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Signature and Name of Invigilator

1. (Signature) OMR Sheet No. : ..........................................................


(To be filled by the Candidate)
(Name)
Roll No.
2. (Signature)
(In figures as per admission card)
(Name)
Roll No.
J 0 5 9 1 8 PAPER - II (In words)

Time : 2 hours] LIBRARY & INFORMATION SCIENCE [Maximum Marks : 200


Number of Pages in this Booklet : 56 Number of Questions in this Booklet : 100
Instructions for the Candidates ¬⁄ˡÊÊÁÕ¸ÿÙ¢ ∑ Á‹∞ ÁŸŒ¸‡Ê
1. Write your roll number in the space provided on the top of
this page.
1. ß‚ ¬ÎD ∑ ™ ¬⁄ ÁŸÿà SÕÊŸ ¬⁄ •¬ŸÊ ⁄Ù‹ Ÿê’⁄ Á‹Áπ∞–
2. This paper consists of hundred multiple-choice type of 2. ß‚ ¬˝‡Ÿ-¬òÊ ◊¢ ‚ÊÒ ’„ÈÁfl∑ À¬Ëÿ ¬˝‡Ÿ „Ò¥–
questions. 3. ¬⁄ˡÊÊ ¬˝Ê⁄ê÷ „ÙŸ ¬⁄, ¬˝‡Ÿ-¬ÈÁSÃ∑ Ê •Ê¬∑ Ù Œ ŒË ¡ÊÿªË– ¬„‹ ¬Ê°ø Á◊Ÿ≈
3. At the commencement of examination, the question booklet •Ê¬∑ Ù ¬˝‡Ÿ-¬ÈÁSÃ∑ Ê πÙ‹Ÿ ÃÕÊ ©‚∑ Ë ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ¡Ê°ø ∑ Á‹∞ ÁŒÿ
will be given to you. In the first 5 minutes, you are requested ¡Êÿ¢ª, Á¡‚∑ Ë ¡Ê°ø •Ê¬∑ Ù •fl‡ÿ ∑ ⁄ŸË „Ò —
to open the booklet and compulsorily examine it as below :
(i) ¬˝‡Ÿ-¬ÈÁSÃ∑ Ê πÙ‹Ÿ ∑ Á‹∞ ¬ÈÁSÃ∑ Ê ¬⁄ ‹ªË ∑ ʪ¡ ∑ Ë ‚Ë‹ ∑ Ê
(i) To have access to the Question Booklet, tear off the
paper seal on the edge of this cover page. Do not accept » Ê«∏ ‹¢ – πÈ‹Ë „È߸ ÿÊ Á’ŸÊ S≈Ë∑ ⁄-‚Ë‹ ∑ Ë ¬ÈÁSÃ∑ Ê SflË∑ Ê⁄ Ÿ ∑ ⁄¢ –
a booklet without sticker-seal and do not accept an open (ii) ∑ fl⁄ ¬ÎD ¬⁄ ¿¬ ÁŸŒ¸‡ÊÊŸÈ‚Ê⁄ ¬˝‡Ÿ-¬ÈÁSÃ∑ Ê ∑ ¬ÎD ÃÕÊ ¬˝‡ŸÙ¢ ∑ Ë
booklet. ‚¢ÅÿÊ ∑ Ù •ë¿Ë Ã⁄„ øÒ∑ ∑ ⁄ ‹¢ Á∑ ÿ ¬Í⁄ „Ò¢ – ŒÙ·¬Íáʸ ¬ÈÁSÃ∑ Ê
(ii) Tally the number of pages and number of questions in Á¡Ÿ◊¢ ¬ÎD /¬˝‡Ÿ ∑ ◊ „Ù¢ ÿÊ ŒÈ’Ê⁄Ê •Ê ªÿ „Ù¢ ÿÊ ‚ËÁ⁄ÿ‹ ◊¢ Ÿ „Ù¢
the booklet with the information printed on the cover •ÕʸØ Á∑ ‚Ë ÷Ë ¬˝∑ Ê⁄ ∑ Ë òÊÈÁ≈¬Íáʸ ¬ÈÁSÃ∑ Ê SflË∑ Ê⁄ Ÿ ∑ ⁄¢ ÃÕÊ
page. Faulty booklets due to pages/questions missing
or duplicate or not in serial order or any other ©‚Ë ‚◊ÿ ©‚ ‹ı≈Ê∑ ⁄ ©‚∑ SÕÊŸ ¬⁄ ŒÍ‚⁄Ë ‚„Ë ¬˝‡Ÿ-¬ÈÁSÃ∑ Ê ‹
discrepancy should be got replaced immediately by a ‹¢– ß‚∑ Á‹∞ •Ê¬∑ Ù ¬Ê°ø Á◊Ÿ≈ ÁŒÿ ¡Êÿ¢ª– ©‚∑ ’ÊŒ Ÿ ÃÙ
correct booklet from the invigilator within the period •Ê¬∑ Ë ¬˝‡Ÿ-¬ÈÁSÃ∑ Ê flʬ‚ ‹Ë ¡ÊÿªË •ı⁄ Ÿ „Ë •Ê¬∑ Ù •ÁÃÁ⁄Q
of 5 minutes. Afterwards, neither the Question Booklet ‚◊ÿ ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊÿªÊ–
will be replaced nor any extra time will be given. (iii) ß‚ ¡Ê°ø ∑ ’ÊŒ ¬˝‡Ÿ-¬ÈÁSÃ∑ Ê ∑ Ê Ÿ¥’⁄ OMR ¬òÊ∑ ¬⁄ •¢Á∑ à ∑ ⁄¢
(iii) After this verification is over, the Test Booklet Number
•ı⁄ OMR ¬òÊ∑ ∑ Ê Ÿ¥’⁄ ß‚ ¬˝‡Ÿ-¬ÈÁSÃ∑ Ê ¬⁄ •¢Á∑ à ∑ ⁄ Œ¢–
should be entered on the OMR Sheet and the OMR Sheet
Number should be entered on this Test Booklet. 4. ¬˝àÿ∑ ¬˝‡Ÿ ∑ Á‹∞ øÊ⁄ ©ûÊ⁄ Áfl∑ À¬ (1), (2), (3) ÃÕÊ (4) ÁŒÿ ªÿ „Ò¢–
4. Each item has four alternative responses marked (1), (2), (3) •Ê¬∑ Ù ‚„Ë ©ûÊ⁄ ∑ flÎûÊ ∑ Ù ¬Ÿ ‚ ÷⁄∑ ⁄ ∑ Ê‹Ê ∑ ⁄ŸÊ „Ò ¡Ò‚Ê Á∑ ŸËø
and (4). You have to darken the circle as indicated below on ÁŒπÊÿÊ ªÿÊ „Ò–
the correct response against each item. ©ŒÊ„⁄áÊ — ¡’Á∑ (3) ‚„Ë ©ûÊ⁄ „Ò–
Example : where (3) is the correct response. 5. ¬˝‡ŸÊ¥ ∑ ©ûÊ⁄ ∑ fl‹ ¬˝‡Ÿ ¬ÈÁSÃ∑ Ê ∑ •ãŒ⁄ ÁŒÿ ªÿ OMR ¬òÊ∑ ¬⁄ „Ë
5. Your responses to the items are to be indicated in the OMR •¥Á∑ à ∑ ⁄Ÿ „Ò¥– ÿÁŒ •Ê¬ OMR ¬òÊ∑ ¬⁄ ÁŒÿ ªÿ flÎûÊ ∑ •‹ÊflÊ Á∑ ‚Ë
Sheet given inside the Booklet only. If you mark your
response at any place other than in the circle in the OMR •ãÿ SÕÊŸ ¬⁄ ©ûÊ⁄ ÁøqÊ¢Á∑ à ∑ ⁄Ã „Ò¥, ÃÙ ©‚∑ Ê ◊ÍÀ ÿÊ¢∑ Ÿ Ÿ„Ë¢ „٪ʖ
Sheet, it will not be evaluated. 6. •ãŒ⁄ ÁŒÿ ªÿ ÁŸŒ¸‡ÊÙ¢ ∑ Ù äÿÊŸ¬Ífl¸∑ ¬…∏¢ –
6. Read instructions given inside carefully. 7. ∑ ìÊÊ ∑ Ê◊ (Rough Work) ß‚ ¬ÈÁSÃ∑ Ê ∑ •ÁãÃ◊ ¬ÎD ¬⁄ ∑ ⁄¢ –
7. Rough Work is to be done in the end of this booklet. 8. ÿÁŒ •Ê¬ OMR ¬òÊ∑ ¬⁄ ÁŸÿà SÕÊŸ ∑ •‹ÊflÊ •¬ŸÊ ŸÊ◊, ⁄Ê‹ Ÿê’⁄,
8. If you write your Name, Roll Number, Phone Number or » ÊŸ Ÿê’⁄ ÿÊ ∑ Ê߸ ÷Ë ∞‚Ê Áøq Á¡‚‚ •Ê¬∑ Ë ¬„øÊŸ „Ê ‚∑ , •¥Á∑ à ∑ ⁄Ã
put any mark on any part of the OMR Sheet, except for the
space allotted for the relevant entries, which may disclose „Ò¥ •ÕflÊ •÷Œ˝ ÷Ê·Ê ∑ Ê ¬˝ÿÊª ∑ ⁄Ã „Ò¥, ÿÊ ∑ Ê߸ •ãÿ •ŸÈÁøà ‚ÊœŸ ∑ Ê
your identity, or use abusive language or employ any other ¬˝ÿÊª ∑ ⁄Ã „Ò¥, ¡Ò‚ Á∑ •¥Á∑ à Á∑ ÿ ªÿ ©ûÊ⁄ ∑ Ê Á◊≈ÊŸÊ ÿÊ ‚» Œ SÿÊ„Ë ‚
unfair means, such as change of response by scratching or ’Œ‹ŸÊ ÃÊ ¬⁄ˡÊÊ ∑ Á‹ÿ •ÿÊÇÿ ÉÊÊÁ·Ã Á∑ ÿ ¡Ê ‚∑ Ã „Ò¥–
using white fluid, you will render yourself liable to 9. •Ê¬∑ Ù ¬⁄ˡÊÊ ‚◊Ê# „ÙŸ ¬⁄ ◊Í‹ OMR ¬òÊ∑ ÁŸ⁄ˡÊ∑ ◊„ÙŒÿ ∑ Ù ‹ı≈ÊŸÊ
disqualification. •Êfl‡ÿ∑ „Ò •ı⁄ ¬⁄ˡÊÊ ‚◊ÊÁ# ∑ ’ÊŒ ©‚ •¬Ÿ ‚ÊÕ ¬⁄ˡÊÊ ÷flŸ ‚ ’Ê„⁄
9. You have to return the original OMR Sheet to the invigilators Ÿ ‹∑ ⁄ ¡Êÿ¢– „Ê‹Ê¥Á∑ •Ê¬ ¬⁄ˡÊÊ ‚◊ÊÁ# ¬⁄ ◊Í‹ ¬˝‡Ÿ-¬ÈÁSÃ∑ Ê •¬Ÿ ‚ÊÕ
at the end of the examination compulsorily and must not
carry it with you outside the Examination Hall. You are
‹ ¡Ê ‚∑ Ã „Ò¥–
however, allowed to carry original question booklet on 10. ∑ fl‹ ŸË‹/∑ Ê‹ ’Ê‹ åflÊßZ≈ ¬Ÿ ∑ Ê „Ë ¬˝ÿÊª ∑ ⁄¢ –
conclusion of examination. 11. Á∑ ‚Ë ÷Ë ¬˝∑ Ê⁄ ∑ Ê ‚¢ªáÊ∑ (∑Ò ‹∑È ‹≈ ⁄) ÿÊ ‹Êª ≈ ’‹ •ÊÁŒ ∑ Ê
10. Use only Blue/Black Ball point pen. ¬˝ÿÙª flÁ¡¸Ã „Ò–
11. Use of any calculator or log table etc., is prohibited.
12. ª‹Ã ©ûÊ⁄Ê¥ ∑ Á‹∞ ∑ Ê߸ Ÿ∑ Ê⁄Êà◊∑ •¥∑ Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ò¥–
12. There are no negative marks for incorrect answers.
13. In case of any discrepancy in the English and Hindi versions, 13. ÿÁŒ •¥ª˝¡Ë ÿÊ Á„¥ŒË Áflfl⁄áÊ ◊¥ ∑ Ê߸ Áfl‚¥ªÁà „Ê, ÃÊ •¥ª˝¡Ë Áflfl⁄áÊ •¥ÁÃ◊
English version will be taken as final. ◊ÊŸÊ ¡Ê∞ªÊ–

J-05918 !J-05918-PAPER-II! 1 P.T.O.

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LIBRARY & INFORMATION SCIENCE
PAPER - II

Note : This paper contains hundred (100) objective type questions of two (2) marks each. All
questions are compulsory.

1. What is the meaning of the term “Information Iceberg” ?


(1) 1/3 Non-Visible and 2/3 Visible
(2) 1/3 Visible and 2/3 Non-Visible
(3) 1/4 Non-Visible and 3/4 Visible
(4) 1/4 Visible and 3/4 Non-Visible

2. What is the name of the committee responsible for Indian standards related to libraries ?
(1) TC 46 (2) MSD 5
(3) BIS - LIB (4) Z 39

3. ‘World Book and Copyright Day’ is celebrated on :


(1) 22nd August (2) 23rd April (3) 23rd March (4) 20th March

4. “To make at least one in every household e-literate” is thrust area of policy (# 7) included
in :
(1) National Knowledge Commission, 2005
(2) National Policy on Information Technology, 2012
(3) National Education Policy, 1992
(4) National Policy on Library and Information Systems, 1986

5. Identify which one of the Five Laws of Library Science that Ranganathan remarked as ‘trivial
truism’ in his writing “Library Science and Scientific Method”.
(1) First Law (2) Second Law (3) Third Law (4) Fifth Law

6. ‘Wikipedia’ owned by the non-profit “Wikipedia Foundation” was launched on January 15,
2001 by :
(1) Jimmy Wells and Larry Sanger (2) Jimmy Wells and Vincent J. Aceto
(3) Larry Sanger and W. Kathy (4) William A. Ford and W. Kathy

J-05918 !J-05918-PAPER-II! 2 Paper-II

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¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ ∞fl¥ ‚ÍøŸÊ ÁflôÊÊŸ
¬˝‡Ÿ¬òÊ - II

ŸÊ≈ — ß‚ ¬˝‡Ÿ¬òÊ ◊¥ ‚ÊÒ (100) ’„È-Áfl∑ À¬Ëÿ ¬˝‡Ÿ „Ò¥– ¬˝àÿ∑ ¬˝‡Ÿ ∑ ŒÙ (2) •¢∑ „Ò¥– ‚÷Ë ¬˝‡Ÿ •ÁŸflÊÿ¸ „Ò¥–

1. ““ßã» Ê◊¸‡ÊŸ •Êß‚’ª¸”” ¬Œ ∑ Ê ÄÿÊ •Õ¸ „Ò?


(1) 1/3 •ŒÎÁc≈ªÊø⁄ •ÊÒ⁄ 2/3 ŒÎÁc≈ªÊø⁄
(2) 1/3 ŒÎÁc≈ªÊø⁄ •ÊÒ⁄ 2/3 •ŒÎÁc≈ªÊø⁄
(3) 1/4 •ŒÎÁc≈ªÊø⁄ •ÊÒ⁄ 3/4 ŒÎÁc≈ªÊø⁄
(4) 1/4 ŒÎÁc≈ªÊø⁄ •ÊÒ⁄ 3/4 •ŒÎÁc≈ªÊø⁄

2. ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿÊ¥ ‚ ‚¥’¥ÁœÃ ÷Ê⁄ÃËÿ ◊ÊŸ∑ Ê¥ ∑ Á‹∞ ©ûÊ⁄ŒÊÿË ‚Á◊Áà ∑ Ê ŸÊ◊ ÄÿÊ „Ò?
(1) ≈Ë.‚Ë. 46 (2) ∞◊.∞‚.«Ë. 5
(3) ’Ë.•Ê߸.∞‚.-∞‹.•Ê߸.’Ë. (4) ¡«∏ 39

3. “Áfl‡fl ¬ÈSÃ∑ ∞fl¥ SflàflÊÁœ∑ Ê⁄ ÁŒfl‚” Á∑ ‚ ÁŒŸ ◊ŸÊÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò?


(1) 22 •ªSà (2) 23 •¬˝Ò‹ (3) 23 ◊Êø¸ (4) 20 ◊Êø¸

4. ““¬˝àÿ∑ ¬Á⁄flÊ⁄ ◊¥ ãÿÍŸÃ◊ ∞∑ √ÿÁÄà ∑ Ê ߸-‚ÊˇÊ⁄ ’ŸÊŸ”” ¬⁄ Á∑ ‚◊¥ ŸËÁà (# 7) ∑ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ •àÿÁœ∑ ’‹ ÁŒÿÊ
ªÿÊ „Ò?
(1) ⁄Êc≈˛ Ëÿ ôÊÊŸ •ÊÿÊª, 2005
(2) ‚ÍøŸÊ ¬˝ÊÒlÊÁª∑ Ë ¬⁄ ⁄Êc≈˛ Ëÿ ŸËÁÃ, 2012
(3) ⁄Êc≈˛ Ëÿ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ŸËÁÃ, 1992
(4) ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ •ÊÒ⁄ ‚ÍøŸÊ ¬˝áÊÊÁ‹ÿÊ¥ ¬⁄ ⁄Êc≈˛ Ëÿ ŸËÁÃ, 1986

5. ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ ÁflôÊÊŸ ∑ ¬Ê°ø ‚ÍòÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ‚ ©‚ ‚ÍòÊ ∑ Ë ¬„øÊŸ ∑ ËÁ¡∞, Á¡‚∑ Ê ⁄¥ ªŸÊÕŸ Ÿ •¬Ÿ ‹πŸ ““‹Êß’˝⁄ Ë ‚Êߥ‚
∞¥« ‚ÊßÁã≈Á» ∑ ◊Õ«∏”” ◊¥ “ÃÈë¿ ÁÉÊ‚Ë-Á¬≈Ë ’ÊÔ ’ËÊÿÊ ÕÊ–
(1) ¬„‹Ê ‚ÍòÊ (2) ŒÍ‚⁄Ê ‚ÍòÊ (3) ÃË‚⁄Ê ‚ÍòÊ (4) ¬Ê°øflÊ¥ ‚ÍòÊ

6. ‹Ê÷-ÁŸ⁄¬ˇÊ ““Áfl∑ ˬËÁ«ÿÊ » Ê©ã« ‡ÊŸ”” ∑ SflÊÁ◊àfl flÊ‹ “Áfl∑ ˬËÁ«ÿÊ” ∑ Ê 15 ¡Ÿfl⁄Ë, 2001 ∑ Ê Á∑ ‚∑ mÊ⁄Ê
¬˝Ê⁄¥ ÷ Á∑ ÿÊ ªÿÊ ÕÊ?
(1) Á¡◊Ë flÀ‚ •ÊÒ⁄ ‹Ò⁄ Ë ‚ã¡⁄ (2) Á¡◊Ë flÀ‚ •ÊÒ⁄ Áflã‚ã≈ ¡. ∞‚≈ Ê
(3) ‹Ò⁄ Ë ‚ã¡⁄ •ÊÒ⁄ «éÀÿÍ. ∑Ò ÕË (4) ÁflÁ‹ÿ◊ ∞. » Ê«¸ •ÊÒ⁄ «éÀÿÍ. ∑Ò ÕË

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7. ‘Anukriti’ is a :
(1) Bibliographic India Website (2) Indexing India Website
(3) Translating India Website (4) Abstracting India Website

8. Ezproxy is a product of :
(1) UTLAS (2) OCLC
(3) RLIN (4) Library of Congress

9. Which of the following is not a classical model of information retrieval ?


(1) Boolean (2) Cluster
(3) Probabilistic (4) Vector-space

10. Who criticized the concept of main entry as ‘a relic of outdated technology’ ?
(1) Michael Gorman (2) Robert L. Maxwell
(3) Pat Oddy (4) Tom Delsey

11. Identify the odd one out :


(1) Reference entry (2) Centred entry
(3) Analytical entry (4) Added entry

12. ‘Path-Goal Theory of Leader Effectiveness’ is developed by :


(1) Douglas McGregor (2) William Ouchi
(3) Robert House (4) Abraham Maslow

13. ‘Ambra’ an innovative open source plateform (for publishing open access resource articles)
is developed by :
(1) OCLC (2) DOAJ (3) PLOS (4) WDL

14. The term ‘Weblog’ was coined by :


(1) E. Williams (2) Jack Dorsey (3) Jorn Barger (4) Peter Merholz

15. Which of the following is not file hosting service ?


(1) One Drive (2) Google Drive (3) Live Drive (4) Xbox Live

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7. “•ŸÈ∑Î ÁÔ ∞∑ „Ò —
(1) Á’Áé‹ÿÊª˝ÊÁ» ∑ ߥÁ«ÿÊ fl’‚Êß≈ (2) ßã« ÁÄ‚¥ª ߥÁ«ÿÊ fl’‚Êß≈
(3) ≈˛ Êã‚‹Á≈¥ ª ߥÁ«ÿÊ fl’‚Êß≈ (4) ∞éS≈˛ ÁÄ≈¥ ª ߥÁ«ÿÊ fl’‚Êß≈

8. “ßÁ¡¬˝ÊÄ‚Ë” ∞∑ ∑ Ê ©à¬ÊŒ „Ò–


(1) ÿÍ≈ ‹Ê‚ (2) •Ê.‚Ë.∞‹.‚Ë.
(3) •Ê⁄.∞‹.•Ê߸.∞Ÿ. (4) ‹Êß’˝⁄ Ë •ÊÚ» ∑ Ê¥ª˝‚

9. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ◊¥ ‚ ∑ ÊÒŸ‚Ê ‚ÍøŸÊ ¬ÈŸ—¬˝ÊÁåà ∑ Ê ∞∑ ‡ÊÊSòÊËÿ ¬˝ÁÃM ¬ Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ò?


(1) ’ÍÁ‹ÿŸ (2) ‚◊Í„Ÿ (Ä‹S≈⁄)
(3) ‚¥÷Ê√ÿ (¬˝Ê’Á’Á‹ÁS≈∑ ) (4) flÄ≈⁄-S¬‚

10. Á∑ ‚Ÿ “¬È⁄ ÊŸË ¬˝ÊÒlÊÁª∑ Ë ∑ ∞∑ ÷ÇãÊÊfl‡Ê·” ∑ M ¬ ◊¥ ◊ÈÅÿ ¬˝ÁflÁc≈ ∑ Ë •flœÊ⁄áÊÊ ∑ Ë •Ê‹ÊøŸÊ ∑ Ë ÕË?
(1) ◊Êß∑ ‹ ªÊÚ⁄ ◊ÒŸ (2) ⁄ÊÚ’≈¸ ∞‹. ◊ÒÄ‚fl‹
(3) ¬Ò≈ •ÊÚ« Ë (4) ≈ÊÚ◊ « À‚Ë

11. Áfl·◊ ∑ Ê øÈÁŸ∞ —


(1) ‚¥Œ÷¸ ¬˝ÁflÁc≈ (2) ∑ ãŒ˝∑ ¬˝ÁflÁc≈
(3) Áfl‡‹·áÊÊà◊∑ ¬˝ÁflÁc≈ (4) ßÃ⁄ ¬˝ÁflÁc≈

12. Á∑ ‚Ÿ “ŸÃÊ ¬˝÷ÊflÊà¬ÊŒ∑ ÃÊ ∑ Ê ◊ʪ¸-‹ˇÿ Á‚hʥÔ ∑ Ê Áfl∑ Á‚à Á∑ ÿÊ ÕÊ?


(1) «ª‹‚ ◊∑ ª˝ª⁄ (2) ÁflÁ‹ÿ◊ •ÊÚ©øË
(3) ⁄ÊÚ’≈¸ „Ê©‚ (4) •’˝Ê„◊ ◊Ò‚‹Ê

13. “•ê’⁄Ê” ŸÊ◊∑ ŸflÊã◊·Ë ◊ÈÄà dÊà ◊¥ø (πÈ‹Ë ¬„°Èø ‚¥‚ÊœŸ ‹πÊ¥ ∑ ¬˝∑ ʇʟ „ÃÈ) ∑ Ê Áfl∑ Ê‚ Á∑ ‚∑ mÊ⁄Ê Á∑ ÿÊ
ªÿÊ „Ò?
(1) •Ê.‚Ë.∞‹.‚Ë. (2) «Ë.•Ê.∞.¡. (3) ¬Ë.∞‹.•Ê.∞‚. (4) «éÀÿÍ.«Ë.∞‹.

14. “fl’‹ÊÚª” ¬Œ ∑ Ë ⁄øŸÊ Á∑ ‚Ÿ ∑ Ë ÕË?


(1) ߸. ÁflÁ‹ÿê‚ (2) ¡Ò∑ «Ê⁄ ‚Ë (3) ¡ÊÚŸ¸ ’¡¸⁄ (4) ¬Ë≈⁄ ◊⁄„ÊÀ$¡

15. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ◊¥ ‚ ∑ ÊÒŸ‚Ë “» Êß‹ „ÊÁS≈¥ ª ‚Áfl¸‚” Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ò?


(1) flŸ «˛ Êßfl (2) ªÍª‹ «˛ Êßfl (3) ‹Êßfl «˛ Êßfl (4) ∞Ä‚ ’ÊÚÄ‚ ‹Êßfl

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16. VuFind is the tool used for :
(1) Library Automation
(2) Digital Library System
(3) Library Resource Discovery System
(4) Institutional Repository

17. Which one is the correct ‘Binary number’ for Decimal ‘115’ ?
(1) 1100011 (2) 1010111 (3) 1111111 (4) 1110011

18. Research method based on the consensus opinions of panel of experts and judgements is
known as :
(1) Historical method (2) Case study method
(3) Delphi method (4) Interview method

19. A probability which is not associated with the occurrence of an event is expressed as a number
between :
(1) +1 and −1 (2) 1 and < 1 (3) −1 and 0 (4) 0 and 1

20. What is the name of the initiative taken by the UGC to provide a 24×7 online store house of
all academic awards issued by different academic institutions all over the country ?
(1) National Mission on Education Through Information and Communication Technology
(NMEICT)
(2) National Academic Depository (NAD)
(3) HEI Online Registration Portal
(4) Swayam Prabha

21. Wersig and Neveling gave which of the following approaches for defining information ?
(a) The Action Approach (b) The Message Approach
(c) The Process Approach (d) The Structural Approach
Code :
(1) (a), (b), (c) are correct. (2) (b), (c), (d) are correct.
(3) (a), (c), (d) are correct. (4) (a), (b), (d) are correct.

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16. ‘VuFind’ ©¬∑ ⁄áÊ ∑ Ê ©¬ÿÊª Á∑ ‚◊¥ Á∑ ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò?
(1) ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ SfløÊ‹Ÿ
(2) Á«Á¡≈‹ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ ¬˝áÊÊ‹Ë
(3) ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ ‚ÊœŸ πÊ¡ ¬˝áÊÊ‹Ë
(4) ‚¥SÕʪà ‚¥ª˝„ SÕÊŸ

17. Œ‡Ê◊‹fl ‘115’ ∑ Á‹∞ ∑ ÊÒŸ‚Ë ‚„Ë Ám•¥∑ Ë ‚¥ÅÿÊ „Ò?


(1) 1100011 (2) 1010111 (3) 1111111 (4) 1110011

18. Áfl‡Ê·ôÊÊ¥ ∑ ¬ÒŸ‹ •ÊÒ⁄ ÁŸáʸÿÊ¥ ∑ Ë •Ê◊ ‚„◊Áà ¬⁄ •ÊœÊÁ⁄à ‡ÊÊœ ÁflÁœ ∑ Ê Á∑ ‚ ŸÊ◊ ‚ ¡ÊŸÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò?
(1) ∞ÁÄÊÁ‚∑ ÁflÁœ (2) √ÿÁÄà •äÿÿŸ ÁflÁœ
(3) « À» Ë ÁflÁœ (4) ‚ÊˇÊÊà∑ Ê⁄ ÁflÁœ

19. ∞∑ ‚¥÷Ê√ÿÃÊ, ¡Ê Á∑ ‚Ë ÉÊ≈ŸÊ ∑ ÉÊÁ≈à „ÊŸ ‚ ‚¥’¥ÁœÃ Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ò, ∑ Ê Á∑ ‚ •¥∑ ∑ ’Ëø •Á÷√ÿÄà Á∑ ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò?
(1) +1 •ÊÒ⁄ −1 (2) 1 •ÊÒ⁄ < 1 (3) −1 •ÊÒ⁄ 0 (4) 0 •ÊÒ⁄ 1

20. Œ‡Ê ÷⁄ ◊¥ ÁflÁ÷ÛÊ •∑ ÊŒÁ◊∑ ‚¥SÕÊŸÊ¥ mÊ⁄Ê ¡Ê⁄Ë Á∑ ∞ ¡ÊŸ flÊ‹ ‚÷Ë ‡ÊÒˇÊÁáÊ∑ ©¬ÊÁœÿÊ¥ ∑ Ê ∞∑ 24×7 •ÊÚŸ‹Êߟ
S≈Ê⁄ „Ê©‚ ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑ ⁄Ÿ ∑ Á‹∞ ÿÍ.¡Ë.‚Ë. mÊ⁄Ê ∑ Ë ªß¸ ¬„‹ ∑ Ê ŸÊ◊ ÄÿÊ „Ò?
(1) Ÿ‡ÊŸ‹ Á◊‡ÊŸ •ÊÚŸ ∞¡È∑ ‡ÊŸ Õ˝Í ßã» Ê◊¸‡ÊŸ ∞¥« ∑ êÿÈÁŸ∑ ‡ÊŸ ≈ ÄŸÊ‹ÊÚ¡Ë (∞Ÿ.∞◊.߸.•Ê߸.‚Ë.≈Ë.)
(2) Ÿ‡ÊŸ‹ ∞∑ «Á◊∑ Á«¬ÊÁ¡≈⁄Ë (∞Ÿ.∞.«Ë.)
(3) ∞ø.߸.•Ê߸. •ÊÚŸ‹Êߟ ⁄Á¡S≈˛ ‡ÊŸ ¬Ê≈¸ ‹
(4) Sflÿ◊˜ ¬˝÷Ê

21. flÁ‚¸ª •ÊÒ⁄ ŸflÁ‹¥ª Ÿ ‚ÍøŸÊ ∑ Ê ¬Á⁄÷ÊÁ·Ã ∑ ⁄Ÿ ∑ Á‹∞ ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ©¬Êª◊Ê¥ ◊¥ ‚ ∑ ÊÒŸ ‚Ê ©¬Êª◊ ¬˝ÁìÊÁŒÃ
Á∑ ÿÊ?
(a) Á∑˝ ÿÊ ©¬Êª◊ (b) ‚¥Œ‡Ê ©¬Êª◊
(c) ‚¥‚ÊœŸ ©¬Êª◊ (d) ‚¥⁄ øŸÊà◊∑ ©¬Êª◊
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a), (b), (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (b), (c), (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–
(3) (a), (c), (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (a), (b), (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

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22. Why a Library Association should have a code of “professional conduct” ?
(a) Prescribes standards of behavior expected for the member
(b) Sets out standards and duties which a professional is expected to observe
(c) Standards can be used as a point of reference while dealing with disciplined procedures
against members
(d) Standards help to demean the image of the Association and de-ameliorate funding
and ensure better functioning of libraries.
Code :
(1) (a), (b) and (d) are correct. (2) (b), (c) and (d) are correct.
(3) (a), (b) and (c) are correct. (4) (a), (c) and (d) are correct.

23. Which of the following states do not have provision of library cess in their respective Public
Library Acts ?
(a) West Bengal (b) Tamil Nadu (c) Kerala (d) Manipur
Code :
(1) (a) and (d) are correct. (2) (a), (b) and (c) are correct.
(3) (b) and (c) are correct. (4) (b) and (d) are correct.

24. National Knowledge Commission (2005) had the following members from the library and
Information profession :
(a) P.B. Mangla (b) C.R. Karisiddappa
(c) Kalpana Das Gupta (d) A.R.D. Prasad
Code :
(1) (a), (b), (c) are correct. (2) (a), (b), (d) are correct.
(3) (a), (c), (d) are correct. (4) (b), (c), (d) are correct.

25. Which of the following are the features of Classic IR Model ?


(a) documents are represented by index terms
(b) all terms are equally useful
(c) index term cannot be weighted
(d) there is an assumption that terms are mutually independent
Code :
(1) (a) and (b) are correct. (2) (c) and (d) are correct.
(3) (a) and (c) are correct. (4) (a) and (d) are correct.

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22. ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ ‚¥ÉÊ ∑ Ë ““√ÿÊfl‚ÊÁÿ∑ •Êø⁄áÊ”” ‚¥’¥œË ‚¥Á„ÃÊ ÄÿÊ¥ „ÊŸË øÊÁ„∞?
(a) ‚ŒSÿ ∑ Á‹∞ •¬ÁˇÊà √ÿfl„Ê⁄ ∑ Ê ◊ÊŸ∑ ÁflÁ„à ∑ ⁄ÃÊ „Ò–
(b) √ÿÊfl‚ÊÁÿ∑ mÊ⁄Ê ¬Ê‹Ÿ Á∑ ∞ ¡ÊŸ „ÃÈ •¬ÁˇÊà ◊ÊŸ∑ Ê¥ •ÊÒ⁄ ∑ ûʸ√ÿÊ¥ ∑ Ê ÁŸœÊ¸⁄ áÊ ∑ ⁄ÃÊ „Ò–
(c) ‚ŒSÿÊ¥ ∑ ÁflL h •ŸÈ‡ÊÊÁ‚à ¬˝Á∑˝ ÿÊ•Ê¥ ‚ ÁŸ¬≈Ã ‚◊ÿ ◊ÊŸ∑ Ê¥ ∑ Ê ¬˝ÿÊª ‚¥Œ÷¸ Á’¥ŒÈ ∑ M ¬ ◊¥ Á∑ ÿÊ ¡Ê
‚∑ ÃÊ „Ò–
(d) ◊ÊŸ∑ ‚¥ÉÊ ∑ Ë ¿Áfl ∑ Ê π⁄Ê’ ∑ ⁄Ÿ ÃÕÊ ÁŸÁœÿŸ ∑ Ê ‚ÈœÊ⁄Ÿ ÃÕÊ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿÊ¥ ∑ Ê ’„Ã⁄ ∑ Êÿ¸∑ ⁄áÊ
‚ÈÁŸÁ‡øà ∑ ⁄Ÿ ◊¥ ‚„ÊÿÃÊ ∑ ⁄ÃÊ „Ò–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a), (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (b), (c) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–
(3) (a), (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (a), (c) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

23. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ⁄ÊíÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ‚ Á∑ ‚◊¥ ©Ÿ∑ ‚Êfl¸¡ÁŸ∑ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ •ÁœÁŸÿ◊Ê¥ ◊¥ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ ©¬∑ ⁄ ∑ Ê ¬˝ÊflœÊŸ Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ò?
(a) ¬Á‡ø◊ ’¥ªÊ‹ (b) ÃÁ◊‹ŸÊ«È (c) ∑ ⁄‹ (d) ◊ÁáʬÈ⁄
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (a), (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–
(3) (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

24. ⁄Êc≈˛ Ëÿ ôÊÊŸ •ÊÿÊª (2005) ◊¥ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ •ÊÒ⁄ ‚ÍøŸÊ √ÿfl‚Êÿ ‚ ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà Õ —
(a) ¬Ë.’Ë. ◊¥ª‹Ê (b) ‚Ë.•Ê⁄. ∑ Á⁄Á‚gå¬Ê
(c) ∑ À¬ŸÊ ŒÊ‚ ªÈåÃÊ (d) ∞.•Ê⁄.«Ë. ¬˝‚ÊŒ
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a), (b), (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (a), (b), (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–
(3) (a), (c), (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (b), (c), (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

25. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ◊¥ ‚ ∑ ÊÒŸ-‚Ë üÊáÿ ¬ÈŸ—¬˝ÊÁåà (•Ê߸.•Ê⁄.) ◊ÊÚ« ‹ ∑ Ë ◊ÈÅÿ Áfl‡Ê·ÃÊ∞° „Ò¥?
(a) ¬˝‹π •ŸÈ∑˝ ◊ÁáÊ∑ Ê ¬Œ mÊ⁄Ê ÁŸM Á¬Ã Á∑ ∞ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥–
(b) ‚÷Ë ¬Œ ‚◊ÊŸ M ¬ ‚ ©¬ÿÊªË „Ò¥–
(c) •ŸÈ∑˝ ◊ÁáÊ∑ Ê ¬Œ ÷ÊÁ⁄à Ÿ„Ë¥ Á∑ ∞ ¡Ê ‚∑ Ã–
(d) ◊ÊãÿÃÊ „Ò Á∑ ¬Œ ¬⁄S¬⁄ SflÃ¥òÊ „Ò¥–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (b) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (c) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–
(3) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

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26. Vocabulary in a data base is controlled by :
(a) Thesaurus Files
(b) Import Files
(c) Standard Files
(d) Authority Files
Code :
(1) (a) and (b) are correct. (2) (c) and (d) are correct.
(3) (a) and (d) are correct. (4) (b) and (c) are correct.

27. Pre-coordinate indexing systems comprise :


(a) NEPHIS (b) SLIC
(c) Peek-a-boo (d) Edge - Notched card
Code :
(1) (a) and (b) are correct. (2) (a) and (d) are correct.
(3) (b) and (c) are correct. (4) (c) and (d) are correct.

28. Identify the correct statement from the following :


(a) In uniterm indexing system, terms are recorded in numerical file according to the system
known as terminal digit posting.
(b) Main activities of TREC are devided into Routing and Tracks
(c) Recall and precision tend to vary in searching
(d) False drops in post coordinate indexing system cannot be eliminated
Code :
(1) (a) and (b) are correct. (2) (c) and (d) are correct.
(3) (a) and (c) are correct. (4) (b) and (d) are correct.

29. What will be the correct filing order of the following documents classified according to Colon
classification, (6th reprint edition) ?
(a) 23.44 Academic library system in India
(b) 23; 43 : 51.44 Classification of books in academic libraries in India
(c) 23 : 62 Lending services in academic libraries
(d) 23n4451, N82 Journal of Academic Libraries (published from New Delhi since 1982)
Code :
(1) (b), (c), (a), (d) (2) (d), (b), (c), (a)
(3) (b), (c), (d), (a) (4) (d), (a), (c), (b)

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26. Á∑ ‚∑ mÊ⁄Ê «Ê≈Ê’‚ ◊¥ ‡ÊéŒÊfl‹Ë ∑ Ê ÁŸÿ¥ÁòÊà Á∑ ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò?
(a) ‚◊Ê¥Ã⁄ ∑ Ê‡Ê » Êß‹Ê¥ mÊ⁄Ê
(b) ßê¬Ê≈¸ » Êß‹Ê¥ mÊ⁄Ê
(c) ◊ÊŸ∑ » Êß‹Ê¥ mÊ⁄Ê
(d) ¬˝ÊÁœ∑ Ê⁄ » Êß‹Ê¥ mÊ⁄Ê
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (b) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (c) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–
(3) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

27. ¬Ífl¸-‚◊ãflÿ •ŸÈ∑˝ ◊áÊË∑ ⁄áÊ ¬hÁà ◊¥ ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ „Ò —


(a) ∞Ÿ.߸.¬Ë.∞ø.•Ê߸.∞‚. (b) ∞‚.∞‹.•Ê߸.‚Ë. (ÁS‹∑ )
(c) ¬Ë∑ •-’Í (d) ∞¡ - ŸÊø˜« ∑ Ê«¸
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (b) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–
(3) (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (c) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

28. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ◊¥ ‚ ‚„Ë ∑ ÕŸ ∑ Ê ÁøÁã„à ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —


(a) ÿÍŸË≈◊¸ •ŸÈ∑˝ ◊áÊË∑ ⁄áÊ ¬hÁà ◊¥ ≈Á◊¸Ÿ‹ Á«Á¡≈ ¬ÊÁS≈¥ ª ŸÊ◊ ‚ ôÊÊà ¬hÁà ∑ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄ ◊ÊòÊÊà◊∑ » Êß‹ ◊¥
¬Œ Á⁄∑ ÊÚ«¸ Á∑ ∞ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥–
(b) ≈Ë.•Ê⁄.߸.‚Ë. ∑ ◊ÈÅÿ Á∑˝ ÿÊ∑ ‹Ê¬ ⁄Ê©Á≈¥ ª •ÊÒ⁄ ≈˛Ò ∑ Ê¥ ◊¥ Áfl÷ÊÁ¡Ã „Ò¥–
(c) πÊ¡ ◊¥ ¬ÈŸ—S◊⁄áÊ ÃÕÊ ‚≈Ë∑ ÃÊ ◊¥ •¥Ã⁄ „ÊŸ ∑ Ë ¬˝flÎÁûÊ „ÊÃË „Ò–
(d) ¬‡ø ‚◊ãflÿ •ŸÈ∑˝ ◊áÊË∑ ⁄áÊ ¬hÁà ◊¥ ÁŸ⁄Õ¸∑ ‚¥Œ÷¸ ∑ Ê ’Á„c∑ ⁄áÊ Ÿ„Ë¥ Á∑ ÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑ ÃÊ–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (b) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (c) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–
(3) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

29. ∑ Ê‹Ÿ flªË¸∑ ⁄áÊ, (¿∆ ¬ÈŸ◊ȸÁŒ˝Ã ‚¥S∑ ⁄áÊ) ∑ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄ flªË¸∑Î Ã ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ¬˝‹πÊ¥ ∑ Ê ‚„Ë ÁflãÿÊ‚ ∑˝ ◊ ÄÿÊ
„ÊªÊ?
(a) 23.44 ÷Ê⁄à ◊¥ ‡ÊÒˇÊÁáÊ∑ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ ¬hÁÃ
(b) 23; 43 : 51.44 ÷Ê⁄à ◊¥ ‡ÊÒˇÊÁáÊ∑ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê¥ ∑ Ê flªË¸∑ ⁄áÊ
(c) 23 : 62 ‡ÊÒˇÊÁáÊ∑ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿÊ¥ ◊¥ •ÊŒÊŸ-¬˝ŒÊŸ ‚flÊ
(d) 23n4451, N82 ¡Ÿ¸‹ •ÊÚ» ∞∑ « Á◊∑ ‹Êß’˝⁄ Ë¡ (1982 ‚ Ÿß¸ ÁŒÀ‹Ë ‚ ¬˝∑ ÊÁ‡ÊÃ)
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (b), (c), (a), (d) (2) (d), (b), (c), (a)
(3) (b), (c), (d), (a) (4) (d), (a), (c), (b)

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30. According to Ranganathan’s classified catalogue code (5 th edition), in which among the
following cases the initial article is to be omitted ?

(a) In rendering the name of a conference

(b) In rendering the name of a government

(c) In rendering the name of a series

(d) In rendering the name of an institution

Code :

(1) (a) and (b) are correct. (2) (b) and (d) are correct.

(3) (a), (c) and (d) are correct. (4) (b), (c) and (d) are correct.

31. Which of the following theories are related to motivation of employees :

(a) Theory ‘Z’ of the Japanese style of Management propounded by William Ouchi

(b) Theory ‘X’ and Theory ‘Y’ of Douglas McGregar

(c) Max Weber’s Theory of Bureaucratic Management

(d) Maslow’s hierarchy of Needs Theory

Code :

(1) (a), (b) and (d) are correct. (2) (b), (c), (d) are correct.

(3) (a), (b), (c) are correct. (4) (a), (c), (d) are correct.

32. Identify the ways in which the library can benefit from the TQM as stated by Jurow and
Barnard :

(a) Breaking down interdepartmental barriers.

(b) Redefining the beneficiaries of library services as internal customers (staff) and external
customers (patrons).

(c) More inclined to short-term goals and defiant to changes to suit users needs.

(d) Reaching a state of continuous improvement.

Code :

(1) (a), (b) and (c) are correct. (2) (b), (c) and (d) are correct.

(3) (a), (c) and (d) are correct. (4) (a), (b) and (d) are correct.

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30. ⁄¥ ªŸÊÕŸ ∑ Ä‹ÊÁ‚» Êß« ∑ ≈ÊÚ‹ÊÚª ∑ Ê« (‚¥S∑ ⁄áÊ 5) ∑ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄ ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ◊¥ ‚ Á∑ Ÿ ¬˝∑ ⁄áÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬˝Ê⁄¥ Á÷∑ ©¬¬Œ
∑ Ê „≈ÊÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò?
(a) ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑ ŸÊ◊ ∑ ¬˝SÃÈÃË∑ ⁄áÊ ◊¥
(b) ‚⁄∑ Ê⁄ ∑ ŸÊ◊ ∑ ¬˝SÃÈÃË∑ ⁄áÊ ◊¥
(c) oÎ¥π‹Ê ∑ ŸÊ◊ ∑ ¬˝SÃÈÃË∑ ⁄áÊ ◊¥
(d) ‚¥SÕÊ ∑ ŸÊ◊ ∑ ¬˝SÃÈÃË∑ ⁄áÊ ◊¥
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (b) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–
(3) (a), (c) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (b), (c) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

31. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ◊¥ ‚ ∑ ÊÒŸ ‚ Á‚hÊãà ∑ ◊¸øÊÁ⁄ÿÊ¥ ∑ Ë •Á÷¬˝⁄ áÊÊ ‚ ‚ê’ÁãœÃ „Ò¥?
(a) ÁflÁ‹ÿ◊ •ÊøË mÊ⁄Ê ¬˝ÁìÊÁŒÃ ¬˝’㜟 ∑ Ë ¡Ê¬ÊŸË ‡ÊÒ‹Ë ∑ Ê ‘Z’ Á‚hÊãÃ
(b) «ª‹‚ ◊Ò∑ ª˝ª⁄ ∑ Ê Á‚hÊãà ‘X’ •ÊÒ⁄ ‘Y’
(c) ◊ÒÄ‚ fl’⁄ ∑ Ê éÿÍ⁄ Ê∑˝Ò Á≈∑ Á‚hÊãÃ
(d) ◊ÒS‹Ê ∑ Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑ ÃÊ Á‚hÊãà ∑ Ê •ŸÈ∑˝ ◊
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a), (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (b), (c), (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–
(3) (a), (b), (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (a), (c), (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

32. ¡Í⁄ Ê •ÊÒ⁄ ’ŸÊ¸«¸ ∑ ∑ ÕŸÊŸÈ‚Ê⁄ ‚¥¬Íáʸ ªÈáÊflûÊÊ ¬˝’㜟 ‚ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ ∑ Ê Á¡Ÿ Ã⁄Ë∑ Ê¥ ‚ ‹Ê÷ ¬„Ú°Èø ‚∑ ÃÊ „Ò ©Ÿ∑ Ë
¬„øÊŸ ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —
(a) •¥Ã⁄ Áfl÷ʪËÿ ’ʜʕÊ¥ ∑ Ê ‚◊Êåà ∑ ⁄ŸÊ–
(b) •Ê¥ÃÁ⁄∑ ©¬÷ÊÄÃÊ•Ê¥ (S≈Ê» ) •ÊÒ⁄ ’Ês ©¬÷ÊÄÃÊ•Ê¥ (‚¥⁄ ˇÊ∑ Ê¥) ∑ M ¬ ◊¥ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ ‚flÊ•Ê¥ ∑ ‹Ê÷ÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥
∑ Ê ¬ÈŸ—¬Á⁄÷ÊÁ·Ã ∑ ⁄ŸÊ–
(c) •À¬∑ ÊÁ‹∑ ‹ˇÿÊ¥ ∑ Ë •Ê⁄ •Áœ∑ ¤ÊÈ∑ Ê „È•Ê •ÊÒ⁄ ¬˝ÿÊÄÃÊ ∑ Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑ ÃÊ•Ê¥ ∑ •ŸÈM ¬ ¬Á⁄fløŸÊ¥ ∑ Ê Ÿ„Ë¥
◊ÊŸŸÊ–
(d) ÁŸ⁄¥ Ã⁄ ‚ÈœÊ⁄ ∑ Ë ÁSÕÁà ◊¥ ¬„°ÈøŸÊ–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a), (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (b), (c) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–
(3) (a), (c) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (a), (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

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33. Identify the cases that require an application for a new ISSN number :
(a) Change in the publication’s medium
(b) Change in publisher
(c) Change in the frequency of publication
(d) Change in publication title
Code :
(1) (a) and (b) are correct. (2) (c) and (d) are correct.
(3) (a) and (d) are correct. (4) (b) and (c) are correct.

34. Identify the key salient traits of Soft data :


(a) human intelligence (b) certain and definite
(c) opinions and contradictions (d) no scope for constructive criticisms
Code :
(1) (a) and (b) are correct. (2) (c) and (d) are correct.
(3) (a) and (c) are correct. (4) (b) and (d) are correct.

35. Identify the components of ‘LAMP’ given below :


(a) Linux (b) Acrobat (c) MYSQL (d) Pearl
Code :
(1) (b) and (c) are correct. (2) (a) and (c) are correct.
(3) (a) and (d) are correct. (4) (b) and (d) are correct.

36. Identify the features of proprietary software :


(a) Continuity and Development (b) Ease of use
(c) Transparency (d) Documentation and Support
Code :
(1) (a), (b) and (d) are correct. (2) (b), (c) and (d) are correct.
(3) (a), (b) and (c) are correct. (4) (a), (c) and (d) are correct.

37. Which of the following research methods are used in a study of scattering of periodicals ?
(a) Biobibliometric study (b) Bibliometric study
(c) Citation analysis study (d) Altmetric study
Code :
(1) (a) and (d) are correct. (2) (b) and (c) are correct.
(3) (a) and (c) are correct. (4) (a), (b) and (c) are correct.

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33. ∞∑ Ÿ∞ •Ê߸.∞‚.∞‚.∞Ÿ. Ÿ¥’⁄ ∑ •ŸÈ¬˝ÿÊª ∑ Á‹∞ •Êfl‡ÿ∑ ∑ ‚¡ ∑ Ë ¬„øÊŸ ∑ ⁄¥ —
(a) ¬˝∑ ʇʟ ∑ ◊Êäÿ◊ ◊¥ ¬Á⁄fløŸ
(b) ¬˝∑ ʇÊ∑ ◊¥ ¬Á⁄fløŸ
(c) ¬˝∑ ʇʟ ∑ Ë •ÊflÎÁûÊ ◊¥ ¬Á⁄fløŸ
(d) ¬˝∑ ʇʟ ‡ÊË·¸∑ ◊¥ ¬Á⁄fløŸ
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (b) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (c) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–
(3) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

34. ‚ÊÚç≈ «Ê≈Ê ∑ ◊ÈÅÿ ‹ˇÊáÊÊ¥ ∑ Ê ÁøÁã„à ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —


(a) ◊ÊŸfl ’ÈÁh (b) ÁŸÁ‡øà •ÊÒ⁄ S¬c≈
(c) ◊à •ÊÒ⁄ Áfl⁄ÊœÊ÷Ê‚ (d) ⁄øŸÊà◊∑ •Ê‹ÊøŸÊ ∑ Ê ∑ Ê߸ •fl‚⁄ Ÿ„Ë¥
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (b) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (c) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–
(3) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

35. ‹Òê¬ (∞‹.∞.∞◊.¬Ë.) ∑ ‚„Ë •flÿflÊ¥ ∑ Ê ÁøÁã„à ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —


(a) ‹ÊߟĂ (b) ∞∑ ˜⁄ Ê’Ò≈ (c) ◊Ê߸Á‚Äfl‹ (d) ¬‹¸
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–
(3) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

36. SflÊÁ◊àfl ‚ÊÚç≈flÿ⁄ ∑ Ë ◊ÈÅÿ Áfl‡Ê·ÃÊ•Ê¥ ∑ Ê ÁøÁã„à ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —


(a) ÁŸ⁄¥ Ã⁄ÃÊ •ÊÒ⁄ Áfl∑ Ê‚ (b) ¬˝ÿÊª ∑ Ë ‚⁄‹ÃÊ
(c) ¬Ê⁄ŒÁ‡Ê¸ÃÊ (d) ¬˝‹πË∑ ⁄áÊ •ÊÒ⁄ ‚◊Õ¸Ÿ
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a), (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (b), (c) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–
(3) (a), (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (a), (c) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

37. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ‡ÊÊœ ÁflÁœÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ‚ Á∑ ‚∑ Ê ¬˝ÿÊª ¬ÁòÊ∑ Ê•Ê¥ ∑ Á¿Ã⁄Êfl ∑ •äÿÿŸ ◊¥ Á∑ ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò?
(a) ¡ËflŸ ª˝¥ÕÁ◊Áà •äÿÿŸ (b) ª˝¥ÕÁ◊Áà •äÿÿŸ
(c) ©h⁄áÊ Áfl‡‹·áÊ •äÿÿŸ (d) •À≈◊Á≈˛ ∑ •äÿÿŸ
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–
(3) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (a), (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

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38. Information seeking behavior (ISB) essentially refers to and concerned with :

(a) De-recognition of some needs perceived by the user.

(b) The strategies and actions undertaken to locate discrete knowledge elements.

(c) The experiment conducted on usefulness of library collection with reference to a non-
purposive and conscious need of a particular piece of information.

(d) Interactive utilization of three basic resources such as people, information and system.

Code :

(1) (a) and (b) are correct. (2) (c) and (d) are correct.

(3) (a) and (c) are correct. (4) (b) and (d) are correct.

39. A virtual library :

(a) Presupposes a physical existence.

(b) Collection of resources available on one or more computer systems with a single interface
or entry point to the collection.

(c) Does not provide access to entire content of a (digital) library via internet.

(d) Provides user assistance services such as reference, inter library loan, etc.

Code :

(1) (a) and (b) are correct. (2) (b) and (c) are correct.

(3) (b) and (d) are correct. (4) (a) and (c) are correct.

40. Which of the following are review type services ?

(a) Current Awareness List (b) Trend Reports

(c) News clippings (d) State of the Art Report

Code :

(1) (a) and (b) are correct. (2) (a) and (d) are correct.

(3) (b) and (d) are correct. (4) (b) and (c) are correct.

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38. ‚ÍøŸÊ πÊ¡ ‚¥’¥œË √ÿfl„Ê⁄ (•Ê߸.∞‚.’Ë.) •ÁŸflÊÿ¸Ã— Á∑ ‚ ‚¥ŒÁ÷¸Ã ∑ ⁄ÃÊ „Ò ÃÕÊ Á∑ ‚‚ ‚¥’¥ÁœÃ „Ò?
(a) ¬˝ÿÊÄÃÊ mÊ⁄Ê ◊„‚Í‚ ∑ Ë ªß¸ ∑È ¿ •Êfl‡ÿ∑ ÃÊ•Ê¥ ∑ Ê •◊Êãÿ ∑ ⁄ŸÊ–
(b) ÁflflÁøà ôÊÊŸ ÃàflÊ¥ ∑ Ê ¬ÃÊ ‹ªÊŸ ∑ Á‹∞ ¬˝ÿÊª ∑ Ë ªß¸ ÿÈÁÄà ÃÕÊ ∑ Ê⁄¸ flÊ߸–
(c) Á∑ ‚Ë Áfl‡Ê· ‚ÍøŸÊ ∑ Ë ‚Ê◊Êãÿ ¬˝ÿÊ¡ŸÊà◊∑ •ÊÒ⁄ øßʬÍáʸ ‚¥Œ÷¸ ◊¥ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ ‚¥ª˝„ ∑ Ë ©¬ÿÊÁªÃÊ ∑
‚¥’¥œ ◊¥ Á∑ ÿÊ ªÿÊ ¬˝ÿÊª–
(d) ÃËŸ ◊Í‹ ‚¥‚ÊœŸÊ¥ ¡Ò‚ ‹Êª, ‚ÍøŸÊ •ÊÒ⁄ ¬hÁà ∑ Ê •ãÃÁ∑¸˝ ÿÊà◊∑ ¬˝ÿÊª–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (b) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (c) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–
(3) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

39. ∞∑ fløȸ•‹ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ —


(a) ÷ÊÒÁÃ∑ •ÁSÃàfl ∑ Ë ¬Ífl¸œÊ⁄áÊÊ ∑ ⁄ÃÊ „Ò–
(b) ‚¥ª˝„ ∑ ∞∑ ‹ ßã≈⁄» ‚ ÿÊ ¬˝fl‡Ê Á’ãŒÈ flÊ‹Ë ∞∑ ÿÊ •Áœ∑ ∑ êåÿÍ≈ ⁄ ¬˝áÊÊÁ‹ÿÊ¥ ¬⁄ ©¬‹éœ ‚¥‚ÊœŸÊ¥ ∑ Ê
‚¥ª˝„–
(c) ߥ≈ ⁄Ÿ≈ ∑ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ∞∑ (Á«Á¡≈‹) ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ ∑ Ë ‚ê¬Íáʸ Áfl·ÿflSÃÈ ¬⁄ ¬„È°ø ¬˝ŒÊŸ Ÿ„Ë¥ ∑ ⁄ÃÊ–
(d) ‚¥Œ÷¸, •ãÃ⁄ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ ´ áÊ ßàÿÊÁŒ ¡Ò‚Ë ¬˝ÿÊÄÃÊ ‚„ÊÿÃÊ ‚flÊ∞° ©¬‹éœ ∑ ⁄ÊÃÊ „Ò–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (b) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–
(3) (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

40. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ◊¥ ‚ ∑ ÊÒŸ ‚◊ˡÊÊ ¬˝∑ Ê⁄ ∑ Ë ‚flÊ∞° „Ò¥?


(a) ‚◊‚ÊÁÿ∑ ¡ÊªM ∑ ÃÊ ‚ÍøË (b) ÁŒ‡ÊÊ Á⁄¬Ê≈¸
(c) ‚◊ÊøÊ⁄ ∑ Ã⁄Ÿ (d) ÿÕÊÁSÕÁà Á⁄¬Ê≈¸
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (b) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–
(3) (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

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41. Match the following Sections of Copyright Act 1957 (India) with their correct explanation :
List - I List - II
(a) Section 55 (i) Offence of infringement of copyright
(b) Section 63 (ii) Enhanced penalty on second and subsequent convictions
(c) Section 63 A (iii) Civil remedies for infringement of copyright
(d) Section 64 (iv) Power of police to seize infringing copies
Code :
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (iii) (ii) (i) (iv)
(2) (iii) (i) (ii) (iv)
(3) (ii) (iii) (i) (iv)
(4) (ii) (iv) (iii) (i)

42. Match the following intellectual property rights concepts with their relevant features :
List - I List - II
(a) Copyright (i) Commercial source indicators and distinctive signs
(b) Patents (ii) A treaty between Government and inventor
(c) Trade Secrets (iii) Economic rights
(d) Trademarks (iv) Information used in operation of a business invaluable to afford
the potential economic utility
Code :
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
(2) (iii) (ii) (iv) (i)
(3) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)
(4) (ii) (iv) (i) (iii)

43. Match the President of IFLA with his/her tenure :


List - I List - II
(a) Sinikka Sipila (i) 2015 - 2017
(b) Ellen Tise (ii) 2017 - 2019
(c) Donna Scheeder (iii) 2011 - 2013
(d) Gloria Perez Salmeron (iv) 2013 - 2015
Code :
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
(2) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)
(3) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)
(4) (iv) (ii) (iii) (i)

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41. ¬˝ÁÃÁ‹åÿÊÁœ∑ Ê⁄ •ÁœÁŸÿ◊, 1957 (÷Ê⁄Ã) ∑ Ë ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà œÊ⁄Ê•Ê¥ ∑ Ê ©Ÿ∑ Ë ‚„Ë √ÿÊÅÿÊ ∑ ‚ÊÕ ‚È◊ÁË
∑ ËÁ¡∞ —
‚ÍøË - I ‚ÍøË - II
(a) œÊ⁄Ê 55 (i) ¬˝ÁÃÁ‹åÿÊÁœ∑ Ê⁄ ∑ ©À‹¥ÉÊŸ ∑ Ê •¬⁄Êœ
(b) œÊ⁄Ê 63 (ii) ŒÍ‚⁄Ë ’Ê⁄ •ÊÒ⁄ •ŸÈflÃ˸ ŒÊ·Á‚hË ¬⁄ ’…∏Ë „È߸ ‡ÊÊÁSÃ
(c) œÊ⁄Ê 63 A (iii) ¬˝ÁÃÁ‹åÿÊÁœ∑ Ê⁄ ∑ ©À‹¥ÉÊŸ ∑ Á‹∞ Á‚Áfl‹ ©¬øÊ⁄
(d) œÊ⁄Ê 64 (iv) ©À‹¥ÉÊŸ ∑ Ë ªß¸ ¬˝ÁÃÁ‹Á¬ÿÊ¥ ∑ Ê ¡éà ∑ ⁄Ÿ ∑ Ë ¬ÈÁ‹‚ ∑ Ë ‡ÊÁÄÃ
∑Í ≈ —
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (iii) (ii) (i) (iv)
(2) (iii) (i) (ii) (iv)
(3) (ii) (iii) (i) (iv)
(4) (ii) (iv) (iii) (i)

42. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ’ÊÒÁh∑ ‚ê¬ŒÊ •Áœ∑ Ê⁄Ê¥ ∑ Ë ‚¥∑ À¬ŸÊ•Ê¥ ∑ Ê ©Ÿ∑ Ë ‚¥ªÃ Áfl‡Ê·ÃÊ•Ê¥ ∑ ‚ÊÕ ‚È◊Á‹Ã ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —
‚ÍøË - I ‚ÍøË - II
(a) ¬˝ÁÃÁ‹åÿÊÁœ∑ Ê⁄ (i) flÊÁáÊÁíÿ∑ dÊà ‚¥∑ Ã∑ •ÊÒ⁄ ÁflÁ‡Êc≈ Áøq
(b) ∞∑ Sfl (ii) ‚⁄∑ Ê⁄ ∞fl◊˜ ©Œ˜÷Êfl∑ ∑ Ë ‚¥Áœ
(c) √ÿʬÊ⁄ ⁄„Sÿ (iii) •ÊÁÕ¸∑ •Áœ∑ Ê⁄
(d) √ÿʬÊ⁄ Áøq (iv) Á∑ ‚Ë √ÿʬÊ⁄ ∑ ‚¥øÊ‹Ÿ ◊¥ ¬˝ÿÈÄà ‚ÍøŸÊ ¡Ê ‚¥÷Ê√ÿ •ÊÁÕ¸∑ ©¬ÿÊª ∑ Á‹∞
•Ÿ◊Ê‹ „Ê
∑Í ≈ —
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
(2) (iii) (ii) (iv) (i)
(3) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)
(4) (ii) (iv) (i) (iii)

43. •Ê߸.∞» .∞‹.∞. ∑ •äÿˇÊÊ¥ ∑ Ê ©Ÿ∑ ∑ Êÿ¸∑ Ê‹ ∑ ‚ÊÕ ‚È◊Á‹Ã ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —


‚ÍøË - I ‚ÍøË - II
(a) Á‚ÁŸÄ∑ Ê Á‚Á¬‹Ê (i) 2015 - 2017
(b) ∞‹Ÿ Á≈‚ (ii) 2017 - 2019
(c) «ÊŸÊ ‡ÊË«⁄ (iii) 2011 - 2013
(d) Ç‹ÊÁ⁄ÿÊ ¬⁄ ¡ ‚ÊÀ◊⁄ ÊÚŸ (iv) 2013 - 2015
∑Í ≈ —
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
(2) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)
(3) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)
(4) (iv) (ii) (iii) (i)

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44. Match the following :

List - I List - II

(a) Library Journal (i) Reed Business Information

(b) Library Quarterly (ii) Emerald Group Publishing Ltd

(c) Library Review (iii) John Hopkins University Press

(d) Library Trends (iv) University of Chicago Press

Code :

(a) (b) (c) (d)

(1) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(2) (iv) (i) (iii) (ii)

(3) (i) (iv) (ii) (iii)

(4) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

45. Match the following queries with their appropriate category of reference sources :

List - I List - II

(a) Enrolment of students in a university (i) Year Book

(b) Weather of Denmark (ii) Statistical sources

(c) Number of foreigners visited World (iii) Directory

Book Fair in 2016

(d) Number of Hospitals in Singapore (iv) Geographical sources

Code :

(a) (b) (c) (d)

(1) (iv) (iii) (i) (ii)

(2) (i) (iii) (ii) (iv)

(3) (ii) (iv) (i) (iii)

(4) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)

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44. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ∑ Ê ‚È◊Á‹Ã ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —
‚ÍøË - I ‚ÍøË - II
(a) ‹Êß’˝⁄ Ë ¡Ÿ¸‹ (i) ⁄Ë« Á’¡Ÿ‚ ßã» ÊÚ◊¸‡ÊŸ
(b) ‹Êß’˝⁄ Ë ÄflÊ≈¸ ⁄ ‹Ë (ii) ∞◊⁄ÊÀ« ª˝È¬ ¬Áé‹Á‡Ê¥ª Á‹Á◊≈ «
(c) ‹Êß’˝⁄ Ë Á⁄√ÿÍ (iii) ¡ÊÚŸ „Ê¬Á∑ ã‚ ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈ Ë ¬˝Ò‚
(d) ‹Êß’˝⁄ Ë ≈˛ 㫘 ‚ (iv) ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈ Ë •ÊÚ» Á‡Ê∑ ʪÊ ¬˝Ò‚
∑Í ≈ —
(a) (b) (c) (d)

(1) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(2) (iv) (i) (iii) (ii)

(3) (i) (iv) (ii) (iii)

(4) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

45. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ¬Îë¿Ê•Ê¥ ∑ Ê ©Ÿ∑ ‚¥Œ÷¸ dÊà ∑ Ë ©Áøà üÊáÊË ∑ ‚ÊÕ ‚È◊Á‹Ã ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —
‚ÍøË - I ‚ÍøË - II
(a) Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ◊¥ ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑ Ê ŸÊ◊Ê¥∑ Ÿ (i) flÊÁ·¸∑ Ë
(b) « Ÿ◊Ê∑¸ ∑ Ê ◊ÊÒ‚◊ (ii) ‚Ê¥ÁÅÿ∑ Ëÿ dÊÃ
(c) fl·¸ 2016 ◊¥ Áfl‡fl ¬ÈSÃ∑ ◊‹ ◊¥ •Ê∞ ÁflŒÁ‡ÊÿÊ¥ ∑ Ë ‚¥ÅÿÊ (iii) ÁŸŒ¸Á‡Ê∑ Ê
(d) Á‚¥ªÊ¬È⁄ ◊¥ •S¬ÃÊ‹Ê¥ ∑ Ë ‚¥ÅÿÊ (iv) ÷ÊÒªÊÁ‹∑ dÊÃ
∑Í ≈ —
(a) (b) (c) (d)

(1) (iv) (iii) (i) (ii)

(2) (i) (iii) (ii) (iv)

(3) (ii) (iv) (i) (iii)

(4) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)

J-05918 !J-05918-PAPER-II! 21 Paper-II

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46. Match the following titles with their class numbers according to CC 6th edition :

List - I List - II

(a) Small pox (i) L293 : 46

(b) Fever (ii) L : 414

(c) Diabetics (iii) L35 : 4261

(d) Malaria (iv) L : 4231

Code :

(a) (b) (c) (d)

(1) (i) (iv) (ii) (iii)

(2) (iv) (ii) (i) (iii)

(3) (ii) (iii) (i) (iv)

(4) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)

47. Match the following Search Engines with their corresponding subjects/or scientific research
discovery information they offer :

List - I List - II

(a) Vadlo (i) Web resources including Twitter and Job Posting

(b) Mamma (ii) Life Science Literature

(c) Athenus (iii) World’s Known Living Languages

(d) Ethnologue (iv) Science and Engineering

Code :

(a) (b) (c) (d)

(1) (i) (iii) (iv) (ii)

(2) (iii) (iv) (ii) (i)

(3) (ii) (iv) (iii) (i)

(4) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)

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46. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ‡ÊË·¸∑ Ê¥ ∑ Ê ∑ ÊÚ‹Ÿ flªË¸∑ ⁄áÊ ∑ ¿∆ ‚¥S∑ ⁄áÊ ∑ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄ ©Ÿ∑ Ë flª¸ ‚¥ÅÿÊ•Ê¥ ∑ ‚ÊÕ ‚È◊Á‹Ã
∑ ËÁ¡∞ —
‚ÍøË - I ‚ÍøË - II
(a) øø∑ (i) L293 : 46

(b) ’ÈπÊ⁄ (ii) L : 414

(c) ◊œÈ◊„ (iii) L35 : 4261

(d) ◊‹Á⁄ÿÊ (iv) L : 4231

∑Í ≈ —
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (i) (iv) (ii) (iii)
(2) (iv) (ii) (i) (iii)
(3) (ii) (iii) (i) (iv)
(4) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)

47. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ‚ø¸ ߥÁ¡ŸÊ¥ ∑ Ê ©Ÿ∑ ÃŒ˜ŸÈM ¬Ë Áfl·ÿÊ¥/•ÕflÊ ©Ÿ∑ mÊ⁄Ê ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑ Ë ¡ÊŸ flÊ‹Ë flÒôÊÊÁŸ∑ ‡ÊÊœ πÊ¡
‚ÍøŸÊ ∑ ‚ÊÕ ‚È◊Á‹Ã ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —
‚ÍøË - I ‚ÍøË - II
(a) flÒ« ‹Ê (i) ≈˜ flË≈⁄ •ÊÒ⁄ ¡ÊÚ’ ¬ÊÁS≈¥ ª ‚Á„à fl’ ‚¥‚ÊœŸ
(b) ◊ê◊Ê (ii) ¡Ëfl ÁflôÊÊŸ ‚ÊÁ„àÿ
(c) ∞ÕŸ‚ (iii) Áfl‡fl ∑ Ë ôÊÊà ¡Ëfl¥Ã ÷Ê·Ê∞°
(d) ∞ÕŸÊ‹ÊÚª (iv) ÁflôÊÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄ •Á÷ÿÊ¥ÁòÊ∑ Ë
∑Í ≈ —
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (i) (iii) (iv) (ii)
(2) (iii) (iv) (ii) (i)
(3) (ii) (iv) (iii) (i)
(4) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)

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48. Match the following number of Anteriorising common isolates (Applicable before space facet)
of colon classification (6th reprint edition) with their correct terms :

List - I List - II

(Number) (Term)

(a) Y1 (i) Synopsis

(b) Y3 (ii) Case study

(c) Y7 (iii) Digest

(d) Y8 (iv) Program of instruction

Code :

(a) (b) (c) (d)

(1) (iv) (i) (ii) (iii)

(2) (iv) (ii) (iii) (i)

(3) (i) (ii) (iv) (iii)

(4) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

49. Match the following MARC fields with their corresponding descriptions :

List - I List - II

(a) 020 (i) Electronic Location and Access

(b) 250 (ii) Edition Statement

(c) 440 (iii) Series

(d) 856 (iv) ISBN

Code :

(a) (b) (c) (d)

(1) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(2) (iv) (ii) (iii) (i)

(3) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

(4) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)

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48. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ∑ ÊÚ‹Ÿ flªË¸∑ ⁄áÊ (¿∆Ê ¬ÈŸ◊ȸÁŒ˝Ã ‚¥S∑ ⁄áÊ) ∑ ¬Ífl¸flÃ˸ ‚Ê◊Êãÿ ∞∑ ‹Ê¥ (SÕÊŸ ¬ˇÊ ‚ ¬Ífl¸ •ŸÈ¬˝ÿÊíÿ)
∑ •¥∑ Ê¥ ∑ Ê ©Ÿ∑ ‚„Ë ¬ŒÊ¥ ∑ ‚ÊÕ ‚È◊Á‹Ã ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —
‚ÍøË - I ‚ÍøË - II
(•¥∑ ) (¬Œ)
(a) Y1 (i) ‚Ê⁄Ê¥‡Ê
(b) Y3 (ii) ∑ ‚ •äÿÿŸ
(c) Y7 (iii) ‚Ê⁄ ‚¥∑ ‹Ÿ
(d) Y8 (iv) •ŸÈŒ‡Ê ∑˝ ◊ÊŒ‡Ê
∑Í ≈ —
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (iv) (i) (ii) (iii)
(2) (iv) (ii) (iii) (i)
(3) (i) (ii) (iv) (iii)
(4) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

49. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ◊Ê∑¸ ˇÊòÊÊ¥ ∑ Ê ©Ÿ∑ ÃŒ˜ŸÈM ¬Ë Áflfl⁄áÊ ∑ ‚ÊÕ ‚È◊Á‹Ã ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —
‚ÍøË - I ‚ÍøË - II
(a) 020 (i) ß‹Ä≈˛ ÊÚÁŸ∑ •flÁSÕÁà ∞fl¥ •Á÷ª◊
(b) 250 (ii) ‚¥S∑ ⁄áÊ Áflfl⁄áÊ
(c) 440 (iii) oÎ¥π‹Ê
(d) 856 (iv) •Ê߸.∞‚.’Ë.∞Ÿ.
∑Í ≈ —
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
(2) (iv) (ii) (iii) (i)
(3) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)
(4) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)

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50. Match the following popular social networking sites with their corresponding founders :
List - I List - II
(a) Blog (i) Tim Vanderhook and Justin Timberlake
(b) Wikis (ii) Google
(c) Linkedin (iii) Word Cunningham
(d) Myspace (iv) Reid Hoffman and his friends
Code :
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (ii) (iii) (iv) (i)
(2) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
(3) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)
(4) (iii) (i) (iv) (ii)

51. Match the following :


List - I List - II
(a) Chester Carlton (i) e - Book
(b) Brewstu Kable (ii) Xerox Copier
(c) Michael S. Hart (iii) NDLTD
(d) Edward Fox (iv) Internet Archive
Code :
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (ii) (iv) (i) (iii)
(2) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)
(3) (iv) (i) (iii) (ii)
(4) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

52. Match the following domains of application with their corresponding metadata schemes :
List - I List - II
(a) ETD domain (i) METS
(b) Image domain (ii) CCO
(c) Cultural objects (iii) ConCore
(d) Learning objects (iv) VRA-Core
Code :
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
(2) (i) (ii) (iv) (iii)
(3) (iii) (ii) (i) (iv)
(4) (i) (iv) (ii) (iii)

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50. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ‹Ê∑ Á¬˝ÿ ‚Ê‡Ê‹ Ÿ≈ flÁ∑Z ª ‚Êß≈Ê¥ ∑ Ê ©Ÿ∑ ÃŒ˜ŸÈM ¬Ë ‚¥SÕʬ∑ Ê¥ ∑ ‚ÊÕ ‚È◊Á‹Ã ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —
‚ÍøË - I ‚ÍøË - II
(a) é‹ÊÚª (i) Á≈◊ flã«⁄„È∑ ∞fl¥ ¡ÁS≈Ÿ Á≈ê’⁄‹∑
(b) Áfl∑ Ë¡ (ii) ªÍª‹
(c) Á‹¥Ä«ßŸ (iii) fl«¸ ∑ ÁŸ¥ÉÊ◊
(d) ◊ÊÿS¬‚ (iv) ⁄Ë« „ÊÚ» ◊Ÿ ∞fl¥ ©Ÿ∑ Á◊òÊ
∑Í ≈ —
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (ii) (iii) (iv) (i)
(2) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
(3) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)
(4) (iii) (i) (iv) (ii)

51. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ∑ Ê ‚È◊Á‹Ã ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —


‚ÍøË - I ‚ÍøË - II
(a) øS≈⁄ ∑ Ê‹¸≈ Ÿ (i) ߸-’È∑
(b) ’˝flSÃÈ ∑ Ê’‹Ë (ii) ¡Ë⁄ÊÄ‚ ∑ ÊÚÁ¬ÿ⁄
(c) ◊Êß∑ ‹ ∞‚. „Ê≈¸ (iii) ∞Ÿ.«Ë.∞‹.≈Ë.«Ë.
(d) ∞«fl«¸ » ÊÚÄ‚ (iv) ßã≈⁄Ÿ≈ •Ê∑ ʸßfl
∑Í ≈ —
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (ii) (iv) (i) (iii)
(2) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)
(3) (iv) (i) (iii) (ii)
(4) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

52. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà •ŸÈ¬˝ÿÊª «Ê◊Ÿ ∑ Ê ©Ÿ∑ Ë ÃŒ˜ŸÈM ¬Ë ◊≈ Ê«Ê≈Ê S∑ Ë◊Ê¥ ∑ ‚ÊÕ ‚È◊Á‹Ã ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —
‚ÍøË - I ‚ÍøË - II
(a) ߸.≈Ë.«Ë. «Ê◊Ÿ (i) ∞◊.߸.≈Ë.∞‚.
(b) ¿Áfl «Ê◊Ÿ (ii) ‚Ë.‚Ë.•Ê.
(c) ‚Ê¥S∑Î ÁÃ∑ flSÃÈ∞¥ (iii) ∑ ÊÚŸ∑ Ê⁄
(d) •Áœª◊ flSÃÈ∞¥ (iv) flË.•Ê⁄.∞.-∑ Ê⁄
∑Í ≈ —
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
(2) (i) (ii) (iv) (iii)
(3) (iii) (ii) (i) (iv)
(4) (i) (iv) (ii) (iii)

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53. Match the following :

List - I List - II

(a) Infomix (i) Image software

(b) Omni page (ii) Remote login software

(c) Tiff viewer (iii) DBMS software

(d) Team viewer (iv) OCR software

Code :

(a) (b) (c) (d)

(1) (ii) (i) (iii) (iv)

(2) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)

(3) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(4) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

54. Match the following :

List - I List - II

(Term) (Explanation)

(a) Data mart (i) Specific analytic technique that examining large pre-
existing databases in order to generate new information.

(b) Data silo (ii) Systems that integrate data from databases across an
entire enterprise, used to guide decisions.

(c) Data warehouse (iii) Is a lower-cost, scaled-down version of a data warehouse


that can be implemented in a much shorter time.

(d) Data mining (iv) Stand alone data stores available for a specific function.

Code :

(a) (b) (c) (d)

(1) (ii) (iv) (i) (iii)

(2) (i) (iii) (iv) (ii)

(3) (iv) (iii) (i) (ii)

(4) (iii) (iv) (ii) (i)

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53. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ∑ Ê ‚È◊Á‹Ã ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —
‚ÍøË - I ‚ÍøË - II
(a) ßã» ÊÁ◊Ä‚ (i) ß◊¡ ‚ÊÚç≈flÿ⁄
(b) •Ê◊ŸË ¬¡ (ii) Á⁄◊Ê≈ ‹Êڪߟ ‚ÊÚç≈flÿ⁄
(c) Á≈» √ÿÍ•⁄ (iii) «Ë.’Ë.∞◊.∞‚. ‚ÊÚç≈flÿ⁄
(d) ≈Ë◊ √ÿÍ•⁄ (iv) •Ê.‚Ë.•Ê⁄. ‚ÊÚç≈flÿ⁄
∑Í ≈ —
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (ii) (i) (iii) (iv)
(2) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)
(3) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
(4) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

54. ‚È◊Á‹Ã ∑ ⁄¥ —


‚ÍøË - I ‚ÍøË - II
(¬Œ) (√ÿÊÅÿÊ)
(a) «Ê≈Ê ◊Ê≈¸ (i) ÁflÁ‡Êc≈ Áfl‡‹·áÊÊà◊∑ Ã∑ ŸË∑ , ¡Ê Ÿß¸ ‚ÍøŸÊ ∑ Ê ©à¬ÛÊ ∑ ⁄Ÿ ∑ Á‹∞
¬„‹ ‚ Áfll◊ÊŸ Áfl‡ÊÊ‹ «Ê≈Ê’‚¡ ∑ Ë ¡Ê¥ø ∑ ⁄ÃË „Ò–
(b) «Ê≈Ê Á‚‹Ê (ii) ¬˝áÊÊÁ‹ÿÊ¥, ¡Ê ¬Í⁄ ©l◊ ◊¥ «Ê≈Ê ∑ Ê «Ê≈Ê’‚¡ ◊¥ ‚◊Ê∑ ‹Ÿ ∑ ⁄ÃË „Ò¥,
ߟ∑ Ê ÁŸáʸÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ◊ʪ¸Œ‡Ê¸Ÿ ∑ Á‹∞ ©¬ÿÊª Á∑ ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò–
(c) «Ê≈Ê flÿ⁄„Ê©‚ (iii) ÿ„ ∑ ◊ ‹ÊªÃ flÊ‹Ê, ∑ ◊ ¬Ò◊ÊŸ ∑ Ê «Ê≈Ê flÿ⁄„Ê©‚ „Ò, Á¡‚∑ Ê ’„ÈÃ
∑ ◊ ‚◊ÿ ◊¥ ∑ ÊÿʸãflÿŸ Á∑ ÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑ ÃÊ „Ò–
(d) «Ê≈Ê πŸŸ (iv) ÁflÁ‡Êc≈ ∑ Êÿ¸ ∑ Á‹∞ ©¬‹éœ S≈Ò ã« ∞‹ÊŸ «Ê≈Ê S≈Ê‚¸
∑Í ≈ —
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (ii) (iv) (i) (iii)
(2) (i) (iii) (iv) (ii)
(3) (iv) (iii) (i) (ii)
(4) (iii) (iv) (ii) (i)

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55. Match the following terms with their corresponding descriptors :
List - I List - II
(a) Term List (i) Ontologies
(b) Categories (ii) System software
(c) Relationship List (iii) Taxonomy
(d) Emulators (iv) Glossaries
Code :
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (ii) (iii) (iv) (i)
(2) (iii) (ii) (i) (iv)
(3) (iv) (i) (ii) (iii)
(4) (iv) (iii) (i) (ii)

56. Match the following :


List - I List - II
(a) Muktabodha (i) Research Gate
(b) Net First (ii) Online citation and reference management tool
(c) Zotero (iii) Abstracting and indexing database of OCLC
(d) R.G. Score (iv) Digital Library of Indology
Code :
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)
(2) (iv) (ii) (iii) (i)
(3) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)
(4) (iii) (ii) (i) (iv)

57. Match the following communication concepts with corresponding explanations :


List - I List - II
(a) Kinesics communication (i) Use of touch to communication
(b) Haptics communication (ii) Use of Interpersonal space
(c) Proxemics communication (iii) Facial Expression, gestures, eye movement
(d) Iconics communication (iv) Interpretation of symbolism
Code :
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (i) (iii) (ii) (iv)
(2) (iii) (iv) (ii) (i)
(3) (ii) (iii) (i) (iv)
(4) (iii) (i) (ii) (iv)

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55. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ¬ŒÊ¥ ∑ Ê ©Ÿ∑ ÃŒ˜ŸÈM ¬Ë Áflfl⁄áÊÊ¥ ∑ ‚ÊÕ ‚È◊Á‹Ã ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —
‚ÍøË - I ‚ÍøË - II
(a) ¬Œ ‚ÍøË (i) ‚ûÊÊ◊Ë◊Ê¥‚Ê
(b) üÊÁáÊÿÊ¥ (ii) Á‚S≈◊ ‚ÊÚç≈flÿ⁄
(c) ‚¥’¥œ ‚ÍøË (iii) flªË¸∑ ⁄áÊ
(d) ¬˝ÁÃS¬œË¸ (iv) ‡ÊéŒÊfl‹Ë
∑Í ≈ —
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (ii) (iii) (iv) (i)
(2) (iii) (ii) (i) (iv)
(3) (iv) (i) (ii) (iii)
(4) (iv) (iii) (i) (ii)

56. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ∑ Ê ‚È◊Á‹Ã ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —


‚ÍøË - I ‚ÍøË - II
(a) ◊ÈÄÃ’Êœ (i) Á⁄‚ø¸ ª≈
(b) Ÿ≈ » S≈¸ (ii) •ÊÚŸ‹Êߟ ©Œ˜œ⁄áÊ ÃÕÊ ‚¥Œ÷¸ ¬˝’¥œŸ dÊÃ
(c) ¡Ê≈ ⁄ Ê (iii) •Ê.‚Ë.∞‹.‚Ë. ∑ Ê ‚Ê⁄∑ ⁄áÊ •ÊÒ⁄ •ŸÈ∑˝ ◊áÊË∑ ⁄áÊ « ≈ Ê’‚
(d) •Ê⁄.¡Ë. S∑ Ê⁄ (iv) ÷Ê⁄ÃËÿ ÁfllÊ ∑ Ê Á«Á¡≈‹ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ
∑Í ≈ —
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)
(2) (iv) (ii) (iii) (i)
(3) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)
(4) (iii) (ii) (i) (iv)

57. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ‚¥¬˝·áÊ ‚¥∑ À¬ŸÊ•Ê¥ ∑ Ê ©Ÿ∑ Ë ÃŒ˜ŸÈM ¬Ë √ÿÊÅÿÊ•Ê¥ ∑ ‚ÊÕ ‚È◊Á‹Ã ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —
‚ÍøË - I ‚ÍøË - II
(a) •¥ªÁflˇÊ¬ªÃ ‚¥¬˝·áÊ (i) ‚¥¬˝·áÊ ∑ Á‹∞ S¬‡Ê¸ ∑ Ê ©¬ÿÊª
(b) S¬‡Ê¸ ‚¥¬˝·áÊ (ii) •¥ÃflÒ¸ÿÁÄÃ∑ SÕÊŸ ∑ Ê ©¬ÿÊª
(c) ‚Ê◊Ëåÿ ‚Íø∑ ‚¥¬˝·áÊ (iii) ø„⁄ ∑ ÷Êfl, ÷Êfl-÷¥Áª◊Ê∞°, ŸòÊ ‚¥ø‹Ÿ
(d) •ŸÈ‚¥∑ Ã∑ ‚¥¬˝·áÊ (iv) ¬˝ÃË∑ Êà◊∑ ÃÊ ∑ Ë √ÿÊÅÿÊ
∑Í ≈ —
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (i) (iii) (ii) (iv)
(2) (iii) (iv) (ii) (i)
(3) (ii) (iii) (i) (iv)
(4) (iii) (i) (ii) (iv)

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58. Match the following :
List - I List - II
Types of Research Focus
(a) Ethnographic (i) Present events
(b) Evaluative (ii) Social behaviour
(c) Descriptive (iii) Causation
(d) Experimental (iv) Judgement about quality
Code :
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (ii) (iv) (i) (iii)
(2) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)
(3) (ii) (iii) (iv) (i)
(4) (iv) (ii) (i) (iii)

59. Match the following :


List - I List - II
Countries Name of the Library
(a) Egypt (i) Library of Ashurbanipal
(b) Turkey (ii) Villa of Papyri
(c) Italy (iii) Library of Pergamum
(d) Iraq (iv) Royal Library of Alexandria
Code :
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (iv) (ii) (iii) (i)
(2) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)
(3) (i) (iii) (iv) (ii)
(4) (iii) (ii) (i) (iv)

60. Match the following :


List - I List - II
(a) Dr. Zakir Husain Library (i) Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
(b) J.R.D. Tata Library (ii) Jamia Millia Islamia, Delhi
(c) Sayaji Rao Gaekwad Library (iii) IIM, Ahmedabad
(d) Vikram Sarabhai Library (iv) B.H.U. Varanasi
Code :
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (iv) (iii) (i) (ii)
(2) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)
(3) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
(4) (ii) (iii) (i) (iv)

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58. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ∑ Ê ‚È◊Á‹Ã ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —
‚ÍøË - I ‚ÍøË - II
‡ÊÊœ ∑ ¬˝∑ Ê⁄ ∑ ãŒ˝ Á’ãŒÈ
(a) ◊ÊŸfl ¡ÊÁà ÁflôÊÊŸ ‚¥’¥œË (i) flø◊ÊŸ ÉÊ≈ŸÊ∞¥
(b) ◊ÍÀÿÊ¥∑ ŸÊà◊∑ (ii) ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑ √ÿfl„Ê⁄
(c) fláʸŸÊà◊∑ (iii) ∑ ⁄áÊËÿ ‚¥’¥œ
(d) ¬˝ÊÿÊÁª∑ (iv) ªÈáÊflûÊÊ ‚¥’¥œË ÁŸáʸÿ
∑Í ≈ —
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (ii) (iv) (i) (iii)
(2) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)
(3) (ii) (iii) (iv) (i)
(4) (iv) (ii) (i) (iii)

59. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ∑ Ê ‚È◊Á‹Ã ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —


‚ÍøË - I ‚ÍøË - II
Œ‡Ê ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ ∑ Ê ŸÊ◊
(a) Á◊d (i) ‹Êß’˝⁄ Ë •ÊÚ» •‡ÊÈ⁄ ’ŸË¬Ê‹
(b) ÃÈ∑ ˸ (ii) Áfl‹Ê •ÊÚ» ¬¬Ë⁄Ë
(c) ß≈‹Ë (iii) ‹Êß’˝⁄ Ë •ÊÚ» ¬⁄ªÊ◊◊
(d) ß⁄Ê∑ (iv) ⁄ÊÚÿ‹ ‹Êß’˝⁄ Ë •ÊÚ» •‹Ä¡¥Á«˛ ÿÊ
∑Í ≈ —
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (iv) (ii) (iii) (i)
(2) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)
(3) (i) (iii) (iv) (ii)
(4) (iii) (ii) (i) (iv)

60. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ∑ Ê ‚È◊Á‹Ã ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —


‚ÍøË - I ‚ÍøË - II
(a) «ÊÚ. ¡ÊÁ∑ ⁄ „È‚ÒŸ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ (i) ÷Ê⁄ÃËÿ ÁflôÊÊŸ ‚¥SÕÊŸ, ’Ò¥ª‹Ê⁄
(b) ¡.•Ê⁄.«Ë. ≈Ê≈Ê ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ (ii) ¡ÊÁ◊ÿÊ Á◊Á‹ÿÊ ßS‹ÊÁ◊ÿÊ, ÁŒÀ‹Ë
(c) ‚ÿÊ¡Ë ⁄Êfl ªÊÿ∑ flÊ« ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ (iii) ÷Ê⁄ÃËÿ ¬˝’¥œ ‚¥SÕÊŸ, •„◊ŒÊ’ÊŒ
(d) Áfl∑˝ ◊ ‚Ê⁄Ê÷Ê߸ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ (iv) ’ŸÊ⁄‚ Á„ãŒÍ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ, flÊ⁄ÊáÊ‚Ë
∑Í ≈ —
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) (iv) (iii) (i) (ii)
(2) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)
(3) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
(4) (ii) (iii) (i) (iv)

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61. Arrange the following IPR related Acts in India according to their year of enactment :
(a) The Copy Right Act (b) The Design Act
(c) Information Technology Act (d) Trade and Merchandise Marks Act
Code :
(1) (a), (b), (d), (c) (2) (b), (a), (d), (c)
(3) (c), (b), (d), (a) (4) (d), (a), (b), (c)

62. Arrange the following Padma Shri award recipients in chronological of their year of the
award :
(a) Bellari Shamanna Kesavan (b) Shiyali Ramamrita Ranganathan
(c) Prithvi Nath Kaula (d) Iyyanki Venkata Ramanayya
Code :
(1) (a), (b), (c) and (d) (2) (a), (d), (b) and (c)
(3) (b), (a), (d) and (c) (4) (b), (d), (a) and (c)

63. Arrange the following Public Libraries Acts according to their year of enactment :
(a) Bihar Public Libraries Act
(b) Uttaranchal Public Libraries Act
(c) Haryana Public Libraries Act
(d) Orissa Public Libraries Act
Code :
(1) (b), (d), (a), (c) (2) (a), (b), (c), (d)
(3) (d), (c), (b), (a) (4) (c), (d), (b), (a)

64. Arrange the following laws of Library Science enunciated by S.R. Ranganathan in a sequence
as recorded by L.S. Connaway and I.M. Faniel for OCLC Project.
(a) Library is a growing organism (b) Save the time of the readers
(c) Books are for use (d) Every book its reader
Code :
(1) (b), (c), (d), (a) (2) (c), (d), (a), (b)
(3) (a), (b), (c), (d) (4) (d), (a), (b), (c)

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61. ÷Ê⁄à ◊¥ ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ’ÊÒÁh∑ ‚¥¬ŒÊ •Áœ∑ Ê⁄Ê¥ (•Ê߸.¬Ë.•Ê⁄.) ‚ ‚¥’¥ÁœÃ •ÁœÁŸÿ◊Ê¥ ∑ Ê ©Ÿ∑ •ÁœÁŸÿ◊Ÿ ∑ fl·¸
∑ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄ √ÿflÁSÕà ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —
(a) ¬˝ÁÃÁ‹åÿÊÁœ∑ Ê⁄ •ÁœÁŸÿ◊ (b) Á«¡Êߟ •ÁœÁŸÿ◊
(c) ‚ÍøŸÊ ¬˝ÊÒlÊÁª∑ Ë •ÁœÁŸÿ◊ (d) √ÿʬÊ⁄ •ÊÒ⁄ ¬áÿflSÃÈ Áøq •ÁœÁŸÿ◊
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a), (b), (d), (c) (2) (b), (a), (d), (c)
(3) (c), (b), (d), (a) (4) (d), (a), (b), (c)

62. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ¬Œ˜◊üÊË ¬È⁄ S∑ Ê⁄ ¬ÊŸ flÊ‹Ê¥ ∑ Ê ©Ÿ∑ ¬È⁄ S∑ Ê⁄ ¬˝Êåà ∑ ⁄Ÿ ∑ fl·¸ ∑ ∑ Ê‹∑˝ ◊ÊŸÈ‚Ê⁄ √ÿflÁSÕÃ
∑ ËÁ¡∞ —
(a) ’À‹Ê⁄Ë ‡Ê◊ÛÊÊ ∑ ‚flŸ (b) Á‡ÊÿÊ‹Ë ⁄Ê◊Ê◊Îà ⁄¥ ªŸÊÕŸ
(c) ¬ÎâflË ŸÊÕ ∑ ÊÒ‹Ê (d) ߃ÿÊ¥∑ Ë fl¥∑ ≈ ⁄Ê◊ÊŸƒÿÊ
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a), (b), (c) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) (2) (a), (d), (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (c)
(3) (b), (a), (d) •ÊÒ⁄ (c) (4) (b), (d), (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (c)

63. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ‚Êfl¸¡ÁŸ∑ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ •ÁœÁŸÿ◊Ê¥ ∑ Ê ©Ÿ∑ •ÁœÁŸÿ◊Ÿ ∑ fl·¸ ∑ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄ √ÿflÁSÕà ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —
(a) Á’„Ê⁄ ‚Êfl¸¡ÁŸ∑ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ •ÁœÁŸÿ◊
(b) ©ûÊ⁄Ê¥ø‹ ‚Êfl¸¡ÁŸ∑ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ •ÁœÁŸÿ◊
(c) „Á⁄ÿÊáÊÊ ‚Êfl¸¡ÁŸ∑ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ •ÁœÁŸÿ◊
(d) ©«∏Ë‚Ê ‚Êfl¸¡ÁŸ∑ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ •ÁœÁŸÿ◊
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (b), (d), (a), (c) (2) (a), (b), (c), (d)
(3) (d), (c), (b), (a) (4) (c), (d), (b), (a)

64. ŸËø ÁŒÿ ªÿ ∞‚.•Ê⁄. ⁄¥ ªÊŸÊÕŸ ∑ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ ÁflôÊÊŸ ∑ ‚ÍòÊÊ¥ ∑ Ê ©‚ ∑˝ ◊ ◊¥ √ÿflÁSÕà ∑ ⁄¥ , Á¡ã„¥ ∞‹.∞‚. ∑ ÊÛÊfl
•ÊÒ⁄ •Êß.∞◊. »Ò ÁŸÿ‹ Ÿ •Ê.‚Ë.∞‹.‚Ë. ¬˝Ê¡Ä≈ ∑ Á‹∞ ¬ÈŸ— √ÿflÁSÕà Á∑ ÿÊ „Ò —
(a) ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ ∞∑ flœ¸Ÿ‡ÊË‹ ‚¥SÕÊ „Ò (b) ¬Ê∆∑ ∑ Ê ‚◊ÿ ’øÊ•Ê
(c) ¬ÈSÃ∑¥ ©¬ÿÊªÊÕ¸ „Ò¥– (d) ¬˝àÿ∑ ¬ÈSÃ∑ ∑ Ê ©‚∑ Ê ¬Ê∆∑
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (b), (c), (d), (a) (2) (c), (d), (a), (b)
(3) (a), (b), (c), (d) (4) (d), (a), (b), (c)

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65. Arrange the following Information Sources according to their first year of Publication :
(a) Ulrich’s International Periodical Directory
(b) Guide to Indian Periodical Literature
(c) Library Literature
(d) Indian Science Abstracts
Code :
(1) (a), (c), (b), (d) (2) (b), (c), (d), (a)
(3) (c), (a), (b), (d) (4) (d), (a), (b), (c)

66. Arrange the following according to the year of their first publication :
(a) Bibliotheca Universalis by Konard Gesner
(b) Catalogue of Books in the 15th century by the British Museum
(c) The Bibliographic Instructive Rare Books by G.E. Bura
(d) Union catalogue of learned periodical Publications in South Asia by S.R. Ranganathan
Code :
(1) (a), (b), (d), (c) (2) (b), (a), (d), (c)
(3) (a), (c), (b), (d) (4) (d), (a), (c), (b)

67. Arrange the following e-book sites according to the chronological order of their origin :
(a) Project Gutenberg (b) Open Library
(c) Google Books (d) DOAB
Code :
(1) (a), (c), (b), (d) (2) (b), (a), (c), (d)
(3) (c), (b), (d), (a) (4) (d), (c), (a), (b)

68. Arrange the following entities according to FRBR Model :


(a) Item (b) Expression (c) Work (d) Manifestation
Code :
(1) (c), (b), (d), (a) (2) (d), (a), (b), (c)
(3) (c), (d), (a), (b) (4) (c), (a), (b), (d)

69. Find out the correct sequence of the following forms of Main Class Literature according to
Colon Classification (sixth reprint edition) :
(1) Poetry, Fiction, Campu, Oration (2) Poetry, Fiction, Oration, Campu
(3) Poetry, Oration, Fiction, Campu (4) Fiction, Poetry, Campu, Oration

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65. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ‚ÍøŸÊ dÊÃÊ¥ ∑ Ê ©Ÿ∑ ¬˝Õ◊ ¬˝∑ ʇʟ fl·¸ ∑ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄ √ÿflÁSÕà ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —
(a) •‹Á⁄ø ߥ≈ ⁄Ÿ‡ÊŸ‹ ¬ËÁ⁄ÿÊÚÁ«∑ ‹ «Êß⁄ Ä≈⁄Ë
(b) ªÊß« ≈Í ß¥Á«ÿŸ ¬ËÁ⁄ÿÊÚÁ«∑ ‹ Á‹≈⁄ ø⁄
(c) ‹Êß’˝⁄ Ë Á‹≈⁄ ø⁄
(d) ߥÁ«ÿŸ ‚Êßã‚ ∞éS≈˛Ò Ä≈˜ ‚
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a), (c), (b), (d) (2) (b), (c), (d), (a)
(3) (c), (a), (b), (d) (4) (d), (a), (b), (c)

66. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ∑ Ê ©Ÿ∑ ‚fl¸¬˝Õ◊ ¬˝∑ ʇʟ ∑ fl·¸ ∑ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄ √ÿflÁSÕà ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —
(a) ∑ ÊŸÊ«¸ ª‚Ÿ⁄ mÊ⁄Ê Á’Áé‹•ÊÕÄ∑ Ê ÿÍÁŸfl‚¸Á‹‚–
(b) Á’˝Á≈‡Ê ‚¥ª˝„Ê‹ÿ mÊ⁄Ê 15 flË¥ ‡ÊÃÊéŒË ◊¥ ∑Ò ≈ ‹ÊÚª •ÊÚ» ’ÈÄ‚–
(c) ¡Ë.߸. ’Í⁄ Ê mÊ⁄Ê Œ Á’Áé‹•Êª˝ÊÁ» ∑ ßãS≈˛ ÁÄ≈fl ⁄ •⁄ ’ÈÄ‚–
(d) ∞‚.•Ê⁄. ⁄¥ ªŸÊÕŸ mÊ⁄Ê ÿÍÁŸÿŸ ∑Ò ≈ ‹ÊÚª •ÊÚ» ‹Ÿ¸« ¬ËÁ⁄ÿÊÚÁ«∑ ‹ ¬Áé‹∑ ‡ÊŸ˜‚ ߟ ‚Ê©Õ ∞Á‡ÊÿÊ–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a), (b), (d), (c) (2) (b), (a), (d), (c)
(3) (a), (c), (b), (d) (4) (d), (a), (c), (b)

67. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ߸-’È∑ ‚Êß≈Ê¥ ∑ Ê ©Ÿ∑ ©Œ˜ª◊ ∑ ∑ Ê‹∑˝ ◊ÊŸÈ‚Ê⁄ √ÿflÁSÕà ∑ ⁄¥ —
(a) ¬˝Ê¡Ä≈ ªÈ≈ Ÿ’ª¸ (b) •Ê¬Ÿ ‹Êß’˝⁄ Ë
(c) ªÈª‹ ’ÈÄ‚ (d) «Ë.•Ê.∞.’Ë.
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a), (c), (b), (d) (2) (b), (a), (c), (d)
(3) (c), (b), (d), (a) (4) (d), (c), (a), (b)

68. ∞» .•Ê⁄.’Ë.•Ê⁄. ◊ÊÚ« ‹ ∑ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄ ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ¬˝ÁflÁc≈ÿÊ¥ ∑ Ê √ÿflÁSÕà ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —


(a) ◊Œ (b) •Á÷√ÿÁÄà (c) ⁄øŸÊ (d) ¬˝∑ ≈Ë∑ ⁄áÊ
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (c), (b), (d), (a) (2) (d), (a), (b), (c)
(3) (c), (d), (a), (b) (4) (c), (a), (b), (d)

69. ∑ Ê‹Ÿ flªË¸∑ ⁄áÊ (¿∆Ê ¬ÈŸ◊ȸŒ˝áÊ ‚¥S∑ ⁄áÊ) ∑ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄ ◊ÈÅÿ flª¸ ‚ÊÁ„àÿ ∑ ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà M ¬Ê¥ ∑ Ê ‚„Ë ∑˝ ◊ ¬ÃÊ
‹ªÊßÿ —
(1) ∑ Ê√ÿ, ∑ ÕÊ‚ÊÁ„àÿ, ∑ ê¬Í, ‚ê÷Ê·áÊ (2) ∑ Ê√ÿ, ∑ ÕÊ‚ÊÁ„àÿ, ‚ê÷Ê·áÊ, ∑ ê¬Í
(3) ∑ Ê√ÿ, ‚ê÷Ê·áÊ, ∑ ÕÊ‚ÊÁ„àÿ, ∑ ê¬Í (4) ∑ ÕÊ‚ÊÁ„àÿ, ∑ Ê√ÿ, ∑ ê¬Í, ‚ê÷Ê·áÊ

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70. Which of the following Sections Constitute the parts of main entry according to CCC (Ed.5) ?

(a) Leading Section (b) Title Section

(c) Format Section (d) Note Section

Code :

(1) (a), (b) and (c) are correct. (2) (a), (b) and (d) are correct.

(3) (b), (c) and (d) are correct. (4) (a), (c) and (d) are correct.

71. Which of the following are the features of Vector Space Model IR ?

(a) Complex model based on non-linear algebra

(b) Term weights are not binary

(c) Allows computing a continuous degree of similarity between queries and documents

(d) Do not allow ranking documents according to their possible relevance

Code :

(1) (a) and (b) are correct. (2) (b) and (c) are correct.

(3) (c) and (d) are correct. (4) (a) and (d) are correct.

72. Arrange the following work components of WINISIS according to the order of sequence of
approach :

(a) FST (b) FDT (c) Print Format (d) Worksheet

Code :

(1) (b), (d), (c), (a) (2) (b), (c), (d), (a)

(3) (a), (b), (c), (d) (4) (d), (c), (b), (a)

73. Arrange the following according to their year of origin :

(a) Myspace (b) MOSAIC (c) Friendster (d) Blogger

Code :

(1) (b), (c), (a), (d) (2) (a), (d), (c), (b)

(3) (b), (d), (c), (a) (4) (d), (b), (c), (a)

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70. ‚Ë.‚Ë.‚Ë. (‚¥S∑ . 5) ∑ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄ ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ◊¥ ∑ ÊÒŸ ‚ •ŸÈë¿ Œ ◊ÈÅÿ ¬˝ÁflÁc≈ ∑ Ê ÷ʪ „Ò¥?
(a) •ª˝ •ŸÈë¿ Œ (b) •ÊÅÿÊ •ŸÈë¿ Œ
(c) •ÊM ¬ •ŸÈë¿ Œ (d) Á≈å¬áÊË •ŸÈë¿ Œ
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a), (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (a), (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–
(3) (b), (c) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (a), (c) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

71. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ◊¥ ‚ ∑ ÊÒŸ flÄ≈⁄-S¬‚ ◊ÊÚ« ‹ ¬ÈŸ—¬˝ÊÁåà ∑ Ë ◊ÈÅÿ Áfl‡Ê·ÃÊ „Ò?
(a) •⁄Ò Áπ∑ ’Ë¡ªÁáÊà ¬⁄ •ÊœÊÁ⁄à ¡Á≈‹ ◊ÊÚ« ‹
(b) ¬Œ ÷Ê⁄ Ámø⁄ Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ò¥–
(c) Äfl⁄ Ë •ÊÒ⁄ ¬˝‹πÊ¥ ∑ ’Ëø ‚ʌ·ÿÃÊ ∑ Ë ‚Ãà ◊ÊòÊÊ ∑ Ë ªáÊŸÊ ∑ Ë •ŸÈ◊Áà ŒÃÊ „Ò–
(d) ¬˝‹πÊ¥ ∑ Ë ‚¥÷fl ¬˝Ê‚¥Áª∑ ÃÊ ∑ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄ ©Ÿ∑ ⁄Ò¥ Á∑¥ ª ∑ Ë •ŸÈ◊Áà Ÿ„Ë¥ ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑ ⁄ÃÊ „Ò–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (b) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (b) •ÊÒ⁄ (c) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–
(3) (c) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (a) •ÊÒ⁄ (d) ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

72. «éÀÿÍ.•Ê߸.∞Ÿ.•Ê߸.∞‚.•Ê߸.∞‚. ∑ ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ⁄øŸÊ ÉÊ≈∑ Ê¥ ∑ Ê ©¬Êª◊ ∑ •ŸÈ∑˝ ◊ÊŸÈ‚Ê⁄ √ÿflÁSÕà ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —
(a) ∞» .∞‚.≈Ë. (b) ∞» .«Ë.≈Ë. (c) Á¬˝¥≈ » ÊÚ◊¸≈ (d) fl∑¸ ‡ÊË≈
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (b), (d), (c), (a) (2) (b), (c), (d), (a)
(3) (a), (b), (c), (d) (4) (d), (c), (b), (a)

73. ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ∑ Ê ©Ÿ∑ Ë ©à¬ÁûÊ ∑ fl·¸ ∑ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄ √ÿflÁSÕà ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —


(a) ◊ÊßS¬‚ (b) ◊Ê¡Ò∑ (c) »˝¥ «˜ ‚≈⁄ (d) é‹ÊÚª⁄
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (b), (c), (a), (d) (2) (a), (d), (c), (b)
(3) (b), (d), (c), (a) (4) (d), (b), (c), (a)

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74. Arrange the filters as proposed by Robert S. Tylor that may be employed by Librarians to
approximate the higher information needs of individuals.
(a) Personal characteristics of the inquirer
(b) Relationship of inquiry description to file organisation
(c) Objective and motivation
(d) Determination of the subject
Code :
(1) (c), (a), (b), (d) (2) (d), (c), (a), (b)
(3) (a), (c), (b), (d) (4) (d), (b), (a), (c)

75. Arrange the names of the following librarians of Library of Congress in the chronological
order of their period of service in LC :
(a) Carla Hayden (b) John James Beckley
(c) James H. Billington (d) George Waterston
Code :
(1) (b), (d), (c), (a) (2) (a), (b), (c), (d)
(3) (a), (b), (d), (c) (4) (b), (a), (d), (c)

76. Assertion (A) : Information, not data, is the fundamental fuel of the current Big Data
Phenomenon.
Reason (R) : The reason behind the quick expansion of Big Data is the extensive degree
to which data are created, shared and utilised in recent times.
Code :
(1) (A) is false but (R) is true. (2) (R) is false but (A) is true.
(3) Both (A) and (R) are false. (4) Both (A) and (R) are true.

77. Assertion (A) : Preprint archives, such as arxiv and SSRN rapidly achieved prominence in
the field of scholarly communication.
Reason (R) : These archives contain Preprint along with DOI.
Code :
(1) Both (A) and (R) are true. (2) Both (A) and (R) are false.
(3) (A) is false, but (R) is true. (4) (A) is true, but (R) is false.

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74. ⁄ÊÚ’≈¸ ∞‚. ≈ ‹⁄ mÊ⁄Ê ¬˝ÁìÊÁŒÃ ÁŸSÿ¥Œ∑ Ê¥, Á¡Ÿ∑ Ê ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿÊäÿˇÊÊ¥ mÊ⁄Ê √ÿÁÄÃÿÊ¥ ∑ Ë •Áœ∑ ‚ÍøŸÊ •Êfl‡ÿ∑ ÃÊ•Ê¥
∑ Ê •Ê‚ÛÊ ∑ ⁄Ÿ ∑ Á‹∞ ¬˝ÿÊª Á∑ ÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑ ÃÊ „Ò, ∑ Ê √ÿflÁSÕà ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —
(a) ¡Ê¥ø∑ ûÊʸ ∑ Ë √ÿÁÄêà Áfl‡Ê·ÃÊ∞¥
(b) » Êß‹ ‚¥ª∆Ÿ ∑ ‚ÊÕ ¡Ê¥ø Áflfl⁄áÊ ∑ Ê ‚¥’¥œ
(c) ©g‡ÿ •ÊÒ⁄ •Á÷¬˝⁄ áÊÊ
(d) Áfl·ÿ ∑ Ê ÁŸœÊ¸⁄ áÊ
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (c), (a), (b), (d) (2) (d), (c), (a), (b)
(3) (a), (c), (b), (d) (4) (d), (b), (a), (c)

75. ‹Êß’˝⁄ Ë •ÊÚ» ∑ Ê¥ª˝‚ ∑ ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿÊäÿˇÊÊ¥ ∑ ŸÊ◊Ê¥ ∑ Ê ‹Êß’˝⁄ Ë •ÊÚ» ∑ Ê¥ª˝‚ ◊¥ ‚flÊ ∑ Ë ©Ÿ∑ Ë •flÁœ
∑ ∑ Ê‹∑˝ ◊ÊŸÈ‚Ê⁄ √ÿflÁSÕà ∑ ËÁ¡∞ —
(a) ∑ ʋʸ „« Ÿ (b) ¡ÊÚŸ ¡ê‚ ’∑ ‹Ë
(c) ¡ê‚ ∞ø. ’Á‹¥Ç≈Ÿ (d) ¡ÊÚ¡¸ flÊ≈‚¸≈ Ÿ
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (b), (d), (c), (a) (2) (a), (b), (c), (d)
(3) (a), (b), (d), (c) (4) (b), (a), (d), (c)

76. •Á÷∑ ÕŸ (A) : «Ê≈Ê Ÿ„Ë¥, ’ÁÀ∑ ‚ÍøŸÊ flø◊ÊŸ Á’ª «Ê≈Ê ¬Á⁄ÉÊ≈ŸÊ ∑ Ê ◊Í‹÷Íà ßZœŸ „Ò–
Ã∑¸ (R) : Á’ª «Ê≈Ê ∑ ‡ÊËÉÊ˝ ÁflSÃÊ⁄ ∑ Ê ∑ Ê⁄áÊ fl„ √ÿʬ∑ ◊ÊòÊÊ „Ò, Á¡‚◊¥ „Ê‹ ∑ ‚◊ÿ ◊¥ «Ê≈Ê ©à¬ÛÊ
Á∑ ∞ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥, ‚ʤÊÊ Á∑ ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ •ÊÒ⁄ ©¬ÿÊª Á∑ ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (A) ª‹Ã „Ò ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ‚„Ë „Ò– (2) (R) ª‹Ã „Ò ‹Á∑ Ÿ (A) ‚„Ë „Ò–
(3) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ª‹Ã „Ò¥– (4) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

77. •Á÷∑ ÕŸ (A) : •Ê⁄ÁÄ‚fl •ÊÒ⁄ ∞‚.∞‚.•Ê⁄.∞Ÿ. ¡Ò‚ ¬ÈŸ—◊ÈÁŒ˝Ã •Á÷‹πʪÊ⁄Ê¥ Ÿ ÁflmÃʬÍáʸ ‚ê¬˝·áÊ ∑ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥
Ã¡Ë ‚ ◊„àfl ¬˝Êåà ∑ ⁄ Á‹ÿÊ–
Ã∑¸ (R) : ߟ •Á÷‹πʪÊ⁄Ê¥ ◊¥ ¬ÈŸ—◊ÈÁŒ˝Ã ∑ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ «Ë.•Ê.•Ê߸. „ÊÃ „Ò¥–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ª‹Ã „Ò¥–
(3) (A) ª‹Ã „Ò, ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ‚„Ë „Ò– (4) (A) ‚„Ë „Ò, ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ª‹Ã „Ò–

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78. Assertion (A) : There has been a demand for data exchange between library catalogues
and databases with records of documentary information.

Reason (R) : Interoperatability leads to information reuse as a requisite to access data,


and takes into account quality, contents, knowledge, products and services.

Code :

(1) Both (A) and (R) are true. (2) Both (A) and (R) are false.

(3) (A) is true but (R) is false. (4) (A) is false but (R) is true.

79. Assertion (A) : Inclusion of DOAJ implies the quality of an open access journals.

Reason (R) : DOAJ is an online directory that indexes and provides access to open access
and peer viewed journals. Besides DOAJ has tightened the listing criteria.

Code :

(1) Both (A) and (R) are true. (2) Both (A) and (R) are false.

(3) (A) is false but (R) is true. (4) (A) is true but (R) is false.

80. Assertion (A) : In the Information Retrieval domain, Probabilistic Model is becoming
unpopular.

Reason (R) : Probabilistic Model fails to provide accurate estimate for the first run
probabilities since index terms are not weighted and terms are assumed
mutually independent.

Code :

(1) (A) is true, but (R) is false. (2) Both (A) and (R) are true.

(3) (A) is false, but (R) is true. (4) Both (A) and (R) are false.

81. Assertion (A) : System effectiveness may be evident while evaluating an IR system but cost
effectiveness may not be satisfactory.

Reason (R) : A cost effectiveness study of an IR system is the evaluation in terms of how
to satisfy the users’ information requirements in the most efficient and
economical way.

Code :

(1) (A) is false but (R) is true. (2) (A) is true but (R) is false.

(3) Both (A) and (R) are true. (4) Both (A) and (R) are false.

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78. •Á÷∑ ÕŸ (A) : ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ ‚ÍøË ¬òÊ •ÊÒ⁄ ¬˝‹πËÿ ‚ÍøŸÊ ∑ Á⁄∑ ÊÚ«¸ ˜‚ ‚¥’¥œË «Ê≈Ê’‚ ∑ ’Ëø «Ê≈Ê ∑
•ÊŒÊŸ-¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑ Ë ◊Ê¥ª ⁄„Ë „Ò–
Ã∑¸ (R) : •¥Ã⁄-¬Á⁄øÊ‹ŸÃÊ ∑ ∑ Ê⁄áÊ «Ê≈Ê Ã∑ ¬„È°ø ∑ Ë ∞∑ •¬ˇÊÊ ∑ M ¬ ◊¥ ‚ÍøŸÊ ∑ Ê ¬ÈŸ©¸¬ÿÊª
„ÊÃÊ „Ò •ÊÒ⁄ ªÈáÊflûÊÊ, Áfl·ÿflSÃÈ, ôÊÊŸ, ©à¬ÊŒÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄ ‚flÊ•Ê¥ ∑ Ê äÿÊŸ ◊¥ ⁄πÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ª‹Ã „Ò¥–
(3) (A) ‚„Ë „Ò, ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ª‹Ã „Ò– (4) (A) ª‹Ã „Ò, ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ‚„Ë „Ò–

79. •Á÷∑ ÕŸ (A) : «Ë.•Ê.∞.¡. ∑ ‚◊Êfl‡ÊŸ ∑ Ê •Õ¸ πÈ‹Ë ¬„°Èø ¬ÁòÊ∑ Ê•Ê¥ ∑ Ë ªÈáÊflûÊÊ „Ò–
Ã∑¸ (R) : «Ë.•Ê.∞.¡. ∞∑ •ÊÚŸ‹Êߟ ÁŸŒ¸Á‡Ê∑ Ê „Ò ¡Ê ‚Íø∑ Ê¥∑ ÃÒÿÊ⁄ ∑ ⁄ÃÊ „Ò •ÊÒ⁄ ◊ÈÄà ¬„°Èø ÃÕÊ
‚◊∑ ˇÊ mÊ⁄Ê ŒπË ªß¸ ¬ÁòÊ∑ Ê•Ê¥ Ã∑ ¬„°Èø ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑ ⁄ÃÊ „Ò– ß‚∑ •‹ÊflÊ «Ë.•Ê.∞.¡. Ÿ
‚ÍøË’h ∑ ⁄Ÿ ∑ ◊ÊŸŒ¥« ∑ Ê •ÊÒ⁄ ‚Åà ’ŸÊÿÊ „Ò–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ª‹Ã „Ò¥–
(3) (A) ª‹Ã „Ò ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ‚„Ë „Ò– (4) (A) ‚„Ë „Ò ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ª‹Ã „Ò–

80. •Á÷∑ ÕŸ (A) : ‚ÍøŸÊ ¬ÈŸ¬˝Ê¸Áåà «Ê◊Ÿ ◊¥ ¬˝ÊÁÿ∑ ÃÊ ◊ÊÚ« ‹ •¬˝øÁ‹Ã „ÊÃÊ ¡Ê ⁄„Ê „Ò–
Ã∑¸ (R) : ¬˝ÊÁÿ∑ ÃÊ ◊ÊÚ« ‹ ¬˝Õ◊ ∑˝ ◊ ¬˝ÊÁÿ∑ ÃÊ•Ê¥ ∑ Á‹∞ ‚≈Ë∑ •ŸÈ◊ÊŸ Ÿ„Ë¥ Œ ¬ÊÃÊ „Ò ÄÿÊ¥Á∑
•ŸÈ∑˝ ◊ÁáÊ∑ Ê ¬ŒÊ¥ ∑ Ê ÷ÊÁ⁄à Ÿ„Ë¥ Á∑ ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò •ÊÒ⁄ ¬ŒÊ¥ ∑ Ê ∞∑ -ŒÍ‚⁄ ‚ SflÃ¥òÊ ◊ÊŸÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (A) ‚„Ë „Ò ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ª‹Ã „Ò– (2) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ‚„Ë „Ò¥–
(3) (A) ª‹Ã „Ò ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ‚„Ë „Ò– (4) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ª‹Ã „Ò¥–

81. •Á÷∑ ÕŸ (A) : Á∑ ‚Ë ‚ÍøŸÊ ¬ÈŸ¬˝Ê¸Áåà ¬˝áÊÊ‹Ë ∑ Ê ◊ÍÀÿÊ¥∑ Ÿ ∑ ⁄Ã ‚◊ÿ ¬˝áÊÊ‹Ë ∑ Ë ¬˝÷ÊÁflÃÊ ‚ÈS¬c≈ „Ê ‚∑ ÃË
„Ò Á∑ ãÃÈ „Ê ‚∑ ÃÊ „Ò Á∑ ‹ÊªÃ ¬˝÷ÊÁflÃÊ ‚¥ÃÊ·¡Ÿ∑ Ÿ „Ê–
Ã∑¸ (R) : Á∑ ‚Ë ‚ÍøŸÊ ¬ÈŸ¬˝Ê¸Áåà ¬˝áÊÊ‹Ë ∑ Ê ‹ÊªÃ ¬˝÷ÊÁflÃÊ •äÿÿŸ ß‚ •Õ¸ ◊¥ ◊ÍÀÿÊ¥∑ Ÿ „Ò Á∑ ¬˝ÿÊÄÃÊ
∑ Ë ‚ÍøŸÊ ‚¥’¥œË ¡M ⁄ÃÊ¥ ∑ Ê ‚flʸÁœ∑ ŒˇÊÃʬÍáʸ •ÊÒ⁄ Á∑ » ÊÿÃË Ã⁄Ë∑ ‚ Á∑ ‚ ¬˝∑ Ê⁄ ‚ ¬Í⁄ Ê
Á∑ ÿÊ ¡Ê∞–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (A) ª‹Ã „Ò ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ‚„Ë „Ò– (2) (A) ‚„Ë „Ò ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ª‹Ã „Ò–
(3) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ª‹Ã „Ò¥–

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82. Assertion (A) : Principle of canonical sequence is mainly followed to arrange the array of
subjects in a classification scheme.
Reason (R) : This principle sets the proviso that when subjects in an array of subjects are
traditionally referred to in a specific sequence, it will be convenient to
conform to this traditional sequence.
Code :
(1) Both (A) and (R) are true. (2) (A) is false but (R) is true.
(3) Both (A) and (R) are false. (4) (A) is true but (R) is false.

83. Assertion (A) : TREC is credited for bringing the concept of the evaluation of IR system.
Reason (R) : TREC series of IR experiment has drawn attention of the LIS professionals
all over the world for providing an open testing event and standard
evaluation scenario.
Code :
(1) Both (A) and (R) are false. (2) Both (A) and (R) are true.
(3) (A) is false but (R) is true. (4) (A) is true but (R) is false.

84. Assertion (A) : As is true for an organisation, effective leadership is crucial for success, as
poor managerial leadership may mar the organisational goals.
Reason (R) : Patterns of poor managerial leadership create low morale, poor
organisational climate, distrust towards supervisors among subordinates,
lack of team work and consensus building and shared goals, etc. which are
the clear indicators of a wrong person attained a managerial leadership
position.
Code :
(1) (A) is true, but (R) is false. (2) (A) is false, but (R) is true.
(3) Both (A) and (R) are true. (4) Both (A) and (R) are false.

85. Assertion (A) : Netiquette mandates that you do your best to act within the laws of
cyberspace and society.
Reason (R) : Failing to respect others privacy and impolite way of communication in
considered breach of Netiquette.
Code :
(1) Both (A) and (R) are false. (2) Both (A) and (R) are true.
(3) (A) is true, but (R) is false. (4) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

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82. •Á÷∑ ÕŸ (A) : ¬˝Ê◊ÊÁáÊ∑ •ŸÈ∑˝ ◊ ∑ Á‚hʥà ∑ Ê ◊ÈÅÿ× flªË¸∑ ⁄áÊ ÿÊ¡ŸÊ ◊¥ Áfl·ÿÊ¥ ∑ ∑˝ ◊ ∑ Ê √ÿflÁSÕÃ
∑ ⁄Ÿ ◊¥ ¬Ê‹Ÿ Á∑ ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò–
Ã∑¸ (R) : ÿ„ Á‚hʥà ¬⁄¥ ÃÈ∑ ÁŸœÊ¸Á⁄à ∑ ⁄ÃÊ „Ò Á∑ ¡’ Áfl·ÿÊ¥ ∑ Ê ∞∑ ÁflÁ‡Êc≈ •ŸÈ∑˝ ◊ ◊¥ ¬Ê⁄ê¬Á⁄∑ M ¬
‚ ‚¥ŒÁ÷¸Ã Á∑ ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò ÃÊ ß‚‚ ¬Ê⁄ê¬Á⁄∑ •ŸÈ∑˝ ◊ ∑ •ŸÈ∑Í ‹ „ÊŸÊ ‚ÈÁflœÊ¡Ÿ∑ „ÊªÊ–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (A) ª‹Ã „Ò, ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ‚„Ë „Ò–
(3) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ª‹Ã „Ò¥– (4) (A) ‚„Ë „Ò, ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ª‹Ã „Ò–

83. •Á÷∑ ÕŸ (A) : ≈Ë.•Ê⁄.߸.‚Ë. ∑ Ê ‚ÍøŸÊ ¬ÈŸ¬˝Ê¸Áåà ¬˝áÊÊ‹Ë ∑ ◊ÍÀÿÊ¥∑ Ÿ ∑ Ë •flœÊ⁄áÊÊ ∑ Ë SÕʬŸÊ ∑ Ê üÊÿ ÁŒÿÊ
¡ÊÃÊ „Ò–
Ã∑¸ (R) : ‚ÍøŸÊ ¬ÈŸ¬˝Ê¸Áåà ¬˝ÿÊª ∑ Ë ≈Ë.•Ê⁄.߸.‚Ë. oÎ¥π‹Ê Ÿ ∞∑ ◊ÈÄà ¬⁄ˡÊáÊ ÉÊ≈ŸÊ •ÊÒ⁄ ◊ÊŸ∑ ◊ÍÀÿÊ¥∑ Ÿ
¬Á⁄ŒÎ‡ÿ ©¬‹éœ ∑ ⁄ÊŸ ∑ Á‹∞ Áfl‡fl÷⁄ ∑ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ ‚ÍøŸÊ ÁflôÊÊŸ ¬‡Êfl⁄Ê¥ ∑ Ê äÿÊŸ
•Ê∑ Á·¸Ã Á∑ ÿÊ „Ò–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥
ª‹Ã „Ò¥– (2) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ‚„Ë „Ò¥–
(3) (A) ª‹Ã „Ò ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ‚„Ë „Ò– (4) (A) ‚„Ë „Ò ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ª‹Ã „Ò–

84. •Á÷∑ ÕŸ (A) : ¡„Ê° Á∑ ‚Ë ‚¥ª∆Ÿ ∑ Á‹∞ ÿ„ ’Êà ‚„Ë „Ò Á∑ ¬˝÷ÊflË ŸÃÎàfl ‚» ‹ÃÊ ∑ Á‹∞ ◊„àfl¬Íáʸ „ÊÃÊ
„Ò fl„Ë¥ π⁄Ê’ ¬˝’¥œ∑ Ëÿ ŸÃÎàfl ‚¥ª∆Ÿ ∑ ‹ˇÿÊ¥ ∑ Ê ŸÈ∑ ‚ÊŸ ¬„°ÈøÊ ‚∑ ÃÊ „Ò–
Ã∑¸ (R) : π⁄Ê’ ¬˝’¥œ∑ Ëÿ ŸÃÎàfl ∑ SflM ¬ ◊ŸÊ’‹ ∑ Ê ∑ ◊ ∑ ⁄Ã „Ò¥, ‚Ê¥ª∆ÁŸ∑ flÊÃÊfl⁄áÊ ∑ Ê π⁄Ê’
∑ ⁄Ã „Ò¥, •œËŸSÕÊ¥ ∑ ’Ëø ¬ÿ¸flˇÊ∑ Ê¥ ∑ ¬˝Áà •Áfl‡flÊ‚ ¬ÒŒÊ ∑ ⁄Ã „Ò¥, Á◊‹∑ ⁄ ∑ Ê◊ ∑ ⁄Ÿ ∞fl¥
‚fl¸ ‚„◊Áà ∑ Ê ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ∑ ⁄Ÿ ∑ Ë ∑ ◊Ë ¬ÒŒÊ ∑ ⁄Ã „Ò¥ •ÊÒ⁄ ©Ÿ◊¥ ‚ʤÊ ‹ˇÿÊ¥ ∑ Ê •÷Êfl „ÊÃÊ „Ò–
¡Ê Á∑ ∞∑ ª‹Ã •ÊŒ◊Ë ∑ Ê ¬˝¥’ãœ∑ Ëÿ ŸÃÎàfl ŒŸ ∑ S¬c≈ ‚¥∑ Ã∑ „Ò¥–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (A) ‚„Ë „Ò, ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ª‹Ã „Ò– (2) (A) ª‹Ã „Ò, ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ‚„Ë „Ò–
(3) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ª‹Ã „Ò–

85. •Á÷∑ ÕŸ (A) : Ÿ≈ -Á‡Êc≈ÊøÊ⁄ (ŸÁ≈∑ ≈) •ÁœŒ‡Ê ŒÃÊ „Ò Á∑ •Ê¬ ‚Êß’⁄S¬‚ •ÊÒ⁄ ‚◊Ê¡ ∑ ÁŸÿ◊Ê¥ ∑ ÷ËÃ⁄
üÊc∆ Ã⁄Ë∑ ‚ ∑ Êÿ¸ ∑ ⁄¥ –
Ã∑¸ (R) : •ãÿ √ÿÁÄÃÿÊ¥ ∑ Ë ÁŸ¡ÃÊ ∑ ‚ê◊ÊŸ ◊¥ Áfl» ‹ÃÊ •ÊÒ⁄ ‚ê¬˝·áÊ ∑ •Á‡Êc≈ Ã⁄Ë∑ ∑ Ê
Ÿ≈ -Á‡Êc≈ÊøÊ⁄ ∑ Ê ©À‹¥ÉÊŸ ◊ÊŸÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥
ª‹Ã „Ò¥– (2) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥
‚„Ë „Ò¥–
(3) (A) ‚„Ë „Ò, ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ª‹Ã „Ò– (4) (A) ª‹Ã „Ò, ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ‚„Ë „Ò–

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86. Assertion (A) : Serial crisis led to the formation of library consortia around the world.

Reason (R) : Serial crisis arises due to the situation in which budget of the library for
subscription of Journals remains static in spite of rising subscription cost of
Journals which in turn affect the collection development policy of the
libraries.

Code :

(1) Both (A) and (R) are true. (2) Both (A) and (R) are false.

(3) (A) is true but (R) is false. (4) (A) is false but (R) is true.

87. Assertion (A) : Plagarism is the wrongful appreciation and stealing and publication of
another author’s language, thought, ideas or expressions.

Reason (R) : Plagarism is in itself a crime, and thus constitute copyright infringement.

Code :

(1) (A) is true, but (R) is false. (2) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

(3) Both (A) and (R) are false. (4) Both (A) and (R) are true.

88. Assertion (A) : The Mendeley is one of the most preferred online reference managers which
can store bibliographic records as well as full text documents and help in
creating bibliographical references in any popular citation style like APA,
MLA, or Chicago style.

Reason (R) : Web-based solutions related to online reference management have become
freely available to the global researchers engaged in collaborative research
project.

Code :

(1) Both (A) and (R) are false. (2) Both (A) and (R) are true.

(3) (A) is false but (R) is true. (4) (A) is true but (R) is false.

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86. •Á÷∑ ÕŸ (A) : ‚ËÁ⁄ÿ‹ ∑˝ ÊßÁ‚‚ ∑ ¬Á⁄áÊÊ◊SflM ¬ Áfl‡fl÷⁄ ◊¥ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿ ‚¥ÉÊÊ¥ ∑ Ê ª∆Ÿ „È•Ê–

Ã∑¸ (R) : ‚ËÁ⁄ÿ‹ ∑˝ ÊßÁ‚‚ ©‚ ÁSÕÁà ∑ ∑ Ê⁄áÊ ©à¬ãŸ „ÊÃË „Ò Á¡‚◊¥ ‡ÊÊœ ¬ÁòÊ∑ Ê•Ê¥ ∑ Ë ª˝Ê„∑ àfl
‹ÊªÃ ◊¥ flÎÁh „ÊŸ ∑ ’Êfl¡ÍŒ ‡ÊÊœ ¬ÁòÊ∑ Ê•Ê¥ ∑ ª˝Ê„∑ àfl ∑ Á‹∞ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿÊ¥ ∑ Ê ’¡≈
•¬Á⁄flÃ˸ ’ŸÊ ⁄„ÃÊ „Ò Á¡‚∑ ¬Á⁄áÊÊ◊SflM ¬ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿÊ¥ ∑ Ë ‚¥ª˝„ Áfl∑ Ê‚ ŸËÁà ŒÈc¬˝÷ÊÁflÃ
„ÊÃË „Ò–

∑Í ≈ —

(1) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ª‹Ã „Ò¥–

(3) (A) ‚„Ë „Ò ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ª‹Ã „Ò– (4) (A) ª‹Ã „Ò ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ‚„Ë „Ò–

87. •Á÷∑ ÕŸ (A) : ‚ÊÁ„Áàÿ∑ øÊ⁄ Ë ŒÍ‚⁄ ‹π∑ ∑ Ë ÷Ê·Ê, Áø¥ÃŸ, ÁfløÊ⁄Ê¥ ÿÊ •Á÷√ÿÁÄà ∑ Ê ª‹Ã ªÈáÊ-ª˝„áÊ ÃÕÊ
øÊ⁄ Ë •ÊÒ⁄ ¬˝∑ ʇʟ „Ò–

Ã∑¸ (R) : ‚ÊÁ„Áàÿ∑ øÊ⁄ Ë Sfl× „Ë ∞∑ •¬⁄Êœ „Ò •ÊÒ⁄ ß‚ ¬˝∑ Ê⁄ ¬˝ÁÃÁ‹åÿÊÁœ∑ Ê⁄ ©À‹¥ÉÊŸ „Ò–

∑Í ≈ —

(1) (A) ‚„Ë „Ò ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ª‹Ã „Ò– (2) (A) ª‹Ã „Ò ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ‚„Ë „Ò–

(3) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ª‹Ã „Ò¥– (4) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

88. •Á÷∑ ÕŸ (A) : ◊ã«‹ ‚flʸÁœ∑ ¬‚¥ŒËŒÊ •ÊÚŸ‹Êߟ ⁄ » ⁄ ã‚ ◊ÒŸ¡⁄ „Ò ¡Ê ª˝¥Õ¬⁄∑ •Á÷‹πÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄ ¬Íáʸ¬Ê∆
¬˝‹πÊ¥ ∑ Ê ÷¥« Ê⁄ (S≈Ê⁄ ) ∑ ⁄ ‚∑ ÃÊ „Ò ÃÕÊ Á∑ ‚Ë ÷Ë ‹Ê∑ Á¬˝ÿ ©Œ˜œ⁄áÊ ‡ÊÒ‹Ë ¡Ò‚ ∞.¬Ë.∞.,
∞◊.∞‹.∞. ÿÊ Á‡Ê∑ ʪÊ ‡ÊÒ‹Ë ◊¥ ª˝¥Õ¬⁄∑ ‚¥Œ÷ÊZ ∑ Ê ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ∑ ⁄Ÿ ◊¥ ‚„ÊÿÃÊ ∑ ⁄ ‚∑ ÃÊ „Ò–

Ã∑¸ (R) : •ÊÚŸ‹Êߟ ⁄ » ⁄ ã‚ ◊ÒŸ¡◊¥≈ ‚ ‚¥’¥ÁœÃ fl’-•ÊœÊÁ⁄à ‚◊ʜʟ ‚„ÿÊªÊà◊∑ ‡ÊÊœ ¬Á⁄ÿÊ¡ŸÊ ◊¥
‚¥‹ÇŸ flÒÁ‡fl∑ ‡ÊÊœ∑ ûÊʸ•Ê¥ ∑ Ê SflÃ¥òÊ M ¬ ‚ ©¬‹éœ „Ò–

∑Í ≈ —

(1) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ª‹Ã „Ò¥– (2) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

(3) (A) ª‹Ã „Ò Á∑¥ ÃÈ (R) ‚„Ë „Ò– (4) (A) ‚„Ë „Ò Á∑¥ ÃÈ (R) ª‹Ã „Ò–
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89. Assertion (A) : Dr. Eugene Garfields original invention still continues to serve as a reliable
and efficient guide to the sprawling world of research.
Reason (R) : Garfield was not only honored for his work in developing the field of Citation
Analysis, but also his subsequent contribution in founding ISI (1960) that
developed and launched SCI (1964) consequently led to the development
of numerous citation databases of first order including ‘Web of Science’, all
of which brought him an idiomatic identity in the research world till the
date.
Code :
(1) (A) is true, but (R) is false. (2) (A) is false, but (R) is true.
(3) Both (A) and (R) are true. (4) Both (A) and (R) are false.

90. Assertion (A) : In technical writing, style manuals and citation standards are essential in
structuring and maintaining uniformity of research report.
Reason (R) : The Quality of research can be achieved only by standardising the structure
of research report, but not by the content.
Code :
(1) Both (A) and (R) are true. (2) Both (A) and (R) are false.
(3) (A) is true, but (R) is false. (4) (R) is true, but (A) is false.

91. Assertion (A) : Delphi Techniques in Social Science Research do not give weightage to
consensus.
Reason (R) : Consensus opinions expressed by the panel of experts is valuable in drawing
inferences.
Code :
(1) (A) is true, but (R) is false. (2) (A) is false, but (R) is true.
(3) Both (A) and (R) are true. (4) Both (R) and (A) are false.

92. Assertion (A) : In social research, a high proportion of refusals to answer a research always
occurs solely due to inadequate interview instructions or poor interview
training.
Reason (R) : Within the questionnaire or interview, even a substantive number of
questions often remain unanswered making difficult for the researcher to
state an exact figure and forcing him to restudy the questions carefully as
fault might lie upon a poor transition.
Code :
(1) (A) is true, but (R) is false. (2) (A) is false, but (R) is true.
(3) Both (A) and (R) are true. (4) Both (A) and (R) are false.

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89. •Á÷∑ ÕŸ (A) : «ÊÚ. ÿÍ¡ËŸ ªÊ⁄» ËÀ« ∑ Ë ◊ÊÒÁ‹∑ ©Œ˜÷ÊflŸÊ ÁflSÃÎà ‡ÊÊœ ¡ªÃ ∑ Á‹∞ •’ ÷Ë ∞∑ Áfl‡fl‚ŸËÿ
•ÊÒ⁄ ŒˇÊ ‚¥ŒÁ‡Ê¸∑ Ê ∑ M ¬ ◊¥ ∑ Ê◊ ∑ ⁄ ⁄„Ë „Ò–
Ã∑¸ (R) : ªÊ⁄» ËÀ« ∑ Ê Ÿ ∑ fl‹ ©h⁄áÊ Áfl‡‹·áÊ ∑ ˇÊòÊ ∑ Ê Áfl∑ Ê‚ ∑ ⁄Ÿ ∑ Ë ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ◊¥ ©Ÿ∑ mÊ⁄Ê Á∑ ∞
ª∞ ∑ Êÿ¸ ∑ Á‹∞ ’ÁÀ∑ ’ÊŒ ◊¥ ©Ÿ∑ mÊ⁄Ê •Ê߸.∞‚.•Ê߸. ∑ Ë SÕʬŸÊ ∑ ⁄Ÿ (1960) ◊¥ ©Ÿ∑
ÿÊªŒÊŸ ∑ Á‹∞ ÷Ë ‚ê◊ÊÁŸÃ Á∑ ÿÊ ªÿÊ Á¡‚Ÿ ’ÊŒ ◊¥ ∞‚.‚Ë.•Ê߸. ∑ Ê Áfl∑ Ê‚ •ÊÒ⁄ ‡ÊÈ÷Ê⁄ê÷
Á∑ ÿÊ (1964) Á¡‚∑ ¬Á⁄áÊÊ◊SflM ¬ ’ÊŒ ◊¥ “ÁflôÊÊŸ ∑ fl’” ‚Á„à •‚¥Åÿ ¬˝Õ◊ ∑ ÊÁ≈ ∑
©h⁄áÊ « ≈ Ê’‚ ∑ Ê Áfl∑ Ê‚ „È•Ê •ÊÒ⁄ ߟ ‚’Ÿ Á◊‹∑ ⁄ ©ã„¥ •Ê¡ Ã∑ ‡ÊÊœ ¡ªÃ ◊¥ ∞∑
ÁflÁ‡Êc≈ ¬„øÊŸ ŒË „Ò–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (A) ‚„Ë „Ò ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ª‹Ã „Ò– (2) (A) ª‹Ã „Ò ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ‚„Ë „Ò–
(3) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ª‹Ã „Ò¥–

90. •Á÷∑ ÕŸ (A) : Ã∑ ŸË∑ Ë ‹πŸ ◊¥ ‡ÊÒ‹Ë ÁŸÿ◊Êfl‹Ë •ÊÒ⁄ ©Œ˜œ⁄áÊ ◊ÊŸ∑ ‡ÊÊœ Á⁄¬Ê≈¸ ∑ Ë ‚¥⁄ øŸÊ ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ •ÊÒ⁄
∞∑ M ¬ÃÊ ’ŸÊ∞ ⁄πŸ ∑ Á‹∞ •Êfl‡ÿ∑ „Ò–
Ã∑¸ (R) : ‡ÊÊœ ∑ Ë ªÈáÊflûÊÊ ‡ÊÊœ Á⁄¬Ê≈¸ ∑ Ë ‚¥⁄ øŸÊ ∑ Ê ◊ÊŸ∑ Ë∑ ⁄áÊ ∑ ⁄∑ „Ë ¬˝Êåà ∑ Ë ¡Ê ‚∑ ÃË „Ò,
Áfl·ÿflSÃÈ ∑ mÊ⁄Ê Ÿ„Ë¥–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥
‚„Ë „Ò¥– (2) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥
ª‹Ã „Ò¥–
(3) (A) ‚„Ë „Ò Á∑¥ ÃÈ (R) ª‹Ã „Ò– (4) (R) ‚„Ë „Ò Á∑¥ ÃÈ (A) ª‹Ã „Ò–

91. •Á÷∑ ÕŸ (A) : ‚◊Ê¡ ÁflôÊÊŸ ‡ÊÊœ ◊¥ « À» Ë Ã∑ ŸË∑ ‚fl¸‚ê◊Áà ∑ Ê ÷Ê⁄Ê¥∑ Ÿ„Ë¥ ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑ ⁄ÃÊ „Ò–
Ã∑¸ (R) : •ŸÈ◊ÊŸ ÁŸ∑ Ê‹Ÿ ◊¥ Áfl‡Ê·ôÊÊ¥ ∑ ¬ÒŸ‹ mÊ⁄Ê •Á÷√ÿÄà ‚fl¸‚ê◊à ÁfløÊ⁄ ’„È◊ÍÀÿ „Ò¥–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (A) ‚„Ë „Ò ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ª‹Ã „Ò– (2) (A) ª‹Ã „Ò ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ‚„Ë „Ò–
(3) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (R) •ÊÒ⁄ (A) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ª‹Ã „Ò¥–

92. •Á÷∑ ÕŸ (A) : ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑ ‡ÊÊœ ◊¥ Á∑ ‚Ë ‡ÊÊœ ∑ Ë •SflË∑Î Áà ∑ Ê ©ìÊ •ŸÈ¬Êà ¬Í⁄ Ë Ã⁄„ ‚ •¬ÿʸåà ‚ÊˇÊÊà∑ Ê⁄
•ŸÈŒ‡ÊÊ¥ ÿÊ ∑ ◊¡Ê⁄ ‚ÊˇÊÊà∑ Ê⁄ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑ ∑ Ê⁄áÊ ÉÊÁ≈à „ÊÃÊ „Ò–
Ã∑¸ (R) : ¬˝‡ŸÊfl‹Ë ÿÊ ‚ÊˇÊÊà∑ Ê⁄ ∑ ÷ËÃ⁄ ’«∏Ë ‚¥ÅÿÊ ◊¥ ¬˝‡ŸÊ¥ ∑ ¬˝Êÿ— •ŸÈûÊÁ⁄à ⁄„Ÿ ‚ ‡ÊÊœÊÕ˸ ∑
Á‹∞ ‚„Ë ‚¥ÅÿÊ ’ÃÊ ¬ÊŸÊ ∑ Á∆Ÿ „ÊÃÊ „Ò •ÊÒ⁄ ©‚∑ Ê ¬˝‡ŸÊ¥ ∑ Ê ‚ÊflœÊŸË¬Íáʸ ¬ÈŸ— •äÿÿŸ ∑ ⁄ŸÊ
¬«∏ÃÊ „Ò ÄÿÊ¥Á∑ ∑ ◊¡Ê⁄ M ¬Ê¥Ã⁄áÊ ◊¥ ª‹ÃË „Ê ‚∑ ÃË „Ò–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (A) ‚„Ë „Ò, ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ª‹Ã „Ò– (2) (A) ª‹Ã „Ò, ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ‚„Ë „Ò–
(3) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ª‹Ã „Ò¥–

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93. Assertion (A) : In recent times, it is easier to copy, and paste the contents from a digital
documents for which people knowingly avoid to credit the sources.
Increased access to digital documents has provided a means for increase of
plagiarism.

Reason (R) : Software assisted detection tools like ithenticate, turnitin etc. now allow
vast collection of online documents to be compared to each other making
successful detection of plagiarism.

Code :

(1) Both (A) and (R) are false. (2) (A) is true, but (R) is false.

(3) (R) is true, but (A) is false. (4) Both (A) and (R) are true.

94. Assertion (A) : F.W. Lancaster’s cocksure prediction of a paperless society by the end of
20th century holds no good.

Reason (R) : Transition from print dominance to paperless ascendancy, change from
scroll to codex and introduction of movable type were not only the few
historical shifts, but were also hugely significant innovations. Inspite of
rapid technological changes, the future libraries will still accommodate a
very large print collection. However, the propelling vision of an information-
driven paperless society, though seems inevitable to avoid space, staff, and
cost crunch, may buy more time to become a reality.

Code :

(1) (A) is true, but (R) is false. (2) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

(3) Both (A) and (R) are true. (4) Both (A) and (R) are false.

95. Assertion (A) : The curriculum of LIS education in India is mostly unsteady as local LIS
requirements vary.

Reason (R) : Adoption of UGC model syllabus is not mandatory for the LIS schools in
India.

Code :

(1) (A) is true, but (R) is false. (2) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

(3) Both (A) and (R) are true. (4) Both (A) and (R) are false.

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93. •Á÷∑ ÕŸ (A) : „Ê‹ ∑ ‚◊ÿ ◊¥ Á«Á¡≈‹ ¬˝‹π ∑ Ë Áfl·ÿflSÃÈ ∑ Ë ¬˝ÁÃÁ‹Á¬ (∑ ÊÚ¬Ë) •ÊÒ⁄ Áø¬∑ ÊŸÊ (¬S≈)
•Áœ∑ ‚⁄‹ „Ò, Á¡‚∑ ’Ê⁄ ◊¥ ‹Êª dÊÃÊ¥ ∑ Ê üÊÿ ŒŸ ‚ ’øÃ „Ò¥– Á«Á¡≈‹ ¬˝‹πÊ¥ Ã∑ ’…∏ÃË
„È߸ ¬„È°ø Ÿ ‚ÊÁ„Áàÿ∑ øÊ⁄ Ë ∑ Ê ’…∏ÊflÊ ¬˝ŒÊŸ Á∑ ÿÊ „Ò–
Ã∑¸ (R) : ‚ÊÚç≈flÿ⁄-‚„Êÿ∑ πÊ¡ ©¬∑ ⁄áÊ, ¡Ò‚-•ÊßÕÁã≈∑ ≈, ≈ÁŸ¸Á≈Ÿ •ÊÁŒ •’ •ÊÚŸ‹Êߟ ¬˝‹πÊ¥
∑ Áfl‡ÊÊ‹ ‚¥ª˝„ ∑ Ë ∞∑ -ŒÍ‚⁄ ‚ ÃÈ‹ŸÊ ◊¥ ‚„ÊÿÃÊ ∑ ⁄Ã „Ò¥, Á¡‚‚ ‚ÊÁ„Áàÿ∑ øÊ⁄ Ë ∑ Ê ¬ÃÊ
‹ªÊŸ ◊¥ ‚» ‹ÃÊ Á◊‹ÃË „Ò–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ª‹Ã „Ò¥– (2) (A) ‚„Ë „Ò, ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ª‹Ã „Ò–
(3) (R) ‚„Ë „Ò, ‹Á∑ Ÿ (A) ª‹Ã „Ò– (4) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ‚„Ë „Ò¥–

94. •Á÷∑ ÕŸ (A) : ∞» .«éÀÿÍ. ‹¥∑ ÊS≈⁄ ∑ Ê ’Ë‚flË¥ ‡ÊÃÊÁéŒ ∑ •¥Ã Ã∑ $∑ ʪ¡ ⁄Á„à ‚◊Ê¡ ∑ Ê ‚ÈÁŸÁ‡øÃ
¬ÍflʸŸÈ◊ÊŸ ‚„Ë Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ò–
Ã∑¸ (R) : ◊ÈŒ˝áÊ ¬˝÷Èàfl ‚ $∑ ʪ¡ ⁄Á„à •Ê⁄Ê„áÊ ◊¥ ‚¥∑˝ ◊áÊ, S∑˝ ÊÚ‹ ‚ ∑ Ê« Ä‚ ◊¥ ¬Á⁄fløŸ •ÊÒ⁄ ‚ø‹
¬˝∑ Ê⁄ ∑ Ë ‡ÊÈL •Êà Ÿ ∑ fl‹ ∑È ¿ ∞ÁÄÊÁ‚∑ ’Œ‹Êfl Õ •Á¬ÃÈ •àÿÁœ∑ ◊„àfl¬Íáʸ ŸflÊã◊·
÷Ë Õ– ÃËfl˝ ¬˝ÊÒlÊÁª∑ Ëÿ ¬Á⁄fløŸÊ¥ ∑ ’Êfl¡ÍŒ ÷Ë ÷Áflcÿ ∑ ¬ÈSÃ∑ Ê‹ÿÊ¥ ◊¥ •÷Ë ÷Ë ’«∏Ë
‚¥ÅÿÊ ◊¥ ◊ÈÁŒ˝Ã ‚¥ª˝„ ⁄π ¡Ê∞¥ª; ÃÕÊÁ¬ ‚ÍøŸÊ-øÊÁ‹Ã $∑ ʪ¡ ⁄Á„à ‚◊Ê¡ ∑ Ë •Ê⁄ ’…∏ÊŸ flÊ‹Ë
ŒÎÁc≈ „Ê‹Ê¥Á∑ SÕÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄ S≈Ê» ∑ Ë ∑ ◊Ë •ÊÒ⁄ ‹ÊªÃ ‚ ’øŸ ∑ Á‹∞ •ÁŸflÊÿ¸ ¬˝ÃËà „ÊÃÊ „Ò,
flÊSÃÁfl∑ ÃÊ ◊¥ ¬Á⁄áÊà „ÊŸ ‚ •Áœ∑ ‚◊ÿ ‹ª ‚∑ ÃÊ „Ò–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (A) ‚„Ë „Ò ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ª‹Ã „Ò– (2) (A) ª‹Ã „Ò ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ‚„Ë „Ò–
(3) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ª‹Ã „Ò¥–

95. •Á÷∑ ÕŸ (A) : ÷Ê⁄à ◊¥ ∞‹.•Ê߸.∞‚. Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑ Ë ¬Ê∆˜ ÿøÿʸ •Áœ∑ Ê¥‡Ê× •ŒÎ…∏ „Ò ÄÿÊ¥Á∑ SÕÊŸËÿ ∞‹.•Ê߸.∞‚.
•Êfl‡ÿ∑ ÃÊ∞¥ Á÷ÛÊ „ÊÃË „Ò¥–
Ã∑¸ (R) : ÿÍ.¡Ë.‚Ë. •ÊŒ‡Ê¸ ¬Ê∆˜ÿ∑˝ ◊ ÷Ê⁄à ◊¥ ∞‹.•Ê߸.∞‚. ÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ∑ Á‹∞ •ÁŸflÊÿ¸ Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ò–
∑Í ≈ —
(1) (A) ‚„Ë „Ò, ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ª‹Ã „Ò– (2) (A) ª‹Ã „Ò, ‹Á∑ Ÿ (R) ‚„Ë „Ò–
(3) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ‚„Ë „Ò¥– (4) (A) •ÊÒ⁄ (R) ŒÊŸÊ¥ ª‹Ã „Ò¥–

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Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions based on your understanding
(Q. 96 - 100) :

In the agentic sociocognitive view, people are self-organizing, proactive, self-reflecting, and
self-regulating, not just reactive organisms shaped and shepherded by external events. People
have the power to influence their own actions to produce certain results. The capacity to exercise
control over one’s thought processes, motivation, affect, and action operates through mechanisms
of personal agency. Human agency has been conceptualized in at least three different ways - as
either autonomous agency, mechanically reactive agency or emergent interactive agency. The
notion that humans operate as entirely independent agents has few serious advocates, although it
is sometimes invoked in caricatures of cognitive theories of human behaviour.
The tools for the exercise of agency are derived, in large part, from experiences but what is
created by their generative use is not reducible to those experiences. Human action, being socially
situated, is the product of a dynamic interplay of personal and situational influences.
A second approach to the self system is to construe it as mechanically reactive agency. It is
an internal system through which external influences operate mechanistically on action, but
individuals exert no motivative, self-reflective, self-reactive, creative or directive influence on the
process. The self system is merely a repository for implanted structures and a conduit for external
influences. The more dynamic models operating holistically include multilevel neural networks.
However, a diverse mix of parallel distributed neural activity cannot remain fragmented. It requires
an integrative system. Given the proactive nature of human functioning, such a system must have
agentic capabilities as well as integrative reactive ones. Agentic functions get lodged in a hidden
network operating without any consciousness. Consciousness is the very substance of phenomenal
and functional mental life. It provides the information base for thinking about events, planning,
constructing courses of action and reflecting on the adequacy of one’s thinking and actions. There
is an important difference between being conscious of the experiences one is undergoing, and
consciously producing given experiences. For example, consciousness of one’s heart rate and
consciously and intentionally doing things known to elevate one’s heart rate illustrate the difference
between passive undergoing and agentic doing. The purposive accessing and deliberative processing
of information to fashion efficacious courses of action represent the functional consciousness.
Consciousness cannot be reduced to an epiphenomenon of the output of a mental process realized
mechanically at nonconscious lower levels. In the connectionist line of theorizing, sensory organs
deliver up information through their diverse pathways to the hidden network acting as the cognitive
agent that does the construing, planning, motivating and regulating. However, stripped of
consciousness and agentic capability of decision and action, people are mere automatons undergoing
actions devoid of any subjectivity, conscious regulation, phenomenological life, or personal identity.

96. In the agentic socio-cognitive view, “human action” is the product of :


(1) A dynamic interplay of personal and situational influences
(2) Personal determinants and mechanisms of human functioning
(3) Social bespoke and practices
(4) Schematic processing of experiences and memory representation

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ŸËø ÁŒ∞ ª∞ ªlÊ¥‡Ê ∑ Ê ¬Á…∏∞ •ÊÒ⁄ ªlÊ¥‡Ê ∑ ’Ê⁄ ◊¥ •¬ŸË ‚◊¤Ê ∑ •ÊœÊ⁄ ¬⁄ ¬˝‡ŸÊ¥ ∑ ©ûÊ⁄ ŒËÁ¡∞
(¬˝‡Ÿ ‚¥. 96 - 100) —
∑ Ê⁄áÊÊà◊∑ ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑ -‚¥ôÊÊŸÊà◊∑ ŒÎÁc≈∑ ÊáÊ ◊¥, ‹Êª ’Ês ÉÊ≈ŸÊ•Ê¥ ‚ ª…∏ ª∞ •ÊÒ⁄ •Á÷¬˝Á⁄à ¬˝ÁÃÁ∑˝ ÿÊà◊∑
¡ËflœÊ⁄Ë ◊ÊòÊ Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ò¥ ’ÁÀ∑ fl Sfl-‚¥ªÁ∆Ã, •ª˝‚Á∑˝ ÿ, •Êà◊-Áø¥ÃŸ∑ Ê⁄Ë •ÊÒ⁄ Sfl-ÁflÁŸÿ◊Ÿ∑ Ê⁄Ë ¡ËflœÊ⁄Ë „ÊÃ „Ò¥– ‹ÊªÊ¥
∑ ¬Ê‚ ∑ Áìÿ ¬Á⁄áÊÊ◊ ©à¬ÛÊ ∑ ⁄Ÿ ∑ Á‹∞ •¬Ÿ Sflÿ¥ ∑ ∑ ÊÿÊZ ∑ Ê ¬˝÷ÊÁflà ∑ ⁄Ÿ ∑ Ë ‡ÊÁÄà „ÊÃË „Ò– •¬ŸË ÁfløÊ⁄
¬˝Á∑˝ ÿÊ•Ê¥, ¬˝⁄ áÊÊ, ÷Êfl •ÊÒ⁄ Á∑˝ ÿÊ ¬⁄ ÁŸÿ¥òÊáÊ ∑ ⁄Ÿ ∑ Ë ˇÊ◊ÃÊ √ÿÁÄêà ∑ Ãθàfl ∑ Ã¥òÊ ∑ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ‚¥øÊÁ‹Ã „ÊÃË „Ò–
◊ÊŸfl ∑ Ãθàfl ∑ Ë ‚¥∑ À¬ŸÊ ∑ ◊ ‚ ∑ ◊ ÃËŸ ÁflÁ÷ÛÊ Ã⁄Ë∑ Ê¥ ◊¥ ∑ Ë ªß¸ „Ò - ÿÊ ÃÊ SflÊÿûÊ ∑ Ãθàfl, ÿÊ ÿÊ¥ÁòÊ∑ ¬˝ÁÃÁ∑˝ ÿÊà◊∑
∑ Ãθàfl ÿÊ •Ê∑ ÁS◊∑ ‚¥flÊŒÊà◊∑ ∑ Ãθàfl– ÕÊ«∏ ‚ ‹Êª „Ë ß‚ œÊ⁄áÊÊ ∑ ª¥÷Ë⁄ ‚◊Õ¸∑ „Ò¥ Á∑ ◊ÊŸfl ¬Íáʸ× SflÃ¥òÊ ∑ Ãθàfl ∑
M ¬ ◊¥ ‚¥øÊÁ‹Ã „ÊÃ „Ò¥ ÿlÁ¬ ß‚ ∑ ÷Ë-∑ ÷Ë ◊ÊŸfl √ÿfl„Ê⁄ ∑ ‚¥ôÊÊŸÊà◊∑ Á‚hÊãÃÊ¥ ∑ Ê ©¬„Ê‚ ∑ ⁄Ÿ ∑ Á‹∞ ¬˝ÿÊª Á∑ ÿÊ
¡ÊÃÊ „Ò–
ß‚ ∑ Ãθàfl ∑ Ê ¬˝ÿÊª ∑ ⁄Ÿ ∑ Á‹∞ ‚ÊœŸ •Áœ∑ Ê¥‡Ê× •ŸÈ÷flÊ¥ ‚ √ÿÈà¬ÛÊ „ÊÃ „Ò¥ ¬⁄ãÃÈ ©Ÿ∑ ©à¬ÊŒ∑ ©¬ÿÊª ‚
Á¡‚ øË¡ ∑ Ê ‚ΡŸ „ÊÃÊ „Ò ©‚ ∑ ◊ ∑ ⁄∑ ©Ÿ •ŸÈ÷flÊ¥ ∑ SÃ⁄ Ã∑ Ÿ„Ë¥ ‹ÊÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑ ÃÊ– ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑ •flÁSÕÁà ∑ ’Ëø
„ÊŸ ∑ ∑ Ê⁄áÊ ◊ÊŸfl Á∑˝ ÿÊ √ÿÁÄêà •ÊÒ⁄ ¬Á⁄ÁSÕÁêà ¬˝÷ÊflÊ¥ ∑ Ë ªÁÇÊË‹ •ãÿÊãÿÁ∑˝ ÿÊ ∑ Ê ¬Á⁄áÊÊ◊ „ÊÃË „Ò–
Sfl √ÿflSÕÊ ∑ ∞∑ ŒÍ‚⁄ ŒÎÁc≈∑ ÊáÊ ◊¥ ß‚ ÿÊ¥ÁòÊ∑ ¬˝ÁÃÁ∑˝ ÿÊà◊∑ ∑ øÎàfl ◊ÊŸ Á‹ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò– ÿ„ ∞∑ ∞‚Ë •ÊãÃÁ⁄∑
√ÿflSÕÊ „Ò Á¡‚∑ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ’Ês ¬˝÷Êfl Á∑˝ ÿÊ ¬⁄ ÿÊ¥ÁòÊ∑ M ¬ ‚ ∑ Ê◊ ∑ ⁄Ã „Ò¥ ¬⁄ãÃÈ √ÿÁÄà ¬˝Á∑˝ ÿÊ ¬⁄ ∑ Ê߸ ¬˝⁄ áÊÊà◊∑ ,
•Êà◊-Áø¥ÃŸ¬⁄∑ , ‚ΡŸÊà◊∑ ÿÊ ÁŸŒ‡ÊÊà◊∑ ¬˝÷Êfl Ÿ„Ë¥ «Ê‹Ã „Ò¥– Sfl √ÿflSÕÊ ¬˝àÿÊ⁄ÊÁ¬Ã ‚¥⁄ øŸÊ•Ê¥ ∑ Á‹∞ ∞∑ ‚¥ª˝„
•ÊÒ⁄ ’Ês ¬˝÷ÊflÊ¥ ∑ Á‹∞ ∞∑ flÊ„∑ ◊ÊòÊ „ÊÃË „Ò– ‚◊ª˝ÃÊ ◊¥ ‚¥øÊÁ‹Ã „ÊŸ flÊ‹ ªÁÇÊË‹ ◊ÊÚ« ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ ’„ÈSÃ⁄Ëÿ Ã¥ÁòÊ∑ Ê
Ÿ≈ fl∑¸ ‚Áê◊Á‹Ã „ÊÃ „Ò¥– ÃÕÊÁ¬ ‚◊ÊŸÊãÃ⁄ M ¬ ‚ ÁflÃÁ⁄à åÁòÊ∑ Ê ªÁÃÁflÁœ ∑ Ê ÁflÁflœÃʬÍáʸ Á◊üÊáÊ ≈È ∑ «∏Ê¥ ◊¥ ’¥≈ Ê „È•Ê Ÿ„Ë¥
⁄„ ‚∑ ÃÊ– ß‚ ∞∑ •ŸÈ∑ ‹ŸÊà◊∑ √ÿflSÕÊ ∑ Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑ ÃÊ „ÊÃË „Ò– ◊ÊŸfl ∑ Êÿ¸∑ ⁄áÊ ∑ Ë •ª˝‚Á∑˝ ÿ ¬˝∑Î Áà ∑ Ê ŒπÃ „È∞
∞‚Ë √ÿflSÕÊ ◊¥ ∑ Ãθàfl∑ Ê⁄Ë ˇÊ◊ÃÊ•Ê¥ ∑ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ •ŸÈ∑ ‹ŸÊà◊∑ ¬˝ÁÃÁ∑˝ ÿÊà◊∑ ˇÊ◊ÃÊ∞° ÷Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑ M ¬ ‚ „ÊŸË
øÊÁ„∞– ∑ øÎàfl∑ Ê⁄Ë ¬˝∑ Êÿ¸ •øß M ¬ ‚ ‚¥øÊÁ‹Ã „Ê ⁄„ ªÈåà Ÿ≈ fl∑¸ ◊¥ ø‹ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥– øÃŸÊ ¬˝ÃËÿ◊ÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄ ∑ Êÿʸà◊∑
◊ÊŸÁ‚∑ ¡ËflŸ ∑ Ê ◊Í‹ Ãàfl „Ò– ÿ„ ÉÊ≈ŸÊ•Ê¥, ÿÊ¡ŸÊ ∑ ’Ê⁄ ◊¥ ‚ÊøŸ, ∑ Ê⁄¸ flÊ߸ ∑ Ë ÁŒ‡ÊÊ Ãÿ ∑ ⁄Ÿ •ÊÒ⁄ √ÿÁÄÃÿÊ¥ ∑ Ë ‚Êø
•ÊÒ⁄ ∑ ÊÿÊZ ∑ Ë ¬ÿʸåÃÃÊ ∑ ’Ê⁄ ◊¥ Áø¥ÃŸ ∑ ⁄Ÿ ∑ Á‹∞ ‚ÍøŸÊ •ÊœÊ⁄ ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑ ⁄ÃÊ „Ò– √ÿÁÄà Á¡Ÿ •ŸÈ÷flÊ¥ ‚ ªÈ¡⁄ ⁄„Ê „Ò
©Ÿ∑ ’Ê⁄ ◊¥ ‚øà ⁄„Ÿ •ÊÒ⁄ ©Ÿ •ŸÈ÷flÊ¥ ∑ Ê ‚¡ªÃʬÍfl¸∑ ¬˝SÃÈà ∑ ⁄Ÿ ∑ ’Ëø ◊„àfl¬Íáʸ •¥Ã⁄ „Ò– ©ŒÊ„⁄áÊ ∑ Á‹∞, Á∑ ‚Ë
∑ ÁŒ‹ ∑ Ë œ«∏∑ ŸÊ¥ ∑ Ë Œ⁄ ∑ Ê ôÊÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄ ‚øìÍfl¸∑ •ÊÒ⁄ ¡ÊŸ’ͤÊ∑ ⁄ ∞‚Ë øË¡¥ ∑ ⁄ŸÊ Á¡Ÿ‚ Á∑ ‚Ë ∑ ÁŒ‹ ∑ Ë œ«∏∑ Ÿ¥ ’…∏
¡ÊÃË „Ò¥, ÿ ŒÊŸÊ¥ ’ÊÃ¥ ÁŸÁc∑˝ ÿ ÷Êª •ÊÒ⁄ ∑ øÎàfl∑ Ê⁄Ë ∑ Êÿ¸ ∑ ’Ëø •ãÃ⁄ ∑ Ê Œ‡ÊʸÃË „Ò¥– ¬˝÷ÊflË M ¬ ‚ ÷ÊflË ∑ Ê⁄¸ flÊ߸ ∑ Ë ÁŒ‡ÊÊ
Ãÿ ∑ ⁄Ÿ ∑ Á‹∞ ‚ÍøŸÊ ∑ Ë ‚Êg‡ÿ ‚È‹÷ÃÊ •ÊÒ⁄ ÁfløÊ⁄Êà◊∑ ¬˝∑˝ ◊áÊ ∑ Êÿʸ à◊∑ øÃŸÊ ∑ Ê ÁŸM Á¬Ã ∑ ⁄Ã „Ò¥– øÃŸÊ ∑ Ê
•øß ÁŸêŸ SÃ⁄Ê¥ ¬⁄ ÿÊ¥ÁòÊ∑ M ¬ ‚ ‚ÊÁœÃ ◊ÊŸÁ‚∑ ¬˝Á∑˝ ÿÊ ∑ ¬Á⁄áÊÊ◊ ∑ ©¬Êà¬ÊŒ ∑ M ¬ ◊¥ ŸËø Ÿ„Ë¥ Áª⁄ÊÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑ ÃÊ–
Á‚hÊãÃË∑ ⁄áÊ ∑ ‚¥ÿÊ¡ŸflÊŒË ŒÎÁc≈∑ ÊáÊ ◊¥, „◊Ê⁄Ë ßãŒ˝ËÿÊ° •Õʸãflÿ ∑ ⁄Ÿ, ÿÊ¡ŸÊ ’ŸÊŸ, ¬˝⁄ áÊÊ ŒŸ •ÊÒ⁄ ÁflÁŸÿ◊Ÿ ∑ ⁄Ÿ ∑ Ê
∑ Ê◊ ∑ ⁄Ÿ flÊ‹ ‚¥ôÊÊŸÊà◊∑ ∑ øÎàfl ∑ M ¬ ◊¥ ∑ Êÿ¸ ∑ ⁄ ⁄„ ªÈåà Ÿ≈ fl∑¸ Ã∑ ¬„°ÈøŸ ∑ ©Ÿ∑ ÁflÁ÷ÛÊ ⁄ÊSÃÊ¥ ∑ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚
‚ÍøŸÊ ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑ ⁄ÃË „Ò¥– ÃÕÊÁ¬, øÃŸÊ ‚ Áfl„ËŸ •ÊÒ⁄ ÁŸáʸÿ ∞fl¥ Á∑˝ ÿÊ ∑ Ë ∑ øÎàfl∑ Ê⁄Ë ˇÊ◊ÃÊ ‚ Áfl„ËŸ ‹Êª Á∑ ‚Ë
√ÿÁÄì⁄∑ ÃÊ, ‚øà ÁflÁŸÿ◊Ÿ, •‚ÊœÊ⁄áÊ ¡ËflŸ ÿÊ √ÿÁÄêà ¬„øÊŸ ‚ ⁄Á„à ∑ Ê◊ ∑ ⁄Ÿ ◊¥ ‹ª „È∞ SfløÊÁ‹Ã ÿ¥òÊ ◊ÊòÊ
„ÊÃ „Ò¥–
96. ∑ Ãθàfl∑ Ê⁄Ë ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑ ‚¥ôÊÊŸÊà◊∑ ŒÎÁc≈∑ ÊáÊ ◊¥ ““◊ÊŸfl Á∑˝ ÿÊ”” Á∑ ‚∑ Ê ©à¬ÊŒ „Ò?
(1) √ÿÁÄêà •ÊÒ⁄ ¬Á⁄ÁSÕÁêà ¬˝÷ÊflÊ¥ ∑ Ë ªÁÇÊË‹ •ãÿÊãÿÁ∑˝ ÿÊ ∑ Ê
(2) √ÿÁÄêà ÁŸœÊ¸⁄ ∑ Ê¥ •ÊÒ⁄ ◊ÊŸfl ∑ Êÿ¸∑ ⁄áÊ ∑ Ã¥òÊÊ¥ ∑ Ê
(3) ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑ ¬Ífl¸ ‡ÊÃÊZ •ÊÒ⁄ ¬Á⁄¬ÊÁ≈ÿÊ¥ ∑ Ê
(4) •ŸÈ÷flÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄ S◊ÎÁà ÁŸM ¬áÊ ∑ ÿÊ¡ŸÊ’h ¬˝∑˝ ◊áÊ ∑ Ê

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97. Why the second approach to the ‘self system’ is construed by the author as “mechanically
reactive agency” ?
(1) An external system through which internal influences operate mechanically.
(2) An internal system through which external influences operate mechanically on action
having no directive influence exerted by the individuals on process.
(3) An external system through which external influences operate mechanically on action.
(4) An external system through which external influences operate in which individuals
exert direct influence on the process.

98. According to the agentic view of “Personality”, what does the ‘self system’ meant to the
author ?
(1) A Repository for implanted structures and a conduit for internal influences.
(2) A Repository for implanted structures and a conduit for external influences.
(3) An archive for preserving unusual human instincts.
(4) A Pen-stock to restrict the flow of unusual and instant human behaviour.

99. What does ‘consciousness’ conceptually meant to the author ?


(1) A demonstration of physical condition based on situation
(2) The very substance of phenomenal and functional mental life
(3) The rigid state of mental condition.
(4) A Spiritual state of mind

100. How does the author differentiate between “passive undergoing” and “agentic doing” ?
(1) Conscious of the experiences one is undergoing and consciously producing given
experiences.
(2) Conscious of the experiences one is undergoing, but fail to use the given experiences.
(3) Conscious of the past experience and their wrongful use irrelevant to need.
(4) Unconscious of the experience and their non-intentional use.

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97. ‹π∑ Ÿ “Sfl √ÿflSÕÊ” ∑ ŒÍ‚⁄ ŒÎÁc≈∑ ÊáÊ ∑ Ê ““ÿÊ¥ÁòÊ∑ M ¬ ‚ ¬˝ÁÃÁ∑˝ ÿÊà◊∑ ∑ Ãθàfl”” ÄÿÊ¥ ◊ÊŸÊ „Ò?
(1) ∞∑ ∞‚Ë ’Ês √ÿflSÕÊ Á¡‚∑ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ •ÊãÃÁ⁄∑ ¬˝÷Êfl ÿÊ¥ÁòÊ∑ M ¬ ‚ ‚¥øÊÁ‹Ã „ÊÃ „Ò¥–
(2) ∞∑ ∞‚Ë ’Ês √ÿflSÕÊ Á¡‚∑ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ •Ê¥ÃÁ⁄∑ ¬˝÷Êfl ¬˝Á∑˝ ÿÊ ¬⁄ √ÿÁÄÃÿÊ¥ mÊ⁄Ê «Ê‹Ê ªÿÊ ∑ Ê߸
ÁŸŒ‡ÊÊà◊∑ ¬˝÷Êfl Ÿ ⁄πŸ flÊ‹Ë Á∑˝ ÿÊ ¬⁄ ÿÊ¥ÁòÊ∑ M ¬ ‚ ‚¥øÊÁ‹Ã „ÊÃ „Ò¥–
(3) ∞∑ ∞‚Ë ’Ês √ÿflSÕÊ Á¡‚∑ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ’Ês ¬˝÷Êfl Á∑˝ ÿÊ ¬⁄ ÿÊ¥ÁòÊ∑ M ¬ ‚ ‚¥øÊÁ‹Ã „ÊÃ „Ò¥–
(4) ∞∑ ∞‚Ë ’Ês √ÿflSÕÊ Á¡‚∑ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ’Ês ¬˝÷Êfl ©‚ Ã⁄Ë∑ ‚ ‚¥øÊÁ‹Ã „ÊÃ „Ò¥ Á¡‚◊¥ √ÿÁÄà ¬˝Á∑˝ ÿÊ ¬⁄
¬˝àÿˇÊ ¬˝÷Êfl «Ê‹Ã „Ò¥–

98. ““√ÿÁÄÃàfl”” ∑ ∑ Ãθàfl∑ Ê⁄Ë ŒÎÁc≈∑ ÊáÊ ∑ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄, ‹π∑ ∑ Á‹∞ “Sfl √ÿflSÕÊ” ∑ Ê ÄÿÊ •Ê‡Êÿ „Ò?
(1) ¬˝àÿÊ⁄ÊÁ¬Ã ‚¥⁄ øŸÊ•Ê¥ ∑ Á‹∞ ∞∑ ‚¥ª˝„ •ÊÒ⁄ •ÊãÃÁ⁄∑ ¬˝÷ÊflÊ¥ ∑ Á‹∞ ∞∑ flÊ„∑ –
(2) ¬˝àÿÊ⁄ÊÁ¬Ã ‚¥⁄ øŸÊ•Ê¥ ∑ Á‹∞ ∞∑ ‚¥ª˝„ •ÊÒ⁄ ’Ês ¬˝÷ÊflÊ¥ ∑ Á‹∞ ∞∑ flÊ„∑ –
(3) •‚Ê◊Êãÿ ◊ÊŸfl flÎÁûÊÿÊ¥ ∑ ¬Á⁄⁄ˇÊáÊ ∑ Ê •Á÷‹πʪÊ⁄–
(4) •‚Ê◊Êãÿ •ÊÒ⁄ ÃÊà∑ ÊÁ‹∑ ◊ÊŸfl √ÿfl„Ê⁄ ∑ ¬˝flÊ„ ∑ Ê ⁄Ê∑ Ÿ ∑ Á‹∞ ∞∑ ÁŸ∑ Ê‚◊ʪ¸–

99. ‹π∑ ∑ Á‹∞ ““øßʔ” ∑ Ê •flœÊ⁄áÊÊà◊∑ •Ê‡Êÿ ÄÿÊ „Ò?


(1) ÁSÕÁà ¬⁄ •ÊœÊÁ⁄à ÷ÊÒÁÃ∑ Œ‡ÊÊ ∑ Ê ¬˝Œ‡Ê¸Ÿ
(2) ¬˝ÃËÿ◊ÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄ ∑ Êÿʸà◊∑ ◊ÊŸÁ‚∑ ¡ËflŸ ∑ Ê ◊Í‹ Ãàfl
(3) ◊ÊŸÁ‚∑ Œ‡ÊÊ ∑ Ë ∑ ∆Ê⁄ ÁSÕÁÃ
(4) •ÊäÿÊÁà◊∑ ◊Ÿ—ÁSÕÁÃ

100. ‹π∑ ““ÁŸÁc∑˝ ÿ ÷Êª”” •ÊÒ⁄ ““∑ Ãθàfl∑ Ê⁄Ë ∑ Êÿ¸”” ∑ ’Ëø Á∑ ‚ ¬˝∑ Ê⁄ •¥Ã⁄ ∑ ⁄ÃÊ „Ò?
(1) √ÿÁÄà Á¡Ÿ •ŸÈ÷flÊ¥ ‚ ªÈ¡⁄ ⁄„Ê „Ò ©Ÿ∑ ’Ê⁄ ◊¥ ‚øà ⁄„ŸÊ •ÊÒ⁄ ©Ÿ •ŸÈ÷flÊ¥ ∑ Ê ‚¡ªÃʬÍfl¸∑ ¬˝SÃÈà ∑ ⁄ŸÊ–
(2) √ÿÁÄà Á¡Ÿ •ŸÈ÷flÊ¥ ‚ ªÈ¡⁄ ⁄„Ê „Ò ©Ÿ∑ ’Ê⁄ ◊¥ ‚øà ⁄„ŸÊ ¬⁄ãÃÈ ©Ÿ •ŸÈ÷flÊ¥ ∑ Ê ©¬ÿÊª Ÿ ∑ ⁄ ¬ÊŸÊ–
(3) ÁflªÃ •ŸÈ÷fl ∑ ’Ê⁄ ◊¥ ‚øà ⁄„ŸÊ •ÊÒ⁄ ©Ÿ∑ Ê ª‹Ã ©¬ÿÊª ∑ ⁄ŸÊ ¡Ê ¡M ⁄à ‚ ◊‹ Ÿ πÊÃÊ „Ê–
(4) •ŸÈ÷flÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄ ©Ÿ∑ ªÒ⁄ -•Ê‡ÊÁÿà ©¬ÿÊª ∑ ¬˝Áà •Ÿ¡ÊŸ ⁄„ŸÊ–

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