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THE SHIFTING SHIFTING

FARMERS CULTIVATION CULTIVATION


OVERVIEW OVERVIEW
ONLY PROJECT
Shifting
What is shifting cultivation?
Where is shifting cultivation
Shifting Cultivation, also called slash- practiced?
and-burn agriculture, is a process where
Shifting Cultivation is practiced in

Cultivation
farmers clear land for planting by
slashing vegetation and burning the humid-low lattitude regions with high
debris. temperatures and abundant rainfall.

Examples include:
Farmers grow crops on a cleared field
A BROCHURE BY ETHAN for only a few years until soil nutrients Amazon area of South America
CROSBY & MYAH CROWELL are depleted and then leave it fallow Central and West Africa
(nothing planted) for many years so the Southeast Asia
soil can recover). Shifting Cultivation is a
form of subsistence agriculture  where
farmers grow only enough food for What crops does shifting
themselves and their families. cultivation produce?
Southeast Asia
What is a farmer's process for Rice
shifting cultivation? South America
Maize and manioc
Cut down non-useful trees and
Africa
shrubs
Millet and sorghum
Burn felled trees to release nutrients
into soil *There is no specific soil type needed
Clear space and till soil for agriculture for shifting cultivation as farmers burn
vegetation to create fertilizer.

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SHIFTING CURRENT SAMPLE
CULTIVATION EVENTS PROFILE
OVERVIEW
The continent of Africa is attempting to AGE: 19
transform out of subsistence
What are the advantages of
agriculture which currently accounts
shifting cultivation? for  65% of the continent’s agriculture
eliminates weeds, insects and other germs production. They are looking to switch
effecting the soil to a more high tech farming operation.
allows for farming in areas with dense They believe that in doing this they will
vegetation, low soil nutrients content, NAME: ADHIRA
create more high paying jobs which
uncontrollable pests.
will hopefully grow Africa’s middle BHAMRA
class.
What are the disadvantages of
ABOUT ME
shifting cultivation? Furthermore, it is believed that
Land is only productive for 2-5 years accomplishing this goal will not be I am a member of the Dongria Kondh people
Then needs to sit fallow for 15-20 years easy, or inexpensive. Analysts believe located in the Niyamgiri hills in the state of
[inefficiency] that it will take 45 billion dollars per Odisha, India. We practice extensive
20% of land used for 5% of pop. year to create jobs. If this goal is subsistence agriculture (we grow only
Deforestation + loss of native flora and completed Africa could become a new enough to feed ourselves).
fauna
exporter of agricultural commodities.
PHOTOS
FUN FACTS

1. Less than 5% of the world’s people


practices shifting cultivation.

2. Another name for shifting cultivation is MY FARM


swidden agriculture.

3. When chopping down the undergrowth


most farmers use axes or machetes or other
long knives.

4. The land for shifting cultivation is owned


https://www.world-grain.com/articles/11660-from-the-
by the village and not an individual. editor-can-grain-be-the-new-oil-in-africa
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