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Anatomy and Physiology for Exercise Level 2 H/600/9013 Paper 3 March 1 s t 2018

Anatomy and Physiology for Exercise Level 2

H/600/9013

Paper 3 March 1 st 2018 August 31 st 2018

There are 50 questions within this paper.

To achieve a pass you will need to score 35 out of 50 marks.

All questions are multiple choice and there is only ONE correct answer.

To record your answers to each question please follow the instructions on your answer sheet.

You may use blank sheets of paper for notes and calculations if required.

Please DO NOT write on this paper.

Time Allowed - 105 minutes.

For each of the following questions choose one correct answer from A to D

1. What is the name of the muscles located at the posterior upper leg?

A. Quadriceps

B. Gluteals

C. Adductors

D. Hamstrings

2. Which joint action occurs when the triceps contract concentrically?

A. Elbow flexion

B. Elbow extension

C. Shoulder adduction

D. Shoulder abduction

3. Which of the following is a function of the heart?

A. Pump deoxygenated blood to the lungs

B. Pump deoxygenated blood to the body

C. Produce red blood cells

D. Receive oxygen from the body

4. Where are the lungs positioned?

A. The thoracic cavity

B. The pelvic girdle

C. In front of the sternum

D. Behind the abdominal cavity

5. Which chamber of the heart receives oxygenated blood from the lungs?

A. Left ventricle

B. Right ventricle

C. Right atrium

D. Left atrium

6. Which of the following is a component of motor fitness enhanced by exercise?

A. Flexibility

B. Endurance

C. Strength

D. Power

For each of the following questions choose one correct answer from A to D

7. Which of the following is a function of the lungs?

A. To pump oxygen to the working muscles

B. To remove carbon dioxide from the body

C. To remove lactic acid from the body

D. To pump carbon dioxide to the working muscles

8. Which energy system would be used primarily during a 30 minute swim?

A. Glycogen system

B. Adenosine diphosphate system

C. Creatine phosphate system

D. Aerobic system

9. Which muscle runs underneath the pelvis and helps to prevent stress incontinence?

A. The pelvic floor

B. The pelvic girdle

C. The internal obliques

D. The rectus abdominis

10. Where does blood flow to after leaving the right atrium?

A. Right ventricle

B. Vena cava

C. Left atrium

D. Aorta

11. Following a normal delivery during childbirth, what is the minimum time recommended before returning to exercise?

A. 6 days

B. 12 days

C. 6 weeks

D. 12 weeks

For each of the following questions choose one correct answer from A to D

12. Where is the heart positioned?

A. Posterior to the sternum and just left of centre

B. Anterior to the sternum and just right of centre

C. The pelvic girdle

D. The shoulder girdle

13. At which joint would circumduction occur?

A. Shoulder

B. Knee

C. Elbow

D. Neck

14. What principle is being described when stating that a nerve impulse will innervate all the muscle fibres within a motor unit?

A. The 'all or none law'

B. The sliding filament theory

C. Concentric muscle work

D. Eccentric muscle work

15. When a muscle contracts without changing length it is undergoing which type of contraction?

A. Eccentric

B. Concentric

C. Isometric

D. Isotonic

16. Which structure in the lungs is also known as the wind pipe?

A. Trachea

B. Bronchioles

C. Bronchi

D. Alveoli

17. Which process occurs between the alveoli and capillaries?

A. Blood pooling

B. Venous return

C. Stroke volume

D. Gaseous exchange

For each of the following questions choose one correct answer from A to D

18. Which type of synovial joint is the hip?

A. Hinge

B. Gliding

C. Condyloid

D. Ball and socket

19. Which muscle crosses the anterior elbow joint?

A. Tibialis anterior

B. Gastrocnemius

C. Biceps brachii

D. Triceps brachii

20. Which of the following is a structure of the respiratory system which air will pass through during inhalation?

A. The aorta

B. The diaphysis

C. The pulmonary artery

D. The pharynx

21. Which of the following forms part of the appendicular skeleton?

A. Clavicle

B. Sacrum

C. Coccyx

D. Cranium

22. What is the name of the connective tissue surrounding each bundle of muscle fibres?

A. Perimysium

B. Periosteum

C. Myofibril

D. Myofilament

23. What is the name given to the process of bone formation?

A. Ossification

B. Calcification

C. Osteoporosis

D. Osteopenia

For each of the following questions choose one correct answer from A to D

24. What joint action occurs when the quadriceps contract eccentrically?

A. Knee flexion

B. Knee extension

C. Hip rotation

D. Spine flexion

25. Which of the following forms part of the axial skeleton?

A. The spine

B. The humerus

C. The femur

D. The scapula

26. Which region of the spine is affected by hyperkyphosis?

A. Thoracic

B. Lumbar

C. Sacral

D. Coccygeal

27. Which blood vessels have thin walls to allow for diffusion of gases?

A. Arteries

B. Arterioles

C. Capillaries

D. Veins

28. What is the name of the structure that attaches muscle to bone across a synovial joint?

A. Tendon

B. Cartilage

C. Synovial membrane

D. Ligament

29. Which of the following is a characteristic of skeletal muscle?

A. It is smooth

B. It is cardiac

C. It contracts voluntarily

D. It contracts involuntarily

For each of the following questions choose one correct answer from A to D

30. Which bones form part of the pelvic girdle?

A. Femur and lumbar vertebrae

B. Ischium and pubis

C. Coccyx and lumbar vertebrae

D. Scapula and clavicle

31. What is a characteristic of fast twitch muscle fibres?

A. Slow to fatigue

B. White in colour

C. Red in colour

D. Slow to contract

32. What reading represents optimal diastolic blood pressure?

A. 80 mmHg

B. 95 mmHg

C. 125 mmHg

D. 140 mmHg

33. What is the name given to the process which involves contraction and relaxation of the diaphragm and intercostal muscles?

A. Respiration

B. Circulation

C. Digestion

D. Excretion

34. What type of muscle are the biceps and triceps?

A. Cardiac

B. Smooth

C. Voluntary

D. Involuntary

35. Which of the following is produced in red bone marrow?

A. Calcium and glycogen

B. Red and white blood cells

C. Phosphorus and magnesium

D. Proteins and amino acids

For each of the following questions choose one correct answer from A to D

36. What is the name given to the two ends of the long bones?

A. Diaphysis

B. Epiphysis

C. Periosteum

D. Epimysium

37. Which blood vessel(s) carry deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs?

A. Pulmonary veins

B. Pulmonary arteries

C. Aorta

D. Vena cava

38. Which type of bone are the tarsals?

A. Long

B. Short

C. Flat

D. Irregular

39. Which body system controls all voluntary and involuntary muscle work?

A. The skeletal system

B. The digestive system

C. The nervous system

D. The circulatory system

40. Which type of joint has no movement?

A. Mechanical

B. Synovial

C. Fibrous

D. Cartilaginous

41. Which of the following forms part of the pulmonary circulatory system?

A. Vena cava

B. Right ventricle

C. Aorta

D. Left ventricle

For each of the following questions choose one correct answer from A to D

42. Which blood vessels carry blood at high pressure?

A. Arteries

B. Veins

C. Capillaries

D. Venules

43. What is the term used to define low blood pressure?

A. Hypotension

B. Hypertension

C. Hypoglycaemia

D. Hyperglycaemia

44. How many vertebrae form the cervical spine?

A. 4

B. 5

C. 7

D. 12

45. How many curves are there in a healthy adult spine?

A. Two

B. Three

C. Four

D. Five

46. Which type of joint offers the greatest potential for movement?

A. Synovial

B. Fibrous

C. Immovable

D. Slightly movable

47. Which range of motion occurs at a synovial hinge joint?

A. Abduction and adduction

B. Internal and external rotation

C. Flexion and extension

D. Elevation and depression

For each of the following questions choose one correct answer from A to D

48. Which joint action occurs when the spine bends sideways?

A. Adduction

B. Horizontal extension

C. Lateral flexion

D. Rotation

49. What is the name of the thin myofilament within skeletal muscles?

A. Myosin

B. Troponin

C. Elastin

D. Actin

50. Which muscle is the prime mover during horizontal flexion of the shoulder?

A. Pectoralis major

B. Rhomboids

C. Trapezius

D. Latissimus dorsi

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