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Metal/Soft Material Gaskets

Metal/Soft Material Gaskets

HI-GRAPH Graphite Gaskets Designed particularly for critical applications in the chemical industry and in power plants. The metal casing provides protection from graphite oxidation, even for temperatures above 450 ºC.

GRAPH-LOCK ® Graphite Gaskets with a Metal Layer Ready-to-install flange packing made of flexible graphite with metal layers and inner eyelet made of stainless steel.

FLEXSEAL ® Spiral Wound Gaskets Outer ring: Mild steel galvanized or powder coated / stainless steel Inner ring: Stainless steel Sealing zone: Stainless steel with graphite or PTFE winding

Kammprofile Gaskets Style 642-AR as a standard gasket and Style E for heat exchange. Sealing zone: Stainless steel with graphite or PTFE bracket

GRAPHONIC ® Gaskets Sealing component made of flexible graphite with a wavy metal layer for use in heat exchangers.

Metal/Soft Material Gaskets

In static applications that require high operating pressures to

be compensated, the seal in a flange connection must bear higher bolt loads during installation than for the pre-deformation alone. The mounting force creates an initial surface pressure on the seal that might push them from the sealing gap and can possibly destroy them.This might occur before the operating condition has even been reached.

In order to prevent this over-pressing, the soft sealing materials

are kept in chamber systems for such applications. The support

is ensured by metal. However, the type of system used for the support may vary. Different types have prevailed.

The simplest form of support is realized with foil inserts.

These foils may be textured or smooth. For textured foils, the tang steel foil is most widely used. However, the perforated steel foils are used in premium Garlock products, such as the Gylon 3560, which you can find in our Gylon brochure as

a

high pressure solution.

In

North America, the spiral wound gaskets are very common

primarily in applications with ASME flanges. In this system,

a soft material strip is wound to a spiral together with the preformed metal strip, where the beginning and the

end of the spiral are welded in order to keep them from unravelling. Optional support rings on the interior and/or exterior provide additional support and facilitate the installation. The preformed metal strip serves the purpose

of encapsulating the soft material. This seal type is regulated by ASME B16.20 and DIN EN 1514-2 as well

as DIN EN 12560-2.

The Kammprofile gaskets are more suitable for the lighter DIN EN flanges. A solid metal carrier is profiled on the flange contact sides concentrically like with a comb. The double-sided soft material layer is pressed into the cavities and encapsulated there during pre-deformation. An overhang of about a tenth of soft material between the profile tips and the flange sealing surface ensures that the coarseness of the flange is compensated and the sealing system thus remains functional. This seal type is regulated by DIN EN 1514-6 and DIN EN 12560-6.

Garlock metal/soft material gaskets also prove to be reliable in non-standardized applications. Custom shapes and dimensions may be implemented as well. The calculation of the necessary bolt loads makes secure sealing solutions possible for all of your special applications. The combination of soft materials with different metals also allows for a wide range of applications to be realised while taking the temperature and medium into consideration.

Specifications:

We supply products by dimension tables according to American and European dimension standards for ASME and DIN/EN flanges as well as special applications.

Applications:

Garlock metal/soft material gaskets are used in power plants with various forms of energy, chemical and petrochemical plants, boiler and apparatus construction, manhole hand hole covers or other openings in the steam cycle, high-pressure pipelines, heat exchangers, as well as local energy and water companies.

HI-GRAPH Graphite Gaskets with Metal Casing

HI GRAPH Style 212 is typically used in power plant steam systems and critical applications in the chemical and petrochemical industries. The closed metal nickel casing provides complete protection of the graphite against oxidation even for temperatures exceeding 450 ºC.

• Temperatures up to 700 °C

• No special flanges necessary

• Available in metric and imperial measurements

• High chemical resistance

• Very flexible

• No sticking

• No product contamination

• Long service life

• Easy to handle

• Cost-effective solution

Material and application information

212

NNK

212SSK

Thickness of the seal DN 15 - DN 300 (1/2“ - 12“) DN 350 - DN 600 (14“ -24“)

2,0 mm

2,0 mm

3,0 mm

3,0 mm

Apparent density of the graphite

1,0 g/cm 3

1,0 g/cm 3

Ash content of the graphite

≤ 0,5 %

≤ 0,5 %

Chloride content

30 ppm

30 ppm

Tang steel layer

AISI 316

AISI 316

Thickness of tang steel sheet

0,10 mm

0,10 mm

Thickness of nickel eyelet

0,20 mm

0,20 mm

Maximum temperature

650

ºC

700 ºC

Maximum operating pressure

200

bar

200 bar

Coarseness of flange surfaces

Ra= 3,2 - 12,5µm Ra= 12,5 - 50µm

Ra= 0,63 - 1,6µm Ra= 2,5 - 6,3µm

Specific gasket values

212

NNK

212SSK

σ vu Minimum surface pressure in installation condition

30 N/ mm 2

70 N/ mm 2

σ vo Maximum surface pressure in installation condition

250

N/ mm 2

250

N/ mm 2

σ BO/300 ºC Maximum surface pressure in operating condition

200

N/ mm 2

200

N/ mm 2

NNK

Stainless steel tang steel sheet

Graphite

Nickel eyelet

Nickel foil

SSK

Stainless steel tang steel sheet

Available in the following dimensions: See table on page 5. Custom dimensions available upon request

Graphite

Stainless steel foil

Stainless steel eyelet

request Graphite Stainless steel foil Stainless steel eyelet The information and recommendations presented in this

The information and recommendations presented in this Catalogues are based on many years of experience and state-of-the-art technology. Unknown influences may affect the generally accepted findings. Therefore, we can only make binding statements regarding the compatibility of our products after they have been tested in practice under the operating conditions at the client’s site. The information in our catalogs can therefore not be considered guaranteed product properties.

Our staff would be happy to assist you with a consultation and dimensioning to ensure that you get the perfect seal for your needs. Please accept our offer.

4

Come and talk to us.

GRAPH-LOCK ® Graphite Gaskets with a Metal Insert

Thickness of eyelet

3125

TC

3125 SS

Thickness of the seal

2,0 mm

2,0 mm

Apparent density of the graphite

1,0 g/cm 3

1,0 g/cm 3

Ash content of the graphite

< 1%

< 1 %

Chloride content

50 ppm

50 ppm

Thickness of insert layer

0,10 mm

0,05 mm

Thickness of eyelet

0,15 mm

0,15 mm

Compressibility (ASTM F36)

45%

45%

Springback (ASTM F36)

10 - 15%

10 - 15%

Compressive stability (DIN 52913)

>48 N/mm 2

>48 N/mm 2

Maximum temperature

450 ºC (*650 ºC)

450 ºC (*650 ºC)

Maximum operating pressure

140 bar

160 bar

Gas-tight (DIN 3535/6)

0,4 cm 3 / min

0,2 cm 3 / min

Coarseness of flange surfaces

R a =3,2 - 12,5 µ m R Z = 12,5 - 50 µ m

R a =3,2 - 12,5 µ m R Z = 12,5 - 50 µ m

*steam

Specific gasket values

3125

TC

3125 SS/E/CL

σ vu Minimum surface pressure in installation condition

20 N/ mm 2

20 N/ mm 2

σ v0 Maximum surface pressure in installation condition

160

N/ mm 2

160

N/ mm 2

σ BO/300 ºC Maximum surface pressure in operating condition

140

N/ mm 2

140

N/ mm 2

GRAPH-LOCK ® Style 3125 TC and Style 3125 SS are also available as sheets (1500mm x 1500 mm)

3125 TC

Flexible graphite

Flexible graphite

Stainless steel inner eyelet

3125 SS

Flexible graphite

Stainless steel plain sheet

Stainless steel inner eyelet

GRAPH-LOCK ® Graphite Gaskets with a Metal Insert

Gaskets for DIN flanges Gasket dimensions according to DIN EN 1514-1 (Gaskets Form IBC)

Nominal

Ø D1 Inner seal

 

Ø D2 Outer seal diameter

 

dimension

diameter

 
     

PN

 

PN

 

PN

 

PN

PN

DN mm

PN 6 bis 63

PN 6

10

16

25

40

63

10

18

39

46

 

46

 

46

 

46

56

15

22

44

51

 

51

 

51

 

51

61

20

27

54

61

 

61

 

61

 

61

72

25

34

64

71

 

71

 

71

 

71

82

32

43

76

82

 

82

 

82

 

82

88

40

49

86

92

 

92

 

92

 

92

103

50

61

96

107

 

107

 

107

107

113

65

77

116

127

 

127

 

127

127

138

80

89

132

142

 

142

 

142

142

148

100

115

152

162

 

162

 

168

168

174

125

141

182

192

 

192

 

194

194

210

150

169

207

218

 

218

 

224

224

247

200

220

262

273

 

273

 

284

290

309

250

273

317

328

 

329

 

340

352

364

300

324

373

378

 

384

 

400

417

424

350

356

423

438

 

444

 

457

474

486

400

407

473

489

 

495

 

514

546

543

450

458

528

539

 

555

 

564

571

-

500

508

578

594

 

617

 

624

628

-

600

610

679

695

 

734

 

731

 

747

-

Gasket for ASME 16.5 flanges, flat sealing surfaces, with or without sealing strip

 

Nominal

Ø D1 Inner

 

Ø D2 Outer seal diameter

 

dimension

seal diameter

 

DN

DN

   

class

class

class

   

class

 

class

mm

Inch

class 150 bis 1500

150

300

400

600

900

15

½

21

 

48

54

54

 

54

 

64

20

¾

27

 

57

67

67

   

67

 

70

25

1

33

 

67

73

73

 

73

 

79

32

42

 

76

83

83

 

83

 

89

40

48

 

86

95

95

 

95

 

98

50

2

60

 

105

111

111

   

111

 

143

65

73

 

124

130

130

   

130

 

165

80

3

89

 

137

149

149

   

149

 

168

90

102

 

162

165

162

   

162

 

-

100

4

114

 

175

181

178

   

194

 

206

125

5

141

 

197

216

213

   

241

 

248

150

6

168

 

222

251

248

   

267

 

289

200

8

219

 

279

308

305

   

321

 

359

250

10

273

 

340

362

359

   

400

 

435

300

12

324

 

410

422

419

   

457

 

498

350

14

356

 

451

486

483

   

492

 

521

400

16

406

 

514

540

537

   

565

 

575

450

18

457

 

549

597

594

   

613

 

638

500

20

508

 

606

654

648

   

683

 

699

600

24

610

 

718

775

768

   

791

 

838

2

Ø D1

Ø D2

FLEXSEAL ® Spiral Wound Gaskets

Spiral wound gasket: With graphite or PTFE filling The sealing material is wound to form a sealing zone of approx. 4.5 mm thickness by means of a preformed metal strip. The choice of material depends on the medium and temperature demanded by the application. The inner ring, which supports the spiral to keep it from unwinding, is made from material that is of identical or higher quality than the material for the metal strip spiral. An outer ring or eccentric ring of corrosion-resistant structural steel can also be provided. The encapsulation rings are approx. 3 mm thick. The standard is generally that the seal includes an inner and an outer ring, which is now also reflected in ASME B16.20. Any deviations must be indicated explicitly.

in ASME B16.20. Any deviations must be indicated explicitly. Style RWI: For flanges with a sealing

Style RWI:

For flanges with a sealing strip (RF) or flat sealing surface (FF). Spiral wound gasket with inner and outer ring. In this model, the spiral is protected against unwinding during high surface pressures. Style RWI is assumed as the standard for spiral wound gaskets. Deviating models must be indicated by the client.

Style RW:

One-sided encapsulation or eccentric ring for flanges with a smooth sealing surface (RF and FF). This style is always used for lower pressures, which do not require quite such a high installation pre-tensioning, or for boiler openings with an inner abutment.

Style SWI:

For flanges with one-sided encapsulation (e.g. MF flange). The spiral is kept from unraveling by means of the flange design, regardless of the pressure level.

Style SW:

For flanges with double-sided encapsulation (tongue and groove flange). The spiral is encapsulated in the groove and thus prevents it from unwinding, regardless of the pressure level.

Material and application information

Material of the gasket spiral

Stainless steel, graphite, PTFE

Material of the outer ring

Mild steel galvanized; stainless steel

Material of the inner ring

Stainless steel

Ash content of the graphite

2%

Maximum temperature

455 ºC, max. 510 ºC* 1 / PTFE 260 ºC

Maximum operating pressure

300 bar

Coarseness of flange surfaces* 2 - Fluids, hydrocarbons - Lowest temperatures, saturated steam, heattransfer oil

Rz= 25 µ m; Ra= 6,4 µm Rz= 12,5 µ m; Ra= 3,2 µ m

Specific gasket values according to DIN 2505/ ASME

σ vu Minimum surface pressure in installation condition

55 N/mm 2

σ v0 Maximum surface pressure in installation condition

300 N/mm 2 / 150N/mm 2

*3

σ BO/300 ºC Maximum surface pressure in operating condition

230 N/mm 2

„Y“ factor

10.000 psi

„m“ factor

3 [-]

*1 Contact one of our application consultants *2 maximum recommended surface roughness *3 if the spiral is not supported on both sides

7

Kammprofile Gaskets

Kammprofile Gasket With graphite, PTFE, or ceramic bracket

The sealing material is fixed on the sealing zone of a metallic carrier as a bracket. The groove-shaped concentric ground of the bracket receives the sealing material entirely, except for a minor overhang (0.1 mm - 0.2 mm), and holds it in place after the surface pressure is applied. This prevents the sealing material from being blown out or running off due to the high surface pressure. The thin overhang sufficiently seals flange coarseness up to Rz 50μm.

Design:

Kammprofile spiraled in core of 4 mm thickness with double-sided soft material bracket each 0.35 mm for PTFE, 0.5 mm for graphite, 0.8 mm for Gylon blue. Eccentric ring integral approx. 2 mm thick; loose approx. 1.5 mm thick.

Style 642 A:

Parallel profile for flanges with tongue and groove (TG).The seal does not contain an eccentric ring and is dimensioned to be placed in a groove.

Style 642 AR:

Parallel profile for flanges with a sealing strip (RF) or flat sealing surface (FF). The seal contains an integral eccentric ring, which is manufactured in one piece along with the core body. It is supported by the screws and prevents any unwanted shifting during installation.

Style 642 AR2:

Parallel profile for flanges with a sealing strip (RF) or flat sealing surface (FF). The seal contains a loose eccentric ring, which is closed around the core retroactively by means of adhesive spots but still remains flexible along the core. This style may be necessary for large diameters in the case of high temperature differences between the inner and outer regions of the seal.

Material and application information

Material of the seal bracket

Graphite, PTFE

Material of the carrier

Stainless steel

Ash content of the graphite

2%

Maximum temperature

455 ºC, max. 510 ºC* 1 / PTFE 260 ºC

Maximum temperature

400 bar

Coarseness of flange surfaces * 2 - Fluids, hydrocarbons - Lowest temperatures, saturated steam, heat transfer oil

Rz= 50 µ m; Ra= 12,5 µ m Rz= 25 µ m; Ra= 6,4 µ m

Specific gasket values according to DIN 2505/ ASME

σ vu Minimum surface pressure in installation condition

55 N/mm 2

σ vu Maximum surface pressure in installation condition

500

N/mm 2

σ BO/300 ºC Maximum surface pressure in operating condition

420

N/mm 2

„Y“ factor

1000 psi

„m“ factor

 

4 [-]

8

*1 Contact one of our application consultants *2 maximum recommended surface roughness

Dimension table for Spiral Wound Gaskets

DN

d1 [mm]

 

d2 [mm]

 

d3 [mm]

   

d4 [mm]

   
         

PN

PN

PN

   

PN

 

PN

PN 10-160

PN 10-160

PN 10-40

PN 63-160

10

16

25

PN 40

PN 63

100

160

10

 

18

 

24

 

34

   

46

   

56

 

15

 

23

 

29

 

39

   

51

   

61

 

20

 

28

 

34

46

 

-

 

61

   

-

25

 

35

 

41

 

53

   

71

   

82

 

32

 

43

 

49

61

 

-

 

82

   

-

40

 

50

 

56

 

68

   

92

   

103

 

50

 

61

 

70

 

86

   

107

 

113

 

119

 

65

 

77

 

86

102

106

 

127

 

137

 

143

 

80

 

90

 

99

115

119

 

142

 

148

 

154

 

100

 

115

 

127

143

147

162

   

168

 

174

 

180

 

125

 

140

 

152

172

176

192

   

194

 

210

 

217

 

150

 

167

 

179

199

203

217

   

224

 

247

 

257

 

200

 

216

228

248

252

272

 

284

290

 

309

 

324

 

250

 

267

279

303

307

327

328

340

352

 

364

391

388

300

 

318

330

354

358

377

383

400

417

 

424

 

458

 

350

 

360

376

400

404

437

443

457

474

 

486

512

 

-

400

 

410

422

450

456

488

495

514

546

 

543

572

 

-

500

 

510

522

550

556

593

617

624

628

 

657

704

 

-

600

 

610

622

650

656

695

734

731

747

 

764

813

 

-

Dimension table for spiral wound gaskets

 

Nominal

 

d1

 

d2

 

d3

   

d4

 

diameter

[mm]

[mm]

 

[mm]

 

[mm]

 

Class

 

Class

 

Class

   

Class

 

DN

NPS

150-

 

600

900

1500

2500

150-

600

900

1500

 

2500

150-

   

900-

150

300

600

900

1500

2500

(inch)

300

 

300

   

600

2500

15

½

 

14,3

 

19,1

 

31,8

 

47,8

 

54,1

 

63,5

69,9

20

¾

 

20,7

 

25,4

 

39,6

 

57,2

 

66,8

 

69,9

76,2

25

1

 

27,0

 

31,8

 

47,8

 

66,8

 

73,2

 

79,5

85,9

32

38,1

   

33,4

47,8

 

39,6

 

60,5

 

76,2

 

82,6

 

88,9

104,9

40

44,5

 

41,3

54,1

 

47,8

 

69,9

 

85,9

 

95,3

 

98,6

117,6

50

2

55,6

 

52,4

69,9

 

58,7

 

85,9

 

104,9

 

111,3

 

143,0

146,1

65

66,7

 

63,5

82,6

 

69,9

 

98,6

 

124,0

 

130,3

 

165,1

168,4

80

3

81,0

 

81,0

101,6

95,3

92,2

 

120,7

 

136,7

 

149,4

 

168,4

174,8

196,9

100

4

 

106,4

127,0

120,7

117,6

 

149,4

 

174,8

181,1

193,8

206,5

209,6

235,0

125

5

 

131,8

155,7

147,6

143,0

 

177,8

 

196,9

215,9

241,3

247,7

254,5

279,4

150

6

 

157,2

182,6

174,8

171,5

 

209,6

 

222,3

251,0

266,7

289,1

282,7

317,5

200

8

215,9

209,6

 

196,9

233,4

225,6

222,3

215,9

263,7

257,3

279,4

308,1

320,8

358,9

352,6

387,5

250

10

268,3

260,4

 

246,1

287,3

274,6

276,4

266,7

270,0

317,5

311,2

339,9

362,0

400,1

435,1

435,1

476,3

300

12

317,5

 

292,1

339,9

327,2

323,9

323,9

317,5

374,7

368,3

409,7

422,4

457,2

498,6

520,7

549,4

350

14

349,3

320,8

-

371,6

362,0

355,6

362,0

 

- 406,4

400,1

450,9

485,9

492,3

520,7

577,9

-

400

16

400,0

374,7

-

422,4

412,8

406,4

 

- 463,6

457,2

514,4

539,8

565,2

574,8

641,4

-

450

18

449,3

425,5

-

474,7

469,9

463,6

 

- 527,1

520,2

549,4

596,9

612,9

683,3

704,9

-

500

20

500,0

482,6

476,3

-

525,5

520,7

514,4

 

- 577,9

571,5

606,6

654,1

682,8

698,5

755,7

-

600

24

603,3

590,6

577,9

-

 

628,7

616,0

 

- 685,8

679,5

717,6

774,7

790,7

838,2

901,7

-

Excerpt from ASME BN16.20 Further dimensions upon request

Dimension table for Kammprofile Gaskets

Further dimensions upon request

Excerpt from DIN EN 1514-6

   

PN

400

 

-

-

104

-

135

150

192

207

256

301

348

402

442

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

PN

320

67

 

-

92

-

119

134

170

190

229

274

311

358

398

488

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

PN

250

72

-

83

-

109

124

153

170

202

242

284

316

358

442

536

-

-

-

-

-

 

PN

160

   

-

 

-

 

119

143

154

180

217

257

284

324

388

458

-

-

-

-

-

d3 [mm]

 

PN

100

56

61

-

82

-

103

287

391

512

572

-

704

813

 

PN 63

-

-

113

137

148

174

210

247

277

309

364

424

486

543

-

657

764

   

PN 40

                 

168

194

224

265

290

352

417

474

546

571

628

747

 

PN 25

82

107

127

142

254

284

340

400

457

514

-

624

731

 

PN 16

46

51

61

71

92

162

192

217

247

272

328

383

443

495

555

617

734

 

327

377

437

489

539

594

695

   

PN 250/400 PN 10

       

66

73

87

103

121

146

178

212

245

280

340

400

-

-

-

-

-

d2 [mm]

 

PN 63/160

36

42

47

52

 

69

 

100

115

138

162

190

215

248

300

356

415

474

-

588

700

 

PN 10/40

62

81

240

290

340

395

450

506

560

664

 

d1

[mm]

22

26

31

36

46

53

65

81

95

118

142

170

195

220

270

320

375

426

480

530

630

 

DN

 

10

15

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

100

125

150

175

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

600

GRAPHONIC ® Gaskets with Soft Material Bracket

Flexible sealing component

Metal insert

Metal insert: SS316L Sealing component: flexible graphite

The high-quality technology of the GRAPHONIC ® Gaskets creates a permanent seal and is extremely reliable.The combination of a wavy metal layer and flexible graphite allows them to withstand a number of extreme conditions, such as high temperatures, corrosive media, and frequent load changes

GRAPHONIC ® Gaskets with flexible graphite as a sealing component:

• Meets a wide variety of temperature requirements

• Provides an excellent seal even during frequent load changes

• Fire safe – in accordance with API and FITT fire tests

• Chemical resistance

• Very durable

Number of

screw holes

Order Information The following information is required to order a GRAPHONIC ® gasket:

• Type of seal (see gasket types)

• Thickness of the seal

• Outer diameter (1)

• Inner diameter (2)

• Width of the trim (3)

• Radius of the trim (4)

• Radius of the bolt circle (5)

• Distance from the center of the trim

to the center of the seal (6)

• Radius around the screw hole (7)

• Position and number of screw holes (8)

Product Range

Hydraulic Components

Gasketing Products

Resiliant Metal Seals

Compression Packings

Inflatable Seals

Valves

Garlock GmbH Falkenweg 1 41468 Neuss Deutschland Tel.: +49-2131/ 349-0 Fax: +49-2131/ 349-222 E-Mail: garlockgmbh@garlock.com www.garlock.com

Other Garlock facilities: Garlock Inc., N.Y., U.S.A

Garlock France S.A.S 90, Rue de la Roche du Geai 42029 Saint-Etienne Frankreich Tel.: +33-4/ 77435100 Fax: +33-4/ 77435151 E-Mail: garlockfrance@garlock.com www.garlock.com

Garlock of Canada Ltd.

Garlock de México

Oil Seals

Metallic Gasketing

Assemblies

Graphite Seals

Mechanical Seals

Service

Garlock (GB) Limited Unit H5, Premier Way Lowfield Business Park Elland West Yorkshire, HX5 9HF England Tel.: +44-1422/ 313600 Fax: +44-1422/ 313601 E-Mail: sales-uk@garlock.com www.garlock.com

Garlock Pty. Ltd., Australia

Garlock Middle East P.O. Box 1518 Oilfield Supply Centre Jebel Ali Free Zone Dubai V.A.E. Tel.: +971-4/ 8833652 Fax: +971-4/ 8833682 E-Mail: garlock@emirates.net.ae www.garlock.com

Garlock Shanghai, China

Garlock Singapore