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# BASIC MATHEMATICS FOR IIT JEE

## Q 1. If x satisfies x  1 + x  2 + x  3 6, then :

(A) 0  x  4 (B) x 2 or x  4 (C) x  0 or x 4 (D) none
x3 x2
Q 2. If < then the most general values are :
2x  1 x4

 1  1  1
(A) (x <  4) (B)  x   (C)   4  x   (D) (x <  4)   x  
 2  2  2

x 2  2x  7
Q 3. If x is a real number such that < 6 then :
2x  3
3
(A) x > 11 or x <  (B) x > 11 or x <  1
2
3 3
(C)  < x < 1 (D)  1 < x < 11 or x 
2 2
Q 4. The value(s) of 'b' for which the equation, 2 log1/25 (bx + 28) =  log5 (12  4x  x2) has
coincident roots, is/are :
(A) b =  12 (B) b = 4 (C) b = 4 or b =  12 (D) b =  4 or b = 12
Q 5. The set of real value(s) of p for which the equation, 2x + 3 + 2x  3 = px + 6 has
more than two solutions is :
(A) [0, 4} (B) ( 4, 4) (C) R  {4, - 4, 0} (D) {0}
Q 6. The set of values of 'a' for which the inequality, (x  3a) (x  a  3) < 0 is satisfied for all
x  [1, 3] is :
(A) (1/3, 3) (B) (0, 1/3) (C) ( 2, 0) (D) ( 2, 3)
Q 7. Number of ordered pair(s) of (x, y) satisfying the system of simultaneous equations
x2  2 x + y = 1 and x2 + y = 1 is (x, y  R) :
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) infinitely many
6 x2  5 x  3
Q 8. If  4 , the least and the highest values of 4 x2 are :
x2  2 x  6
(A) 0 & 81 (B) 9 & 81 (C) 36 & 81 (D) none of these
Q 9. Let [ a ] denote the greatest integer less than or equal to ' a ' . The set of all values of '
x ' satisfying the inequality,
  
2

1  1  cos     
2 x2  4 x  7 <  ,    < is :
2  cos   sin    2 2
 2 2 

(A) ( 1, 3) 
(B) 1  5 , 1  5    
(C) 1  5 ,  1  3 , 1  5 
1 1 1
Q 10. log abc + log abc + log abc has the value equal to :
bc ca ab

## (A) 1/2 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 4

3
Q 11. If 0º < x < 90º & cos x = then the value of, log10 sinx + log10cos x + log10 tan x is :
10
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C)  1 (D) none
Q 12. The equation logx2 16 + log2x64 = 3 has :
(A) one irrational solution (B) no prime solution
(C) two real solutions (D) one integral solution
Q 13. Number of ordered pair(s) satisfying simultaneously, the system of equations,
x y
2 = 256 & log10 xy  log10 1.5 = 1, is :
(A) zero (B) exactly one (C) exactly two (D) more than two

 
2
Q 14. If a logb x  5 x logb a + 6 = 0, where a > 0, b > 0 & ab  1, then the value of x can be
equal to :
(A) 2logb a (B) 3loga b (C) b loga 2 (D) a logb 3
1
Q 15. The equation, log2 (2x2) + log2 x . x x  2  + log42 x4 + 2 3 log1/2  log2 x  = 1 has :
log log x  1
2
(A) exactly one real solution (B) two real solutions
(C) 3 real solutions (D) no solution .
x x
Q 16. If  5 2  7  + 6  5 2  7  = 7, then the value of x can be equal to :

## (A) 0 (B) log 5

 2 7  36
1
(C)   log6 5 2  7  (D) log 6
5 27

## Q 17. Solution set of the inequality, 2  log2 (x2 + 3x)  0 is :

(A) [ 4, 1] (B) [ 4,  3)  (0, 1]
(C) ( ,  3)  (1, )

(D) (,  4)  [1, )
3x  1
Q 18. If log1/3 is less than unity then x must lie in the interval :
x2
(A) (,  2)  (5/8, ) (B) ( 2, 5/8)
(C) (,  2)  (1/3, 5/8) (D) ( 2, 1/3)

Q 19. If x1, x2 & x3 are the three real solutions of the equation ;
2 3  3 2
x log10 x  log10 x = where x1 > x2 > x3 , then
1
x 1 1
 1
x 1 1

2 x1 x 2
(A) x1 + x3 = 2 x2 (B) x1 . x3 = x22 (C) x2 = (D) x11 + x21 = x31
x1  x 2
Q 20. If log1/5 (2x  4) < log1/5 (x + 3) then :
(A) x < 7 (B) 2 < x < 7 (C) x > 7 (D) none
 x  8 2  x
Q 21. The set of values of x satisfying simultaneously the inequalities 0
log 0.3  10
7 log 2 5  1
and 2x  3  31 > 0 is :
(A) a unit set (B) an empty set (C) an infinite set (D) none
1 1
Q 22. The set of values of x satisfying the inequality x 1  is :
log 4 log 4 ( x  3)
x2

## (A) ( 3,  2) (B) ( 3,  2)  ( 1, ) (C) ( 1, ) (D) none

x3
Q 23. Solution set of log x  1 is
x 1
(A) (1, 3) (B)  ,1 (C)  3,   (D) none
Q 24. The greatest integral value of x satisfying the inequality x  5  9  x  1 , is
(A) 9 (B) 8 (C) 7 (D) none

24  2 x  x 2
Q 25. Solution set of  1 is
x
(A)  6, 3   3, 4  (B) 6, 0    3, 4 (C)  6, 0   3, 4 (D) none

## Q 26. Solution set of 2  3  x  4  x is

 3 5 3 5   3 5   3 5 
(A)   2 , 2  (B)   2 ,1 (C) 1, 2  (D) none
     

5
Q 27. Solution set of the inequality log tan x sin 2 x   1 is
12

          3  
(A)  ,  (B)  ,  (C)  ,  (D)  , 
8 3 8 4 4 3  8 2
Q 28. Solution set of the inequality 2  x  x  4  x  3 is a set containing
(A) one element (B) two elements
(C) infitely many elements (D) zero elements
Q 29. The interval of values of x , satisfying x  1  x 2  3 x  2 , may be
(A)  ,1 (B) 3,   (C) 1, 3 (D) none

Q 30. If x 2  5 x  6  x  2  x  3  1 , then
(A) 2 < x < 4 (B) x < 2 (C) x > 4 (D) 2 < x < 3
x 4  3x 3  2x 2
Q 31. The solution set of the inequality  0 is ______ .
x 2  x  30

1  2x  3x 2
Q 32. The set of x satisfying the inequality > 0 is ______ .
3x  x 2  5

x 2  7x  12
Q 33. If the rational function f(x) = is non positive then x must lie in the interval
2x 2  4x  5
____________ .
1 4 4 1 1
Q 34. Solve the inequality,  +  < .
x1 x2 x3 x4 30

## Q 35. The solution set of the inequality x 2  5x  24 > x + 2 is ______ .

Q 36. Find the set of values of k for which any solution of the inequality

log2 x 2  5x  6  < 1 is
log2 (2x)
also a solution of the inequality x2  7kx + 2k  6  0 .

loga a 2  1 . log12/ a a 2  1 1
Q 37. If = then the value of [a], where [.] denotes greatest
 2

loga 2 a  1 . log3 a 6 a  1 2 2

## integer function is equal to ______ .

3

  
1 log 3 2

Q 38. Let, N = 81  3
log5 9 6 log25 7
.  7  125log25 6  then log N has the value-------
409  2

10 x 2  1 3x
Q 39. Number of solutions of the equation, x  2 = x2 is equal to ______ .
2
Q 40. If log3x + log3y = 2 + log32 and log27(x + y) = , then x + y is ______ .
3
 n x 2  n x2 3
Q 41. Number of solutions of the equation, x  1 = x 1 is ______ .

x
log10 100 x   3log10 100 x  1
2

## Q 42. If > 1000 , then least integral value of x is ______ .

45  45  45  45 65  65  65  65  65  65
Q 43. Let N = . then the value of log2 N is
35  35  35 25  2 5

## Q 44. Sum of all the solutions of 3x + 1  3x  1 = 2 log56  x is _______ .

Q 45. Integral solution of the equation log 3 x  2  log3 x  2 = 2 is ______ .
1
Q 46. If x = 3
75 2  , then the value of x3 + 3x  14 is equal to ______ .
3 75 2

Q 47. If a = logx yz, b = logy zx & c = logz xy where x, y, z are positive reals not equal to unity,
then abc  a  b  c is equal to______ .
1 1 1 1
Q 48. The sum of the series    .......  is equal to ______ where
log2 x log3 x log4 x log1998 x
x is equal to (1999) !
3 x 2  10 x  3
Q 49. Number of real solution(s) of the equation x  3 = 1 is ______ .
Q.50 Solve the following where x  R .
(a) (x  1)x²  4x + 3+ 2 x² + 3x  5 = 0 (b) (x + 3) .x + 2+2x + 3+ 1 = 0
(c) (x + 3). (x + 1) +2x + 5= 0 (d) 2x+2  2x+1  1= 2x+1 + 1

## 1.C 2.D 3.A 4.B 5.D 6.A 7.C

8.A 9.C 10.B 11.C 12.AD 13.C 14.BC
15.D 16.ABCD 17.B 18.A 19.B 20.C 21.A
22.C 23.A 24.A 25.B 26.B 27.C 28.D
29. AB 30.A
1 
31.  , 5  1, 2   6,   32.  , 1   ,  
3 
33. 3, 4  34.(,  2)  ( 1, 1)  (2, 3)  (4, 6)  (7, 8)

 1 12 
35.  , 3  8,   36. R   ,  37. 1 38. 0 39. 4
7 7 
40. 9 41. 5 42. 11 43. 12 44. 12
45. 9 46. 0 47. 2 48. 1 49. 3