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Ej.

7-18

Linear Programming

Use one of the three signs below for each constraint


< less than or equal to
= equals (You need to enter an apostrophe first.)
> greater than or equal to

Data Results
X Y LHS Slack/Surplus
Maximize 3 2 sign RHS 262.5
Constraint 1 2 1< 150 150 0 Constraint 1
Constraint 2 2 3< 300 300 0 Constraint 2

Results
Variables 37.5 75
Objective 262.5

Page 1
a) Puede variar sin necesidad de alterar los valores de X y Y, en 0.75

b) La nueva utilidad es 510.75, con un aumento de 0.75 y una solucion optima de x1= 30.75 y
x2=59.5 (en la restriccion 1)

x y LHS RHS
Maximizar 5 6 510.75
R1 2 1 121 < = 121
R2 2 3 240 < = 240
Variables 30.75 59.5

c) La nueva utilidad es 517.5, con un aumento de 7.5 y una solucion optima de x1= 37.5 y
x2=55 (en la restriccion 1)

x y LHS RHS
Maximizar 5 6 517.5
R1 2 1 130 < = 130
R2 2 3 240 < = 240
Variables 37.5 55
Enter
Enter the
b) 7-33
the values
values inin the
the shaded
shaded area
area then
then use
use the
the Run
Run Excel's
Excel's Solver
Solver button.
button.
Alternatively,
Alternatively, or
or to
to view
view the
the sensitivity
sensitivity results,
results, open
open Solver
Solver by
by going
going to
to the
the Data
Data
Tab
Tab (Excel
(Excel 2007,
2007, 2010,
2010, 2013,
2013, 2016)
2016) oror the
the Tools
Tools menu
menu (Excel
(Excel 2003,
2003, 2011).
2011).
Literal (b) ejercicio 7-33

Use one of the three signs below for each constraint


< less than or equal to
= equals (You need to enter an apostrophe first.)
> greater than or equal to

Data Results
X Y LHS Slack/Surplus
Maximize 5 6 sign RHS 510.75
Constraint 1 2 1< 121 121 0 Constraint 1
Constraint 2 2 3< 240 240 0 Constraint 2
Constraint 3 1 0> 0 30.75 -30.75 Constraint 3
Constraint 4 0 1> 0 59.5 -59.5 Constraint 4

Results
Variables 30.75 59.5
Objective 510.75

Page 5
Enter
Enter the c) 7-33
the values
values in
in the
the shaded
shaded area
area then
then use
use the
the Run
Run Excel's
Excel's Solver
Solver
button.
button.Alternatively,
Alternatively, or or to
to view
view the
the sensitivity
sensitivity results,
results, open
open Solver
Solver by
by
going
going to
to the
the Data
Data Tab
Tab (Excel
(Excel 2007,
2007, 2010,
2010, 2013,
2013, 2016)
2016) oror the
the Tools
Tools menu
menu
(Excel
(Excel 2003,
2003, 2011).
2011).
Literal (c ) ejercicio 7-33

Use one of the three signs below for each constraint


< less than or equal to
= equals (You need to enter an apostrophe first.)
> greater than or equal to

Data Results
x1 x2 LHS Slack/Surplus
Maximize 5 6 sign RHS 517.5
Constraint 1 2 1< 130 130 0 Constraint
Constraint 2 2 3< 240 240 0 Constraint
Constraint 3 1 0> 0 37.5 -37.5 Constraint
Constraint 4 0 1> 0 55 -55 Constraint

Results
Variables 37.5 55
Objective 517.5

Page 6
a) Se deberia producir:
25 unidades del producto 1
0 unidades del producto 2

b) Se utilizo todo el recurso


* Recurso 1: 25 unidades, con 20 unidades de holgura
* Recurso 2: 75 unidades de uso y 12 unidades de holgu

c) Restriccion 1: precio 0
Restriccion 2: precio 0
Restriccion 3: precio 25

Se deberia obtener mas del recurso 3, ya que su precio


d) obteniendo por cada unidad un precio de 25, por lo qu
dispuesto a pagar 25

e)
La utilidad disminuiria en 5, ya que en la actualidad se p
producto 2 y al tomar esta decisión por la gerencia de p
producto 2, la utilidad disminuye
on 20 unidades de holgura
e uso y 12 unidades de holgura

recurso 3, ya que su precio dual es de 25,


d un precio de 25, por lo que se deberia estar

ya que en la actualidad se produce 0 unidades del


decisión por la gerencia de producir 1 unidad del
inuye
Enter
Enter the
Ej.7-35
the values
values inin the
the shaded
shaded area
area then
then use
use the
the Run
Run Excel's
Excel's Solver
Solver button.
button.
Alternatively,
Alternatively, or
or to
to view
view the
the sensitivity
sensitivity results,
results, open
open Solver
Solver by
by going
going to
to the
the Data
Data
Tab
Tab (Excel
(Excel 2007,
2007, 2010,
2010, 2013,
2013, 2016)
2016) oror the
the Tools
Tools menu
menu (Excel
(Excel 2003,
2003, 2011).
2011).
Ejercicio 7-35

Use one of the three signs below for each constraint


< less than or equal to
= equals (You need to enter an apostrophe first.)
> greater than or equal to

Data Results
x1 x2 LHS Slack/Surplus
Maximize 8 5 sign RHS 68
Constraint 1 1 1< 10 10 0 Constraint 1
Constraint 2 1 0< 6 6 0 Constraint 2
Constraint 3 1 0> 0 6 -6 Constraint 3
Constraint 4 0 1> 0 4 -4 Constraint 4

Results
Variables 6 4
Objective 68

Page 10
Enter
Enter the
b) 7-35
the values
values inin the
the shaded
shaded area
area then
then use
use the
the Run
Run Excel's
Excel's Solver
Solver button.
button.
Alternatively,
Alternatively, or
or to
to view
view the
the sensitivity
sensitivity results,
results, open
open Solver
Solver by
by going
going to
to the
the Data
Data
Tab
Tab (Excel
(Excel 2007,
2007, 2010,
2010, 2013,
2013, 2016)
2016) oror the
the Tools
Tools menu
menu (Excel
(Excel 2003,
2003, 2011).
2011).
Literal (b) ejercicio 7-35

Use one of the three signs below for each constraint


< less than or equal to
= equals (You need to enter an apostrophe first.)
> greater than or equal to

Data Results
x1 x2 LHS Slack/Surplus
Maximize 8 5 sign RHS 73
Constraint 1 1 1< 11 11 0 Constraint 1
Constraint 2 1 0< 6 6 0 Constraint 2
Constraint 3 1 0> 0 6 -6 Constraint 3
Constraint 4 0 1> 0 5 -5 Constraint 4

Results
Variables 6 5
Objective 73

Page 11
Enter
Enter the
c) 7-35
the values
values inin the
the shaded
shaded area
area then
then use
use the
the Run
Run Excel's
Excel's Solver
Solver button.
button.
Alternatively,
Alternatively, or
or to
to view
view the
the sensitivity
sensitivity results,
results, open
open Solver
Solver by
by going
going to
to the
the Data
Data
Tab
Tab (Excel
(Excel 2007,
2007, 2010,
2010, 2013,
2013, 2016)
2016) oror the
the Tools
Tools menu
menu (Excel
(Excel 2003,
2003, 2011).
2011).
Literal (c ) ejercicio 7-35

Use one of the three signs below for each constraint


< less than or equal to
= equals (You need to enter an apostrophe first.)
> greater than or equal to

Data Results
x1 x2 LHS Slack/Surplus
Maximize 8 5 sign RHS 48
Constraint 1 1 1< 6 6 0 Constraint 1
Constraint 2 1 0< 6 6 0 Constraint 2
Constraint 3 1 0> 0 6 -6 Constraint 3
Constraint 4 0 1> 0 0 0 Constraint 4

Results
Variables 6 0
Objective 48

Page 12
Enter
Enter the d) 7-35
the values
values in
in the
the shaded
shaded area
area then
then use
use the
the Run
Run Excel's
Excel's Solver
Solver
button.
button.Alternatively,
Alternatively, oror to
to view
view the
the sensitivity
sensitivity results,
results, open
open Solver
Solver by
by
going
going to
to the
the Data
Data Tab
Tab (Excel
(Excel 2007,
2007, 2010,
2010, 2013,
2013, 2016)
2016) oror the
the Tools
Tools menu
menu
(Excel
(Excel 2003,
2003, 2011).
2011).
Literal (d) ejercicio 7-35

Use one of the three signs below for each constraint


< less than or equal to
= equals (You need to enter an apostrophe first.)
> greater than or equal to

Data Results
x1 x2 LHS Slack/Surplus
Maximize 8 5 sign RHS 40
Constraint 1 1 1< 5 5 0 Constraint
Constraint 2 1 0< 6 5 1 Constraint
Constraint 3 1 0> 0 5 -5 Constraint
Constraint 4 0 1> 0 0 0 Constraint

Results
Variables 5 0
Objective 40

Page 13