Sie sind auf Seite 1von 61

Presentation 5G

for High School

Mars 2019
Marie-Paule Odini, HPE
Table of Content

– 5G Use Cases
– 5G Introduction
– Key 5G Technologies
– 5G Deployment
– 5G Projects
Evolution Mobile Communications

RadioCom 2000

3
Evolution Communications Mobile
5G Use Cases

5
360 Video – 3D – HD – Virtual Reality

6
FWA – Fixed Wireless Access
Point to Multipoint

Meshed

7
Remote Surgery

8
Industrial Robots, Co-Bots (Collaborative
Robots)

9
Humanoid, Service, Therapeutic Robots

10
Autonomous Vehicle

11
Very High Speed Train

12
Drones and Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)

13
Smart City

14
Smart Grid

15
Hologram

Star Wars

Estar Takee (3D)

Holus Leiainc & RED


Satellite

17
5G Use Cases

eMBB

mMTC

uRLLC

Source: 5G Americas
5G Introduction

19
4G Today

20
Multiple Silo networks

2G

3G

TAS (VoLTE)

4G

Fixed PSTN

Broadband
Broadband DSLAM

ACCESS CORE SERVICE


5G: new Antennas, new network Architecture
(silos)
broadband

mobile

wifi

IoT

One

Network

22
What 5G will bring … a more Efficient Network

Key
Performance
Indicator

Source: 5GPPP

23
5G Mobile Network Data Traffic by 2020

Autonomous
Average Internet Connected Smart Cloud Video
Vehicle
Use Planes Factory Providers
4 GB/day
1.5 GB/day 5 GB/day 1 PB/day 750 PB/day
Up to TB

Source: Network of Tomorrow, 5G and Edge – Open Networking Summit Europe 2018

24
3G, 4G, 5G Comparison … much faster !

25
Covering Market and Use Cases

Massive IoT - mMTC eMBB - Enhanced Mobile Ultra Reliable Low Latency
Broadband uRLLC

Smart City – Sensors – eHealth Augmented Reality – AR Remote Surgery w. haptic fbk
Smart Agriculture - Environment Virtual Reality – VR Remote Driving – Self Driving 26
Smart Home - Smart Building Gaming – HD Video Remote robotic, motion control
Smart Industry – Oil - Mining Holograms – Train - Plane Online Gaming, real time

3GPP TR 22.891 identifies 74 service scenarios that should be enabled by 5G


Spectrum background – Focus on Radio Wave
5G Spectrum … New Spectrum

Meeting ITU Dec 2019


Antennas … directional, more efficient

Ex: 5G antennas in Paris


(experimentation)

29
Antenna evolution

30
5G timeline
Release 16 ongoing

Release 15 published

Pre-Study & Tests Standard & Trials Commercialization


2017 2018 Jun 2019 Dec

5G Phase 1 5G Phase 2

3GPP Release 14 3GPP Release 16


3GPP

3GPP Release 15

Additional
Non-Standalone - NSA Standalone - SA Features
Industry

Fixed 5G
Trials Wireless Smart-
Access phones

Confidential 31
From Silos to a Common Core for All

4G
Operator
Mobile
Core
Fixed Consumer

Fixed 5G Core
Network
Manufacturing
WiFI

Healthcare
Private
Network 5G
Automotive

IoT
Network

Heterogeneous Heterogeneous One Verticals


devices Access Core

32
5G network Architecture
Heterogeneous Access Common Core

Control
Plane via
HTTP/2

User Plane = Data

ex VoLTE Internet
access
Step #1 – Attach to the Antenna & the Network or
Ask for authorization to use the Network
= “Control Plane”
Step #2 – Communicate (Voice, Data, Video) => ex: VoLTE, Internet
= “User Plane” 33
3GPP 5G Service Based Architecture (SBA)
3GPP Mapping to LTE
AMF Access and MME
Mobility ‘Service Based Architecture’
Management
SMF Session MME/PGW control
Management plane
Function
AUSF Authentication MME/AAA
Server Function
Control plane
NRF NF Repository NEW
Function
PFCP
PCF Policy Control PCRF
Function
UDM Unified Data HSS and UDR GTP-U
Management User plane
AF Application gsmSCF/AS
Function Source: TS 23.501

NEF Network Exposure SCEF


Function
UPF User Plane SGW – PGW User Many components in the Telecom Network
Function plane = Servers + Software
= Virtualized / Telco Cloud

34
5G Slicing
NGMN 5G Network Slicing

Source: NGMN White paper


FWA slice + eMBB mobile slice
UDSF … NEF
UE / CPE
UDR AUSF PCF
CU-CP
NAS UDM NSSF NRF
RRC FWA PDCP-C RRC
SDA
P Control plane PDCP-C AMF
PDCP NAS
RLC User plane
MAC DU AMF1 SMF1
PHY
RLC RLC

Scheduler 5GCore
5G NR
RU RU MAC MAC
RG PHY AMF2 SMF2
W PHY PHY PHY
High High

Home FWA CPE: Macro CU-UP eMBB


devices 1 box 5GNR+RGW Cell UPF1
Or PDCP-U Control plane
2 boxes SDAP
PDCP-U UPF2 User Plane
gNB

37
V2X Slice example
1 car, 1 SIM Card, but 3 slices:
• One for car sensors = IoT
• One for entertainment in the back seat = eMBB
• One for autonomous driving, highly reliable, low latency to prevent collison = uRRLC
AUSF UDM NSSF NRF PCF

V2X AMF1 SMF3


UPF3 App URLLC Slice
UPF2 Caching AMF1 SMF2 eMBB Slice
AMF1 SMF1
UPF1 DN mIoT Slice

NFVI NFVI
Edge Core
Maintenance/statistics
mIoT, low throughput
Infotainment/video streaming
eMBB (Mobile Broadband) 3GPP Glossary: ETSI NFV Glossary:
AMF: Access and Mobility Function NFV: Network Function Virtualization
UDM: Unified Data Management MANO: Management and Orchestration
NSSF: Network Slice Selection Function NFVO: NFV Orchestrator
Safety/autonomous driving service NRF: Network Function Repository Function VNFM: Virtual Network Function Manager
URLLC (Ultra Reliable Low Latency) SMF: Session Management Function VIM: Virtual Infrastructure Manager
UPF: User Plane Function NFVI: NFV Infrastructure
PCF: Policy Control Function
V2X and slicing Flow
3 slices:
NSSF Ultra Reliable Low Latency (URLLC) Slice
UDM
Mobile Broadband (eMBB) Slice
AUSF mMTC Slice
4
NRF
3
2
1 6
AMF
CP
SMF SMF SMF
7 5 1 2 3

UE AMF
8 RAN 1

UPF
DN
UP UPF 1
Caching
2

UPF V2X
3 App
Deployment model

40
Options … what can I do ?

4G Phone

4G
Network
4G Radio
(4G radio antenna
& a SIM Card)

5G Phone 5G
5G Radio Network

(5G radio antenna


& a SIM Card)

41
Options #1 and #2

4G Phone
(1)
4G
Network
4G Radio

5G Phone 5G Radio
(2) 5G
Network

42
target
4G 5G
Network Network

5G Radio
4G Radio

4G Phone 4G-5G Phone 5G Phone

43
On the move
12 Deployment Options: Non Standalone (NSA) and
Standalone (SA)

Source: Deutsche Telecom 3GPP June’17 meeting

44
3GPP Rel 15 Focus Scenario: Non Standalone &
Standalone

Until December 2017 After December 2017 until June 2018


3a) Non-Standalone/”LTE Assisted” ; EPC 2) Standalone NR; NGC
Connected

EPC NGC NGC

“1A”

LTE NR NR

Release 16 – All scenarios !!!!!!!!!


45
5G Projects
Europe

Many Projects:
Consortium Operator+Industry+Academic
Phase #1 (completed)
Phase #2 (ongoing)
Phase #3 (started recently)
+ international projects: Korea, Japan, Brazil,
China

+ Manifesto: All European country should


deploy 5G in at least 1 city by 2020

47
European countries 5G initiatives

Russia:
Italy: France:
MTS to demo 5G during FIFA World
Telecom Italia plans 100% 5G ARCEP attributed 700MHz band in Cup 2018
coverage of San Marino by 2016 and new licence in 3.5GHz
2018/2019, ‘Republic’ of 30,000 (lower band for radio, higher band for UK:
inhabitants in the center of Italy. pure 5G) and 26GHz for 5G trials
But Also Milano, Torino with VF. 25 projects 5GUK Project - Government
Open IoT Lab in Torino. allocated £740m for research and
Finland: infrastructure and claims that 5G
Spain: could add £173bn to Britain’s GDP in
FINOCA (regulator) will put the 2020s. In the meantime Ofcom is
5GTonic Lab: Telefonica + U.Madrid frequencies between 3.4 and 3.5GHz going to high court for delaying new
+ Interop test 5G in Germany in use for 5G in 2019. NOW it has spectrum allocation
granted 13 licences for trials + a 5G BT focus: Slicing, SDM/SDE
Sweeden: test network is available in OULU for
research and business trials. Germany
Ericsson & TeliaSonera to be one
5G Lab Germany: consortium
of the first operators to offer 5G, in
Trial 01/2017: DT-Huawei, 2Gbps,
2018, initially in Stockholm and
3ms latency over 3.7GHz
Tallinn
DT focus: slicing and zero touch
Germany announced 5G Spectrum
auction for 2018

48
France – 25 Tests

9 categories:
• mobilité connectée,
• IoT,
• ville intelligente,
• télémédecine,
• vidéo UHD,
• jeu vidéo,
• expérimentations
techniques, industrie du futur
• réalité virtuelle.

Ces deux derniers secteurs


regroupent le plus de tests, à
savoir 10 chacun.

Site Arcep
49
France – Experimentations 5G (example)
Ville Frequences Projet
Grenoble CEA 3510 – 3550 M Utilisation du Spectre

Lyon Bouygues Antenne MIMO + use case de SmartX: ville


Bordeaux 3600 - 3700 intelligente, la réalité virtuelle, la télémédecine ou
l’industrie du futur
Lannion Bcom + projet Duplexage temporal (TDD), NSA, synchronization de
3500 - 3520 MHz
Cesson Cevigne 5GPPP reseaux
Lille Orange MIMO, TDD, NSA + recherches opportunites avec
Douai communaute de Lille
3600 - 3700 MHz
Chatillon
Paris
Velizy SFR 3600 - 3700 MHz Technology 5G + interconnect 4G – lab tests

Marseille Orange MIMO, dual connectivity, NSA + opportunite


3700 - 3800 MHz
Pau business
Toulouse SFR, Airbus 3700 - 3800 MHz MIMO, TDD, synchronization des reseaux – en ville
+ usine – tests avions

50
France – Experimentations example

Ouis CEA L'objectif est d'établir un lien haut débit entre les côtes normandes et deux navires
treh LETI de la société Brittany Ferries qui relient les ports d’Ouistreham et Portsmouth (UK),
3510 - 3550
am pour évaluer la faisabilité d'un réseau de collecte terrestre pour les données liées à
MHz
l'opération des navires (navigation, sécurité) et au trafic internet des passagers à
bord (diffusé en Wifi).

5G NR

5G NR

5G NR

51
Small Cells: small antennas, more density

reduire la puissance par 2 ou 5 (reduit risque lie aux ondes et augmente duree de
vie des batteries de telephones)
augmenter le debit montant – niveau d’onde maximale de 1V/m
Source: 01net

52
Nouvelles antennes 5G

Ex: experimentation Free a Marseille

53
France – 2020 Premiers Deploiements
Jusqu’en juillet 2026, la bande
3,4 - 3,8 GHz a été attribuée
partiellement à différents acteurs:
les opérateurs réseaux THD radio
(dont les attributions sont encore
ouvertes jusqu’à fin 2019),
Bolloré Télécom qui est titulaire de
deux blocs de 15 MHz de
fréquences, de même que SHD dans
les régions PACA et Ile-de-France et
différents utilisateurs de stations
satellites terriennes, qui disposent
d’autorisations jusqu’en 2023 dans la
bande 3700 - 3800 MHz.
Et à ce jour, la bande 26,5 - 27,5
GHz est libre et peut être utilisée
dès 2020

54
5G World wide deployments

55
5G PyeongChang Olympics – South Korea
Feb’18

5G Safety

• 5G Safety is a security service featuring facial recognition solution that combines drone and AI system.
• 360° VR is another realistic service that transmits 360 degree display in real time into multiple live
channels through 5G mmWave Access
• Hologram Live is an ultra-high quality remote hologram service that uses 5G mmWave backhaul
technology for transmission

2nd test March’17 Source: MobileWorldlive , Netmania

56
5G Smartphones at MWC’19
Same baseline : Qualcomm Soc Snapdragon 855 and Modem Snapdragon X50/X55
Except Huawei Mate X with their own chipset Soc Kirin 980 and Modem balong 5000

Huawei Mate 20 X 5G Xiaomi Mi MIX 3 5G


8 pouce 6,2 pouce
2299 euros 649,99 euros

Huawei
5G CPE
LG V50 ThinQ
799$
6,2 pouce
(Pas de dispo France)

HTC
Hub 5G Samsung S10 5G

57
Iridium Next Satellite Constellation
Service Live since 2018
Last satellite launch (by SpaceX – Falcon9) in January 2019

Direct communication to Iridium satellite phone

The constellation provides:


• L-band data speeds of up to 128 kbit/s to
mobile terminals,
• up to 1.5 Mbit/s to Iridium Pilot marine
terminals,
• high-speed Ka-band service of up to 8 Mbit/s
to fixed/transportable terminals.
70+ satellites
Altitude: 780km
66 active satellites, with another nine => 5G ‘failover’ Roadmap with
in-orbit spares and six on-ground Thales Mission Link terminal
spares

InDirect communication WIFI


Via Terminals
3G – 4G
5G 58
Starlink – Elon Musk 12,000 Satellites

In November 2018 SpaceX


received FCC approval to Starlink B – 1,150km
deploy 7,518 broadband (2,925)
satellites, in addition to the
4,425 satellites that were
approved in March 2018 =>
7,518 + 4,425 = 11,943 ISS – 350km
Starlink A – 550km
(1,500)
Theoretically, Starlink will
be able to send message
twice as fast as optic
fibers, since signal very-low Earth orbit NGSO
speeds are slower when [non-geostationary satellite
transmitted through orbit] constellation: 335-
glass than through 346km (7518)
space.

1,000,000 fixed earth station

59
Lots of satellite Constellation that could evolve
to 5G

60
Thank You
Marie-paule.odini@hpe.com