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# Dynamics

 Kinematics  Kinetics
 Geometry of motion  Relation between forces
 Position, Velocity, and motion
Acceleration  F=ma
 1-D, Chapter 2  Module 2
 2-D, Chapter 3  Chapters 4-6
 Special applications  Energy methods &
 Constant acceleration impulse-momentum
 Projectile motion  Module 3
 Chapters 7-9

Rectilinear Motion

##  Motion along a line

 Need three things:
1. Zero
2. Positive direction
3. Units
 This is our coordinate system.
 Motion variables are vectors since they
have magnitude and direction.

1
Velocity
Δs s2 − s1
Average velocity vavg = =
Δt t 2 − t1
Δs ds
Instantaneous velocity v = lim = = s&
Δt →0 Δt dt

## Slope of position graph = velocity

Area under velocity graph = change in position

Acceleration
Δv v2 − v1
Average acceleration aavg = =
Δt t 2 − t1
Δv dv
Instantaneous acceleration a = lim = = v& = &s&
Δt →0 Δt dt

## Slope of velocity graph = acceleration

Area under acceleration graph = change in velocity

2
Example 1
s(t ) = 6t 2 − t 3
where,
t is in seconds
s is in feet

## Qualitatively plot v-t

and a-t graphs.

Physically
describe the
motion.

Example 1

s(t ) = −t 3 + 6t 2
v(t ) = −3t 2 + 12t
a(t ) = −6t + 12
At t = 6sec, where
is the particle?

## How far has the

particle traveled in
6 seconds?

3

Differentiate

s(t ) t
s(t ) = s0 + ∫ v (t )dt
0
ds
v (t ) = t
dt
v (t ) = v 0 + ∫ a(t )dt

Integrate
0
dv
a(t ) =
dt
a(t )

Example 2
a(t ) = 12t 2
v 0 = 200
s0 = −500
where,
t is in seconds
s is in m
Qualitatively plot v-t
and s-t graphs.
Physically
describe the
motion.

4
Example 2

## s(t ) = t 4 + 200t − 500

v (t ) = 4t 3 + 200
a(t ) = 12t 2

At t = 6sec, where
is the particle?

## How far has the

particle traveled in
6 seconds?

Example 3
v (t ) = 4t
s0 = −10
where,
t is in seconds
s is in feet

## Qualitatively plot a-t

and s-t graphs.
Physically
describe the
motion.

5
Example 3
s(t ) = 2t 2 − 10
v(t ) = 4t
a(t ) = 4

At t = 6sec, where
is the particle?

## How far has the

particle traveled in
6 seconds?