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FLOW IN CLOSED CONDUITS

HYDRAULICS

EQUATION OF CONTINUITY COMPRESSIBLE FLOW REYNOLDS NUMBER FRICTION FACTOR FOR LAMINAR FLOW and TURBULENT FLOW HEAD LOSS IN TERMS OF REYNOLDS NUMBER HEAD LOSS USING DARCY WEISHBACH FORMULA    HEAD LOSS USING HAZEN WILLIAMS FORMULA  HAZEN WILLIAMS FORMULA Minor losses PROBLEM 1:

A pipe has a diameter of 25mm and a length of 60m. A liquid having a kinematic viscosity of 3.5x10^-5 m^2/s is flowing thru the pipe at a velocity of 3m/s.

 a. Compute the Reynolds Number b. Compute the friction factor “f”. c. Compute the head loss of pipe.

PROBLEM 2:

An oil with ρ = 900kg/m^3 and kinematic viscosity ν = 0.0002 m^2/s flows upward through an inclined pipe. Assuming steady laminar flow, compute the following:

 a. Head lost between section 1 and 2. b. Flow rate c. Reynolds number

PROBLEM 3:

A 0.60m diameter pipeline 30m long carries of 0.40 m^3/s of water. Compute the head loss using the following formula.

a. Darcy Weishbach with f= 0.014.

b. Manning’s Formula with n = 0.012.

c. Hazen Williams with C = 120.

PROBLEM 4:

Two pipes A and B which are connected in series have a diameter and lengths equal to 400mm diameter 200 meter, 600mm diameter 300 meter, respectively. Water flows in the pipe 300 Liters/sec. The

difference in elevation between the entrance and exit of the pipe is 5

meters. Assume f = 0.02 for all pipes.

 a. Compute the head loss due to friction. b. Compute the change in pressure between A and B. c. Compute the equivalent length for a 300mm diameter pipe (made

of same material).

PROBLEM 5:

The system consists of 1000m of 500mm cast iron pipe, two 45 ° , and four 90 ° flanged long radius elbows, a fully open flanged globe valve and a sharp exit into a reservoir. Water flows at a rate of 5 L/s, from point 1 into the reservoir whose free surface lies 100m above point 1.

Kinematic viscosity ν = 1.02x10^-6 m^2/s, f = 0.0315.

 a. Compute the Reynolds Number. b. Compute the total head loss. c. Compute the gage pressure at 1 to deliver water into the reservoir.

2019/1/21

ORIFICE

PROBLEM 1:

A closed cylindrical tank 5m high contains 2.5m of water. A 100mm circular orifice is situated 0.5m from the bottom. What air pressure must be maintained in the air space in order to discharge water at 10hp.

PROBLEM 2:

A 50mm diameter circular sharp edged orifice at the side of a tank discharges water under a head of 3m. If the coefficient of contraction Cc = 0.63, and the head lost is 240mm, compute the discharge and the coefficient of velocity Cv and discharge C.

PROBLEM 3:

Water flows through an orifice at the vertical side of a large tank under

a constant head of 2.4m. How far horizontally from the vena contracta

will the jet strikes the ground 1.5m below the orifice.

PROBLEM 4:

For the water shooting out the pipe and nozzle under the condition shown, compute the ff:

 a. Velocity at A b. Velocity at the nozzle c. Height above the nozzle to which the water will shoot. Assume

negligible loss.