J1587/1708 information link, see ser-


vice information ”Data links, fault-tracing” function
group 371.

• Isolate/disconnect the instrument cluster from the


data link by disconnecting the harness connections
at the rear. Check for active SID250 fault codes in
other control units. If no other active faults are
reported, it is likely the instrument cluster has an in-
ternal problem. Replace the instrument cluster. If
other control units do report an active SID250 fault,
the problem is likely in the data link wiring or an-
W3005312
other control unit.
A03 Instrument Cluster
FMI 4
Abnormally low voltage or short-circuit to lower voltage.

Fault code Conditions for fault code:


FMI 3 • If the instrument cluster does not receive any con-
Abnormally high voltage or short-circuit to higher voltage. tact with the information link (no echo available) the
fault codes is set.
Conditions for fault code:

• If the instrument cluster does not receive any con- Possible cause:
tact with the information link (no echo available) the
fault codes is set. • Open circuit in the data link.

Possible cause: • Fault in the instrument cluster communication cir-


cuits.
• Open circuit in the data link.

• Fault in the instrument cluster communication cir- Reaction from the instrument cluster:
cuits.
• Yellow lamp requested.
Reaction from the instrument cluster:
Noticeable external symptoms:
• Yellow lamp requested.

• Fault code is stored. • Yellow lamp lights up and the display shows which
control unit should to be checked.
Noticeable external symptoms:
• Yellow lamp lights up and the display shows which • ABS vehicle telltale may be illuminated, but this
does not indicate an ABS fault.
control unit should to be checked.
Appropriate check:
• ABS vehicle telltale may be illuminated, but this
does not indicate an ABS fault.
• Fault-trace the J1587/1708 information link, see ser-
• The display shows the text ”CHECK vice information ”Data links, fault-tracing” function
DATA LINK”. group 371.

51
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

FMI 9 FMI 12
Abnormal update rate. Defective unit or component.

Conditions for fault code: Conditions for fault code:

• If a control unit does not transmit PID 44 to the in- • If the control units do not send PID 44 to the instru-
ment cluster, but the instrument cluster still has
strument cluster the control unit interprets this as a
contact with the link (echo is available), the instru-
fault and a fault code is stored.
ment cluster interprets this as a fault and a fault
code is stored.
Possible cause:
Possible cause:
• The particular control unit is in the process of being
programmed and therefore does not transmit any • One of the control units is being programmed and
signals on the information link. has sent a command to the other control units not to
transmit signals on the information link in the mean-
Reaction from the instrument cluster: time.

• Yellow lamp requested. Reaction from the instrument cluster:

Noticeable external symptoms: • Yellow lamp requested.


Noticeable external symptoms:
• Yellow lamp lights up and the display shows which
control unit should to be checked. • Yellow lamp lights up.

• ABS vehicle telltale may be illuminated, but this • The display shows the text ”CHECK DATA LINK”.
does not indicate an ABS fault.
• ABS vehicle telltale may be illuminated, but this
does not indicate an ABS fault.
Appropriate check:
Appropriate check:
• Fault-trace the J1587/1708 information link, see ser-
vice information on ”Data links, fault-tracing” function • Fault-trace the J1587/1708 information link, see ser-
group 371. vice information on ”Data links, fault tracing” function
group 371.

52
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

MID 140 SID 253 Calibration Memory, EEPROM


General information
At start-up a check sum is calculated for the data set in
the instrument cluster’s EEPROM memory. This is com-
pared with a previously stored check sum to check that
the data set is correct.

Component: A03 Instrument cluster

Fault code
T2012704

FMI 2
Intermittent or incorrect data.

Conditions for fault code:

• If the content of the memory circuit is faulty the in-


strument cluster interprets this as a fault and a fault
code is set.

Possible cause:

• Error when programming.

• Fault in the memory circuit.

Reaction from the instrument cluster:

• Undetermined.

Noticeable external symptoms:

• Undetermined.

53
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

MID 140 PSID 7 Reference Resistance


General information FMI 4
Component: A 03 Instrument cluster Abnormally low voltage or short-circuit to lower voltage.

Conditions for fault code:


Fault code
If the instrument cluster registers a resistance of less
FMI 3 than 22.5
the instrument cluster interprets this as a
Abnormally high voltage or short-circuit to higher voltage. fault and a fault code is stored.

Conditions for fault code: Possible cause:


If the instrument cluster registers a resistance of less • Hardware fault in the instrument cluster.
than 22.5
the instrument cluster interprets this as a
fault and a fault code is stored. • Fault in the fuel level sensor.

Possible cause: • Fault in the ambient temperature sensor.

• Hardware fault in the instrument cluster. Reaction from the instrument cluster:

• Fault in the fuel level sensor. • Fault code is stored.

Noticeable external symptoms:


• Fault in the ambient temperature sensor.

Reaction from the instrument cluster: • No reading on the gauges from the directly con-
nected sensors (ambient temperature and fuel level).
• Fault code is stored.
Appropriate check:
Noticeable external symptoms:
• Check all the wiring directly connected to the instru-
• No reading on the gauges from the directly con- ment cluster.
nected sensors (ambient temperature and fuel level).

Appropriate check:

• Check all the wiring directly connected to the instru-


ment cluster.

54
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

MID 140 PSID 200 J1939 Data Link Interruption, Engine ECU
General information Possible cause:
The control units share important messages via the SAE
J1939 Control data link. If one control unit is missing in- • Fault in the J1939 data link between the instrument
formation from another control unit, this fault code is cluster and the engine control unit.
used to indicate which control unit is expected to trans-
Reaction from the instrument cluster:
mit the message via the J1939 data link.

Fault code • Fault code is stored.

FMI 9

Abnormal update rate. Noticeable external symptoms:
Conditions for fault code: •
• If the instrument cluster does not receive the mes-
• Warning light lights up.
sage from the engine control unit via the J1939
control data link within a specific time period, the in- Appropriate check:
strument cluster interprets this as a communication
fault from the engine control unit and a fault code is • Fault-trace the J1939 data link, see service informa-
stored. tion group 371 ”Data links, fault-tracing”.

55
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

MID 140 PSID 201 J1939 Data Link Interruption, Vehicle ECU
General information Possible cause:
The control units share important messages via the SAE
J1939 Control data link. If one control unit is missing in- • Fault in the J1939 data link between the instrument
cluster and the vehicle control unit.
formation from another control unit, this fault code is
used to indicate which control unit is expected to trans- Reaction from the instrument cluster:
mit the message via the J1939 data link.
• Fault code is stored.
Fault code
• Brake lights requested.
FMI 9 Noticeable external symptoms:
Abnormal update rate.
Conditions for fault code: • Speed signal missing.

• If the instrument does not receive the message from • Warning light lights up.
the vehicle control unit via the J1939 control data Appropriate check:
link within a specific time period, the instrument
cluster interprets this as a communication fault from • Fault-trace the J1939 data link, see service informa-
the vehicle control unit and a fault code is stored. tion group 371 ”Data links, fault-tracing”.

56
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

MID 140 PSID 204 J1939 Data Link Interruption, Anti-lock Brake
ECU
General information Possible cause:
The control units share important messages via the SAE
J1939 Control data link. If one control unit is missing in- • Fault in the J1939 data link between the instrument
formation from another control unit, this fault code is cluster and the ABS control unit.
used to indicate which control unit is expected to trans-
Reaction from the instrument cluster:
mit the message via the J1939 data link.

Fault code • Fault code is stored.

FMI 9

Abnormal update rate. Noticeable external symptoms:
Conditions for fault code: •
• If the instrument cluster does not receive the mes-
• Warning light lights up.
sage from the Anti-lock brake (ABS) control unit via
the J1939 control data link within a specific time pe- Appropriate check:
riod, the instrument cluster interprets this as a
communication fault from the engine control unit and • Fault-trace the J1939 data link, see service informa-
a fault code is stored. tion group 371 ”Data links, fault-tracing”.

57
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

MID 140 PSID 210 J1939 Data Link Interruption, Lighting Control
Module
General information Possible cause:
The control units share important messages via J1939
control data link. If one control unit is missing information • Fault in the external lighting control unit.
from another control unit, this fault code is used to indi-
cate which control unit is expected to transmit the Reaction from the instrument cluster:
message via the J1939 data link.
• Fault code is stored.
Fault code
• Brake lights requested.
FMI 9
Noticeable external symptoms:
Abnormal update rate.
Conditions for fault code: • Lighting functions missing.

• If the instrument cluster does not receive the mes- • Warning light lights up.
sage, from the external lighting control unit via the
J1939 control data link, within a specific time period, Appropriate check:
the instrument cluster interprets this as a communi-
cation fault from the external lighting control unit and • Fault-trace the J1939 data link, see service informa-
a fault code is stored. tion group 371 ”Data links, fault-tracing”.

58
Group 38 Fault Codes, Instrument Cluster Troubleshooting

MID 140 PSID 232 J1939-3 Control Link


(Link to Steering Wheel Module [SWM])
Fault code
FMI 2
Intermittent or incorrect data.

Conditions for fault code:

• If the control unit cannot communicate via the J1939


control data link the instrument cluster interprets this
as a fault, and a fault code is stored.
Possible cause:

• Open-circuit in the data link cable between the in-


strument cluster and other control unit (SWM).

• Short-circuit to ground in the data link cable between


W3005311 the instrument cluster and other control unit (SWM).
A03 Instrument Cluster
• Short-circuit to voltage in the data link cable between
SWM Steering Wheel Module the instrument cluster and other control unit (SWM).

Reaction from the instrument cluster:

• Fault code is stored.

Noticeable external symptoms:

• Radio functions are not shown in the instrument


cluster display.

• Lights cannot be controlled by steering wheel


switches.

Appropriate check:

• Fault-trace the J1939 data link, see service informa-


tion group 371 ”Data links, fault-tracing”.

59
60
Feedback

One of our objectives is that workshop personnel should have access to correct and
appropriate service manuals where it concerns fault tracing, repairs and maintenance
of Volvo trucks.
In order to maintain the high standards of our literature, your opinions and experience
when using this manual would be greatly appreciated.
If you have any comments or suggestions, make a copy of this page, write down your
comments and send them to us, either via telefax or mailing directly to the address
listed below.

To From

Volvo Trucks North America, Inc. ..........................................................................


Dept. 516 Service Publications ..........................................................................

7825 National Service Road ..........................................................................

P.O. Box 26115 ..........................................................................

Greensboro, NC 27402-6115 ..........................................................................

USA ..........................................................................

Fax (336) 393-3170 ..........................................................................

Comments/proposals

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Concerns Service Manual: ...............................................................................................................................


Operation Numbers

3811-21-02-01 MID 140 PID 78 Rear Rear Axle Temperature, Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21


3811-21-02-02 MID 140 PID 96 Fuel Level, Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
3811-21-02-04 MID 140 PID 171 Ambient Temperature, Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
3811-21-02-05 MID 140 PID 177 Transmission Oil Temperature, Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
3811-21-02-08 MID 140 PID 158 Battery Voltage, Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
3811-21-02-10 MID 140 PID 77 Forward Rear Axle Temperature, Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
3811-21-02-13 MID 140 PID 116 Application Air Pressure, Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
3811-21-02-14 MID 140 PID 117 Air Brake Pressure, Front, Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
3811-21-02-15 MID 140 PID 118 Air Brake Pressure, Rear, Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
3811-21-02-16 MID 140 PID 178 Air Suspension Pressure, Front, Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
3811-21-02-17 MID 140 PID 179 Air Suspension Pressure, Rear, Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Volvo Trucks North America, Inc.
P.O. Box 26115, Greensboro, NC 27402-6115
Volvo Trucks Canada, Ltd.
6490 Vipond Drive, Mississauga, Ontario L5T 1W8
http://www.volvotrucks.volvo.com

PV776-TSP161704 (500) 3.2003 © Volvo Trucks North America, Inc., 2003