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Different Ways of Writing a Set Basic Operation of Sets

1 Rooster Method 1 Union of Sets [U]


A combination of elements
It is specified by listing down the elements of the set
Example:
Examples:
A={1,2,3,4,5} U B={5,6,7,8,9,10}
1 R={a,b,c,d}
Answer
2 B={a,e,I,o,u}
U={1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10}
3 C={1,2,3,4}
4 D={1,2,3…100}
5 E={8,9,10,11} 2 Intersections [∩]
Elements that has a partner

Examples:
2 Description A-{red,blue,yellow} ∩ B={red,green,purple}
It is specified by describing the given set Answer
∩={red}
Examples:
1 A={the letters used in roman numerals} 3 Complements [ ‘ ]
2 B={the holidays in a year} Are elements that does not have a partner
3 H={the types of metals}
4 E={the names of your classmates} Examples:
5 D={the names of the teachers on your school} A={a,b,c,d,z} B={z,y,x,b}
Anwer
A’={a,b,c,d,y,x}

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2 Disjoint Sets 4 Subset
Two or more sets are said to be disjoint if they do not If every member of set a is also a member of set b
have any common members then it is a subset
Examples:
Examples:
1 R={a,b,c,d} E={1,2,3,4} 1A={1,2} F={1,2,3}
2 B={a,e,I,o,u} N={9,8,7,6} 2B={blue,red} G={blue,red,yellow}
3 C={1,2,3,4} Z={a,b,c,d} 3C={a,b} H={a,b,c,d}
4 D={1,2,3…100} O={a,e,I,o,u} 4D={c,s} I={c,s,g,o}
5 E={8,9,10,11} X={red,blue,green} 5E={41,51} J={41,51,61,71}

3 Equivalent Sets 5 universal set


These are elements that have the same number of The term universal set is used to describe all the
elements but not necessarily the same items in concideration including itself

Examples: Example:
1E={b,t,s} N={1,2,3} 1U={abc…xyz}
2L={1,2,3} T={b,t,s}
3E={o.p.f} S={5,6,7}
4M={5,6,7} Z={o,p,f}
5E={,blue,red} X={51,41,31,21}

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