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Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Planning Workshop

Cotabato City / Nov. 21-25, 2016


Thematic Area: Recovery and Rehabilitation (RnR)
Workshop 2.1: Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Challenges (SWOC) Analysis

Internal Environment
Strengths Weakness
Livelihood Livelihood
 city agriculture office has regular  For agriculture, there are existing
programs (e.g. small animal dispersal, programs for RnR. However, it is
vegetable seeds, provision of fishing gears currently reactive in mode (e.g.
and bangus fry) for farmers’ and mitigation for drought comes after
fisherfolks’ organizations (FFAs) drought period)
 City has existing system for provision  City provides drought tolerant plant
of assistance based on needs species but could not survive on
assessment; City agriculture conducts extreme heat conditions
post-disaster needs assessment  Non-affected residents claim for
(PDNA) assistance
 Existing opportunities and trained  Market for alternative livelihood; lack
persons for alternative livelihood (e.g. of equipment; currently low-quality of
water hyacinth, shrimp kropeck, bangus products
relyeno, deboning)
 Some fisherfolks and fishpond  Rehabilitation of dikes too costly for
operators have own initiative to fishpond operators to shoulder;
rehabilitate their own dikes (*conduct of dredging activities to combat flood and
lessen incidence of dike collapse identified in LCCAP)

Social Social
 Psychosocial debriefing / support a  Influx of internally displaced persons
regular program of OSWD (with (IDPs) from neighboring municipalities
trained personnel) (due to human-induced hazards)
 For health, CHO conducts post- depletes resources of the City (e.g.
disaster health assessment for all medicines, basic services, proliferation of
barangays affected (to confirm informal settlers etc.)
outbreaks if any and deaths; gives go
signal for evacuees returning home)
 OSWD has “pabaon food pack” for
evacuees returning home (e.g. noodles,
sardinas, bigas)
 City has trained personnel for water  City needs more staff/personnel
rescue ( for response group ) trained for SAR ( for response
group )

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Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Planning Workshop
Cotabato City / Nov. 21-25, 2016

Environment Environment
 Existing mangrove rehabilitation efforts  Mangrove rehabilitation efforts not
(local & DENR) yet sufficient to cover target (inner)
areas
 Mangroves depleted in the coastal
areas; cutting of mangroves

Infrastructure, Utilities & Equipage Infrastructure, Utilities & Equipage


 City has existing equipment for  Need to acquire emergency
recovery during earthquake events equipment
 Provision of communal toilet bowls  maintain inventory / MOU (e.g.
after flooding (for all affected puroks) cutter) of available equipment from
nearby municipalities and available
private contractors [heavy equipment
(e.g. hydraulic jack, concrete breaker /
jackhammer)]
 There are identified evacuation centers  Need for additional resource
[city-owned and schools with open mobilization for acquisition and
spaces] (also) for long-term development of resettlement areas
displacement (too costly);
 Identified areas for resettlement for  City needs additional (mobile) water
development (Kalanganan MB) (with tanks (*already programmed in
existing access roads already) LCCAP to procure 3 units)
 Residential houses are adapted to high  Identified areas for resettlement lacks
levels of water (high tide, flooding) basic utilities (e.g. water)

 100% of barangays are covered by  No streetlights for far-flung barangays


Cotabato Light (need for city and barangay councils
 Cotabato Light adopted initiative from to pass resolution)
DOE to replace incandescent bulbs  Some barangays have insufficient
with LED bulbs water supply (about 25%) pending
 MCWD has emergency plan completion of ongoing projects
 98% of the barangays (36 out of 37
have water connections

Institutional [City & barangay] Institutional [City & barangay]


 presence of ALERT which may be tapped
for gender-sensitive initiatives (on RnR)

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Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Planning Workshop
Cotabato City / Nov. 21-25, 2016
 CDRRMO mobilizes inter-department  CDRRMO has insufficient number of
pool of human resources for DRRM permanent staff (e.g. trained on post-
 City has policies to ensure structural disaster needs assessment, etc.)
soundness of buildings (NBC)
 Standby funds for recovery and
rehabilitation available at both city and
barangay levels
 Barangay has mechanisms against
human-induced hazards (e.g. basketball
programs against drug use; presence of
barangay tanods)  Not all barangays have BDRRM plans
 City bridges are stable and designed to (which could also indicate barangay-
withstand disaster impacts (except for level programs on recovery &
Quirino bridge) rehabilitation)
External Environment
Opportunities Challenges
Partnerships with national government
agencies

 For agriculture, DA also extends 


assistance on livelihood rehabilitation
(e.g. palay seeds) thru City Agriculture
 National DSWD

Partnerships with non-government


organizations (NGOs) and faith-based
organizations

 Presence of various NGOs (e.g. PRC,


USAID) for [musketero, sabon,
planggana, water jug, family kits, kaldero]

Partnerships with other utility companies

 Presence of nearby utility companies


which can be tapped even if Cotabato
Light exceeds threshold levels (e.g.
Davao Light, PILMICO)

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Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Planning Workshop
Cotabato City / Nov. 21-25, 2016
 Presence of nearby water districts
which can be tapped (e.g. Midsayap
WD)

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Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Planning Workshop
Cotabato City / Nov. 21-25, 2016
Thematic Area: Recovery and Rehabilitation (RnR)
Workshop 2.2: Strategy Formulation

Internal Environment
Strengths Weakness Strategies
Livelihood Livelihood
 city agriculture office has  For agriculture, there
regular programs (e.g. are existing programs
Intensify proactive..
small animal dispersal, for RnR. However, it is  Consider “drought” as one of the
vegetable seeds, provision currently reactive in hazards in the DRRM plan  mas
of fishing gears and bangus mode (e.g. mitigation for
proactive
fry) for farmers’ and drought comes after
fisherfolks’ organizations drought period) 
(FFAs)  City provides drought
 City has existing system tolerant plant species
for provision of but could not survive on
assistance based on extreme heat conditions
needs assessment; City  Non-affected residents Reinforce and expand existing
agriculture conducts claim for assistance agricultural (fishery), and
post-disaster needs  Market for alternative
assessment (PDNA) livelihood; lack of
environmental rehabilitation
 Existing opportunities equipment; currently programs
and trained persons for low-quality of products  Introduce other sources of agri &
alternative livelihood (e.g.
water hyacinth, shrimp  Rehabilitation of dikes
non-agri-based livelihood; reduce
kropeck, bangus relyeno, too costly for fishpond dependency on mono-crops
deboning) operators to shoulder;
(*conduct of dredging activities to
combat flood and lessen
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Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Planning Workshop
Cotabato City / Nov. 21-25, 2016
 Some fisherfolks and incidence of dike collapse
identified in LCCAP)  Conduct research on drought
fishpond operators have
own initiative to resistant agricultural crops; adjust
rehabilitate their own cropping patterns
dikes Social  Establish co-management agreement;
 Influx of internally
Social displaced persons (IDPs)
impose fines
 Psychosocial debriefing / from neighboring  Increase community awareness and
support a regular municipalities (due to appreciation of the environment
program of OSWD (with human-induced hazards)
trained personnel) depletes resources of
(mangroves) thru IEC
 For health, CHO the City (e.g. medicines,
conducts post-disaster basic services, proliferation
health assessment for all of informal settlers etc.)
barangays affected (to
confirm outbreaks if any
and deaths; gives go
signal for evacuees
returning home)
 OSWD has “pabaon 
Ensure coordination between
food pack” for evacuees neighboring LGUs and partners
returning home (e.g. for recovery and rehabilitation
noodles, sardinas, bigas) programs
Environment
 Mangrove rehabilitation  Agreement between neighboring
Environment efforts not yet sufficient LGUs (e.g. between Cotabato City
 Existing mangrove to cover target (inner) and Maguindanao) for the delivery of
rehabilitation efforts areas
(local & DENR)

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Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Planning Workshop
Cotabato City / Nov. 21-25, 2016
 Mangroves depleted in services to cater to IDPs from area
the coastal areas;
cutting of mangroves
of origin
 Provision of psychosocial debriefing,
Infrastructure, Utilities & post-disaster health assessment, food
Equipage
packs and other basic services for
Infrastructure, Utilities &  Need to acquire
Equipage emergency equipment persons or people who suffered
 City has existing  maintain inventory / from disasters (constituents and
equipment for recovery MOU (e.g. cutter) of IDPs)
during earthquake events available equipment
 Provision of communal from nearby  partnerships with NGAs, various
toilet bowls after municipalities and NGOs, other utility companies
flooding (for all affected available private
puroks) contractors [heavy
equipment (e.g.
hydraulic jack, concrete
breaker / jackhammer)]
 Need for additional
resource mobilization
 There are identified for acquisition and
evacuation centers [city- development of
owned and schools with resettlement areas (too
open spaces] (also) for costly);
long-term displacement  City needs additional
 Identified areas for (mobile) water tanks
resettlement for (*already programmed
development in LCCAP to procure 3
(Kalanganan MB) (with units)

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Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Planning Workshop
Cotabato City / Nov. 21-25, 2016
existing access roads  Identified areas for
already) resettlement lacks basic
 Residential houses are utilities (e.g. water)
adapted to high levels of
water (high tide,
flooding)  No streetlights for far-
flung barangays (need
 100% of barangays are for city and barangay Ensure adequate supply and
covered by Cotabato councils to pass strengthen resiliency of critical
Light resolution) infrastructure, utilities and
 Cotabato Light adopted  Not all barangays are
equipage to aid in faster recovery
initiative from DOE to currently covered by
replace incandescent MCWD; insufficient and rehabilitation efforts
bulbs with LED bulbs water sources (pending  Augmentation of equipment
 MCWD has emergency completion of ongoing
plan projects)
 98% of the barangays (36  Some barangays have
out of 37 have water insufficient water supply
connections (about 25%) pending
completion of ongoing
projects

Institutional [City &


barangay]
Institutional [City &  CDRRMO has
barangay] insufficient number of
 presence of ALERT which permanent staff (e.g.
may be tapped for gender- trained on post-disaster
needs assessment, etc.)

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Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Planning Workshop
Cotabato City / Nov. 21-25, 2016
sensitive initiatives (on
RnR)
 CDRRMO mobilizes
inter-department pool of
human resources for
DRRM
 City has policies to
ensure structural  Not all barangays have
soundness of buildings BDRRM plans (which
(NBC) could also indicate
 Standby funds for barangay-level programs
recovery and on recovery &
rehabilitation available at rehabilitation)
both city and barangay
levels
 Barangay has
mechanisms against
human-induced hazards
(e.g. basketball programs
against drug use;
presence of barangay
tanods)
 City bridges are stable
and designed to
withstand disaster
impacts (except for
Quirino bridge)

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Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Planning Workshop
Cotabato City / Nov. 21-25, 2016

  c/o Preparedness group


 Lateral movement of personnel to
CDRRMO

External Environment
Opportunities Challenges
Partnerships with national
government agencies

 For agriculture, DA also 


extends assistance on
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Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Planning Workshop
Cotabato City / Nov. 21-25, 2016
livelihood rehabilitation
(e.g. palay seeds) thru
City Agriculture
 National DSWD

Partnerships with non-


government organizations
(NGOs) and faith-based
organizations

 Presence of various
NGOs (e.g. PRC,
USAID) for [musketero,
sabon, planggana, water
jug, family kits, kaldero]

Partnerships with other


utility companies

 Presence of nearby
utility companies which
can be tapped even if
Cotabato Light exceeds
threshold levels (e.g.
Davao Light, PILMICO)
 Presence of nearby
water districts and water
station providers which
can serve as alternate

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Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Planning Workshop
Cotabato City / Nov. 21-25, 2016
water source in case of
calamity (e.g. MOA with
Metro Midsayap WD)

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Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Planning Workshop
Cotabato City / Nov. 21-25, 2016

Goal for Recovery and Rehabilitation:

To restore and improve facilities and livelihood, of affected


communities and reduce disaster impacts; and strengthen
organizational capacities (for recovery and rehabilitation) in
the city.

1. Reinforce and expand existing agricultural (fishery), and


environmental rehabilitation programs

2. Ensure coordination between neighboring LGUs and


partners for recovery and rehabilitation programs

3. Ensure adequate supply and strengthen resiliency of


critical infrastructure, utilities and equipage to aid in
faster recovery and rehabilitation efforts

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