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Discuss the shifts in the moods and mindset of the speaker in

“The Raven.”
In the beginning of the poem, the speaker talks about “curious volume of lore.” To me
this comes off as the speaker is familiar with ancient poetic terms. Poe uses these
words to help describe what is going on and the way he is feeling throughout the
entire poem. The poem reads “respite and nepenthe from they memories of Lenore!”
Nepenthe was a term used to describe a potion to help one forget of pain and
suffering. Another line from the poem is “Tell this soul with sorrow laden if, within
the distant Aidenn..." Aidenn is a different spelling and pronunciation for Eden. And
he also uses the word "Plutonian," this is an characteristic of Pluto, the god of the
underworld in Roman mythology. Poe uses these words that are not popular today. In
using these words, he brings his poem to life and clearly sets the tone and mood for
the narrator and the setting.

Edgar Allen Poe, tells the story of a lonely man who is sad about the loss of his love,
Lenore. As the poem starts off the speaker is very sad, and eases his pain by reading
books to distract him and occupy his time. When the speaker hears a knock on his
door he is stunned, not knowing what to expect. He hopes it is going to be Lenore, but
soon finds out it is a Raven. At first he is happy just to have some company, but soon
goes back into his depression mode. Poe uses the Raven to set the mood of darkness
throughout the entire poem. Ravens are associated with ill-omens and are normally
very dark creatures. Throughout the poem the Raven repeatedly says the word
"Nevermore." Poe uses the raven as a symbol to suggest the mood of the narrator.
Having a dark and lonely mindset, the Raven repeats the word "Nevermore," to
explain the idea of the narrator's sorrow. The Raven itself is a being of self-torture
from the narrator, and also suggest and idea of human nature which is interpreting
signs that appear to have no meaning by itself. Aside from using the raven as a
symbol, Poe inputs a wide variety of word choices.

How is Poe’s “Sonnet― To Science” in the mainstream of the

Romantic tradition?

Under the traditional Shakespearean sonnet structure, Poe expresses nontraditional

accusations of science. He writes of “a poet’s heart” being hunted by a “Vulture,
whose wings are dull realities.” He sets before us a mans imagination struggling with
his intellect. Rather than inspiring us to be moved and swept away by nature’s beauty,
science is portrayed as evil and words like "preyest," "Vulture," and "torn" are used to
describe science's impact on mankind. Poe does not see science and scientific
development as a good thing, instead he feels that science "alterest all things with thy
peering eyes." He calls science, a true daughter of Old Time who changes all things by
looking at them with peering eyes and inflicts emotional damage upon the vulnerable
poet and a vulture, focused on reality. Both comparisons help make a case against
science and cast it in a negative light. The reference to time reminds us of death which
come with time. Without time there would be no reason to worry about deadlines and
responsibilities, and we could just devote ourselves completely to reverie. The
reference to a vulture, shows the meanings of death and decay while completing the
image in the previous line of science. This theme is continued throughout as the
character in the poem begins to question, “How should he love thee? Or deem thee
wise, / Who wouldst not leave him in his wandering / To seek for treasure in the
jeweled skies…” He wonders why should anyone love Science or why they should
think it is wise when it does not allow us to use imagination? This image of the poet
with his heart being preyed upon as he is simply trying to enjoy the beauty of the stars
presents a victimized character to the reader. “The Elfin from the green grass, and
from me The summer dream beneath the tamarind tree?” The term "Elfin" makes me
think of an Elf, and it is used as a noun. Science has brought about the termination of
the poet’s “summer dream.” As readers , we understand that there are huge differences
in the meanings of the words he chooses to use. The wood nymph Hamadryad, the
water nymph Naiad, and Diana, goddess of wild animals, all conjure up notions of
magic, beauty, and imagination. With lines like “dragged Diana from her car” and
“torn the Naiad from her flood,” this is Science’s way of destroying these beautiful
myths and is made worse by the poem’s harsh language.

Edgar Allan Poe once wrote that “the death, then, of a beautiful
woman, is, unquestionably, the most poetic topic in the world –
and equally is it beyond doubt that the lips best suited for such
topic are those of a bereaved lover”. Consider how this
statement informs “The Sleeper,” “The Raven,” “Annabel Lee.”

In “The Sleeper,” the speaker seems unable to forget about his dead lover who nows
lies within her grave. “Looking like Lethe, see! The lake a conscious slumber seems
to take...” In this line we see that he wants to forget about his lover because “Lethe” is
a river that provided water to forget. We also see symbols for remembrance in the
form of rosemary. The speaker of the poem is conflicted. He doesn't want to accept
that his lover is dead “strange is thy pallor! strange thy dress! strange, above all, thy
length of tress, and this all solemn silentness!”
What at first seems like Poe romanticizing death in a creepy way, he ends up creating
a poem that turns out to have a deeper meaning in the context of human society. By
depicting this romantic death filled with morbid details, he is ironically attacking the
idea of romanticizing death as would be done in mainstream society through religion.

In “The Raven,” the speaker is mourning over the death of his wife. After being
awoken by a knocking on his door, he goes outside to see who it is. At first he does
not see anyone or anything. “And the only word there spoken was the whispered word
“Lenore!” This I whispered, and an echo murmured back the word, “Lenore?” -
Merely this and nothing more.” This line proves to use that the speaker was hoping
that it would be his wife outside, although he knew she was dead. When the Raven is
brought into the story, it symbolizes darkness so that us readers can begin to feel the
depression the speaker is having over losing his wife.

In “Annabel Lee,” the speaker is writing about a memory of an old lover. They met as
children, and lived in a kingdom by the sea, which we know by the lines “She was a
child and I was a child, In this kingdom by the sea.” Although they were just children,
they were madly in love with each other. The angels, being jealous of their love, kill
Annabel Lee. A wind came down and took her away, “That the wind came out of the
cloud, chilling And killing my Annabel Lee.” The speaker wants the readers to know
that his love for Annabel Lee will never go away. Death cannot make him stop loving
her. His love for her allows him to still see her in his dreams and stars, and he lies
down with her in her tomb every night.

It is very easy to compare these three poems to fit Poes statement “the death, then, of
a beautiful woman, is, unquestionably, the most poetic topic in the world – and
equally is it beyond doubt that the lips best suited for such topic are those of a
bereaved lover”. In all three, the speakers lover dies. Each poem the speaker is
mourning. They are all three very beautifully written poems, and once you understand
the true meaning, are very heartfelt. I have to agree with Poe in that death does make
for beautiful poems.
Choose one poem that you read this week that was not included
in the previous questions and explicate it. Use the link found in
this folder to learn how to write an explication. Your
explication should be brief, but complete.

“Lenore” is about a young woman named Lenore who has passed away. In the poem,
the speaker is describing what process should be followed following a death.Guy de
Vere cannot be sad because his loved one, Lenore has passed. He scolds everyone for
loving her wealth and hating her pride, suggesting that people had wished her ill and
effectively killed her. The speaker asks him not to speak in this manner, although
Lenore has taken away Hope in her death. Guy responds that he does not mourn
because her soul has ascended to Heaven. Not coincidentally, Lenore is also the name
of the deceased wife of the narrator in “The Raven.” Poe follows along in his favorite
theme in the the death of a beautiful woman makes beautiful poetry. His love for
Lenore is clear, but he does not cry because he hopes to meet her in heaven, which is
different in “The Raven” in which the speaker reverses the dynamic as he loses all
hope of his future with her in heaven. Lenore dies at a young age just like “Annabel
Lee,” “An anthem for the qeenlist dead that ever died so young- A dirge for her the
doubly dead in that she died so young.” Although Guy de Vere is bold and accuses
others of having caused Lenore's death, the speaker is trying to make peace, saying
"peccavimus," which is Latin for "we have sinned." Lenore's youth matches her
innocence in death.