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INTRODUCTIONINTRODUCTION TOTO SUBSEASUBSEA PIPELINEPIPELINE ENGINEERINGENGINEERING DR.DR. IR.IR. RICKYRICKY LUKMANLUKMAN
INTRODUCTIONINTRODUCTION TOTO SUBSEASUBSEA
PIPELINEPIPELINE ENGINEERINGENGINEERING
DR.DR. IR.IR. RICKYRICKY LUKMANLUKMAN TAWEKALTAWEKAL
BANGUNANBANGUNAN LEPASLEPAS PANTAIPANTAI IIII
(DHW)(DHW)
topicstopics INTRODUCTIONINTRODUCTION TOTO SUBSEASUBSEA PIPELINEPIPELINE ENGINEERINGENGINEERING HistoryHistory ofof
topicstopics
INTRODUCTIONINTRODUCTION TOTO SUBSEASUBSEA PIPELINEPIPELINE ENGINEERINGENGINEERING
HistoryHistory ofof PipelinesPipelines
OverviewOverview OilOil && GasGas ProductionProduction
PipelinePipeline SystemsSystems
PipelinePipeline DesignDesign && CodesCodes
HISTORYHISTORY OFOF PIPELINEPIPELINE 10001000 AC,AC, firstfirst knownknown gasgas pipelinespipelines mademade ofof
HISTORYHISTORY OFOF PIPELINEPIPELINE
10001000 AC,AC, firstfirst knownknown gasgas pipelinespipelines mademade ofof bamboo,bamboo, inin JapanJapan
HISTORYHISTORY OFOF PIPELINEPIPELINE PipelinesPipelines continuecontinue toto playplay aa majormajor rolerole inin
HISTORYHISTORY OFOF PIPELINEPIPELINE
PipelinesPipelines continuecontinue toto playplay aa majormajor rolerole inin thethe petroleumpetroleum
industry,industry, providingproviding safe,safe, reliablereliable andand economicallyeconomically
transportation.transportation. AsAs thethe needneed forfor moremore enerenergygy increasesincreases
andand populationpopulation growthgrowth cocontinuesntinues awayaway fromfrom supplysupply
centers,centers, pipelinespipelines areare needneed toto continuecontinue toto bringbring energyenergy
toto you.you.
FromFrom thethe earlyearly daysdays ofof wowoodenoden trenchestrenches andand woodenwooden
barrels,barrels, thethe pipelinepipeline industindustryry hashas growngrown andand employedemployed
thethe latestlatest technologytechnology inin pipelinepipeline operationsoperations andand
maintenance.maintenance. TodayToday thethe induindustrystry usesuses sophisticatedsophisticated
controlscontrols andand computerscomputers sysystems,stems, advancedadvanced pipepipe
materialsmaterials andand corrosioncorrosion preventionprevention techniques.techniques.
HISTORYHISTORY OFOF PIPELINEPIPELINE TheThe firstfirst OffshoreOffshore PipelinesPipelines werewere laidlaid inin thethe
HISTORYHISTORY OFOF PIPELINEPIPELINE
TheThe firstfirst OffshoreOffshore PipelinesPipelines werewere laidlaid inin thethe GulfGulf ofof
MexicoMexico ((GoMGoM),), thousandsthousands ofof milemiless ofof pipelinespipelines havehave
beenbeen constructedconstructed offshoreoffshore inin variousvarious areasareas ofof thethe world,world,
includingincluding thethe NorthNorth Sea,Sea, thethe GoMGoM,, thethe Mediterranean,Mediterranean,
Australia,Australia, SoutheastSoutheast Asia,Asia, andand LatinLatin America.America.
SomeSome pipelinespipelines werewere installedinstalled inin waterwater depthsdepths ofof nearlynearly
20002000--60006000 ft.ft.
TheThe firstfirst OffshoreOffshore PipelinesPipelines inin IndonesiaIndonesia werewere laidlaid inin
thethe JavaJava Sea,Sea, byby ARCOARCO anandd MAXUSMAXUS inin thethe earlyearly ofof 7070’’s.s.
MoreMore pipelinespipelines installedinstalled inin IndonesiaIndonesia afterafter ““boomingbooming oiloil””
happenedhappened inin 1980.1980.
1.1. IdentificationIdentification ofof prospectprospect areasareas Identify prospects for exploration Acquisition of
1.1. IdentificationIdentification ofof prospectprospect areasareas
Identify prospects for
exploration
Acquisition of Rights & Permits
2.2. RightsRights && permitspermits
Marine Survey
Geological & Geophysical Investigation
Rig-Site Survey
Drill Exploratory Well
Yes
Is Well Dry?
No
Test Well
3.3. ExplorationExploration phasephase
Cap Well
No
&
Is Test Favorable?
Abandon
Yes
Drill Confirmation Well (s) and Test
OverviewOverview oiloil && gasgas productionproduction
No
Are Tests Favorable?
Yes
Field Development Study & Design
4.4. DevelopmentDevelopment phasephase
Design Submarine Pipeline,
Including sizing, coating,
methods & operation
Design & Fabricate
Production Equipment
Install Production Equipment
Install Pipeline, Survey and Test
5.5. ProductionProduction && transportationtransportation
Start Production
phasephase
ProjectProject chainchain Operations Maintenance Shutdown Feasibility/ FEED PMC D and D conceptual Commissioning
ProjectProject chainchain
Operations
Maintenance
Shutdown
Feasibility/
FEED
PMC
D and D
conceptual
Commissioning
Construction
Life-of-asset support services capability
Procurement
Engineering
pipelinepipeline systemssystems transport pipeline systems
pipelinepipeline systemssystems
transport pipeline systems
PetroleumPetroleum pipelinepipeline systemssystems Gathering pipeline systems 1 gather crude oil from production wells
PetroleumPetroleum pipelinepipeline systemssystems
Gathering pipeline systems
1
gather crude oil from
production wells
Refined products pipeline
systems transport refined
products such as gasoline,
kerosene and many
industrial feedstock
petrochemicals from
refineries to the end user or
to storage and distribution
terminals. Refined products
pipelines can extend tens to
thousands of miles and
cross state and continental
borders
3
2
pipeline systems transport
crude oil from the gathering
systems to refineries. Crude oil
systems can be tens to
hundreds of miles in length and
cross state and continental
borders
FromFrom thethe wellheadwellhead toto thethe customercustomer
gasgas pipelinepipeline systemssystems FromFrom thethe wellheadwellhead toto thethe customercustomer
gasgas pipelinepipeline systemssystems
FromFrom thethe wellheadwellhead toto thethe customercustomer
pipelinepipeline systemssystems TankerTanker (off(off--loading)loading) Anchor Wire CALM (Catenary Anchor Leg Mooring)
pipelinepipeline systemssystems
TankerTanker (off(off--loading)loading)
Anchor Wire
CALM (Catenary Anchor Leg Mooring)
BUOY Turret Mode
Pumps
Hose Pipeline
Import
Pipeline
Flexible Riser
PLEM
(Pipeline Ending Manifold)
Mooring
pipelinepipeline systemssystems Loading/Unloading Line: Off-loading Tanker = Import Pipeline On-loading Tanker =
pipelinepipeline systemssystems
Loading/Unloading Line:
Off-loading Tanker = Import Pipeline
On-loading Tanker = Exsport Pipeline
pipelinepipeline systemssystems SUBSEASUBSEA WELLWELL PRODUCTIONPRODUCTION Production, Separation and Pump Templates
pipelinepipeline systemssystems
SUBSEASUBSEA WELLWELL PRODUCTIONPRODUCTION
Production,
Separation and Pump
Templates
Flowline
(Intrafield Pipeline)
(Interfield Pipeline)
pipelinepipeline systemssystems SUBSEASUBSEA WELLWELL PRODUCTIONPRODUCTION Production, Interfield Pipeline Separation
pipelinepipeline systemssystems
SUBSEASUBSEA WELLWELL PRODUCTIONPRODUCTION
Production,
Interfield Pipeline
Separation
Platform
Power Cable
Re-Injection
Line
Well
Templates
Subsea Pump
Flowline
(Intrafield Pipeline)
RISERRISER && PLATFORMPLATFORM
RISERRISER && PLATFORMPLATFORM
oiloil reservesreserves
oiloil reservesreserves
GasGas remainingremaining reservesreserves
GasGas remainingremaining reservesreserves
P ACI FI C OCE A N W AROP EN S ERAM FutureFuture explorationexploration inin
P ACI FI C OCE A N
W AROP EN
S ERAM
FutureFuture explorationexploration inin potentialpotential areasareas
100°
110°
120°
130°
140°
M IS OOL
NORTH
SUMATERA
S IBOLGA
WEST
NATUNA
05°
EAST
NATUNA
TARAKAN
BE N G K UL U
MINAHASA
NORTH HALMAHERA
CENTRAL
EAST HALMAHERA
KETUNGAU
SUMATERA
NORTH
KUTAI
OBI
MELAWI
GORONTALO
00°
SOUTH HALMAHERA
BIAK
SULA
SOUTH
M: -
SALAWATI
BARITO
BANGGAI
OBI
G: -
SOUTH
LARIANG
BINTUNI
JAYA-
SO UTHJAVA
SUMATERA
PEMBUANG
SOUTH SULA
WAIPOGA
PURA
SALABANGKA
ASEM
SOUTH
I ND I A OCE A N
WEST
ASEM
SERAM
BURU
BILITON
SOUTH
MANUI
SUNDA
MAKASAR
BURU
PATI
BUTON
AKIMEUGAH
WEST
05°
BONE
WEBER
NORTH EAST
NORTH WEST
JAVASEA
JAVA
SPERMONDE
TANIBAR
TUKANGBESI
SAHUL
NORTH EAST JAVA
FLORES
SAWU
LOMBOK BALI
10°
Producing Basin (15 basins)
Basin w/ Discoveries. Non Producing (9 basins)
Drilled Basin. No Discovery (14 basins)
Un-drilled Basin (22 basins)
TIM OR
W EBE R
P AL UN G A RU
OverviewOverview operatoroperator indonesiaindonesia EXXONMOBIL CONOCOPHILLIPS, PETROCHINA, PREMIER OIL JOB PTM -
OverviewOverview operatoroperator
indonesiaindonesia
EXXONMOBIL
CONOCOPHILLIPS,
PETROCHINA,
PREMIER OIL
JOB
PTM - COSTA.
I
TOTAL FINA ELF
CHEVRON
VICO IND
BP (TANGGUH)
CONOCOPHILLIPS
KALREZ PETR.
JOB P - PETROCHINA (SAL)
KUFPEC PETR. (INDONESIA)
IV
II
CNOOC
PT. CPI
III BP (ONWJ)
VIII
KONDUR PETR.
IX
CONOCOPHILLIPS
V
VII EMP Kangean
PETROCHINA (JABUNG)
VI
PERTAMINA HULU
EXSPAN NUSANTARA
KODECO ENERGY
JOB P - PETROCHINA(TUBAN)
INDO-PACIFIC RES. (JAVA)
MasterMaster planplan ofof thethe transmissiontransmission && distributiondistribution ofof naturalnatural gasgas
MasterMaster planplan ofof thethe transmissiontransmission &&
distributiondistribution ofof naturalnatural gasgas
indonesiaindonesia
sumaterasumatera
sumaterasumatera
SouthSouth sumaterasumatera –– lampunglampung –– westwest javajava LEGEND Petrochemical, Gas Category I: Open
SouthSouth sumaterasumatera –– lampunglampung –– westwest javajava
LEGEND
Petrochemical,
Gas
Category I: Open Access
Category II: Downstream Dedicated
Steel Factory
Resource
Category I : Open Access
(Unbidded)
Existed Pipeline
Existed Pipeline
Customer
Power Plant
Planned Pipeline, Bidding
Planned Pipeline
Planed Pipeline
Compressor
Region Boundary
- Development Principle Agreement
Existed Distribution
- Principle Agreement, installed
Regulator
Network Region
Category III: Upstream Dedicated
Planned Distribution Network
Existed Pipeline
City
Region
Planned Distribution Network
Region, Bidding
Planned Pipeline
-
Principle Agreement , installed
Refinery
javajava
javajava
KalimantanKalimantan && sulawesisulawesi
KalimantanKalimantan && sulawesisulawesi
DevelopmentDevelopment ofof transtrans javajava gasgas pipelinepipeline (TJGP)(TJGP) MUARAMUARA TAWARTAWAR
DevelopmentDevelopment ofof transtrans javajava gasgas pipelinepipeline
(TJGP)(TJGP)
MUARAMUARA
TAWARTAWAR
CILAMAYACILAMAYA
CILEGONCILEGON
CIREBONCIREBON
SEMARANG
GRESIK
CEPU
PAGERUNGAN
PORONG
Track 1: GRESIK
SEMARANG 250 KM
Track 2:
CIREBON - SEMARANG
230 KM
ESTIMATED TIME OF CONSTRUCTION : ±3 YEAR
Legend
Pipeline from Sumatera (under construction)
Existing
Planning TJGP
Pipeline from Kalimantan (wait for result of study)
AssetAsset TOTALTOTAL networksnetworks Tambora Field AMT (Tatun = Tambora / Tunu) Tunu North (NPU)… 58
AssetAsset
TOTALTOTAL
networksnetworks
Tambora Field
AMT (Tatun = Tambora / Tunu)
Tunu North (NPU)…
58 Pipelines
Tunu Field
Tunu South (CPU)…. 74 Pipelines
Tambora…
…………
Sisi Nubi (Future)…
17 Pipelines
(05 Pipelines)
Handil Field
AMB (BSP = Bekapai / Senipah / Peciko)
Bekapai………………14 Pipelines
Handil………………
71
Pipelines
Sisi-Nubi Field
Peciko………………
11
Pipelines
Senipah Terminal
(Future)
Senipah……………
04
Pipelines
Bekapai Field
Bekapai
Field
Total EKD Pipelines……
249
Pipelines.
Peciko Field
BorderlessBorderless worldworld withwith pipelinespipelines
BorderlessBorderless worldworld withwith pipelinespipelines
PIPELINE DESIGN PipelinePipeline designdesign flowflow chartchart DATA GATHERING OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SURVEY
PIPELINE DESIGN
PipelinePipeline designdesign
flowflow chartchart
DATA GATHERING
OPERATIONAL
ENVIRONMENTAL
SURVEY
OTHERS
FORMULATE
DESIGN CRITERIA
PRELIMINARY DESIGN
INCREASE WALL
PIPELINE MATERIAL
AND STEEL GRADE
SELECTION
THICKNESS OR
WALL THICKNESS
MATERIAL GRADE
BUCKLING CHECK
ORIENTASI
STABILITY DESIGN
PIPELAY
INSTALLATION
HITUNGAN
LIFTING
DESIGN
PIPELINE PROPERTIES
NATURAL BEND
NO
IS
SPANNING
INPLACE DESIGN
PIPELINE
THERMAL
LAYABLE
CROSSINGS
YES
DESIGN
CORROSION COAT
CORROSION
REPORT
ANODE DESIGN
PIPELINE MATERIAL
EVALUATE
DESIGN PROTECTION
HAZARDS
YES
IS
PIPELINE
SAFE
NO
DESIGN ADDITIONAL
STABILIZATION
loadsloads Loads:Loads: FunctionalFunctional && EnvironmentalEnvironmental Gaya Gelombang Gaya Arus
loadsloads
Loads:Loads: FunctionalFunctional && EnvironmentalEnvironmental
Gaya Gelombang
Gaya Arus
RouteRoute selectionselection criteriacriteria ConnectConnect exportexport andand receivingreceiving terminalsterminals
RouteRoute selectionselection criteriacriteria
ConnectConnect exportexport andand receivingreceiving terminalsterminals
MinimiseMinimise CostCost
MinimiseMinimise RiskRisk
MinimiseMinimise ImpactImpact
PROPERTIPROPERTI PIPAPIPA Outside Diameter D + 2t ••StrukturStruktur PipaPipa D tot := s corr +
PROPERTIPROPERTI PIPAPIPA
Outside Diameter
D
+ 2t
••StrukturStruktur PipaPipa
D tot :=
s
corr +
2t cc
⎡ π
Elastic Modulus
EI
:=
E
D
4 − ID 4
s
64 ⎝
π ⎛
Inertia
I :=
4 − ID 4
D s
64 ⎝
Weight of Pipe
Steel Weight
W st :=
π ⎛
4 ⎝
2 − ID 2
D s
⎠ ρ s
π ⎡
2 ⎤
Corrosion Coating
:=
(
D s + 2t
W corr
corr ) 2
− D s ⎦ ρ corr
4 ⎣
Weight
π
2
Concrete coating
:=
(
) 2
D tot
− D + 2t
W cc
s
corr ⎦ ρ cc
4
Weight
π 2
Content Weight
ID
W cont :=
ρ cont
4
π
Added Mass
:=
W add
4 D tot 2 ρ sw
/Displaced water
Total
:=
+
+
W
+ W
+
W eff
W st
W corr
cc
cont
W add
Efective Weight
External Pressure
P e :=
⋅ g ⋅ d
ρ sw
Pressure difference
∆ P :=
− P e
P o
Material
pipa
CrossCross sectionsection ofof pipepipe LineLine pipepipe CorrosionCorrosion coatingcoating –– FBEFBE ––
CrossCross sectionsection ofof pipepipe
LineLine pipepipe
CorrosionCorrosion coatingcoating
–– FBEFBE
–– AdhesiveAdhesive
–– PolypropelenePolypropelene
ConcreteConcrete coatingcoating
–– FBEFBE –– AdhesiveAdhesive –– PolypropelenePolypropelene ConcreteConcrete coatingcoating 16
WALLWALL THICKNESSTHICKNESS ( P − P ) ⋅ D i o ••DnVDnV 19811981 t =
WALLWALL THICKNESSTHICKNESS
(
P
P
)
D
i
o
••DnVDnV 19811981
t =
2 ⋅
η
SMYS ⋅ k
t
PD
S
= 0.72 ⋅ E ⋅σ
••ASMEASME B31.4B31.4 && B31.8B31.8
t
=
y
2 ⋅ S
SYARATSYARAT TEKANANTEKANAN INTERNALINTERNAL
LocalLocal BucklingBuckling α ⎛ σ ⎞ σ y x ⎜ ⎟ + ≤ 1 ⎜
LocalLocal BucklingBuckling
α
σ
σ
y
x
+
≤ 1
ησ
ησ
xp
xcr
⎠ ⎟
yp
ycr
propagationpropagation BucklingBuckling
propagationpropagation BucklingBuckling
GeneralGeneral buckling:buckling: upheavalupheaval BucklingBuckling
GeneralGeneral buckling:buckling: upheavalupheaval BucklingBuckling
GeneralGeneral buckling:buckling: laterallateral BucklingBuckling
GeneralGeneral buckling:buckling:
laterallateral BucklingBuckling
OnOn--bottombottom stabilitystability Preview:Preview: HydrodynamicsHydrodynamics SoilSoil StudyStudy
OnOn--bottombottom
stabilitystability
Preview:Preview: HydrodynamicsHydrodynamics
SoilSoil StudyStudy
VerticalVertical StabilityStability
LateralLateral StabilityStability
SettlementSettlement
ShoreShore ApproachesApproaches
ONON--BOTTOMBOTTOM STABILITYSTABILITY
ONON--BOTTOMBOTTOM STABILITYSTABILITY
OnOn--bottombottom stabilitystability •• VerticalVertical && LateralLateral StabilityStability y [ W W +
OnOn--bottombottom stabilitystability
•• VerticalVertical && LateralLateral StabilityStability
y
[
W
W
+
B
]
s
(
F
)
µ
>+ FF
Free stream velocity, Uo
≥ 1.1
L
DI
Fw
B
1
W
=+ F
(
(
F
+
F
))
Fw
L
DI
µ
F
L
Concrete coating
Uo
Corrosion coating
F
D
Steel pipe
x
F
I
W
Seabed
0
Fr
N
LateralLateral stabilitystability designdesign DnVDnV 19811981 ItIt isis fundamentallyfundamentally basedbased onon
LateralLateral stabilitystability designdesign
DnVDnV 19811981
ItIt isis fundamentallyfundamentally basedbased onon staticstatic balancebalance betweenbetween appliedapplied
hydrodynamichydrodynamic forcesforces andand resistingresisting soilsoil forcesforces asas illustratedillustrated inin FigureFigure
below.below. TheThe resistingresisting soilsoil forcesforces isis typicallytypically characterisedcharacterised byby ffrictionalrictional
forceforce atat thethe pipe/soilpipe/soil interface.interface.
FORCES ACTING ON SUBMARINE PIPELINE
Hydrodynamic Lift
Force, F L
Inline Hydrodynamic
Loadings
(F D + F I )
Pipe
Soil Resisting Force,
Seabed
µ (W sub – F L )
Pipe Submerged
Weight, W sub
LateralLateral stabilitystability designdesign DnVDnV 19811981 AppropriateAppropriate hydrodynamichydrodynamic
LateralLateral stabilitystability designdesign
DnVDnV 19811981
AppropriateAppropriate hydrodynamichydrodynamic forceforce coefficientscoefficients areare
usedused inin thethe stabilitystability analysisanalysis ofof thethe pipeline.pipeline.
TheThe stabilitystability criteriocriterionn isis expressedexpressed by:by:
(
W
F
)
sub
L
F
≥ µ
s
(
F
+
F
)
D
I
settlementsettlement WsWs >> q_allq_all (will(will sink/settlement)sink/settlement) WsWs << q_allq_all
settlementsettlement
WsWs >> q_allq_all (will(will sink/settlement)sink/settlement)
WsWs << q_allq_all (OK)(OK)
Pipe Submerged
Weight, W sub
Seabed
Pipe
t_settlement
Bearing Capacity
of soil, q_all
shoreshore approachapproach
shoreshore approachapproach
FreeFree spanspan FREEFREE SPANSPAN && FATIGUEFATIGUE ANALYSISANALYSIS StaticStatic DynamicDynamic
FreeFree spanspan
FREEFREE SPANSPAN && FATIGUEFATIGUE
ANALYSISANALYSIS
StaticStatic
DynamicDynamic
FatigueFatigue
RemediationRemediation
subseasubsea freefree spanspan
subseasubsea freefree spanspan
FreeFree SpanSpan AnalysisAnalysis •• StaticStatic AnalysisAnalysis 2 ⋅ C I ⋅ ⋅ σ e L
FreeFree SpanSpan AnalysisAnalysis
•• StaticStatic AnalysisAnalysis
2
C I
σ
e
L
=
a
W D
tot
LaLa
==
allowableallowable staticstatic freespanfreespan
CC
==
==
endend restrainedrestrained constantconstant
8.08.0 forfor pinnedpinned--toto--pinnedpinned conditioncondition
10.010.0 forfor partialpartial fixityfixity conditioncondition
II
==
σσee
==
momentmoment ofof inertiainertia
equivalentequivalent stressstress
WW
==
uniformlyuniformly distributeddistributed loadload perper unitunit lengthlength
==
2
2
+ F + F
(
)
W s
D
I
••AllowableAllowable staticstatic spanspan -- basedbased onon thethe criterioncriterion thatthat thethe
stressesstresses inin thethe pipelinepipeline areare withinwithin thethe allowableallowable limits.limits.
FreeFree SpanSpan AnalysisAnalysis •• •• DynamicDynamic AnalysisAnalysis (VIV,(VIV, vortexvortex inducedinduced
FreeFree SpanSpan AnalysisAnalysis
••
••
DynamicDynamic AnalysisAnalysis (VIV,(VIV, vortexvortex inducedinduced vibration)vibration)
AllowableAllowable dynamicdynamic spanspan -- basedbased onon thethe criterioncriterion thatthat therethere isis nono inin--
lineline oror crosscross--flowflow vortexvortex inducedinduced vibrationsvibrations inin thethe pipelinepipeline duedue toto
currentcurrent
dynamicdynamic
FreeFree SpanSpan AnalysisAnalysis S V t f = v D tot 1 C ⎡ EI
FreeFree SpanSpan AnalysisAnalysis
S V
t
f =
v
D tot
1
C ⎡ EI
2
1
f =
n
2
π
m L
e
4
U
c
V =
r
f D
n
t
1 1
⎡ BD V ⎤
2 15.4
EI ⎤
2
t
r
L =
cr
U
2
m
π ⎣
c
e
≤ 0 .7 f
f s
n
FreeFree spanspan duedue toto unevunevenen seabedseabed profileprofile
FreeFree spanspan duedue toto unevunevenen seabedseabed profileprofile
MetodeMetode UmumUmum InstalasiInstalasi MetodeMetode LaybargeLaybarge –– TeknikTeknik SS--LayLay atauatau
MetodeMetode UmumUmum InstalasiInstalasi
MetodeMetode LaybargeLaybarge
–– TeknikTeknik SS--LayLay atauatau JJ--LayLay
MetodeMetode ReelbargeReelbarge
–– HorizontalHorizontal reelreel atauatau verticalvertical reelreel
TowingTowing
–– DasarDasar LautLaut
–– OffOff--BottomBottom
–– KedalamanKedalaman TengahTengah--tengahtengah (Controlled(Controlled DepthDepth TowTow
Method)Method)
–– PermukaanPermukaan LautLaut
PIPELINEPIPELINE INSTALLATIONINSTALLATION
PIPELINEPIPELINE INSTALLATIONINSTALLATION
3rd3rd GenGen SeamacSeamac 11 SaipemSaipem 1st1st GenGen CloughClough ChallengeChallenge 3rd3rd GenGen SolitairSolitair
3rd3rd GenGen SeamacSeamac 11
SaipemSaipem
1st1st GenGen CloughClough ChallengeChallenge
3rd3rd GenGen SolitairSolitair (DP)(DP) AllseasAllseas
2nd2nd GenGen DLBDLB SeaSea HorizonHorizon
MetodeMetode InstalasiInstalasi PipaPipa JJ--LayLay Saipem 7000
MetodeMetode InstalasiInstalasi PipaPipa JJ--LayLay
Saipem 7000
REELREEL BARGEBARGE
REELREEL BARGEBARGE
PipelinePipeline InstallationInstallation MethodsMethods -- TowingTowing
PipelinePipeline InstallationInstallation MethodsMethods -- TowingTowing
PipelinePipeline InstallationInstallation MethodsMethods -- TowingTowing
PipelinePipeline InstallationInstallation MethodsMethods -- TowingTowing
DesignDesign codescodes MostMost CommonlyCommonly ReferencedReferenced CodesCodes forfor SubseaSubsea PipelinePipeline
DesignDesign codescodes
MostMost CommonlyCommonly ReferencedReferenced CodesCodes forfor SubseaSubsea PipelinePipeline
DesignDesign are:are:
DnV OS F101 – Submarine Pipeline Systems
DnV 1981 - Rules for Submarine Pipelines
DnV RP E305 - On-bottom Stability Design of Submarine Pipelines
DnV RP F105 - Pipeline Free Spanning
DnV RP B401 - Recommended Practice for Cathodic Protection Design
API RP 1111 - Design, Construction, Operation and Maintenance of Offshore
Hydrocarbon Pipelines
ASME B31.8 - Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping System.
ASME B31.4 - Liquid Transportation System for Hydrocarbons and other Liquids
API 5L - Specification for Linepipe
DesignDesign codescodes MostMost CommonlyCommonly RefeReferencedrenced BooksBooks forfor SubseaSubsea PipelinePipeline
DesignDesign codescodes
MostMost CommonlyCommonly RefeReferencedrenced BooksBooks forfor SubseaSubsea PipelinePipeline
DesignDesign are:are:
Andrew Palmer, Roger King – Subsea Pipeline Engineering, 2004
Yong Bai – Pipeline & Riser, 2001
A.H. Mouselli – IntroductionIntroduction toto SubmarineSubmarine PipelinePipeline DesignDesign
Installation,Installation, andand Construction,Construction, 19761976
NextNext chapterchapter ROUTEROUTE SELECTIONSELECTION && MARINEMARINE SURVEYSURVEY RoutingRouting
NextNext chapterchapter
ROUTEROUTE SELECTIONSELECTION && MARINEMARINE SURVEYSURVEY
RoutingRouting DevelopmentDevelopment && SelectionSelection
MarineMarine SurveySurvey
SEKIANSEKIAN…… TERIMA KASIH
SEKIANSEKIAN……
TERIMA KASIH