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SCIENCE 4

SECOND QUARTER
MAJOR ORGANS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS
Prepared by CYCLONE GROUP-CLASS E8

I - Objectives:
Describe the functions of the bones

II -SUBJECT MATTER
a. Science Concept
Bones
b. Materials
Paper doll, masking tape, piece of wire
c. Reference
TG pp. 73-74
LM pp. 58-59
d. Processes
Observing, Describing, Inferring, Comparing
e. Value Integration
Practice good posture

III - PROCEDURE

A. Engagement

(Motivation)

Game: The teacher will command to touch their body that she/he will say:
1. Pretend them that they have no bones.
2. What would we look if we have no bone in our bodies?
3. where do we find bones in our country?

B. Exploration

1. Setting of Standards
2. Group Activity
3. Reporting

C. Explanation

1. was the paper doll able to stand on its own?


2. What role did the wire play when it was attached to the paper doll?
3. What happen when you bent the wire in different event directions?
4. What role does the backbone off in bending

D. Elaboration

What is the function of the bone?


1. Are the bones connected with each other?
2. Is the bone important to us? Why?

E. Evaluation

Answer the question by YES or NO.

______1. Was the paper doll able to stand on its own?


______2. Did the wire serve us the support of the paper doll?
______3. Can we feel bones in or body?
______4. Do the bones protect our internal organs?
______5. Our bones are important to us?

F. Assignment

Gather pictures of different activities using our bones. (Ex. Running)


I. OBJECTIVES
A. CONTENT STANDARDS
The learners demonstrate understanding of how the major internal
organs such as the brain, heart, lungs, liver, stomach, intestines,
kidneys, bones, and muscles keep the body healthy.

B. PERFORMANCE STANDARDS
The learner practices healthful habits to maintain proper functioning
of the major internal organs of the body.

C. LEARNING COMPETENCIES
1 Describe the kidneys and their functions.
.
S4LT-IIa-b-1

II. CONTENT
A. Parts and Functions
1 Humans
.
1. Major organs of the body
1.

II LEARNING ACTIVITIES
I.
A ENGAGEMENT
.
1 REVIEW
.
a. How do you take care of your inetstine?

MOTIVATION
2.
a Say something that you know about the picture.
.

B EXPLORATION
.
1 Setting of standards.
.
2 Distribute the activity cards.
.
3 Follow the procedure.
.
4 Report the outputs.
.

ACTIVITY 1

My Kidneys

SECTION: GROUP: DATE:

Objective:

Describe the function of the kidneys.


Materials:
funnel salt ketchup

filter paper or old clean cloth patis water

scissors soy sauce beaker or clean


cup
flour sand

Procedure:

1. Form the cone with the filter paper, then line the inside of the funnel
2. Mix the water, soy sauce or patis, ketchup, flour, salt and a little amount
of sand in a beaker or cup
3. Stir slightly.
4. Pour the mixture into the funnel or improvise filtering device.
5. Observe what happens.
6. Record your observation.

C EXPLANATION (USING A PICTURE)


.
1 How do you describe the kidneys?
.
2 What is the functions of kidneys?
.
3 What will happen if the kidneys becomes full with wastes or
. clogged?

D ELABORATION
.
1 ABSTRACTION
.

THE KIDNEYS

 The kidneys are two organs located in your midsection on either side of
your spine in the middle of your back, just above the waist and are
partially protected by the lower ribs.

 Each kidney is bean shape and is almost the same size of a person’s
clenched fist.

 Each kidney has about 1 million nephrons, which are tiny filters in the
kidney.
These tiny filtering units help clean the blood of wastes and remove
excess water.

FUNCTIONS OF THE KIDNEYS

 Kidney filters in the blood of wastes and remove excess water.

2 APPLICATION
.
a Describe the kidneys and their functions.
.
E EVALUATION
.
Describe the kidneys and their functions.
☻ Follow the rubrics agreed upon by the teacher and learners.

F. OTHER ACTIVITIES
1 Describe the kidneys and their functions.
.

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