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Tit eYRol mel aey a1 Listening & Speaking for Advanced AAC La Cla Series editors: Malcolm Mann e Steve Taylore-Knowles I GNTIAAY PU UCI De UR a Lg CC TEM AG sea tes] Ls Mier Yee T Aa CIT) Improve your listening skills: understanding purpose and function ‘Purpose’ and ‘function’ are tio related aspects of commamication. Purpose’ is concerned swith what a speaker is trying to aohieve through their utterances. There are a kage eT eurndor of dgferent purposes, suc as to complain, to persue to convince to inform, LE to entertain, to seek clarification, to request action, to express uncertainty, et A speaker PUM may explicitly state thetr purpose, or it may be émaplia from what they say and how they Liar S08 A stoner may combine deren proposes within one aterancs, acount may also be a request for action. ‘Function’ is wery similar, ut i usually refers to a LNRM poten cet rdier tan othe sean eg the anctions of a radio attend might LeU be 10 injorm you about a product and to persuade you to buy it. You need to be able to recognise a speaker's purpose(s) ancl a teat’ function(s). Understanding purpose and Juoiction is particularly relevant to Advanced Listening Part 1. Which of these statements is NOT correct? A. Purpose and funetion are very closely related. B Notall speakers clearly state what thelr purpose is. © All spoken texts have one purpose and one function. Get started Look at the photo and answer the question. » What are some of the rewarding aspects of being a journalist? j Develop your vocabulary 1 Write a word from the box in each gap to complete the sentences. allegations» anchor # columnist # exuded ® exposé = serbbled = stumbled = tabloid ~ it’s filled with nothing but lies. 2. The journalist stirred up controversy with his scandal, 3 The seemed nervous while delivering the evening news, 4 The reporter quickly. something on her notepad. 5. There were in the report that the politieian had stolen nillions from public funds, You shouldn't read that gossipy —_ _ of the political 6 She an air of confidence when she spoke on camera, 7 He couldn't pronounce the foreign leader's name and overt. 8 My favourite writes a regular feature about money matters. Understanding purpose and function Develop your listening skills: understanding purpose and function 1 1.1 Listen tofve short monologues and decide what type of text each one is. 1 a business speech D_ university lecture 2 a news report museum lecture 3 a advice programme D_ survey results 4 a interview b anecdote 5 a advertisement, b_ presentation 2. @) 1.1 Listen to the monologues from exercise I again. Match each one with a purpose 1 8 togive praise 2 b totellastory 3 € toceducate people 4 5 _ toconvey results _ © toreportan event 3 Choose the correct purpose for each statement. 1 VNo other columnist is as rele’ ‘overage of today’s pressing issues as Jeff: a paying respect to a writer protesting the lack of good writers 2 ‘To all our devoted followers, we regret to inform you that our publication | | will no longer be available in print form. j & apologising fora printed error stating a change in practice We're receiving new information as events develop, 50 we don't want to jump to any early conclusions about the cause of the accident. @ givinga warning tolisteners ——-b_reporting a story as it unfolds It’s challenge when someone's talking nineteen to the dozen and you later have to decipher what you seribbled in your notepadl! a making a complaint b- describing a difficult task It wasn’t my intention to uncover a scandal as far-reaching as this one and there have been times when I a apologising for a mistake 4 6 © There's been an explosion in an office building in the financial district, Can ‘we get reporters at the scene immediately? | a requesting action expressing uncertainty @) 1.2 Listen to four short extracts. Match each extract with a function and the medium it is referring to. ‘Medium extract 1 @ television eel iene Extract 3. -g online media Extract 4 hein Unit 1a 5 @) 1.3 Listen to five dialogues. For each dialogue, match the second speaker with a purpose. 4 avoiding a subject b explaining © informing requesting action © seeking clarification 6 41) 1.4 Listen to five people talking, Match each speaker with a text type. 1 a 2 b exposé ae € online news source 4 4 interview 5 € television advert Exam focus: function 1 Look at the exam practice section on page 9 and choose the correct answers. In this task you will listen to three / four extracts. Each extract has a total of two / three questions. Allof the extracts in the exam practice are monologues / dialogues. ‘There is only one / more than one answer to each of the questions. You are allowed / not allowed to look at the questions before the speakers begin. Some / All exam practice questions are about purpose or function. ean te 2 Look at the exam practice section again and decide if these statements are true (T) or false (F). 1 The answer to Question I relates to the purpose of what the man said. — | Skills tip In Advanced Listening Part 4, might you have to ~answer questions about 2 why speakers say and do certain things? Yes/No bb what kind of dialogue — youre listening to? Yes/No Question 2 refers to something both speakers believe. _— Extract Two has a question that asks you to listen for shared information, — 4. Extract Two does not have a question related to purpose. — Question 5 asks how the man feels about something. _ Question 6 asks you to focus on one category of inform: Understanding purpose and function Exam practice: Part 1 ©) 1.5 You will hear three different extracts. For questions 1-8, choose the answer (A, B or C) which fits best according to what you hear. There are two questions for each extract. Extract One| You overhear two journalists discussing aspects of their career. 11 Why does the man mention a promise? A to explain why he’s a journalist B_ to give a reason why he doesn''t like his job © to inform the woman about his duties at work Skills tip Questions that ask you about agreement between ‘speakers can be complex because they require you {Sister for mut tangs that both sears say, “Te best way to approach this kind of question to make a mental note ofthe man pons ofeach of tho too anoworcroics and pay atenson to what cath speaker says n lation fo those ports, The Speck il agree on or share information about one ~and only one ofthe points, 2 What does the woman believe about journalism? ‘A. It must become a part of your if. B_Itgets easier as you go along. © The possibilities are endless. Extract Two | You hear part of a radio discussion in which two people are talking about a type of journalism, 3. The woman mentions searching for informative magazines in order to ‘A. draw attention to a popular pastime. B illustrate a difficult task © inform the man of her daily activities. 4 What do both speakers say with regards to tabloid journalism? ‘A. Everyone reads a tabloid story on occasion, B Tabloid readers give power to the industry. © Tabloid magazines are too readily available. Extract Three | You hear two university students talking about a media profession 5 What does the man say is a positive aspect? A the on-camera responsibilities B_ the content of the news stories © how some anchors respond to stress 6 Both speakers mention aspects regarding A. off-camera duties, B_ financial compensation. © love of job.