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Transformer Losses Calculation (As per Transform

Transformer Specifications:
Output kVA 800 kVA
High voltage Volts 6600 Volts
Low voltage Volts 400 Volts
Full load current-secondary Amp 1154 Amp
Full load current primary Amp 70 Amp
Efficiency % %
Reference temperature °C 75 °C
Frequency Hz 50 Hz
No load test:
R.M.S. Voltage, Vrms 429 Volts
Average voltage, Vavg 403 Volts
Frequency, f 50 Hz
No load Current, Inl A 9.96 Amp
No load power input, Pnl Watts 1960 Watts
Winding resistance of secondary (L.V.) side (Rph-2) 0.00111 Ω
Winding resistance of primary (H.V.) side,(Rph-1) 1.03 Ω
Ambient temperature 75 °C

Short circuit test:


Applied reduced voltage on H.V, Vsc (Average of three currents measured) 36.6 Volts
H.V. side phase current, ( Average of three currents measured) Is1 2.78 Amp
Power measured ( average of three power measured), Wsc-m 44.3 Watts
Total power input at short circuit, Wsc 66.45 Watts
Results (Full Load Current):
Form factor, k p.u. 1.13
Corrected no load loss 1919.472 Watts
Total Core loss at rated voltage and freq. Watts 2207.884 Watts
Total Copper loss estimated at test current 44.90028 Watts
Stray losses at test current 21.54972 Watts
Total Copper loss at full load current 11100.69 Watts
Total Stray losses at full load current 3893.238 Watts
Total losses at full load Watts 17201.82 Watts
Efficiency at full load 97.9%
As per Transformer Test Results)
Actual load on Transformer:
Actual Connected load 520 kVA
Actual loading of Transformer 65% 0.65
Voltage, VL 427 Volts
Measured load current, IL 1000 Amp
Winding temperature, T 75 °C
Total Working Hours/Annum 8760
CO2 emission at Rate of 0.4 Kg/Kwh

Results (Actual Load Current):


Form factor, k p.u 1.13
Corrected no load losses 1919.47 Watts
Total Core loss at actual voltage and freq. 12650 Watts
Total Copper loss estimated at test current 45 Watts
Stray losses at test current 22 Watts
Total Copper loss at full load current 11101 Watts
Stray losses at full load current 3893 Watts
Total Copper loss at actual load current 8336 Watts
Total Stray losses at actual load current 2923 Watts
Total No Load losses at actual load 12650 Watts
Total Load Load losses at actual load 11259 Watts
Total Losses at actual load 23909 Watts
Efficiency at actual load 97.1%

Jignesh.Parmar
jiguparmar@yahoo.com
www.electricalnotes.wordpress.com