Sie sind auf Seite 1von 4

Present Simple

Diagram
We use the Simple Present when we talk about something which happens repeatedly.

We use the Simple Present to describe a series of actions in the present.

Form
infinitive (3rd person singular he, she, it: infinitive + -s)

Examples
Affirmative sentences:
I read books. My brother reads books.
We sing pop songs. She sings pop songs.
I play handball. John plays handball.

Negative sentences:
You must not negate a full verb in English. Always use the auxiliary do for negations.
I like computers.
I don't like computers at all.

My friend likes computers.


My mum doesn't like computers at all.

Questions:
Use the auxiliary do.
Do you play football?
Does he play football?
Spelling
Be careful with some words when using the 3rd person singular.
1) verbs ending in a sibilant [s] [z] [ʃ] [ʒ] [ʧ] [ʤ] or verbs ending in -o preceded by a
consonant
We add -es to the infinitive.
Examples:
I watch - he watches
I pass - he passes
I go - he goes
I do - he does

2) verbs ending in -y
verbs ending in 'y' preceded by a vowel (a, e, i, o, u): Add -s.
Example:
I play - he plays
verbs ending in 'y' preceded by a consonant: Change 'y' to 'i' and add 'es'.
Example:
I hurry - he hurries

Signal words
every day, often, always, sometimes, never

Use
1) repeated actions
My friend often draws nice posters.

2) things in general
The sun rises in the East.

3) fixed arrangements, scheduled events


The plane flies to London every Monday.

4) actions in the present - one follows after the other


First I get up, then I have breakfast.

5) instructions
Open your books at page 34.

6) with special verbs


I understand English.
Exercises:

A) Fill in the verbs in brackets into the gaps.

Example: He never writes a letter.

1) She _________________ my sister. (to be)

2) _________________ you English? (to speak)

3) She _________________ to Menorca every summer. (to fly)

4) The boys _________________ computer games. (not/to play)

5) Jill _________________ two children. (to have)

6) Peter _________________ e-mails. (not/to write)

7) I often _________________ to the cinema. (to go)

8) The pupils _________________ songs in the classroom. (to sing)

9) Andy's brother _________________ in an office. (to work)

10) _________ she ________ stamps? (to collect)

B) Form questions.

Example: where / they / to have / breakfast

Where do they have breakfast?

1) where / she / to live

2) what / they / to eat / for breakfast

3) to be / Peter / from Austria

4) how / Linda / to go / to the park

5) Marie and Joe / to like / homework

6) you / to walk / to school

7) why / you / to ride / your bike


8) when / his mum / to come / home

9) Frank / to read / comics

10) can / Ron / to speak / English